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saying, “ This man hath done I was now after the Jewish fast,)* nothing worthy of death, or of Paul, gave them warning, 10 bonds.” 32 And Agrippa said saying, “ Sirs, I perceive that to Festus, “ This man might this voyage will be with harm have been set at liberty, if he and much damage, not only to had not appealed to Cæsar.” the lading and the ship, but to

CH. XXVII. 1 NOW when our lives also.” 11 However, it was determined that we the centurion believed the pilot, should sail to Italy, Paul and and the owner of the ship, some other prisoners were de- more than the things spoken by livered to a centurion of the Paul. 12 And because the haAugustan band, named Julius. ven was not commodious to 2 Then we entered into a ship winter in, the greater part advis. of Adramyttium, and loosed, ed to loose from thence also, if meaning to sail by the coasts by any means they might reach of Asia; Aristarchus, a Mace- Phenice, and winter there : donian of Thessalonica, being which is a haven of Crete, lywith us. 3 And the next day, ing towards the southwest and we arrived at Sidon. And Julius west. 13 And when the south treated Paul humanely, and wind blew softly, supposing gave him liberty to go to his that they should obtain their friends, to be taken care of. 4 purpose, they weighed anAnd having loosed from thence, chor, and passed close by we sailed under Cyprus, be- Crete. 14 But, not long after, cause the winds were contrary. a tempestuous wind, called 5 And when we had sailed over Euroclydon, beat against the the sea of Cilicia and Pamphyl-l island. lia, we came to Myra, a city of 15 And the ship being borne Lycia. 6 And there the centurion away, and not able to face the ound a ship of Alexandria | wind, we gave her up, and were jailing into Italy; and put us driven. 16 And having run herein.

| under a certain small island, 7 And, having sailed slowly called Clauda, we were scarceor many days, and scarcely ly able to be masters of the come over-against Cnidus, the boat: 17 which, when the sailors vind not suffering us, we sail- had taken up, they used helps, od under Crete, over-against undergirding the ship; and, salmonè: 8 and, hardly passing fearing lest they should fall by it, we came to a place which into the quicksands, they struck s called the Fairhavens ; sail, and thus were driven. 18 lear which was the city of And, we being exceedingly aséa.

tossed by a tempest, the next 9 Now when much time had day they lightened the ship : jeen spent, and sailing was al- | 19 and the third day we cast eady become dangerous, (for it out, with our own hands, the

** About the 25th of September.” Thomson.

tackling of the ship. 20 And out of the stern, and wished for when neither sun nor stars ap- day. 30 But the sailors enpeared for many days, and no deavouring to escape out of small tempest lay on us, all the ship, let down the boat into hope that we should be pre- the sea, under pretence that served* was thenceforth taken they were about to cast anchors away.

out of the foreship, 31 when 21 But, after long abstinence, Paul said to the centurion and Paul, standing in the midst of to the soldiers, “Unless these them, said, “ Sirs, ye should remain in the ship, ye cannot be have hearkened to me, and not preserved.”+ 32 Then the solhave loosed from Crete, but diers cut off the ropes of the have prevented this harm and boat, and let her go off. damage. 22 And now I exhort 33 And, while the day was you to be of good courage : for coming on, Paul besought them there will be no loss of life all to partake of food; saying, among you, but only of the “ To-day is the fourteenth day ship. 23 For there stood by of the storm, during which we me this night an angel of that have waited, and continued God, whose I am, and whom I fasting, having taken nothing. serve, saying, 24'Fear not, Paul; | 34 Wherefore I exhort you to thou must be brought before partake of food : for this conCæsar: and, lo, God hath gra- cerns your safety : for a hair ciously given thee all who sail shall not fall from the head of with thee. 25 Wherefore, sirs, any among you." 35 And, havbe of good courage : for I being thus spoken, he took bread, lieve God, that it will be as it and gave thanks to God before hath been told me. 26 How-them all; and, having broken ever, we must be cast upon ait, he began to eat. 36 Then certain island.”

