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an affurance , that Cbrift is my Chrift; my Redeemer liveth, who gave himself for me ; My Lord, and my God, that he is my righteousnelle, my redemption, my propitiation.

For the better sertling and exciting of you in this particolar, I will briefly couch at thele chings.

1. What the assurance of faith is.
2. It may be had.
3. It should be had.

4. The Argumenes to stir us up to labour for it (that is) to know our riches, and to know our poffeffions.

5. The means to get it.


Q" W Hat the affurance of faisbiene

It is a vittorious conclufion againft the strength of doubts, whereby ibe minde of a beleeving person is ascertained and perswaded, and wpor good ground feriled, concerning bis perfonal interest in Cbrift and his benefits.

For the better opening of this description, be pleased to obferve these subsequent propositions.

1. That the assurance of faith, it is the conclusion of an cuan. gelical fyllogifme : The fyllogisme is this, Whofarver repenis And beleeves in Chrift, Cbrift Wirb bis benefits are bis, and he is Chrifts; but I do truly repent and beleeve in Cbrift, therefore Cbrift and bis benefits are mine, and I am bis. - In this Syllogisme there are three propositions.

The first is, a Proposition of most infallible certainty, it being expresly the voice of Jesus Christ himself, and of it the minde bach no doubt, but fully assents unto it as a principle of Divine truth, viz. T bas be who repents and beleeves in Chrift, bis, and be is Cbrifts. And of this the minde of a belcever may be abundantly perswaded without questionings, and doubes, for as much as it is a part of the Word of God, to whole ablolute truth it doth plentifully subscribe.


The second is a proposicion, carrying wich it the direct ad of faith, in which the beleeving foul doch accept of Cbrist, or receive him, and trust upon him, by vertue of which there ariseth a moft real and trae union 'cwixt Christ and the belee'ver.

The third and the last, which is the conclusion or inference drawn from both the former, comprehends in ic the formal afsurance of a' belecving beart, that therefore Christ is mine and I am his.

That he who beleeves in Christ, hath Christ, and shall be la. ved; this is not yet that subjective assurance of juftifying faitb, for as much as many an hypocrite may beleeve chat cruch, and yet baye no personal interest in Chrift.

Againe, that I do beleeve in Chrift, neither is chis essentia ally assurance, for as much as to beleeve is one thing, and to be aflared is another ching ; many a good beart may accept of Christ upon all bis termes, and articles of peace and life, and may cast and repose it self on him as the only rock and hope of the soul, and yet it may be fo farre from affurance, (even at that cime when ir doch so earnestly cleave unco Chrift) that instead of assurance, it may be both coffed and prevailed upon by doubrings , fufpitions, and feares concern. ing its particular and personal propriety in Christ and in his merits.

But the last of the propositions, I am Cbrifts, and Christ is mine, this is formal asurance : for this concludes the difpure of the heart, and hath in it particular and perfonalevidence.

2. It is a victorious conclufion against the ftrengeb of doubt.. ing: you know that in the minde of man, there are three kinds of working about an obje& comprehending goodnesse and truth.

One they call peremptory assenting, and peremptory, diffentings in which the minde doch yeild plainly, or else refusech to subscribe , and grant the matcer proposed to be true and good.

Another they call doublings,which are the wavering acts of of the minde, wherein ic doch not absolutely grant or deny, ic doch not absolutely conclude , that so ic is, nor absolutely,



thai so it is not; yet rather enclines ( for want of further evidence in the soul) chat it is not so, then that it is fo.

The chird they call evidence or afsurance, which is such a work of the minde, wherein, against all doubtings and suspicia ons,the minde sees clearly the ching to be so, or not to belo: And thus is it here in the affurance of faith, it bath such a ligbe, che minde bath that it is able to rise beyond, and against doubra ings, anú to convince the foul against all suspicions, that Christ indeed is mine, and I am his.

Where, by the way observe thus much; char assurance doth presuppose lome doubtings, for if the mind of a believer had not doubtings about its personall interest, it could not well be said to be now afsured. Doubrings did verily, and do, and may work in a believing soul; yea, but am I fure that Christ is mine is it certain that my fins are pardoned? I trust chey are, but I fear chev are not

Now assurance comes and conquers these workings, and clears all the doubting arguments, and convincech the minde, that of a truth Christ is mine, and my fans are pardoned. There are two degrees of doubtings.

One consists in the queftioning of our beleeving proprie lies, is Christ mine, is his righteousnesse mine, &c?

Another exceeds this, and consists in dominion, when phe foul is fuppreft by the ftrength of these doubtings, to side with it, and {till co bang in suspense.

