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nance, Don Luis Lopez Ballasteros. The or some of its members, have shown a Minister of Marine remains. This decree disposition to aid Ferdinand in his reis dated December 2, and is countersigned covery of them. No amnesty has yet been Luis Maria Salazar, who remains as Mi- published in Spain. nister of Marine. By the second decree, The Portuguese have sent an embassy his Majesty appoints, as President of his to Brazil to bring back that country to its Council, Don Ignacio Martinez de Vil- former allegiance, in vain. The Imperial lela. This place was vacant by the refusal Government of Brazil refused to treat with of the Duke del Infantado to accept it. the Envoy, unless he came prepared in the By the third decree, Saez, the King's first instance to acknowledge the soveformer Prime Minister and Confessor, is reignty and independence of the Brazilian nominated to the bishopric of Tortosa, Empire. The envoy was not even allowed vacant by the death of Don Manuel Ros to deliver or land the letters which he y Medrano. At the same time that he brought froin his royal master to his son ceases to be Minister, he ceases to be and daughter, their Imperial Majesties of Confessor to the King.–By the fourth the Brazils. The chargé d'affaires of the decree, his Majesty, · seeing the absolute Russian emperor, at a private interview Decessity, for the good government of his with the Infant Don Miguel, at Lisbon, Fast monarchy, of establishing a Council presented to him the following address : of State which may unite the knowdedge
“ SIRE-Being charged by His Majesty the and the experience requisite to guide the Emperor, my August Master, with the honour of resolutions of his sovereign authority, complimenting your Royal Highness in his name, has nominated ten individuals, composed
I cannot do better than quote the words of
the letter, which imposes on me so honourable a of persons selected from the old Council
duty. • You will not fail,' says the letter, to of State existing on the 7th of March, 1820, and others, to be a Council of State. Miguel, the sentiments which are excited in the
express to His Royal Highness, the Infant Don His Majesty reserves the power of adding Emperor by his generous enterprise, his noble to their number. His Majesty, as well as courage, and the filial respect with which he laid his two brothers, may preside at this Coun- at the feet of the Sovereign the homage of the cil. The Councillors named are—Eguia, services which he had already performed, and the the Duke of San Carlos, Don Juan Perez
offer of those which he might be able to perform Villamil, Don Antonio Vargas Laguna, in future. These are actions which carry with Don Antonio Gomez Calderon, Don Juan
them the best reward ; the most brilliant that the Bautista de Erro, Don Josef Garcia de
Infant can receive is the glory of having saved his la Torre, and Don Juan Antonio Rojas. Royal Highness will permit me to make use of
King, his Father, and his country.' Your The existence of the new ministry was not
this happy opportunity to express also the sentiexpected to be long, some of its members
ments of my respect and veneration." being obnoxious to the clergy, who were An expedition dispatched to Madeira offended at the dismissal of Saez. Ferdi- bad arrived and succeeded in quelling the nand has ordered the dissolution of the disturbance which had arisen in that iscorps of Royal volunteers throughout land. Proceedings were commenced on the Spain, and a reduction of salaries to the 8th of October, against twenty-five perminimum on which the public servants sons confined in prison; one died of poison can well exist, as the only means of re- which he took, twenty-four were sumestablishing the finances. A sanguinary marily tried, and sentenced according to scuffle between a portion of the French the royal order-twenty-two condemned garrison, and some lancers of the regi- to various penalties, and two, having ment of Ferdinand VII. has occurred in been rather imprudent than criminal, Madrid. A royal decree has conferred discharged. As no actual rebellion had upon the eldest son of Elio, the traitor taken place, it was impossible to reconto his country, the title of Marquis of cile the favour of the Sovereign with the Fidelity, and certain pecuniary rewards. inflexible impartiality of the Judge. The loans of the Cortes have not been
The King of Sardinia, who abdicated recognised. The Russian Minister, Pozzo in 1821, rather than swear to a constitudi Borgo, having congratulated Ferdinand, tion which he did not mean to observe, in the Czar's name, on liis happy restora- and whose conduct in this respect forms a tion to unlimited despotism, had quitted striking contrast with his constitutionMadrid. Morillo had deinanded passports swearing brethren of Spain, Naples, and for France. Upwards of five hundred Portugal, is near death. He, at least, deconstitutionalists who had proceeded to
serves respect for his firmness, though Gibraltar, had been ordered to quit that a few centuries ago, and in barbarous town by the governor, the Earl of Chatham. times, such an example of royal regard to Much discussion has taken place respecting truth would not have been wonderful in the Spanish colonies, and apprehensions his family. are entertained that the Holy Alliance, The Austrians have given a decree in
the official Gazette of Lombardy and pose of oppressing them, or controlling in Venice, ordering a certain number of any other manner their destiny, by any Italians, of whom a list is given in the European power,” will be regarded as the ordinance, and who have been absent for manifestation of an unfriendly feeling tosix years, to return immediately to the wards the United States. This declaration dominions of his Imperial Majesty, on is worthy the character and strength of pain of confiscation of all their property, the Republic, and is exactly as it should be. and of being declared dead in law. On the 22d of October, the Pacha of Among them are some distinguished by Scutari and Omer Vrione, with 12,000 or their birth and fortune. Some are in 15,000 men, were then five leagues from Greec?, and some in Spain, where they
that town. The place was in a good have defended the cause of the Revolu- state of defence. Andreas Metaxa was tion.
