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ness this eminent servant of God. ters which she has left display The death of such a Christian, at talent and taste, and bave all that such a time, surrounds itself with a native ease and grace which con-ticertain gloom and mysteriousness, tute the excellency of epistolary which no sagacity of man can pene- writing, She was of a cheerful and trate; but the hour is hastening happy disposition; frank and open when “what we know not now-we in her address, and in company shall know hereafter;" when the pleasant and animated-In converapparent confusion of the present sation she expressed herself with life shall entirely disappear. In readiness and ease, and in interthe mean time let us remember course with her friends was always that as the dead are "blessed who the agreeable companion, as well as die in the Lord,” so are surviving the instructive Christian. In profriends, in proportion as the tears secuting any object of importance, which nature sheds are mingled her conduct was marked by undewith faith, resignation and humble viating firmness; no consideration confidence.
of personal ease, no sacrifice of inFrom the foregoing sketch we terest or comfort could induce her see the virtues which distinguished to relax in her noble efforts.-In the life, and adorned the character all the relations of life, as a wise, of this excellent woman. In her a daughter, a sister, a friend, she was that happy combination of qua- showed that her heart was formed lities which excite esteem and pro- of tenderness and love. Especially mote usefulness. She had a mind was she an example of every Chrisnaturally vigorous, an imagination tian virtue; her piety was sound strong and lively, and a taste well and scriptural; her devotion warm cultivated and refined.–From her and ardent; her desire and efforts infancy she was fond of reading, to do good, steady and persevering, and in the course of her life had ac- Her life was holy; her death peacequired considerable acquaintance ful and happy.“ Precious in the with books and much valuable in- sight of the Lord is the death of his formation. Her correspondence saints." was extensive, and the many let.
The Treasurer of the Trustees of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church ac
knowledges the receipt of the following sums for their Theological Seminary at Prince
ton, N.J. during the month of November last, viz. Of Mr. James Cowan, per Robert Ralston, Esq. a donation from Dr. Wm.
Tate, of Augusta County, Virginia, for the Contingent Fund, being the
only sum received for this important fund during the past month Of do. per do. a bequest of Captain James Allison, of same place, for the Permanent Fund
100 00 Of Rev. Dr. John M‘Dowell, for the Synods' of New York and New Jersey Professorship, viz. From Mansfield, collected by Rev. Lemuel F. Leake, - $53 34 Lower Mount Bethel, by do. additional,
2 81 Bound Brook, by Rev. Gideon N. Judd,
130 00 Greenwich, by Rev. J. Vandervoort,
11 35 Newton, by Rev. Joseph Campbell,
47 09 244 59 of William Brown, Esq. of Philadelphia, in full of his subscription for the Philadelphia Synod's Professorship
· 1000 00 Of Rev. Dr. Robert Cathcart, his donation for do.
20 00 Of Rev. William Nevins, on account of subscriptions in Baltimore, for do. Fiz. Robert Oliver, Esq.'s subscription,
· $250 00 Stewart Brown's,
50 00 John Henderson's
30 00 Cash S20 and Cash $20
40 00 370 OD
Of Rev. John Peebles, per Dr. William B. Duffield, on account of his subscription for the Oriental and Biblical Literature Professorship
100 00 Of Rev, Alexander Williamson, from the Female Mite Society of Big Spring Congregation, to aid in paying his subscription for do.
20 00 Of Mrs. Jane Keith, of Charleston, S. C. one year's income of a scholarship to be endowed by her
150 00 Of Rev. Dr. Thomas M'Auley, for endowing a scholarship, to be called
“ The Gosman Scholarship," after the liberal donor, Robert Gosman, Esq. of Upper Redhook, Dutchess County, New York
2500 00 Of Rev. Charles Hodge, from Mr. Thomas Kennedy, on account of his sub. scription for the Senior Class of 1821 Scholarship
10 00 Of Rev. Samuel Lawrence, per Rev. Dr. Janeway, interest in advance for one year, on his subscription for the Senior Class of 1823 Scholarship
7 00 Total S1526 59
View of Publick Affairs.