they were all of good courage; 27 But when the fourteenth I and they also took food. 37 night was come, as we were Now all of us in the ship were driven up and down, in the two hundred and seventy-six Adriatic sea, about midnight, persons. 38 And being satisfied the sailors thought that they with food, they lightened the drew near to some country; 28 ship, and threw the corn into and sounded, and found it the sea. twenty fathoms: and, when they 39 And when it was day, had gone a little further, they they knew not the land: but sounded again, and found it they observed a certain creek, fifteen fathoms. 29 Then fear- / with an even shore, into which ing lest we should fall upon they were determined, if it rocks, they cast four anchors were possible, to thrust the

* Gr. TOU OWLeobal villas that we should be saved; though it evidently refers here, to na thing more than the preservation of their temporal lives. ot Gr. owOnyai saved; see ver. 20.

ship. 40 And having taken up , amongst themselves,“ No doubt the anchors, they committed this man is a murderer, whom, the ship to the sea, and loosed though he hath escaped the the bands of the rudders, and sea, yet vengeance hath not hoisted up the mainsail to the permitted to live.” 5 But he wind, and made towards shore. shook off the serpent into the 41 And having reached a place fire, and suffered no harm. 6 which had the sea on both However, they expected he sides, they ran the ship on would have swollen, or fallen ground; and the fore part stuck down dead suddenly: but expectfast, and remained immoveable, ing a great while, and seeing no but the hinder part was broken harm befal him, they changed by the violence of the waves. their minds, and said he was 42 Now the advice of the a god. soldiers was, to kill the pri- 7 Now in the neighbourhood soners ; lest any of them should of that place, were possessions swim out, and escape. 43 But of the chief man of the island, the centurion, wishing to pre- whose name was Publius ; who serve Paul, kept them from received us, and entertained their purpose, and command-us kindly three days. 8 Now ed those who could swim it happened that the father to cast themselves into the sea, of Publius lay sick of a fever, and get first upon the land: 44 and of a flux : to whom Paul and that the rest should save entered in, and prayed, and put themselves, some on boards, and his hands on him, and cured some on things belonging to him. 9 So when this was done, the ship: and thus it came to others also, who had diseases pass that they all escaped safe in the island, came and were to land.

cured : 10 who also bestowed Ch. XXVIII. 1 And when on us many gifts; and, when they had escaped safe, they we departed, laded the ship then knew that the island was with such things as were necalled Melita.* 2 And the bar- cessary. barians showed us no common 11 And, after three months, humanity: for they kindled a we departed in a ship of Alexfire, and brought us all to it, andria, which had wintered in on account of the present rain, the island; whose sign was and of the cold.

Castor and Pollux.t 12 And 3 And Paul, having gathered having landed at Syracuse, we a bundle of sticks, and laid remained there three days. 13 them on the fire, a viper came From thence we coasted round, out of the heat, and fastened and came to Rhegium : and on his hand. 4 And when the after one day the south wind barbarians saw the serpent blew, and we came the second hanging on his hand, they said day to Puteoli: 14 where we

* Now called Malta. † Gr. A10cxougons Children of Jupiter.

found brethren, and were de- / thee. 22 But we desire to hear sired to remain with them seven from thee what thou thinkest: days : and then we went toward for, as to this sect, we know Rome. 15 And the brethren hav- that every where it is spoken ing heard concerning us, came against.” out as far as Appii forum,* and 23 And having appointed him the Three taverns,* to meet a day, many came to him into us: whom when Paul saw, he his lodging: to whom he exthanked God, and took courage. / plained and gave testimony to

