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was persuaded by his friends to enter as field, Mr.Erskinc obtained a silk gown, and * popil into the office of Judge Buller, in the same year was nominated to a seat then the most eminent special pleader of in the House of Commons as a represenhis day. On the promotion of that gen- tative of the borough of Portsmouth. His tleman, he removed to the office of Mr. professional labours were now considerWood, where he continued a year after he ably augmented; and he was appointed by bad obtained considerable enployment at his present Majesty, then Prince of Wales, the bar. During the whole term of his to the situation which had been so long probation he is said to have pursued the occupied by Mr. Dunning, afterwards Lord dry detail business of the desk with unre. Ashburton. Mr. Erskine was often sucmitting cheerfulness and assiduity. He cessfully engaged in conducting trials for was called to the bar in 1778; and was crim. con. sometimes for the plaintiff and very shortly afterwards présented with an at others for the defendant. Among the opportunity of displaying his shining ora- most extraordinary cases of this descrip torical powers. Captain Baillie, who had tion in which he was employed, is the rebeen deprived of the Directorship of markable one of Baldwin versus Oliver, Greenwich Hospital by the late Earl of tried at York, and that of Sir Henry Vane Sandwich, then first Lord of the Admi- Tempest, in both of which he acted for ralty and one of the Governors of Green- the defendants, and succeeded so far that wich Hospital, was charged with having one shilling was the entire sum awarded published a libel on that nobleman, and as damages against them. In trials for the Attorney-General was instructed to libel, the talents of Mr. Erskine were move for leave to file a criminal informa- always found most effective on the part tion against him. It was as counsel for of the defence. When the charges against the Captain on this occasio: that Mr. Mr, Hastings were published by the House Erskine made his first speech in court; of Commons, a Mr. Logie, a Scotch and the intrinsic merits of this maiden clergyman and a friend to the Governoressay, added to the novelty of a young General, wrote a tract in which those lawyer's indulging in the most caustic in- charges were investigated with some acrivective against a powerful statesman who mony, but with considerable warmth and held an elevated post in the adıninistra. vigour; so that the pamphlet being contion, excited a degree of attention which sidered as libellous, a criminal information his most sanguine liopes had scarcely was filed against Stockdale the publisher. dared to anticipate. Such was the im- The exertions of Mr. Erskine, however, pression created by his eloquent defence procured bim his acquittal. On the trial of Captain Baillie, that on leaving the of the Dean of St. Asaph, at Shrewsbury, court he is said to have been presented for a libel, Mr. Erskine appeared as with no less than thirty briefs! A short counsel for the defendant ; when the jury time afterwards, Mr. Erskinc appeared delivered a verdict finding the Deau at the bar of the House of Commons as guilty of only publishing the libel. Mr. counsel for Carnan, the bookseller, Justice Buller, who presided at the trial, against a bill introdued by Lord North, desired them to reconsider it, as it could then Prime Minister, to revest in the Uni- not be recorded in the terms in which versities the monopoly in almanacks, they had expressed it. On this occasion, which Carnan had succeeded in abolish. Mr. Erskine insisted that the verdict ing by legal judgments; and he was fortu- should be recorded precisely as it was nate enough to place the noble lord in a found. This was resisted by the Judge, considerable minority upon a division. who, finding unusual position, peHis defence of Admiral Keppel, for which remptorily desired him to sit down, or he he received a thousand guineas, com- should compel him. “My Lord,” returnpletely established bis fame as an advo- ed Mr. Erskine,i. I will not sit down. cate ; and from that time business began Your Lordship may do your duty, but I to press upon him to an extraordinary will do mine.' The Judge was silent. extent, and he was looked upon as one of his defence of Paine is said to have cost the most able counsellors in the Court of Mr. Erskine the situation of AttorneyKing's Bench. He subsequently con- General to the Prince of Wales. In 1802, ducted the defence of Lord George Gor- however, he was restored to his situation, don; and having delivered to the jury the and also made Keeper of the Seals to the doctrine of high-treason, wound up his Duchy of Cornwall. The most brilliant address with the following forcible pero- event in his professional life was the ration. “ I say by God, that man is a part he undertook in conjunction with ruffian, who, on such evidence as this, Sir Vicary Gibbs in the state trials in the seeks to establish a conclusion of guilt.” year 1794. The trials lasted several days, In the early part of 1783, at the recom- and ended in the acquittal of the prisoners. mendation of the venerable Earl of Mans- In 1806, on the accession of Mr. Fox and his party to power, Mr. Erskine was sworn a member of the Privy Council,
