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• SANDWICH ISLANDS,
AND REMARKS ON THE MANNERS, CUSTOMS, TRADITIONS,

HISTORY, AND LANGUAGE OF THEIR INII ABITANTS.

BY WILLIAM ELLIS,

MISSIONARY FROM THE SOCIETY AND SANDWICH ISLANDS.

SECOND EDITION, ENLARGED.

LONDON:
H. FISHER, SON, AND P. JACKSON.
II ATCELARD AND SON; SEELEY AND SON; IAMILTON, ADAMS, AND 00.;
SIER WOOD AND CO.; AND SIMPKIN AND MARSILALL, LONDOX:

WAL'611 AND INVIS, EDINBURGII; AND KEENE, DUBLIN.

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PREFACE.

The greater part of the following Narrative was written in the Sandwich Islands, from notes taken by my fellow-travellers and myself, while engaged in the Tour it describes. At my request, a member of the American Mission was associated in preparing it; but circumstances requiring his presence in another island, the task devolved on myself alone.

The journal, when prepared, was submitted to most of the missionaries, and approved. As the chief object of the Tour, a survey of the religious state of the inhabitants of the island, was one in which the American Society had an equal interest with the London Missionary Society, with which I am connected, a copy of the journal approved in the islands, was, according to previous agreement between the American missionaries and myself, left by me in America, and I believe will be published there.

The continued narrative form, as more agreeable than that of a daily journal, has been adopted in the present publication; and the writer appears in the first person, instead of the third. I have not felt it incumbent on me to confine myself to the mere contents of the document left in America; but have, in various parts, made large additions from my own private observations.

The biographical accounts of various important persons, many descriptions of the superstitions, manners, customs, and traditions of the people, the nature of their government, and the remarks on their language, are taken from my own memoranda, which a knowledge of their language enabled me to make, during my daily intercourse with the natives for the space of two years.

I have occasionally illustrated my remarks by allusions to the Society Islands, where I spent six years in missionary occupations. I have invariably represented the natives as we found them, exhibiting freely the lights and shades of their character, without exaggeration; and can assure my readers, that it has been my constant aim to offer nothing, the accuracy of which may not be relied upon; and, in many descriptions, have rather diminished than enlarged the objects described.

The drawings were sketched on the spot. The outline of the map is from Vancouver's survey, unaltered, except slightly in two places, viz. Kairua and Waiakea. The geographical divisions, &c. were inserted during the Tour; and specimens brought to this country, of the lava, &c. described in the narrative, have been inspected by individuals of eminence in the study of mineralogy.

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