civil governor, and Constantine Botzaris, A dreadful inundation happened in the brother of the modern Leonidas, had Sicily on the 14th of November. A de- posted himself before the town with 5000 luge of rain destroyed a great number men, to observe the Turks, who had not of the small houses in the suburbs of Mes- ventured on any attack. Mavrocordato sina, carrying them and their wretched was expected with twelve sail and some inhabitants along with it, many of them Hydriot troops; and Pietro, the Bey of into the sea. To what extent the melan- the Mainotes, with 6000 men from the cboly effects have reached, is not yet as- Morea. It was expected that a serious certained. The sea was covered with engagement would soon take place. The wrecks of buildings. So dreadful a vi- affairs of the Greeks generally remained sitation is not remembered by the oldest at a stand. The Turkish feet had reinhabitant to have taken place there turned to the Dardanelles. before. The greater part of the calamity The treaty of peace between Persia and is owing to the high lands at the back of the Porte has been published. The basis the town having been reduced to culti. of the treaty provides, that the stipularation instead of being planted, as the tions made in 1744, relative to the ancient laws direct, with an annual increase of frontiers of both empires, shall be large trees. The rubbish and loose observed, as well as the stipulations mould mixing with the waters became of former treaties relative to pilirresistible, and swept away every thing grims, merchandise, fugitives, prisonin their progress to the sea. The number ers, and the residence of Ambassadors at of dead bodies found amounted to 331. both Courts respectively.-All places on
Congresses are still talked of in Ger- the frontier of the Ottoman Empire, of many, and the interview of the Emperors which the Persians took possession in the of Austria and Russia at Czernowitz course of the war, are to be restored, in has given rise to numerous speculations. their actual state, within the terın of sixty The interview at this place is said to days. The prisoners taken on both sides have been held in consequence of ar- are to be restored mutually. rangements made between the two Sove- The Pacha of Egypt has been disciplining reigns while they were at Inspruck, in his troops in the European manner. Col. the 'Tyrol, after the close of the Congress Seyes, aide-de-camp of General Grouchy, at Verona, and on their return from commands a body of 20,000 men in Upper Venice ; that the sole object of this in- Egypt that practises entirely the evoluterview at Czernowitz was to confer on tions of European troops. the affairs of Turkey, as had been settled A warm altercation has taken place beat Inspruck; tbat, however, on this occa- tween the government of Buenos Ayres sion, the Emperors declare that they are and Capt. Willes, of the British brig the wboily satisfied with the result of the Brazen. It appears that Captain Willes' political system which they have adopted, boats had boarded vessels which arrived in and by which they have maintained and the territory of Buenos Ayres in the river consolidated the repose of Europe, endea- Plate, and that under the quarantine laws vouring to destroy restlessness and rebel- such a practice was deemed not admissilion : lastly, that the two Emperors will ble, especially in the waters of a friendly always remain faithful to the principles state. On the boat of the Brazen prowhich they have openly manifested. ceeding to board an English vessel, a shot
The Speech of the President of the was fired at it. This Capt. Willes consiUnited States of America has reached us, dered as an insult, and stated that until dated December 2. It is a document of satisfaction was given, no vessels should great length and importance. One of the pass in or out of Buenos Ayres bearing most interesting topics to which it alludes that fag. The British residents in vain is the independence of the South American interfered, and the atlair has been left to Slates. Any“ interposition for the pur- be settled by the respective governnients.