DOCTOR ANDREW NICOLL. created a Baron (Feb. 7, 1806) by the At Acera, on the 27th of April last, title of Lord Erskine, of Restormel Cas- on board his Majesty's ship Cyrene, Doctle, in Cornwall, and entrusted with the tor Andrew Nicoll, Deputy Inspector of great seal as Lord High Chancellor of Hospitals, and chief Medical officer on Eogland, in which latter capacity he pre- the Coast of Africa. sided at the trial of Lord Melville. On
The nature of military service tends to the dissolution of the Whig administra- distribute much of the talent and energy tion, Lord Erskine retired upon a pension of this country over every portion of the of four thousand pounds a year. Although globe; and many individuals, who would his Lordship was in opposition to the grace important situations at home, are measures of Government, the Prince Re- left to expend their powers on objects of gent, in 1815, invested him with the order inferior moment abroad, and, often the of the Thistle, as a high mark of esteem, victims of climate, to sink into a premathe other eleven Knights being all Dukes ture grave, “unnoticed and unknown." and Earls of Great Britain. For several Sometimes, however, this custom is proyears past his Lordship has been living ductive of the most beneficial results ; in retirement.
and men have been sent into our colonies, His principal publications were as fol- from whose activity, enterprise, and gelow:
nius these isolated portions of the emI. Arguments on the Rig of Juries pire have derived incalculable advantages, in the cause of the Dean of St. Asaph, in which have been deeply felt by the Mothe Court of King's Bench. London, ther Country. In such cases, when the 1791. 800.-II. The whole Proceedings individual unfortunately falls a sacrifice on a Trial of an information er-officio by to an honourable sense of duty, justice the Attorney-General against John Stock- powerfully demands that his merits dale, for a supposed libel on the House of should not be silently forgotten. Doctor Commons,-in the Court of King's Bench Nicoll was an exemplification of this before Lord Kenyon. To which is sub- remark. He was
ordered to Sierra Joined an Argument in support of the Leone merely to superintend the Medical Right of Juries. 1791. 8vo.- III. Speech Staff of that Colony ; but the energy of on the Liberty of the Press. London, his mind soon led him to suggest plans 1793. 8vo.-IV. Speech in Defence of for the improvement of the Settlement, Thomas Hardy and John Horne_Tooke, which raised im to an important situaEsq. tried on a charge of High Treason. tion in its government, and which will London, 1795. 8vo.-V. Speeches of the long embalm his virtues in the affection Honourable T. Erskine and J. Kyd, Esq. of every one interested for the happiness on the trial of T. Williams, for publish- of Africa. To these, and to many others, ing Payne's Age of Reason ; with Lord the following brief memorial of this exKenyon's charge to the Jury. London, cellent individual will not be unaccept1797. 8vo.-VI. A view of the causes able. and consequences of the present War Doctor Nicoll was the son of Mr. with France. London, 1797. 8vo. This David Nicoll, a creditable farmer in the pamphlet had an unprecedented sale, parish of Seggie, near Saint Andrew's, there being no less than forty-eight edi- Fifeshire, in Scotland. He received the tions of it printed within a few months rudiments of his education in the parish after its publication.-VII. Substance of where he was born, and completed his his Speech in the House of Commons on classical studies at the University of a motion for an Address to the Throne, Edinburgh, where he entered himself a approving of the refusal of Ministers to student of Humanity and of Medicine in treat with the French Republic. London, 1807. Having completed his term of 1800. Bvo.- VIII. An explanation of study, he graduated in 1810 ; and was, all the Acts of Parliament relative to alnost immediately afterwards, appointthe Volunteer Corps. London, 1803.- ed Assistant-Surgeon to the 30th regiIX. Speech on Malicious and Wanton ment, then on the Madras establishment, Cruelty to Animals. 1809. 8vo.—X. where he joined it in the following year. The Speeches of the Honourable T. It was on this stage that Doctor Nicoll Erskine wben at the Bar, on subjects first displayed his professional talents, connected with the Liberty of the Press, both in his care of the regiment, which and against Constructive Treason. Col- soon devolved on him, owing to the lected by Jaines Ridgeway. London, health of the Surgeon, and as an acute 1810, 3 vols. 8vo.-XI. Speeches when and accurate obscrver of the effects of at the Bar on Miscellaneous Subjects. climate and situation on the animal eco1812. 8vo.-XII. Armata, 1821.
