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A. This letter was formerly used as a prefix to

many words now become obsolete, in some it is still retained by the vulgar; as, abear, ado, adays, acold, abed, aweary, adream, &c.: but aggrate, adread, addeem, and others are now wholly disused; ameliorate, amidst, abroach, abroad, &c. still retain their place in our vernacular tongue

As present age and eke posterite
May be adread with horrour or revenge.

FERREX AND PORREX.
I gin to be aweary of the sun,

MACBETH.
He scorns to be addeem'd so worthless, base.

DANIEL'S CIVIL WAR. ABACK (S. on bæc), on back, backwards; also, to put behind, or retard.

He shall aye find that the trew man
Was put abacke, whereas the falshede
Yfurthered was.

CHAUCER'S COMPLAINT OF THE BLACK KNIGHT,

B

A noble heart ought not the sooner yield,
Not shrinke abacke for any weal or woe.

MIRROUR POR MAGISTRATES.

But when they came where thou thy skill didst shew,
They drew abacke.

SPENSER'S PASTORALS.

ABAND (F. abandonner), to abandon, of which

word it is a contraction; to resign, quit, desert,
forsake; and, according to its primary significa-
tion, to band or put in bondage.
All pleasures quite and joys he did aband.

MIRR. FOR MAG.
The barons of this land
For him trauvailed sore, and brought him out of band.

Rob. GLOUCESTER'S CHRON. ABAST (B. bastardd), an illegitimate child or bastard.

Bast Ywain he was yhote,
For he was bigeten abast, God it wote.

TALE OF MERLIN, ABATE (S. beatan, F. abbatre), to deject, subdue,

dispirit; in its more modern sense, it signifies to beat down, subtract.

This iron world
Brings down the stoutest hearts to lowest state,
For misery doth bravest minds abate.

SPENSER'S MOTHER HUBBARD'S TALE.

Till at length
Your ignorance deliver you
As most abated captives.

CORIOLANUS.
ABATYDE, lowered, cast down. See “ Abale."

Doun he felle deed to grounde,
Gronynge faste, with grymly wounde;
Alle the baners that Chrys found
They were abatyde.

Rom, OF OCTAVIAN IMPERATOR.

ABAWE (F. à bas), to abash, daunt, astonish, lower.

My countenance is nicete
And al abawed whereso I be.

CHAUCER'S DREME.
For soch another as I gesse
Aforne ne was, ne more vermaile
I was abawed for merviele.

CHAUCER'S ROM. OF THE ROSE,

ABAYE (F. abboi), at bay, environed by enemies.

Gif he myghte come on cas
When by hym so hound abaye.

ROM, OF KYNOE ALISAUNDRB. ABEAR (S. aberan), to bear, to demean, as applied to courage or behaviour.

Thus did the gentle knight himself abeare,
Amongst that rustic route.

SPENSER'S F. QUIEN. ABEDGE, the same as ABY; to pay dear for, or suffer.

There durst no wight hond on him ledge,
But he ne swore he shold abedge.

CHAUCER'S REVE'S TAJR. ABJECT (L. abjectus), to be degraded to a low or

mean condition; also, the person so degraded or brought to contempt.

I deemed it better so to die,
Than at my foeman's feet an abject lie.

MIRR. FOR MAG.
Rebellion
Came like itself, in base and abject routs,
Led on by bloody youth.

K. HENRY IV.
I was, at first, as other beasts that graze
The trodden herb, of abject thoughts, and low.

PAR, LOST. ABLAND, blinded, made blind.

With seven walmes boiland,
The walmes han th' abland.

ROM. OF THE SEVEN SAGES.

A noble heart ought not the sooner yield,
Not shrinke abacke for any weal or woe.

MIRROUR FOR MAGISTRATES.

But when they came where thou thy skill didst shew,
They drew abacke.

SPENSER'S PASTORALS. ABAND (F. abandonner), to abandon, of which

word it is a contraction; to resign, quit, desert,
forsake; and, according to its primary significa-
tion, to band or put in bondage.
All pleasures quite and joys he did aband.

MIRR. FOR MAG.
The barons of this land
For him trauvailed sore, and brought him out of band.

Rob. GLOUCESTER'S CHRON. ABAST (B. bastardd), an illegitimate child or bastard.

Bast Ywain he was yhote,
For he was bigeten abast, God it wote.

TALE OF MERLIN. ABATE (ş. beatan, F. abbatre), to deject, subdue,

dispirit; in its more modern sense, it signifies to beat down, subtract.

This iron world
Brings down the stoutest hearts to lowest state,
For misery doth bravest minds abate.

SPENSER'S MOTHER HUBBARD'S TALE.

Till at length
Your ignorance deliver you
As most abated captives.

CORIOLANUS.
ABATYDE, lowered, cast down. See “Abale.”

Doun he felle deed to grounde,
Gronynge faste, with grymly wounde;
Alle the baners that Chrysten found
They were abatyde.

Rom. OF OCTAVIAN IMPERATOR.

ABAWE (F. à bas), to abash, daunt, astonish, lower.

My countenance is nicete
And, al abawed whereso I be.

CHAUCER'S DREME.
For soch another as I gesse
Aforne ne was, ne more vermaile
I was abawed for merviele.

CHAUCER'S ROM. OF THE ROSE. ABAYE (F. abboi), at bay, environed by enemies.

Gif he myghte come on cas
When by hym so hound abaye.

ROM. OP KYNOE ALISAUNDRB. ABEAR (S. aberan), to bear, to demean, as applied to courage or behaviour.

Thus did the gentle knight himself abeare
Amongst that rustic route.

SPENSER'S F. QUEEN. ABEDGE, the same as ABY; to pay dear for, or suffer.

There durst no wight hond on him ledge,
But he ne swore he shold abedge.

CHAUCER'S REVE'S TALE. ABJECT (L. abjectus), to be degraded to a low or

mean condition; also, the person so degraded or brought to contempt.

I deemed it better so to die,
Than at my foeman's feet an abject lie.

MIRR. POR MAG.
Rebellion
Came like itself, in base and abject routs,
Led on by bloody youth.

K. HENRY IV.
I was, at first, as other beasts that graze
The trodden herb, of abject thoughts, and low.

PAR, LOST. ABLAND, blinded, made blind.

With seven walmes boiland,
The walmes han th' abland.

ROM. OF THE SEVEN SAGR6.

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