THE DRAMA. His Majesty has, this month, been gra- flowing audience to witness his Richard, eiously pleased to honour both the thea- and Dowton and Liston have rendered the tres with bis presence. This popular and melancholy comedy of The Hypocrite' atbenignant act is the more deserving of tractive. Miss Stephens made her first grateful mention, because it has not been appearance in Diana Vernon, supported usual for the King to visit the theatres un- by Liston's humorous and characteristic til after Christmas, when part of the no- performance of the Baillie, Macready's bility and gentry have returned to London. manly and imaginative representation of His visit at this season was, therefore, Rob Roy, and the unexpected versatility of not only more than usually beneficial to Mr. Brown, who (marvellous change from the managers, but more pleasing to the Lord Foppington !) played the Dougalpeople, as we tbus joined with the mass of creature with great force and truth. Albis subjects, few of whom were above the though Miss Stephens is (thank God!) middle rank of life, in that amusement very unlike Diana Vernon, and though which is, of all others, the most humane, her songs in this piece are short and far the most hearty, and the best calculated between," yet the pleasure of seeing and to awaken sympathies which are common hearing her again was eagerly sought for to all. The crowds at both houses were on any terms, and amply repaid all whom unusually great; the aggregate receipts she attracted. Brabam came forward as are said almost to have reached 2,0001.: Henry Bertram ; and though by appearing and, of course, numbers of those who paid in that character rather than in Prince could scarcely obtain a glimpse of the Orlando he waived all unpleasant declaroyal visitant. It is impossible to imagine ration of rivalry with Sinclair, yet he was any thing of the kind more splendid than obviously inspired with the wish of shewthe appearance of either house from the ing the triumphant mastery of his art, and stage, when the curtain drew up, and the completely succeeded. Here he was supnational anthem was performed :--the ported by Miss Stephens as Lucy Bertram dense crowd of happy and eager faces in -a part which well becomes her pensive the pit; the three circles of boxes filled looks and fascinating absence of manner in front with well-dressed ladies ; the slips yet in which she has very little to sing crammed, fearfully, to the last cranny; the worthy of her powers; for we think the galleries almost bursting with the full po- song. " Rest thee, babe,” is not one of pulation ; and the whole throng, high and her happiest performances, and “ Lease low, animated by one enthusiastic pride on me, my sodger love,” is over in a little in their national greatness, and in one minute. This opera is cast with unprefeeling of respect to the representative of cedented strength, for, besides the two the Majesty of their constitution and principal vocalists, there is Liston“ prolaws. We are glad when kings thus meet digious" in Dominie Sampson, Mr. Shertheir people : they may learn at a glance win with a very natural rusticity in how false are the calumnies which Dinmont, and Mrs. Bunn with her fame would represent them as factious; how and power in Meg Merrilies. If this worthy their affections are of winning ; lady is too youthful and fair, adequately and how easily a graceful cordiality may to represent the withered priestess of obtain them.
the glens, in whose else exhausted heart DRURY-LANE THEATRE.