nomy, in a memorial on liver disease VOL. XII. NO, XXXVII,
and jungle fever, which he presented to of information has been thus obtaineil, the Medical Board of Madras in 1817. of great importance to the health of our The high estimation in which he was held sailors and soldiers who may in future be by that board was acknowledged in a destined to serve on a coast so ungenial public communication, addressed to him to the constitution of Englishmen as that on his leaving India, stating the regret of of Africa, its members, that one so well calculated How well he fulfilled the expectations to investigate and throw light upon In- formed of him, on being appointed to dian diseases should be withdrawn from this service, was acknowledged by his the field of inquiry. The constant at- superiors at home appointing him a Detention of Doctor Nicoll to the sufferings puty Inspector ; and is further shewn in of the sick soldier led him to suggest the following extract from a Report, many things for his comfort, and, amongst wbich was drawn up by Sir George Ralph others, to invent an excellent, cheap va- Collier in 1820, and laid before the House pour-bath, which has been found of the of Commons:greatest utility in the treatment of seve- “ Before I conclude my observations ral diseases, and particularly chronic upon the improved state of Sierra Leone," rheumatism, a malady from which sol- says Sir George," it is justice only which diers suffer severely on returning home disposes me to notice the indefatigable from a warm climate.
exertions of the chief of the Medical deSoon after his arrival in England, Doc- partinent, Doctor Nicoll. No part of the tor Nicoll left the 80th regiment, of which establishment of this Colony reflects more he was still only Assistant-Surgeon, carry- credit upon the heads of the departments, ing with him the regrets and sincere good nor does more honour to the Mother wishes of his brother officers, to whom his Country, than the liberal manner in which open, affable, obliging, and gentlemanly this branch of public duty is supported in deportment had greatly endeared him. England and conducted at Sierra Leone. He continued for nearly a year officially And it is not merely in his professional unemployed after this period, but filling duties that Doctor Nicoll shews his zcal up his time with acquiring a knowledge for the public service: his unwearied of Mineralogy, Botany, and Natural researches as to the localities of the History, in order to qualify him for any country, its capabilities and productions, situation abroad to which he might be as well as a close investigation into the appointed. His talents did not long re- causes of disease and the best mode of main unobserved by the discriminating treatment, make his life a most valuable eye of Sir James Mac-Gregor, the Direc- one; and his death or removal would be tor-general, who, conceiving that he was an irreparable one to the Colony. Talent well adapted to prove useful in a quarter and science, industry and application, of the world which had excited much are in him conspicuously blended." public attention, and considering also that With this happy structure of mind, and he was prepared to withstand the un- energetic disposition, Dr. Nicoll could wholesomeness of a tropical climate by not long remain a passive spectator of the his previous residence in India, appointed public transactions connected with the him to the situation of principal Medical colony of Sierra Leone ; nor indifferent officer at Sierra Leone, where he arrived to the welfare and the progress of civiliin December 1818.
