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prophets, and of saints, and of all to me also, « These are the who were slain upon the earth.” true words of God.” 10 Then I

Ch. XIX. 1 After these fell before his feet to worship things, I heard, as it were, a him. But he said to me, “ See loud voice of a great multitude thou do it not: I am a fellow. in heaven, saying, “ Hallelujah: servant with thee, and with thy now is the salvation, and the breihren who bear the testimony glory, and the power of our of Jesus: worship God: (for the God: 2 for true and righteous spirit of this prophecy is the are his judgments : for he hath testimony of Jesus.") judged the great harlot, who 11 And I saw heaven opened, corrupted the earth with her and, behold, a white horse : and fornication; and hath demanded he who sat upon him was called from her hands the blood of his Faithful and True; and with servants.” 3 (And again they righteousness he judgeth and said, "Hallelujah :') and her maketh war. 12 And his eyes smoke goeth up to the ages of were [as] a flame of fire, and on ages.” 4 And the twenty-four his head were many crowns: and elders, and the four living crea- he had a name written which tures, fell down and worship- no one knoweth but he himself: ped God who sat on the throne, 13 and he was clothed with a saying, “ Amen, Hallelujah.” mantle dipt in blood : and his 5 And a voice came forth from name is called, The Word Of the throne, saying, “ Praise God. 14 And the armies which our God, all ye his servants; were in heaven followed him and ye who fear him, both small on white horses, clothed in fine and great."

linen, white and pure. 15 And 6 And I heard as it were the out of his mouth went a sharp voice of a great multitude, and two-edged sword, that with it as it were the sound of many he might smite the nations: and waters, and as it were the he shall rule them with a rod sound of mighty thunders, say- of iron : he shall tread the ing, “ Hallelujah : for our Lord wine-press of the fierce anger God Almighty reigneth. 7 Let of Almighty God. 16 And he us be glad and rejoice, and give had on his mantle, and on his glory to him : for the marriage thigh, a name written, KING OF of the lamb is come, and his KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS. bride hath made herself ready." 17 And I saw [one] angel 8 And it was given her, that standing in the sun; and he she should be clothed in fine cried with a loud voice, saying linen, pure and white: (for fine to all the fowls which fly in linen is the righteous acts of mid-heaven, “ Come and gather the saints.) 9 Then one said to yourselves together to the great me, “ Write; Happy are those banquet of God; 18 that ye who are invited to the marriage. may eat the flesh of kings, and supper of the lamb." He said the flesh of commanders, and

the flesh of mighty men, and I judgment was given to them : the flesh of horses and of those and I saw the souls of those who who sit on them, and the flesh had been beheaded on account of all men, both free-men and of the testimony of Jesus, and for slaves, both small and great." | the word of God, and those who 19 And I saw the beast, and had not worshipped the beast, the kings of the earth, and nor his image, nor had received their armies gathered together, his mark on their foreheads or to make war against him who on their hands : and they lived, sat on the horse, and against and reigned with Christ (the his army. 20 And the beast was thousand years. 5 But the rest taken, and the false prophet of the dead lived not, until the who was with him, who wrought thousand years were finished. miracles before him, with which | This is the first resurrection. he deceived those who had | 6 Happy and holy are they who

taken the mark of the beast, have part in the first resurrec: and those who worshipped his tion : on such the second death

image. These two were cast hath no power; but they shall alive into a lake of fire burning be priests of God and of Christ, with brimstone. 21 And the and shall reign with him a thourest were slain with the sword sand years. of him who sat on the horse, 7 And when the thousand which sword proceeded out of years are finished, the adverhis mouth : and all the fowls sary will be loosed out of were filled with their flesh. his prison ; 8 and will go forth

Ch. XX. 1 And I saw an an. to deceive the nations, which gel coming down from hea- are in the four parts of the ven, who had the key of the earth, Gog and Magog, to ga

abyss, and a great chain in ther them together for battle : - his hand. 2 And he laid hold whose number will be as the

on the dragon, that old serpent, sand of the sea. 9 And they who is an impostor and an ad- went up over the breadth of versary, and bound him a thou- the earth, and surrounded the sand years; 3 and cast him into camp of the saints, and the bethe abyss, and shut him up, loved city: and fire came down and set a seal on him, that he [from God out of heaven, and might deceive the nations no devoured them. 10 And the more, till the thousand years impostor who deceived them i should be finished : [and] after was cast into the lake of fire

that he must be loosed a little and brimstone, where both the time.

