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when so sitting, to be on oath or affirmation.
Chief Justice to preside on trial of President.

concurrence of two-thirds necessary for conviction.

7. Judgment on conviction, extent of.

not to operate against trial according to law.
SEC. 4.-1. Time and mode of elections to be fixed by State Legisla-

Congress may alter State regulations.

except as to the place of elections.

2. Congress to assemble at least once a year.

meeting to be on first Monday of December.

unless otherwise appointed by law.
SEC. 5.-1. Each house to judge the elections, returns, and qualifica-

tions of its members.

majority to constitute a business quorum.


Art. I, Sec. 5.-Continued.

smaller number may adjourn and comper at-

penalties may be prescribed for non-attend.

2. Each house may determine rules of its proceedings.

may punish for disorderly behavior.

with concurrence of two-thirds may expel.

3. Each house shall keep a journal of proceedings.

may publish the same.

yeas and nays to be entered on desire of one-


4. Neither house shall adjourn for more than three days with-

out consent of the other.

nor to any other place than that in wbich

they are sitting.

SEC. 6.-1. Compensation for services to be fixed by law.

to be paid out of U. S. Treasury:
Members to be privileged from arrest during the session.

except for treason, felony, and breach of peace.
to be privileged in going to and returning

from the sessions.
for speech or debate not to be questioned else-

2. No member to be eligible for a civil office under Govern-

ment created or increased in emoluments

during his term.
no person holding U. S. office to be eligible as

a inember.
SEC. 17.-1. Bills for raising revenue to originate in the House; but the

Senate may propose or concur with amendments.

2. Every bill to be presented to the President for his ap-


if returned, objections to be entered on the


and to be reconsidered.

on concurrence of two-thirds, the bill to be

sent to other house.

if approved by two-thirds, to become a law.

the vote of both houses to be by yeas and nays.

names of members voting to be entered on


if bill not returned by President in ten days,

to be a law, unless Congress, by adjournment,

prevent the return.

3. Concurrent resolutions to be presented to the President ex-

cepton question of adjournment.

if disapproved, require two-thirds

to pass them.

SEC. 8.-1. Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes, duties,

imposts, and excises.

to pay debts and provide for common defense

and general welfare.

all duties, imposts, and excises to be uniform.


to borrow money on credit of U. S.

to regulate commerce

with foreign nations,

among the several States,

and with the Indian tribes.


to establish uniform rule of naturalization, and

uniform laws on subject of bankruptcies.


to coin money and regulate its value, and fix

the standard of weights and measures.

Art. 1, Sec. 8.-Continued.


to provide for punishment of counterfeiting

securities and coin of U.S.


to establish post-offices and post-roads.


to promote progress of science and useful arts

by securing to authors and inventors exclu-

sive rights.


to constitute tribunals inferior to Supreme



to define and punish piracies and felonies on

high seas, and offenses against law of na-



to declare war,

grant letters of marque and reprisal,

and make rules concerning captures.


to raise and support armies.

appropriations to be limited to two years.

to provide and maintain a navy.

14. To make rules for government of land and naval forces.

15. To provide for calling forth the militia.

to execute laws, suppress insurrections, etc.

16. To provide for organizing and arming the militia.

and for governing them when in employ of


authority of States as to appointment of off.

cers reserved.

also as to disciplining militia.
17. To exercise exclusive legislation over seat of government.

and over sites of public works or buildings.

18. To make all laws necessary and proper to carry out its


Sro. 9.–1. Migration or importation of slaves, restriction of.

tax or duty may be imposed.

2. Habeas corpus not to be suspended except.

3. No bill of attainder or er post facto law to be passed.

4. No direct tax unless in proportion to census.

5. No tax or duty on exports from any State.

6. No preference to be given in commerce or revenue to

ports of any State.

no entry, clearance, or duties on vessels

bound to or from States.

7. Money to be drawn only on appropriations made by law.

statements of receipts and expenditures to be pub.

8. No title of nobility to be granted.

no officer to accept presents from foreign powers.
Sec. 10.-1. No State to enter into any treaty, alliance, or confedera-


or grant letters of marque and reprisal.

or coin money:

or emit bills of credit.

or make anything but gold and silver a legal


or pass any bill of attainder.

or er post facto law.

or law impairing obligation of contract.

or grant any title of nobility.

2. No State, without consent of Congress, shall lay any

imposts or duties.

except absolutely necessary.

and the net produce to be for use of Gov.


and the laws subject to revision of Congress.

SEC. 1.-1. The executive power is vested in a President.

his term of office shall be four years.

the term of office of Vice-President shall

be the same.

they shall be elected together.

2. Each State shall appoint Presidential electors.

to be in number equal to the whole number of

their Senators and Representatives.

no Senator or Representative or public U. S.

officer shall be an elector.

3. Manner of voting by electors.

REPEALED. See XIIth Amendment.

4. Congress may determine time of choosing electors.

and the day of their meeting to elect.

to be the same throughout the U. S.

5. Natural-born citizens alone eligible for President.

to have attained the age of thirty-five, and

been fourteen years a resident

6. The Vice-President to assume the duties of President in

case of his death, resignation, etc.

Congress may by law provide for the case of death, resig-

nation, etc., of the President.

and declare what officer shall then act.

7. The compensation of the President shall not be increased

or diminished during his term of


and he shall not receive during that pe-

riod any other emo'ument.
8. Oath or affirmation of President.

SEC. 2.-1. President shall be Commander in Chief of Army and Navy.

and of the Militia of the several States, when

in service of the U. S.

may require written opinions of executive of.

may grant reprieves and pardons, except in im.

2. By and with consent of Congress, may make treaties.

and shall nominate and appoint Ambassadors, etc.
and all other officers whose appointments are not

otherwise provided for.

Congress may vest appointment of inferior officers

as they think proper.

3. President may fill vacancies during recess of Senate.
SEC. 3.-President to give information of state of the Union.

to recommend measures to Congress.
on extraordinary occasions may convene Congress.
in case of disagreement may adjourn Congress.
to receive Ambassadors and Ministers.
to take care that the laws are administered.
to commission all officers of the U.S.

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