Now this latter degree (especially) is assurance opposite onLog namely, it conquers our doubtings, answers our argomenes, cleares it unto the soul against the many fufpicions which did arife, that Christ doch indeed owne it, that he is the Saviour thereof, and therefore I call it a victorious concluGjon.

3. Alurance of faith, it is an alcorraining or perswading act, and chat is proper and infeparable from affurance; therefore is ic lo expressed in Rom. 8. 38. I am perswaded ebar neither Death, nar Life, nor Angels, nor Principalities, nor Powers, nor i hings preseni, nor shings to come, ver.39 Nor Height, nor Depth, nor any or her creature hall be able to separate us from the love of God which

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W in Cbriß le fus our Lord. Yea, and it is expressed by a word of Personal certainly, 2 Tim. 1. 12. 1 knotto whom I have believed: In knowledge there is alwayes a certainty, for that is one of the mainc differences 'cwise it and opinion, that the one leaves the minde uncertain and wavering, and the other determinates the minde with cercainty, and infallibility.

Whiles the mindc remaines like a paire of indifferent scales, which bend this way and that way; or like a boat in the river, now Roaring up, and then sinking down; now recling to chis side, by and by to that fide; it cannot be said to be assured, perhaps Christ is mine, perhaps I am his; this is a plainc uncertain. ty, for the minde is not perswaded. But in the assurance of faith the minde is like a scale that weighs down it is perswaded, and ascertained, there is a prevalent evidence of the thing. Not only in absolute tearmes, that Christ belongs to a believer, but in reflexive tearmes, that Christ belongs to me, be gave himfelf for me, and he is my redeemer, and this particular, or personal petrwasion is aflurance.

Assurance is not all kinds of perswafson of ascercaining, there are cwo kindes of assurance or perswalion of the minde couching a mans personall interest in Christ.

One is imaginary and deluding : for as the heart of a man may deceive it self about the habit of faith (or any other grace) fo it may delude bim about the acts, and degrees of the same : doth the true believer believe in Chen? so thinks the Hypocrite, that he doth coo: Hath the true believer a perswasion of his personal propriety in Chrift, which cleares the minde of doubting? lo bach the Hypocrite too, a most exalced confidence an iton faith that would never bend, nor bow by doubtings. It may be with him as with a poore man in a dreame; what the rich man bath by propriety, and in pofleflion, even chat same thing may the poorest man bave in a dreams ing fancy, and imagination. But then ask the

Hypocrite, by what grounds are thou thus confidently perswaded; what did encline chy mind berero, what promife haft thou found that Chrift is, and will be his, whole heart was never bumbled for fin, whose beart-fill retains the love of Gin? Now, as the man who being demanded


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how be came without bis wedding garment, he is speech lele.

The fool ( faith Solomon Prov. 14. 16. ) rageth and is confia dent, and so the presumpcuous perion, Hefioneth, and yet is perswaded he walketh in his linnes, and yet is allured.

I pray you remember that the assurance of faith is no such ab. solute and boystrous fetling of the minde, chat Christ is mine however, though I be never fo ignorant and wicked, and though Flive never so wretchedly and profanely; yet Christ is mine, and God is my mercifull Father, and my finnes are pardoned : O no, this is a Diabolical assurance, iç is no Evangelical affu· Another is grounded, and divinely rational, and it alwayes followes sound sepentance and faith: That assurance which goes before cbcse,is false; absolutely I am bound to repent and to believe, but I cannot be assured, but in a condicionall order: Jfi should be assured that Christ were mine before, before I did believe,this were a lie : forafmuch as Christ is not mine, ugrill I do by faith accept of him, and if I should be assured that my fios were pardoned beforeI did repent, I did in this delude mine own heare, forasmuch as lin is not pardooed, unleffe it be repented of. No, but I must repent of my fins, I must accept of Jesus Christ offered unto me in the Gospel, co be my Lord and Saviour, and now I labour to be assured, now I come to be perswaded, baving fubscribed to all the propositions, and articles of the Gospel, chat now Christ is mine, and I do by the Word convince my soul that so it must be. For thus I argue with my soul, whosoever repents, and believes, and endeavors to walk in Chrift, assuredly Christ is his, and he is Christs; but I do this, Ergo, Chrift is mine.

I cannot make fo short a cut as the presumptuous person dorb, Christ died for fingers, therefore for me; God is merciful, cherefore my sins are pardoned without any more ado. O no, chere is an orderly progresse in true afsurance Ic doth not (Saltum facere ) ftride over to excreames; As if a man fhould see a Lease drawn, and presently concludes the houses are mine, the lands are mine ; No, but he must hear, and understand, and weigh things, and fubscribe, and seal to the conditions, and then he


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