| beast and the false prophet were: 4 And I saw thrones, and and they will be tormented day those who sat upon them, and I and night, to the ages of ages.*

This text has also been alledged, but with little reason, in favour of what has justly been called the heart-withering doctrine of eternal torments. See chap. xiv. 11, and the note there. The persons who are bere said to be tormented to the ages of ages, are not real, but figurative, and symbolic persons, the impostor, the beast, and the false prophet. The place therefore, the kind

11 And I saw a great white will be with them, [and be their throne, and him who sat on it, God 7: 4 and he will wipe away from whose face the earth and all tears from their eyes; and the heaven fled away, and no death will be no more ; and sor. place was found for them. 12 row, and lamentation, and pain And I saw the dead, small and will be no more : for the former and great, standing before the things are passed away." 5 And throne: and the books were he who sat upon the throne, opened; and another book was said, “Behold, I make all opened, which is the book of life: things new.” And he said (to and the dead were judged from me] “ Write : for these words the things written in the books, are true and worthy of belief." according to their works. 136 And he said to me, “It is And the sea gave up the dead accomplished. I am Alpha and which were in it; and death Omega, the beginning and the and hades gave up the dead end. To him who is thirsty I which were in them: and they will give drink without cost were judged every one accord- from the fountain of the water ing to his works. 14 And death of life. 7 He who overcometh and hades* were cast into the shall inherit these things : and lake of fire. This is the second I will be his God, and he shall death. 15 And whosoever was be my son. 8 But the fearful, not found written in the book of and unbelieving, and sinners, life, was cast into the lake of fire. and abominable, and murderers,

CH. XXI. 1 And I saw a new and fornicators, and sorcerers, heaven, and a new earth : for and idolaters, and all liars, shall the first heaven and the first have their part in the lake earth were passed away: and which burneth with fire and there was no more sea.

brimstone : which is the second 2 And I saw the holy city, I death." the new Jerusalem, coming 9 And one of [the] seven mesdown from God out of heaven, sengers, who had the seven prepared as a bride adorned phials full of the seven Jast for her husband. 3 And I heard scourges, came and talked to a loud voice from heaven, say. me, saying, “Come hither; I ing, “ Behold, the tabernacle of will show thee the bride, the God is with men, and he will wife of the lamb.” 10 And he dwell with them, and they will carried me away in spirit to a be his people, and God himself | great and high mountain,f and

and the duration of their torment, must also be figurative. The meaning seems to be, that all the corruptions of the Christian religion, as well as all heathen idolatry and the spirit of pero cution, shall be totally and for ever exterminated. And pure and undefiled Christianity, in its spirit and in its power, shall every where prevail, and produce universal peace and harmony and happiness. This is the true advent of Christ. And to the promise of his speedy appear ance for these glorious purposes, what benevolent heart can refuse to adopt the response of the prophet, ‘Amen. Come, Lord Jesus! chap. xxii. 20.

* See note, ch. i. 18.

+ See ch. i. 10. Here is similar language to that which is applied to Christ, Mat. iv. 1, (whick see,) and as this is acknowledged to be a vision, wby should that be supposed to be any thing more than a vision ?

showed me the holy city je- the sixth, sardius; the seventh, rusalem, coming down out of chrysolithe ; the eighth, beryl; heaven from God, 11 having the ninth, topaz ; the tenth, the glory of God: and its light chrysoprasus ; the eleventh, jawus like a most precious stone, cinth ; the twelfth, amythest. as a jasper-stone, clear as 21 And the twelve gates were crystal: 12 having a great twelve pearls : every gate was and high wall; and having of one pearl : and the street of twelve gates, and at the gates the city was pure gold, like twelve angels, and names writ- transparent glass. 22 And I saw ten on the gates, which are the in it no temple: for the Lord God names of the twelve tribes of Almighty, and the lamb, are the sons of Israel: 13 on the its temple. 23 And the city had east, three gates; and on the no need of the sun, or of the north, three gates; and on the moon, to shine in it: for the south, three gates; and on the glory of God enlightened it, west, three gates.