zation in Africa, and the amelioration of The impulse which Doctor Nicoll's the depressed condition of her sable sons. energy, activity, and industry produced Nihil humani à me alienum puto, was the in the Medical department over which he guiding principle of his life: and he soon presided in Africa was soon conspicuous. adopted such measures as contributed The junior Medical officers, who had pre- largely towards rendering a station viously merely attended to their duties of which was formerly not unjustly regardvisiting and prescribing for the sick, were ed as a mere place of banishment, and roused to direct their attention, not only the certain grave of our countrymen, suto the effects of climate on the constitu- perior, in many respects, to the majority tions of the troops, but to the topography of our colonies, by opening a wide field of the places where they were stationed; of interesting research in Natural Histo cultivate Mineralogy and Botany; to tory; by improving the character of its collect and preserve objects of Natural limited society; and, by his statistical History, and to keep regular Meteoro regulations, rendering the climate more logical tables. Quarterly reports were salubrious; and, under ordinary circumdemanded from each establishment on slances, certainly less fatal to British the Coast; and these being embodied by life. But his exertions were not limited Doctor Nicoll in general half-yearly to Sierra Leone. He courtea the confireports, which were sent home, a mass dence of every stranger who bad visited,
and of every native who came from, the such of them as merited publication interior of Africa; and, had he lived might be prepared for the press. They longer, many of the difficulties which have not yet all come to hand; but it is have opposed the efforts of Europeans to to be hoped, that nothing will occur to penetrate into that mysterious country, prevent that desire from being fulfilled. would have been removed. “Wherever Dr. Nicoll had suffered from repeated you turn your eye,” writes one who was attacks of fever; but his last illness was on the spot, a witness of the labours of an abscess upon the liver, wbich, after this excellent man, “ to any improve- reduciog him to a skeleton, robbed the ments, to any advancement of civilization world of this useful character. at Sierra Leone, if you observe a good We cannot better conclude this memoir, road, a new bridge, a good essay in the than by an extract from a letter of the Sierra Leone Gazette, a correct and full same gentleman, already alluded to as an almanack, if you notice a valuable col- eye-witness of his labours; as it describes lection of specimens of the productions of the impression which his death produced Africa, Dr. Nicoll alone was the pro- on Sir Charles M.Carthy, and those assojector, the architect, the author, the col- ciated with him in the government of lector. The loss of such a man is incal- Sierra Leone. culable, irreparable! His hospitality too, “ The Governor and spite arrived here if it impoverished bim, threw a lustre (St. Mary's on the Gambia) a few days upon Sierra Leone, which enlivened to ago in the Cyrene from the Cape Coast, many a stranger the monotonous tedium without stopping at Sierra Leone. of an African life. His society was the gloom pervaded the whole party when it chief delight of the place, and it is not to landed in the boats under discharges of be wondered at, that he was sought after artillery. I anticipated something wrong. by all enlightened visitors. He has died There seemed to be a cold indifference in poor ; but he was a public character, and the shaking of hands among old friends ; his private losses arising from munifi- and when I had gone through that cerecence, if not to be indemnified, ought monial, I thought some one was wanting : not to be placed amongst his faults.” the party was incomplete ; but my doubts
The writer of this brief sketch of a de- were at an end, when Weatherill, aid-departed friend, whose loss he must ever camp to Sir Charles, turned to me and deeply lament, knew Doctor Nicoll, said, “ We have lost poor Nicoll ! all before his powers were so fully developed would bave been well if he had been by the opportunities of exercising them spared !". Sir Charles M.Carthy was which his destiny supplied, and might deeply affected at his decease, and the warmly eulogize him as a private charac- more so, as the danger was all along ter, were be capable of doing justice to carefully concealed from him. Sir Charles the subject.