EUROPE. Great Britain, the great emporium of news in Europe, has furnished us, through the last month, with little in relation to her own concerns, that we feel disposed to chronicle. Her order in regard to the republick of the seven Ionian islands, is, indeed, a most important item, on which we shall make a few remarks. These islands, by a treaty formed with the allied powers, in a congress at Vienna, in 1818, were put under the protection of the British government; and a representative of his Britannick Majesty, denominated the Lord High Commissioner, resides at these islands.-Several Christian powers, as we have heretofore had occasion to state, have permitted the vessels of their subjects to be used as transports by the Turks, to carry both troops and warlike stores, in their military operations against the Greeks. If those vessels were not to be molested because they did not belong to the Turks, it is manifest that the Greeks (especially as their strength at sea gives them their chief advantage) would be, in a great measure, put into the power of their oppressors, without being able to strike a blow. They could not touch their enemies, nor their munitions of war, till both were landed. It does not appear, however, that the Greeks captured or destroyed these vessels without giving warning. At length, however, the Greek government did issile
proclamation, declaring that this practice was in direct violation of what was incumbent on neutral nations, and ordered that in future all vessels so employed, to whatever power they might belong, should, “ with their crews, be attacked, burned, or sunk.” The British government, on hearing of this order, directed their lord high commissioner to demand its immediate revocation.-The demand was accordingly made on the Greek government, and it was immediately and peremptorily rejected. In consequence of this, the lord high commissioner has issued a notice that the chief commander of his Britannick majesty's naval forces will seize and detain “every armed or other vessel, which may have armed men on board, or which may sail with or under the authority of the provisional government of Greece, or which may recognise its authority; and that these orders will remain in force until the proclamation of the provisional government be entirely and officially revoked.”—We confess that we are both surprised and grieved at this measure of the British government. We know that the independence of the Greek nation has not been acknowledged by any European power. But the same, precisely, is the fact in regard to all the former provinces of Spain and Portugal in South America. Yet Britain, we believe, has never afforded any protection to her vessels carrying troops or warlike stores, from the mother countries of these provinces. She has left such vessels, and their crews, and owners, to themselves. She is now making commercial arrangements with those states, although she has not declared one of them independent. What is the cause of this difference of treatment? We fear the cause is easily assigned, and is no other than this-Britain wishes the South American colonies of Spain and Portugal to be independent, because this will be advantageous to her commerce; and she does not wish the Greeks to be independent, because this will be disadvantageous to her commerce-And is this mercenary motive to shape the course of a great and free nation, in a concern in which the lives and liberties of the magnanimous Greeks are at stake? We hope not. We hope there is yet pub. lick spirit cnough in Britain, to prevent the continuance of this hostile measure. The parliament is now in session, and we trust that the British ministers will find that they cannot take the nation with them, in a war against a people who are contending for all that is dear and sacred with freemen and Christians, against as barbarous and san. guinary a race of monsters as ever disgraced humanity. We fear, indeed, that this naval war bas actually commenced already; as two or three British frigates are said to have sailed in quest of Grecian vessels.
FRANCE.---Our recent information from France relates almost exclusively to the funeral rites of the late king, and to the coronation ceremonies of his successor. In regard to these there has manifestly been a studied effort, to make the greatest pos. sible display of solenın pomp in burying the dead, and of imposing splendour in crowning the living. The design of this is obvious. It all goes to impress the idea, that every thing that appertains to royalty is most sacred and important: and national vanity, too, is concerned, in not being outdone on these occasions, by England and other neigibouring nations. To the eye that looks beyond the grave, how vain and empty does it all appear!
The new king would seem, by some of his first acts, to be seeking popularity. He would not permit the crowd that pressed on the royal procession, to be kept back by the halberts of the soldiers. He gratified the people by riding on horseback. And what is of much more importance, he has removed the tyrannical restrictions which had been imposed on the printers of publick journals and newspapers.
It appears that a considerable fleet, with troops on board, has sailed from France for the West Indies. The avowed purpose is, to relieve the garrisons in the French islands; but strong suspicions are entertained that an attack on Hayti is the ultimate object- A little time will develope the real design and destination of this squadron.
Spain. The same course is pursuing in Spain that has been uniformly pursued, since the capture of Cadiz. It appears to be the settled purpose of the king and his court, to exterminate the constitutionalists, at every hazard and every expense. A new minister of general police has been appointed, who has issued a proclamation denouncing, under the heaviest penalties, all neutrality, and all concealment in this work of extermination. A convention has been published between the French and Spanish governments. It bears date the 30th of June last, and stipulates that the French troops in Spain, at that date, should continue in the kingdom to the first of January, 1825; and in addition to former places occupied, the French army was to garrison Saragossa and Cardona,
In GERMANY and Prussia, the ruling powers are doing all they can to stop the pro. gress, and if possible to put an end to the existence, of liberal principles. Their at. tention is particularly turned to the universities, in regard to which rigorous measures have been adopted, and some high handed proceedings against both professors and pupils have actually taken place. The success of these measures will, we sus. pect, be only temporary.-Men cannot be made to unthink their own thoughts, nor resist their own convictions. Truth and knowledge will at last prevail.
