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Art. II.-Continued.
SEC. 4.-President and Vice-President to be removed on impeach-

ment for treason, bribery, or high crimes.


BEV. 1.-Judicial power is vested in a Supreme Court and inferior

Courts, to be established by Congress.

Judges to hold office during good behavior.

compensation not to be diminished during

continuance in office.

SEC. 2.-1. Jurisdiction to extend to all cases arising under the Con.

stitution, laws, and treaties.

to all cases affecting Ambassadors, Ministers,

and Consuls.

to all cases of admiralty and maritime juris-


to controversies to which the U.S. is a party.

to controversies between two or more States.

between a State and citizens of another State.

between citizens of different States.

between citizens of the same State claiming

lands under grants of different States.

and between a State, or its citizens, and for-

eign States, citizens, or subjects.

2. Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction,

in all cases affecting Ambassadors, Ministers, or


and cases in which a State is a party.

and appellate jurisdiction both as to law and

fact, under regulations to be made by Con.


3. Trials of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, to be

by jury:

to be hall in State where crime has been committed.
when not committed within a State, to be where

Congress may direct.
SEC. 3.-1. Treason consists in levying war against, or adhering to

enemies of the U. S., giving them aid and

no conviction unless on testimony of two wit-


or on confession in open Court.

2. Congress may declare the punishment for treason.

no attainder shall work corruption of blood or

forfeiture beyond the life of the party at-


judicial proceedings of States.

Congress may prescribe the manner of their proof,

and the effect thereof.

SEC. 2.-l. Citizens of each State are entitled to the privileges and

immunities of citizens in the several States.

2. Fugitives from justice to be delivered up to State having

jurisdiction of the crime.

3. Fugitives from service or labor to be delivered up.

SEC. 3.-1. New States may be admitted by Congress, but they can-

not be formed within the jurisdiction of a State without
consent of its Legislature.

of the owner.

nor in time of war but in a manner prescribed by


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In civil actions, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved

where the value in controversy exceeds twenty dol-

facts tried by jury are re-examinable only according

to the rules of common law.

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Powers not delegated nor prohibited to the States are re-

bed by

served to the States or to the people.



The judicial power not to extend to actions against a State

by citizen of another State, or of a foreign State.


Presidential electors to meet in their respective States.

and vote by ballot for President and Vice-Presi.


the ballots for each office to be distinct.

distinct lists to be made, signed, certified, and

transmitted to the President of the Senate.

the President of the Senate to open the certifi-

cates in presence of both houses of Congress.

and the votes shall then be counted.

the person having the greatest number of votes

shall be President.

if there be no majority the House of Represent-

atives shall elect from those having the high-

est number, not exceeding three.

the votes shall be taken by States, each State

having one vote.

a quorum shall consist of a representation from

two-thirds of the States.

a majority of all the States necessary to a choice.

if the House neglect to choose a President, the

Vice-President shall act as such.

the person having the greatest number of votes

for Vice-President shall be Vice-President,

if it be a majority of the electors.

if not such majority, then the Senate shall

choose the Vice-President from the two high-

est on the list.

a quorum shall consist of two thirds of the

whole number of Senators.

a majority shall be necessary for a choice.

constitutional ineligibility for President ren-

ders a person ineligible for Vice-Presidext.


Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except for crime,

shall exist in the United States.

Congress may enforce this article.


SEC. 1.-All persons born or naturalized in the U. S. are citizens of

the U.S. and of the State where they reside.

States cannot abridge the privileges and immu-

nities of citizens.

nor deprive any person of life, liberty, or prop-

erty without due process of law.

nor deny to any person the equal protection of

the law.

SEC. 2.-Representatives shall be apportioned according to the whole

number of persons in each State, exclud.

ing Indians not taxed.

but when the right to vote is denied to male

citizens over twenty-one, the basis of
representation shall be reduced accord.

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