has lost, in Dr. Nicoll, his right hand, With great liveliness of disposition, his adviser, his confidential friend, his and a natural talent for satire, his con- companion in all his toils and pleasures ; versation was embellished by wit and and life must appear like a blank to him pithy remark, yet he was mild, amiable, after so great a separation. and modest; and was endowed with all “ Our departed friend kept up his spirits those kindly affections which attract and his sociability even to the last moothers to their possessor, cement friend- ment of his life. He fell a sacrifice to ships, and render them indissoluble. His his sense of duty, for if, instead of accomdiscrimination of character was quick, panying the Governor to Cape Coast, he his appreciation of merit in others cor- had returned to England, from Sierra rect, ami his liberality and openness of Leone, in November last, his life would, heart so conspicuous, that in most in- probably, have been spared for many stances he was regarded as a standard of years. So useful was he, however, to excellence to those around him. He was our worthy Governor, that it is not wonplain in his attire, unostentatious in his derful he should have persuaded him to habits, and simple in his manners : but, remain on the Coast: but our friend has as it may be readily supposed from what just verified your prophecy, “ that he has been said, his sociable powers were would stay until it was too late to reconsiderable, and he had acquired a pro- turn." fuseness of expense in his hospitality, His friends, his country, will ever lawhich left him only the conscious appro- ment his compliancy, of disposition on bation of his mind, as the reward of his this occasion; yet, the thought that he official labours.
was in the line of his duty must hare A short period before his death, he soothed the last moments of Doctor made a will, leaving all his papers to the Nicoll writer of this sketch, with a request, that “ Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori!"
evident that this pier, by stopping the beach to Married.] The Rev. 1. Roy, of Woburn, to the southward, will, in a little time, be the means Miss Uansoo.
of deepening the channel, and making the hare Died.) At Bedford, Mr. Leech.
bour of Workington the easiest of access, the BERKSHIRE.
most commodions, and the safest of any along Married.] At Reading, Mr. Croker to Miss shore: the expense, it is calculated, will be only Scoven.
the comparatively trifling sum of from three to
Married.) At Carlisle, Mr. P. Grabam to Miss
H. Ripley-The Rev. W. Guskin to Miss S. Slack
to Miss A. Railton--Mr. T. Hill to Miss E. Halton Died.) At llaversham, Miss Greaves-Mrs. E. -Mr. W. Weightman to Miss M. Bowning-At Day, of Stoney Stralford-At Lavendon, Mrs. Hill, Greystoke, Mr.J. Edmondson to Miss H. Robin05- Al Newport Pagnell, Mr. W. Burnham.
501–At Crosby Ravensworth, Mr. R. Lamley to
Miss Langham-At Whitehaven, Mr. J. Sturgeon
to Miss M. Winstanley-Mr. D. Murray to Miss Married.) At Newmarket, Mr. Goodhugh to A. Beadle-Mr. H. Branthwaite to Miss M. Little. Miss Arnull-At West Wratting, the Res, W. Ae- Died. At Carlisle, Mrs. Railton-Miss B. Blake ton to Miss II. Watson-At Chalteris, Mr. J. Ross -Miss A. Graham-Mr. W. Irving-Mr. M. Roome to Mrs. Batemal).
Mr. T. Morley-Mr. W. Anderson-At Wetheral, Died.) At Westhoc Lodge, Mrs. Keene-Mr. J. Mr. W. Robinson-At Skelton, Mr. G. Walker-At Wragg, of Chesterton—At Chatteris, Mrs. Lyon.
Penrith, Mrs. A. Bell-Mrs. Cookson-At Glas
sonby, Mrs. S. Lawson-At Cocker mouth, Mrs. CHESHIRE.
Young - Mrs. Birkeit - At Holm House, Mrs. Married.) At Chester, Mr. Whittell to Miss S. Wannop, 76, and her husband, Mr. T. Wannop, 79 C. Wilson-At Stockport, Mr. A. Wilson lo Miss S. -At Portiuscale, Mr D. Crosthwaite-At Holmes, Beaumont-At Macclesfield, W. Wild, esq. to Miss T. Tallentier, esq.-Al Carlton, Mr. H. Parker-At S. Killer.