and the lamb was its lamp. 24 14 And the wall of the city | And the nations shall walk in had twelve foundations, and on its light: and the kings of the them twelve names of the earth shall bring into it their twelve apostles of the lamb. 15 glory and honour. 25 And its And he who talked to me had gates shall not be shut by day : for a measure a golden reed, to for there shall be no night there. measure the city, and its gates, 26 And men shall bring into it and its wall. 16 Now the city the glory and the honour of the lay square, and its length was nations. 27 And nothing shall as much (as the breadth. And enter into it which defileth, or he measured the city with the which worketh abomination, or reed, twelve thousand furlongs: uttereth a lie: but those only the length, and the breadthi, who are written in the lamb's and the height of it, were book of life. equal. 17 And he measured its Ch. XXII. 1 Then he showwall, a hundred and forty-four | ed me a river of the water of life,

cubits, according to the mea-clear as chrystal, proceeding : sure of a man, which is the from the throne of God, and of messenger's measure. 18 And the lamb. 2 In the midst, bethe building of its wall was of tween the breadth of the city jasper : and the city was pure and the river which ran on each gold, like clear glass.

side, was the tree of life, which 19 [And] the foundations of bare twelve kinds of fruits, and the wall of the city were adorned yielded its fruit every month : with every precious stone. The and the leaves of the tree were first foundation was jasper; the for the healing of the nations. second, sapphire; the third, i 3 And there shall be no more chalcedony; the fourth, eme- curse of any kind: but the throne rald ; 20 the fifth, sardonyx ; 1 of God and of the lamb shall

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be in it; and his servants shall quickly : and my reward will be worship him, 4 and shall see his with me, to give to every one face; and his name shall be according as his work ishall on their foreheads. 5 And night be.] 13 I am Alpha and Omega, shall be no longer: nor need the first and the last, the beginof a lamp, nor of the light of ning and the end. 14 Happy are the sun ; for the Lord God will they who do his commandments, enlighten them; and they shall that they may have right to the reign to the ages of ages. tree of life, and may enter by

6 Then he said to me, the gates into the city. 15 " These words are worthy of Without are dogs, and sorcer. belief and true : and, the Lorders, and fornicators, and mur. God of the spirits of the pro- derers, and idolaters, and who. phets hath sent his messenger to soever loveth and maketh a lie. show to his servants the things 16 I Jesus have sent my mes. which must shortly come to senger to testify to you these pass.” 7 • For, behold, I will things [in] the churches. I am come quickly : happy is he who the root and the offspring of keepeth the words of the pro- David, and the bright morning. phecy of this book.

star. 17 And the spirit and the 8 And I John saw these things, bride say, Come. And let him and heard them. And when I had who is athirst, come: whosoheard and seen, I fell down to ever will, let him take the wa. worship before the feet of the ter of life without cost. messenger who showed me these 18“ I TESTIFY to every one things. 9 Then he said to me, who heareth the words of the 66 See thou do it not: I am a prophecy of this book: If any fellow-servant with thee, and one shall add to the things, God with thy brethren the prophets, will add to him the scourges and with those who keep the which are written in this book: words of this book : worship 19 and if any one shall take God.” 10 Then he said to me, away from the words of the “ Seal not the words of the book of this prophecy, God will prophecy of this book : the time take away his part of the tree is near. 11 He who is unrighte. of life, and of the holy city, ous, let him be unrighteous which are written of in this still; and he who is polluted, book. 20 He who testifieth these let him be polluted still: and things, saith, Surely, I will he who is righteous, let him come quickly. Amen. Come, do righteousness still : and he Lord Jesus.” who is holy, let him be holy21The favour of the Lord still."

Jesus Christ be with all those 12 “. Behold, I will come who are holy.


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