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In a few days will be published, The Devotional Letters and Sacramental Meditations of Dr. Philip Doddridge.

A new Weekly Miscellany is announced, under the title of The Weekly Cabinet of Antiquarian Literature. To be conducted by distinguished Writers.

In the press, and speedily will appear, in one volume 8vo, History of Charlemagne. By G. P. R. James, Esq.

In the press, in one thin volume 8vo, a Memoir on Suspension Bridges, comprising the History of their Origin and Progress, and of their Application to civil and military purposes; with Descriptions of some of the most important Bridges, viz.—Menai; Berwick; Newhaven ; Brighton; Isle de Bourbon ; Hammersmith; Bath; Marlow; Shoreham ; Pont des Invalides at Paris; Pont d'Arcole; Tarnac; Geneva, &c. Also, an Account of Experiments on the Strength of Iron Wires and Iron Bars, and Rules and Tables for facilitating Computations relating to Suspension Bridges. Illustrated by lithographic plates and wood-cuts. By Charles Stewart Drewry, Associate Member of the Institution of Civil Engineers.

In a few days will be published, a new edition of Dr. Lardner's Lectures on the Steam Engine, containing an Account of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway and the most recent performances on it, the Locomotive Engines used upon it; an Account of the Steam Carriages in preparation for Turnpike Roads, &c. &c.

In the press, The Life and Times of Isaac Watts, D.D., with notices of many of his contemporaries. By the Rev. T. Milner, A.M., Author of the History of the Seven Churches of Asia.”

In the press, The Harmony of Religious Truth and Human Reason asserted, in a Series of Essays. By John Howard Hinton, M.A. One volume, 12mo.

In the press, Supplement to Loudon's Hortus Britannicus in 8vo.

In the press, a new edition of Bayldon on Rents, with considerable additions.

In the press, Travels of an Irish Gentleman in search of Religion ; with Notes by the Editor of Captain Rock's Memoirs, 2 Vols. f-c. 8vo.

In the press, a Revolving Table for finding the Terminations, Tense, Mood, Voice, &c. of Greek Verbs, from a design by Thomas Castle Esq., F.L.S. of Trinity College, Cambridge. J. and J. J. Deighton, Cambridge.

In the press, and speedily will be published, An Essay on the Ministry of Local or Lay Preachers; with Observations designed to point out the Capabilities, Means of Improvement, and Usefulness of that class of Ministers. By Wm. Robinson.

ART. XI. WORKS RECENTLY PUBLISITED.
BIOGRAPHY.

THEOLOGY.
The Life and Pontificate of Gregory Evening Exercises for the Closet : for
the Seventh. By Sir Roger Griesly, Bart. every Day in the Year. By William Jay.
F.A.S. 8vo.

2 Vol. 8vo. Il. Is. Life of Frederick the Second, King of Sermons by the Rev. Hobart Caunter, Prussia. By Lord Dover. 2 Vols. 8vo. B.D. Domestic Chaplain to the Earl of 11. 8s.

Thanet, &c. 8vo. 12s. Lives of Eminent Missionaries. By J. The Main Principles of the Creed and Carne, Esq. Author of “Letters from the Ethics of the Jews, exhibited in Selections East,” forming Vol. VI. of the Select Lic from the Yad Hachazakah of Maimonides, brary. Fcap. 8vo. 6s.

with a Literal English Translation, copious

Illustrations from the Talmud, &c. By HISTORY.

Hermann Hedwig Bernard, Teacher of A Companion and Key to the History Languages at Cambridge. 8vo. 11. 1s. of England; consisting of copious Genea The Four Gospels in Greek, from the logical and Biographical Details and Charts Text of Griesbach, with the various Readof the several Dynasties of the British ings of Mill and others. Marginal ReSovereigns, with the illustrious Families ferences, &c.; for the use of Schools. emanating from them : accompanied with an Fcap. 8vo. 38. 6d. cloth. Epitome of the British, Saxon, and Eng The Doctrine of the New Testament on lish Nobility, considered as Hereditary and Prayer. By Isaac Crowdson, Manchester. Hierarchical; with the various Blazonry Is. of their Armorial Bearings. By George Baxter's Saints' Rest, abridged. Edited Fisher, Academy, Swaffham. In royal by Isaac Crowdson. Eighth Edition. ls. 8vo. 1l. 15s. half-bound.