16 AND when we came to the kingdom of God, using per. Rome (the centurion delivered suasion to them [about the the prisoners to the captain of things concerning Jesus, both the guard, but] Paul was suf- out of the law of Moses, and fered to remain apart, with the out of the prophets, from mornsoldier who kept him. 17 And | ing till evening. 24 And some it came to pass, after three believed the things which were days, that Paul called the chief spoken, and some disbeliev. of the Jews together. And oned. their being assembled, he said 25 So, not agreeing amongst to them, “Men, brethren, though themselves, they broke up, i I have committed nothing a- Paul having said one word, gainst my people, nor the cus- “ Well spake the holy spirit to toms of our fathers, yet I was de- our fathers by the prophet livered a prisoner, from Jerusa- Isaiah, 26 saying, “Go to this lem, into the hands of the Roo people, and say, Hearing ye mans: 18 who, when they had exa- will hear, and will not under. mined me, would have released stand ; and. seeing ye will see, me, since there was no cause and will not perceive. 27 For of death in me. 19 But when the heart of this people is be. the Jews spake against this, I come gross, and their ears are was compelled to appeal to dull of hearing, and their eyes Cæsar; not as having aught to they have closed ; lest they accuse my nation of. 20 On should see with their eyes, and this account therefore I have hear with their ears, and undercalled for you, that I might see stand with their heart, and you, and speak with you : be-/ should be converted, and I cause, for the hope of Israel should heal them.' 28 Be it I am bound with this chain." known therefore to you, that 21 Then they said to him, the salvation of God is sent “We have neither received to the gentiles ; who will heark. letters from Judea concerning en also to it.29 And on his thee, nor hath any one of our saying these words the Jews brethren, who came hither relat- departed, and had great disputed or spoken any thing bad ofling amongst themselves.] ... "Two villages on the road, the first about fifty miles from Rome, and the other about thirty." Thomson.

30 And he dwelt two whole, God, and teaching those things years in his own hired house, which concern the Lord Jesus and received all who came to Christ, with all freedom of him ; 31 preaching the reign of speech, undisturbed.

THE EPISTLE OF PAUL TO THE ROMANS.

CHAP. I.

spreading his name ; 6 among 1 PAUL, a servant of Jesus which nations are ye also, the Christ, called to be an apostle, called of Jesus Christ;) 7 to all separated to the gospel of God, the beloved of God, and called 2 (which he had promised be- | to be saints,t who are in Rome: fore, by his prophets, in the favour be to you, and peace, holy scriptures,) 3 concerning from God our Father, and from his Son, who was born of the the Lord Jesus Christ. seed of David, according to the 8 First, I thank my God, flesh, 4 but proved to be the through Jesus Christ, for you Son of God by power, accord- all, that your faith is spoken ing to the holy spirit, through of throughout the whole world. his resurrection from the dead;* 9 For God is my witness, the gospel, I say, concerning Jesus whom I serve, with my spirit, Christ, our Lord; 5 (by whom in the gospel of his Son, that, we have received the favour of without ceasing, I make menan apostleship, for preaching tion of you; 10 always requestobedience to the faith, amonging in my prayers, that by all the nations, for the sake of some means, now at length, by

• " The apostle could not mean by this phraseology, and the antithesis which he here uses to assert or countenance the strange and unintelligible notion of two natures in Christ; one the, human nature, by which he was the descendant of David; the other a divine nature, by which he was the Son ofGod. The sense of the passage is plainly this; that Christ by natural descent was of the posterity of David ; but that in a figurative sense, by designation of the holy spirit at Dis haptism, he was the son of God, or the promised Messiah ; which was further proved by the extraordinary exertion of divine energy in raising bim from the dead. See Mr. Lindsey's Second Address to the Students of the I'wo Universities. p. 276. Christ is called the Son of God for two reasons: First, because this title is equivalent to that of Messiah, anil was so understood by the Jews, John i. ko. Thou art the son of God, thou art the king of Israel. Compare Mark i. 1; Luke iv. 41; xxii. 67, 70. Secondly, he is called a son of God, as having been raised from the dead to an immortal life. In this sense Christ is called the first born, having been the first huinay being who was put into possession of this glorious inheritance. col. 1. 13, 18; Heb. i. 6: Rev. i. 6. All believers, as heirs of the same inheritance, are also suns of God, Juhn in 12; Rom. viii, 14-17; 1 John iii. 2. Hence they are said to be brethren of Christ, and co-heirs with him and he is the first-born among many brethren. Rom. viii. 29. These are the only senses in which the title Son of God, is applied to Christ in the genuine apostolical writings." Im. Ver. note.

"That this term comprehends the whole body of Christians, appears from Acts xxvi. 10; Rom. xi. 13; 1 Cor. vi. 1; Eph. jji. 8; Heb. iji. 1; Pet. ji. 5, 9; and from mauy other places. All christians were thus called, because they were Helicated to God: 1 Cor. vij. 14: and because they professed a religion which tended to make them holy. 1 Cor. vi. 11.” Newcome. Gr iyonis holy, or the holy.

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