one human feeling burns with strange There has been no absolute novelty at warmth, and whose frame is animated by this house during the last month, and yet supernatural energy, she gave the prophethe establishment has been unusually tic warnings to Bertram, and the affecting prosperous. This has been cominonly the reminiscences of her past days, in tones dullest season of the year :-the freshness and accents which the spirit of old roof the first opening nights is gone-the mance might challenge for her own. improvements have grown familiar to the There is so much interest in this opera, eye-the gentry have not come to town, that it will perhaps be more frequently wor the children from school--the citizens repeated during the season than any are waiting for Christmas and the fre other; yet Braham bas gained most hands quenters of the galleries await the advent in the - Cabinet,” and Miss Stephens has of Pantomime and Grimaldi. Yet this won most hearts in “ Love in a Village." theatre has been so thronged, almost The music of Prince Orlando is Braham's nightly, as to deprive the play-bills of own compositior'; it is perhaps bis best their prerogative of fiction. The princi- and he now sings it with all the fervour pal cause of this success is the brilliant of his youth, and all the undying partiality manner in which operas have been pre- of an author. Mr. Brabam, though not sented; though Mr. Keao broughtone over- actor to taste when he has
only to speak, yet becomes a different original tragedian's powers in a second being the moment he begins to sing: spring! his chest beaves, his eye-brightens, and
COVENT-GARDEN THEATRE. as he approaches the more difficult pas- All the world, that is, all which is yet sages, he evidently enjoys the contest in in London, is astonished and delighted at which he is sure of achieving a victory. the success of Mr. Young, as Sir Pertinax His greatest effort was the Polacca, in Macsycophant in “ The Man of the which he left all competition far behind World." We are delighted, but not ashim, exulting in the difficulties of the tonished at all. We have long thought piece, and putting a passion and senti- we discerned, in Mr. Young's acting, inment into every quaver. He three times dications of a genuine comic vein, which repeated this effort, without much dimi- we were assured he would turn, when he nution of power, though the call was most pleased, to excellent advantage. Of abinjudicious on the part of his friends, for solute gaiety, indeed, we did not suspect the repetition not only fatigues the singers, him; but we knew that he could exhibit but destroys the wonder which so bril- a solemn humour, hit off a piausible knaliant a performance once heard would very, and play a grave impostor to the leave behind it. The objection did not very life. In the famous scene with Huapply to the treble repetition of the little beri in “ King John," for example, his dancing song between Harley and Miss promises and fawnings are exactly of the Stephens, which was exquisite in its kind, tone which fain would belie the heart but and yet would not have tired the audience, dares not, and the oily smoothness and nor lost its freshness, had it been sung pretence for which comedy affords amthree tiines more. In " Love in a Vil- ple scope. Among his friends he has lage" Mr. Braham performed Hawthorn, been long remarkable for the facility with and sung the good old English songs with which he catches dialects, peculiarities, unaffected vigour, especially that plain and tones; and, therefore, we were prehonest song
“ Oons, neighbour, ne'er pared for a very clever exhibition in Sir blush for a trifle like this," which, in Pertinax, and were quite satisfied-never these days of cant, it does one good to having seen Cooke in the part. His hear. Miss Stephens's Rosetta, as Scotch, whether true or not, was wonderhave hinted already, was her most charm- fully consistent with itself, and he spoke ing part; indeed, it is perhaps her hap- it as if “native, and to the manner piest effort, except her Polly, which we born;" his booing was so perfect, so subwish she would play to any body's, or no- missive, so full of servile meaning, that it body's Macheath. Rosetta is just made must have made his fortune had he been for her ; a lady rustic, a sentimental run- destined to a diplomatic career; and his away-something between the milkmaid disdain of all common honesty and good and the countess, more bewitching than faith was absolutely magnanimous. The either-an innocent impostor, lisping out good-oatured pity with which, on Egera joke in arch simplicity, and holding her ton's spouting forth some piece of lip bead on one side and looking unconscious, morality, he exclaimed “ Ah ! Charley ! while she steals away your soul. Her in- you're vary young," was almost redeemtroduced song of “ Savoureen Deelish,” ing, and carried the indulgence of a man which she sings without music, is—but of the world to its highest pitch, withlet our readers go and hear it for them- out trespassing on the romantic. His acselves—to those who have not heard it, count of his life was a fine example of our praises would seem extravagant, and climax; his utter amazement at the resistto those who have, they are needless. ance of his son and the clergyman to his
Mr. Kean burst ont strongly in Ri- proposals was comical ; and his last rage chard, but his Othello is greatly inferior and disappointment admirably kept within to what it was. Here and there are ves- bounds for a tragedian. It is a great tiges of what has been-gleams of fiery triumph to play such a part three times passion and exquisite tenderness; but the to good houses, as he has done ; for the general performance is comparatively other characters, with the exception of tricksome and cold. Thus it too often is Egerton, are very poorly supported ; and with genius; it is fostered into a luxu- the play itself is every thing that a play riance by which it overruns its strength; ought not to be. Instead of shewing the and the mechanical facility and habits re- noblest virtues or errors of human nature, main when its spirit has departed—as the it uuveils its meannesses; instead of exrock retains the tracery of the ivy which citing cordial merriment, by exhibiting spread itself delicately over it, when the “ folly grown romantic,” (as comedy living green has perished for ever. May should do,) it dwells on the details of wc yet hail the new expansion of our paltry baseness; and is essentially undramatic, as any piece is which does not enough to fill the house ; and Mr, Bentonch some noble passion, or awaken nett was generally excellent in Hubert. some human sympathy. We go not to A new tragedy called “ The Vespers of see the play, but the actor who performs Palermo,” from the pen of Mrs. Hemans, Sir Pertinax, just for once and to satisfy has been produced, after exciting consi-. our curiosity; and we attend to the re- derable expectation. Its fair author has presentation with the same feeling as if been for some time known to the public, we were listening to a bravura singer, or as a poetess of rich fancy and deep though looking at Madame Sacchi in the air sur- chastened feeling; and though these quarounded with crackers. Our pleasure is lities alone do not go very far to ensure certainly not increased by hearing Mrs. success in the drama, they were more Chatterley's version of Scotch, or wit- than sufficient to excite general interest pessing Mr. Bartley's elevation to the for the issue of the adventure. If the honours of the peerage.