Access to God faithfully developed by Also, separately,

the Church of England; the Characters A Genealogical Atlas, composed of the

of her professing Members; the QualifiCharts of the above Work, depicting the

cations, Duties, and Encouragements of Descent, through the various Dynasties,

her Ministers. Five Discourses preached of British Sovereigns, with the several

before the University of Cambridge in the Branchings into the Families of Foreign

month of January, 1832. By the Rev. Royalty and British Aristocracy. 8s. 6d.

Thomas Dale, M.A. Minister of St. Mathalf-bound.

thew's Chapel, Denmark Hill, &c. 8vo.

3s. 6d. MISCELLANEOUS.

TOPOGRAPHY. The Adventures of Barney Mahoney.

Devon and Cornwall Illustrated; from By T. Crofton Croker. 1 Vol. 8s.

Original Drawings by Thomas Allom. Richard of York; or, The White Rose

With Historical and Topographical Deof England. 3 Vols. post 8vo. 11. 4s.

scriptions by J. Britton and E. W. BrayStories from German Writers in Ger

ley. In 1 Vol. 4to. containing 145 En. man and English, interlinear, on the plan

gravings, elegantly half-bound. 21. 2s. recommended by Locke; with a Gramma *. *°On August 1, will be published. tical Introduction and Notes. 12mo. Part 1 of Westmoreland, Cumberland, 2s. 6d. each.

Durham, and Northumberland Illustrated; PHILOLOGY.

from Original Drawings, by Thomas AlA Grammar of the Turkish Language,

lom; containing 17 Engravings. 48. with a Preliminary Discourse on the Lan

A Narrative of a Nine Months' Resiguage and Literature of the Turkish Na

dence in New Zealand in 1827; together tions. A copious Vocabulary, Dialogues,

with a Journal of a Residence in Tristan Collections of Extracts in Prose and Verse

d'Acunha. By Augustus Earle, Draughtsfrom many rare MSS. in Public Li

man to H. M. Surveying Ship, The braries and Private Collections; with Li

Beagle. 8vo. 13s. thographic Specimens, by Arthur Lumley

A Three Months' Tour in Switzerland Davids, Member of the Asiatic Society of

and France : illustrated with Plates, deParis. 4to. Il. 8s.

scriptive of Mountain Scenery, and in

terspersed with Poetry : with a Route to POETRY.

Chamouni, the Bernese Alps, &c. By the The Messiah, a Poem in Six Books. Rev. William Liddiard, Author of "The By Robert Montgomery, Author of “Sa Legend of Einsidlin," and other Poems. tan,” &c. Small 8vo. 8s. 6d.

8vo. 10s. 6d.

THE

ECLECTIC REVIEW,

For AUGUST, 1832.

Art. I. An Illustration of the Epistles of St. Paul, including an en

tirely New Translation. By Charles Eyre, Clk., Trinity College,

Cambridge, A.B., 1807. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 1832. THE proposed object of the Author of these volumes is so

important and commendable, that it is with deep regret we find ourselves compelled by a stern sense of duty to speak of his performance in the language of strong and unqualified condemnation. If Mr. Eyre has indeed felt, in any adequate degree, 'the awful responsibility of his undertaking', and the 'perilous position' in which he has placed himself, we can but deplore that such feelings should not have restrained him from the extreme of critical rashness; that his honesty of purpose should have so singularly miscarried in the act, and that, as a translator and commentator, he should have outraged every sound principle of criticism, and even the more obvious rules of literary fidelity. His paraphrase has all the effect of a studied falsification of the meaning of the original, whenever itspeaks a language which the Translator has predetermined that it shall not speak. We would not impute this to an insidious design,--to any conscious unfairness, but must ascribe it, rather, to the complete pre-occupation of the Author's mind by a false hypothesis, to which he has been led by anti-scriptural opinions. What those opinions are, there can be no mistake in inferring from the whole spirit of the production, although Mr. Eyre has not deemed it prudent to avow them explicitly. “If', he says, the peculiarities

of the Author's religious thinking be inquired after, he is a 'member and friend of the Church of England: he hopes for her durability, but not, if, unlike all other national institutions, she VOL. VIII.---N.s.

M

'be immutable. This looks like mere evasion. What has the mutability or immutability of the national Establishment to do with the matter,—that is to say, with the actual sentiments of this professed churchman ? Feeling, apparently, that this explanation will not be deemed very satisfactory, Mr. Eyre adds :

• If pressed further on the articles of his creed, he will say nothing. Too much mischief has already been done to the world by dogmatizing. Were he to embody a single article in terms, he would be immediately, either with the supporters or opponents of the Church, embarked in what he declines, polemics. p. ix.