Russia.-From this great empire we have heard nothing new. Tue TURKS AND GREEKS.--Accounts from Constantinople state, that the Persians have renewed the war with the Turks; and with considerable success, in the vicinity of the Persian territories. This we consider as an event in providence highly favourable to the Greeks. The Turk will now need all his Asiatick troops to contend with the Persians. We have long been accustomed to view the aspect of the Divine providence in regard to human events, and especially the concerns of nations, as afford. ing a better presage of what is ultimately to take place, than can be derived from the plans of politicians, or from any temporary successes of contending parties. Thus judging, we cherish a sanguine hope of the eventual success of the Grecian cause.
The late hostile attitude of Britain offers, we admit, an unfavourable indication; but we trust that even this will at last be overruled for good.
All accounts agree, that an almost uninterrupted tide of success has attended the fleets and armies of the Greeks, during the present campaign. The Turks have been repulsed in an attack on the Acropolis of Athens, and have been defeated at the straits of Thermopulæ. It is also fully ascertained that the attack on the island of Samos, (separated froin the Asiatick coast only by a narrow strait,) has entirely failed. The Grecian met the Turkish fleet in the strait, where the latter could make no use of its superior force. Three Grecian fire-ships were directed against the Turkish frigate that led the van of their squadron. The frigate was set on fire, and compelled to stand for the continent-it eventually blew up. The whole Turkish fleet, dismayed at what had befallen their leading vessel, dispersed and fled; and the triumphant Greeks, spreading all their sails, pursued them. Some of the Turkish vessels took to the open sea; others made for the land, where they were stranded and burnt by their crews. This account comes from Smyrna, where news untavourable to the Turks is not often manufactured. It is also said, that the great Turkish cap at Scala Nova, a town on the Asiatick coast, a little to the north-east of Samos, is entirely broken up; and that the great body of Asiatick troops which had been assembled there was entirely dispersed. The Egyptian expedition was at Rhodes, detained there by the north winds, which prevented its going out. The troops had suffered much; and many of the horses had perished for want of water. This looks as if the Ruler of the winds and the waves was on the side of the Greeks, and against their oppressors.
ASIA. Through the communications of missionaries, which are getting to be the earliest and best of all, we have learned, in the course of the last month, some interesting particulars of the British expedition against the Burman empire. It appears that the expedition was so secretly conducted, that it took the Burmans in a great measure by surprise. The first object of attack was Rangoon, the chief sea port of the empire, situated near the mouth of the Irrawaddy river, which empties into the gulf of Martaban. We should suppose the missionaries, being Englishmen, would have been likely to know of the approach of this armament as soon as any at Rangoon. Yet it appears that they were in no expectation of it, till within twenty hours of its appearance. It was probably happy for them that the attack was thus sudden-It served to produce the panick, which it appears was made instrumental in saving their lives—See Dr. Carey's letter, in our religious intelligence for this month. It appears, by another letter from one of the missionaries on the spot, that their necks were bared for the block on which their heads were to be struck off; and that the writer, who alone could speak the Burman language, offered to go as a mediator to the British fleet. He was sent; but before he could return all had fled, and the prisoners were released. Who can destroy whom God will save? But how should missionaries, who thus live with their lives in their hands, share in our sympathies and our prayers? and who can refuse to venerate them, and to admire their benevolence in hazarding every thing, for the salvation of the benighted heathen? It seems that the British army is to march for Ava, or Umrapoora, the capital of the empire. This is a long marchabove 300 miles; and the issue of the contest is yet doubtful. It is also doubtful what will be the effect of this expedition on the plans of the missionaries. It may be destructive, and it may be highly advantageous.
AFRICA. It appears that the war with the Ashantees has, at length, been attended with some success, on the part of the British. The advance of the Ashantees has been arrested; and their troops, by the last advices, are represented as retreating. It is also intimated that the British would take ample vengeance. This we anticipated. We are more and more persuaded, that the detestable slave trade and slave traders have occasioned and fomented this war.-But for their influence we do not believe the war would have taken place. It appears that the colony of Sierra Leone is in a very prosperous and increasing state; and that the gold and other African productions which are given in exchange for British goods, are likely soon to produce not only a more lawful, but a far richer traffick than was ever known in the infernal traffick for the bodies and souls of men. We hope that the American colony at Liberia, will soon be in a state to produce a like advantage for this country. When shall we awake to our interest and our duty, in the matter of freeing the United States from the opprobrium and the curse of slavery? Make it as gaintul to send a ship load of Africans to their native coasts, as it has been to bring one from thence, and there is no doubt that they would leave us very rapidly. The country is well able to make it thus gainful; and we regard the doing of it as a sacred duty.—Hayti can receive but a small proportion of our coloured population.