production of the play has not proved that King John has been produced, at great this lady adds great dramatic power to care and expense, with the true costume her unquestioned capacities, it must still of the age, as the playbills inform us, add to her reputation with all who peruse and as we believe, notwithstanding the it; for, not only is its language delicately presumption of falsehood which the mode streaked and veined with poetic thought, of announcement raises, It was well but it has an energy and sometimes a feenough before. To be more classical than licitous condensation which the works of dohn Kemble seems almost “useless and the gentler sex rarely exhibit. Regarding ridiculous expense.” Not one playgoer in it as a tragedy, we think its subject is not a hundred knows or cares any thing about happily chosen. An indiscriminate masthe dresses of the time of King John; but sacre is a frightful background for a drahe recollects the dresses he has been ac- matic picture ; and the gratuitous ferocity customed to see from a child, and misses of the conspirators destroys the interest the spectacle which “ was most pleasant we take in their course, by divesting to him." Why is our little remaining them of the noblest attributes of public faith in the wonders of the stage to be virtue. The heroes of a revolution, on thus shaken by the Managers ? We took the stage, should be “sacrificers," not it for granted all was right, till we were “ butchers.” It is unpleasant to look on at thus told it had been wrong: and now a fight where neither can win, and where that our belief is once unsettled we know the only question is, which party shall be not what to trust to. Mr. C. Kemble, how- put soonest out of their misery. Then, ever, has, at least, the merit of disintereste again, the revolution is complete in the edness; for he has exchanged his fine apo- third act, when the stage is covered with cryphal habit for authentic red stockings the dead, and the spectator involuntarily and a steel night-cap, which detract from asks why there should be more. Still the his appearance as much as a provoking play, though liable to dramatic objection, correctness takes from the pleasantry of an is replete with poetical beauty. There is old, hearty, good-for-nothing friend. King much vigour of thought in the conception John's habits are certainly picturesque ; of the chief characters—Procida, Montand Constance's dress, though heavy, is alba, and Vittoria: they are fine tragic superb ; but we cannot reconcile our- outlines, but in the attempt to clothe selves to the others. We gave up our them with human flesh and blood, there is reason to Cardinal Wolsey, with full a comparative failure. The versification power to fix all these matters for ourselves is entitled to high praise ; it is harmonious and our children, and we cannot descend and well sustained, and yet, with few to question heresies. Whether the dresses exceptions, sufficiently easy for dramatic were true to history or not, the acting was purposes. true to nature, though Kemble's Falcon- All the male characters were well acted, bridge and Young's King John are too allowing for a little exaggeration on the well known to need criticism. Mrs. Bart. part of Mr. Yates, who, it must be conley played Constance ; the audience did fessed, encroached too nearly on “Ercles' not do her justice, nor did she quite do vein." Young declaimed, with sonorous justice to herself. She wanted but very majesty, as the elder Procida, and dislittle of being exceedingly good; she played great feeling in the meeting with looked the part well; and spoke gene- Raimond, whose weaknesses were well rally with great force and judgment, but nigh concealed by the gallant bearing of sbe marred all by a strange drawl at the Kemble. In the prison scene, where the close of her sentences, which prevented son, who has writhed in fetters, impatient the incipient applause. A young gentle- for the battle, is released and rushes out man named Holl played Arthur very pret- to die on the field of glory, Mr. Kemble tily, though his voice was scarcely strong gave one of his noblest bursts of heroic
VOL. XII. NO. XXXVII.