This is very strange, that an individual may not honestly avow his belief, without being chargeable with dogmatizing, cannot be a confessor without becoming a polemic. But if the Author be a member and a clerk' of the Church of England, as he takes care to announce, has he not pledged his assent to thirty-nine articles ; and does he now scruple to imbody in terms a single article? What flagrant inconsistency! Yet, notwithstanding this morbid apprehension of polemics, he has not scrupled to put forth two volumes which indirectly controvert almost every article of the Christian faith, and in which, strange to say, the Commentator is engaged in perpetual controversy with his text. Mr. Eyre affects to translate St. Paul : he is, in fact, constantly aiming to correct him. Never was translator so completely merged in the commentator. “My good apostle,” we hear him whispering at every paragraph, “ you do not mean what you say. Permit me to correct your expressions. You should have said so and so. I do not indeed wonder that your brother Peter should have remarked that many things in your letters are hard to be understood; for really you have all along been completely misunderstood by the whole Christian Church, owing to your very obscure, inaccurate, and unguarded way of writing. Happily, I have hit upon a method of smelting your rough ore'; and I flatter myself that the rationality, the common sense,

the nobleness of spirit, the manly wisdom, the clear intelligibility of the religion of Christ', and the strict conformity of 'your teaching with right reason, its universal application to “human nature and practical life, and its never failing conformity with sound judgement, will, by my Work, be made manifest to every unprejudiced mind.""

Archbishop Whately has remarked, that there is no one of the sacred writers whose expressions have been so tortured, whose authority has been so much set at nought, by Unitarians, as St. Paul; which is a plain proof that they find him a formidable opponent, and which should lead those who prize the

purity of the Gospel to value his writings the more.' “Still may · St. Paul be said to stand, in his works, as he did in person while on earth, in the front of the battle; to bear the chief brunt of

misunderstore, inaccurate, method of tionality, the che clear in

ety or ve hit hoef that the manly mois the strict applicatio

• assailants from the enemies' side, and to be treacherously stabbed 'by false friends on his own;-degraded and vilified by one class

of heretics, perverted and misinterpreted by another, and too often most unduly neglected by those who are regarded as or“thodox.'* Of the truth and force of these remarks, the present volumes furnish additional illustration, at once melancholy and satisfactory; melancholy, because it is affecting to witness so much ingenuity bootlessly applied under the influence of heretical delusion; and satisfactory, from the fresh proof that the result affords, that either the evangelical doctrines are the true, as they are the obvious sense of the apostolic writings, or they are the most enigmatical and unintelligible of human compositions.

To justify our account of the present 'Illustration of St. Paul,' it will not be necessary to go beyond the first page. The third and fourth verses of the first chapter of Romans, are thus la, boriously mystified.

Jesus Christ, in conformity with these writings, as inheritor of the sure mercies of David, derived his carnal existence from a natural birth in the lineage of David, being son of David according to natural extraction, or according to a legal tie connecting him to David, his earthly progenitor. In conformity also with these writings as the predicted begotten of God, as the holy one, who should not see corruption, he was effectively, that is clearly marked or designated as son of God by a resurrection from death, that is he derived his spiritual existence from a resurrection from death; his existence as son of God, as the holy one who should not see corruption. It is not said that he was a son in form or substance, or according to that mode of connection, which exists between sons of the flesh and their fathers, but that he was a son according to a tie or bond, according to a spirit of holiness residing within him, which connected him in unity of spirit, as the holy one, to his holy father in heaven; and that he was shewn to be so by an open investiture with immortality, by the fulfilment in him of the promise of the eternal inheritance,

Is this translation ? Is it paraphrase? We do not ask, whether it is the proper sense of the passage ; but is it a sense which any translator, having no other object than to render the simple meaning of his text, could possibly have ascribed to the apostle ? Can any rational explanation be given of St. Paul's object in introducing these verses, on the hypothesis that he meant only to convey the idea, that Jesus Christ was descended from David, and that he was now by his resurrection immortal ? We say nothing of the total suppression, in the Author's trans

* Whately's “Essays on the Difficulties in the Writings of St. Paul,” pp. 71, 46. We cannot refrain from expressing the wish that Mr. Eyre had perused, and imbibed the spirit of these admirable Essays. See Eclectic Review, Third Series, Vol. I. p. 120.

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