HAYTI. The emigrations to Hayti in the month past have been considerable. It is stated that eighteen vessels, capable of conveying 2,600 individuals, have sailed, or are about to sail, for this island, from the port of Philadelphia only. The United Foreign Missionary Society in New York have appointed two missionaries from the Presbyterian church, Mr. Hughs and Mr. Pennington, to go out with these emigrants. President Boyer, we doubt not, will receive them favourably; but whether the bigotry of the Roman Catholicks will permit them to exercise their ministry in peace, is very doubtful. Yet we rejoice in their being sent. Rumours are afloat, which we hope are groundless, that the inhabitants of Port au Prince are in great trepidation, in the expectation of a French invasion.
SOUTHERN AMERICA. Mexico.--The supreme congress of Mexico, on the 4th of October, ratified The Mexican Federal Republican Constitution. General Guadaloupe Victoria has been elected president of the United Mexican States, and General Nicholas Bravo, vicepresident. We have not yet seen a copy of this constitution; but we learn from the speech of the speaker of the congress, when official oaths were administered to the president and vice-president, that it is not only republican, but that the powers of the government are divided. We believe it much resembles the constitution of the United States.—The congress were busily employed for ten months in forming it. Great exultation was manifested on its publication. It is said that there are at present no military or civil dissentions, of any consequence, in the state of Mexico. The death of Iturbide, it is asserted, was necessary to terminate them; and that it has had this effect. We hope that the affairs of this important state are now in a train to be finally and prosperously settled.—The congress wish that the seat of the Federal government should be in the city of Mexico; and that this city should be a federal appropriation, like our district of Columbia; but against this the local authorities ear. nestly protest. COLOMBIA.-It
appears that on the 3d of October last, a treaty, or convention of "peace, amity, navigation and commerce, hetween the republick of Colombia, and the United States of America, was signed by Pedro Gaul, the Colombian secretary for foreign relations, and by R. Anderson, minister plenipotentiary of said States." This treaty it is expected will be ratified by our congress and by that of Colombia, in the course of the ensuing winter. This is the first treaty formed with any of the provinces of old Spain. We hope that before long we shall have treaties or conventions with them all.
The Brazils.—Lord Cochrane, the admiral in chief of the navy of Don Pedro I. has, it appears, made a conquest for the emperor, of the city of Pernambuco and its environs. This was the central point of opposition to the emperor, and to his government and measures, in the extensive northern provinces of bis dominions. It is expected that the recent success will terminate all opposition; but this we think is very questionable.
Peru.-Authentick accounts are received of the brilliant and uninterrupted success of the liberator Bolivar, in his contest with the troops of old Spain, for the possession and government of Peru. It seems past a doubt that the Spanish cause in that quarter is desperate; or rather that the contest for the country is at an end. The republicans are finally triumphant. May they wisely improve the opportunity which they will now have, to establish well ordered institutions for the promotion of their bappiness, after having been so long and dreadfully harassed and torn, by civil wars and dissentions of every kind.
NORTH AMERICA. United States.-While we are writing (Dec. 1,) the electoral colleges, agreeably to the federal constitution, are assembling for the purpose of choosing the next president of the United States. May God who ruleth over all, direct and incline them to the best choice! For this desirable event we know that many earnest prayers have ascended to heaven; and we hope that they will be heard and answered in mercy. Thus they may be answered, although a president should not be finally chosen by the colleges, of which indeed there appears to be but little probability. "It may be best for all concerned that the ultimate choice should be made, as there is a prospect that it will be, by the House of Representatives of Congress. And till it is made, let all who know the power and prevalence of fervent effectual prayer," offer it unceasing. ly to Him, who by his providence and Spirit orders all events, that this event, so preeminently interesting and important to our country, may be ordered in bis abundant mercy. The next meeting of congress, which is to commence on the 6th inst. will be one of great moment. May every member of that distinguished assemblage of men, be feelingly sensible of his deep responsibility to his constituents, his country, and his God!
ERRATA IN OUR LAST NUMBER.
514, lines 15 and 21, for practice read manners,
SEP 17 1919