Workington, Mrs. M. Armstrong-At Whitehaven,
Egremont, Mrs. Pili-At Penrith, having attained
the almost patriarchal age of 107 years 8 weeks and Lately, as some men were sinking an air-hole + days, Mary Noble, widow; who was a native of to the bottom level of the Consolidated Mines,
Haresceugh, in the parish of Kirkoswald, in this
county, in the baptismal register of which parish she when at the depth of 160 fathoms from the sur- is entered as having been born on the 17th of Sept, face, they struck into a cavern, the rush of foul 1710. Such longevity is an additional illustration of air from which compelled them to call out to
the beneficial effect of temperance and exercise, by
which not only bodily lealth but the health of the their companion stationed above, to raise them
mind also may (as in this instance) be protracted by a tackle kept in readiness for that purpose. beyond the common period of mortality. At the This vast subterranean pault is situated in one of age of 90, Mary Noble assisted in reaping a field of the principal lodes of the mine ; it is about nine
bailey, and kept her rigg” (as it is expressed in
the provincial piirase) with thie younger reapers. feet high, and six feet wides the western end,
DERBYSHIRE. from the place of entry, has been explored, and is
Married.] At Chesterfield, Mr. J. Thompson found to be about forty fathoms in length ; the to Miss Jones-Mr. W. Lowe to Miss M. L. Frog. foul air in the eastern end has hitherto prevented gatt-Mr. G. Lacey, of Cotmanhay, to Miss the miners from fully exploring it; the appear.
Disney: ance of the sides and roof is very craggy, and
Died.) At Spondon, near Derby, Mrs. Hayhurst
- Mrs. Gawthorne, of Derby-At Chesterfield, shews that the cavity has been occasioned by a Mrs. Parkin. convulsion of nature.
DEVONSHIRE. Married.) At St. Andrew's, E. Jago, esq, to
A meeting, at which Earl Morley presided, Miss A. D. Trelawny-At Probus, Mr. R. Whitford to Miss A. Gerran-Al St. Columb, Mr. F.
was lately held at the Royal Hotel, Plymouth, Hawkey to Miss Hicks-At Padstow, Mr. J. Grose for the purpose of petitioning the Lords of the to Miss S. Brewer At Budock, Mr. M. H. Eade Treasury to grant a loan of 45,0001. for the purto Miss E. W. Cory - At Launceston, Mr. J. Spettignes to Miss S. Baker.
pose of aiding the erection of the proposed Sus. Died.). At Liskeard, J. Lyne, esq.-At St. pension Bridge across the Tamar, at Sallash. The Enoder, the Rev. W. Hocken, 84–At St. Austell, span of the proposed bridge, from the points of Mrs. Merrifield-At Port Elliot, St. Germains, the
suspension, is eight hundred and fifty feet! UpEarl of St. Germains, 64-At St. Germains, Mr. J. Wills At Ellenglaye, Mr. J. Hosken-At New.
wards of 10,0001. have been already subscribed by port, Mr. J. Spettigue At Penzance, the Rev. w. inliabitants of Devon and Cornwall. Peel-At Lanarth, Miss M. B. Sandy9.
Married.] At Stoke, Dr. Wordingham to Miss
H. Aldridge-Mr. Dawe to Miss A. Chidley-At
Brixham, Capt. Smith to Miss Furneaux-At Ply.
month, Mr.' Bamber to Miss E. Rendle - Dr. tending the erection of a new pier on the south
Tucker, of Ashburtoa, to Miss_II. Luke-G. Mil
ford, esq. of Exeter, lo Miss F. M. Holland-At side of Workington harbour, which, when com
Axminster, C. Knight, esq. to Miss T. Taunton-At pleted, will extend, in a north-west direction, Exeter, Mr. Gidley to Miss E. C. Cornish. from the low capstern to low water mark. From Died.) At Sidmouth, the Rev. J. Bernard, 70
At Tiverton, Mr. Wotton- At Alphington, Miss J. the progress already made, there is every en
B. Dyott-At Exeter, Miss C. c. 'Palmer-Miss J. couragement to continued exertion, as it is already Gibbs—Mrs. M. Lucombe-At Landcross, Mis.