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graceful tower, erected on gothic tomb, supposed to be that of David de arches, fell down in 1814, and the de- Barry, Chief Justice of Ireland in tbe bris chokes up the entrance with broken reign of Edward I. A portion of a stone-work." The tombs of the princi- crucifixion is distinctly visible. pal inhabitants of the vicinity are About to leave the mournful prearound in every variety of funereal or- cincts, we turned towards the ivy-clad

door at the eastern extremity, when Prostrate, obliterated, and apparent- the old female, who acted as cicerone, ly uncared for, lay the memorials of hoped our "honour would not go withthe departed. A sigh escaped us as out seeing the bones." we regarded the neglected state of the “What bones, good woman?” we tributes of affection. We reflected on asked. the fact, that human nature deems it “Oh, the greatest curiosity of all is has done its duty when once the tomb the bones." is raised ; and a pang rushed to our “What bones ?” we repeated. heart, as we thought how little the cold “The bones in the vaults." word duty satisfies the yearnings of Despairing of getting any informaaffection. Seldom do we cause the tion, we requested the ancient dameencroaching mould to be cleared away de-place to lead the way, and down we from the sepulchral stone; the broken went by a rather precarious footpath tablet is never replaced ; the worn in- towards the end facing the river. Here, scription left defaced and unintelligi. being duly warned to keep close to ble; weeds and rank grass wave over the wall, and avoid the big hole,” we the narrow house in unchecked lux- entered a narrow doorway. Several uriance; and, if this is so, as it is, in coffin-lids resting against the wall sugthe days of the very children of de- gested the question, “Why these were parted excellence, surely it cannot be not buried with the rest ?" and were wondered at, when those who have informed “ that the people preferred neither known nor loved the departed resting in the clay; and, moreover, one dwell in the abode of the dead. that persons who were members of re

Several ancient monuments lie here, ligious orders were thus buried.” Posunknown and uncared for. We pre- sibly, there is some property of the served such remembrance as a sketch- clay which preserves against decompobook enabled us to do. One deserves sition. Doctor Smith* mentions, that description. It is a bas-relief of ex. some years before he published, as a quisite sculpture, but much effaced by grave was being dug here, the body of the rough grasp of time. At the top a woman was found, who had been is a chasing of bead-work, under which buried twenty years, and it was quite is the figure of a knight on horseback. whole and entire; the skin appeared He is clad in complete armour, and hard, dry, and of a brown colour. We bears a sword in his hand. Under- passed into a large vaulted chamber, the neath is a helmet, forming the crest to roof supported by a handsome freestone a shield emblazoned with the arms of column. A dim funereal light stole into Fitzgerald of Desmond. Some ara- the apartment through the staircase besque tracery ornaments each side of window, and partially fell upon a huge the coat of arms, and is continued multitude of bones, evidently human, underneath, when it terminates in a principally skulls, thigh-bones, and those scroll, resting on which is a cock, or of the arms. They were all piled and large bird, secured to the termination arranged under the arched roof. These of the bead-chasing by the links of a are the bones of the slain in the battle chain which appears fastened round the of Knockninoss, some miles distant. neck. We could glean no information This battle was fought on the 13th respecting this monument, which is in November, 1647, between the English very bad preservation, and in a few forces commanded by Lord Inchiquin, years will be quite obliterated ; but and the Irish, under Lord Taaffe, in conjecture it to denote the place where which the former were victorious. The one of the puissant Desmonds was wild and plaintive tune called “ Allisburied. Archdall mentions an Earl of trum” or “ Allestrum March,” well Desniond who retired thither.

adapted to the bagpipe, and very poOver the altar, in the chapel, is a pular with the peasantry, is said to

History of Cork," p. 813.

have been first played in this battle. riages run on common roads. The Mr. Crofton Croker, in his “Re- property now belongs to Lord Donesearches in the South of Ireland,” raile. As the river winds from the alludes to it:-"A party of Scotch shade of the wooded demesne, the Highlanders in the Irish army, headed road leading from Buttevant to Mallow by Alexander M.Donnell or M'Allis- opens before us.

We look through a drum, contested their ground in the narrow glen or gorge between hills most determined and gallant manner, which rise on either side, steep and and were inhumanly butchered by the bare and rocky. Lofty monastic walls victors. That wild and monstrous piece stand boldly defined between the road of music, known by the name of Ol- and river. These are the ruins of listrum's March'—so popular in the Ballybeg, where Philip de Barry south of Ireland, and said to have been founded a priory for canons regular of "played at Knockninoss-should not, it the order of St. Augustine, dedicated appears to me, be considered as an to St. Thomas; and he endowed it in Irish air."

the year 1229; in return for which an Musing on the past, we followed the equestrian statue in brass was erected murmuring stream along a well-wooded in his honour, and placed in the church. demesne, and soon a lordly castle, Various members of the Barry family proudly located on a ledge of rocks were members of this religious comattracted our notice to King John's munity, and greatly increased the reCastle. This building is principally at- venues, until the period of the Retractive from its locality,commandingly formation, when, in the 16th of Elizasituated on the Mulla; it is considered beth, the possessions belonging to the to have formed one of the angles of the house were granted, for the

term of ancient fortifications of the town. It

twenty-one years, to George Boucher, was built by the O'Donegans, a power- Esq., who forfeited the same, by nonful Irish sept, who were a formidable payment of rent. These lands and obstacle to the Barrys, when they at- tithes were then granted to Sir Daniel tempted to take this castle. A siege Norton, in trust for the wife of Sir having been pressed without effect, the Thomas Norris, President of Munster, engines of another power, unfortunately and were found, on inquisition, in the more potent in Ireland than the wea. year 1622, to be of the yearly value of pons of war, were directed upon the £260. The ruins yet standing show garrison—corruption; gold found an traces of considerable extent. The entrance when steel failed. It is stated, east window and steeple tower overthe traitor received his just reward- look the valley, and, by the apertures his head was struck off; and, accord- in the vaulted roof, it appears they had ing to tradition, as the dissevered mass à chime of bells. Gliding past the rolled down the tower stairs, there demesne lands of Springfield and Ballyyelled forth the words, Treachery! ellis, the river washes the plains of treachery! treachery!” The Castle re- Cahermee, celebrated for the great mained in the possession of the Lords cattle fair that takes place every 12th Barrymore for several centuries, until of July, and we approach Doneraile. purchased from that family, and then While lingering amid the scenic atoccupied, by Sir James C. Anderson, tractions of Byblox, we witness an Bart., for some years.

This was union which Spenser recounts; and it the scene where several experiments appears in this case, as in every other, were tried by that ingenious, but, alas ! the course of true love did not run for himself and his family, too specu- smooth. Listen to the tale of Brelative individual, to make steam car- goge's love for Mulla :

“But of my river Bregog's love I song,
Which to the shiny Mulla he did bear,
And yet doth bear, and ever will so long
As water doth within his banks appear.
Old father Mole (Mole hight that mountain gray
That walls the north-side of Armulla dale)
He had a daughter fresh as flower of May
Which gave that name unto that pleasant vale ;
Mulla, the daughter of old Mole, so hight
The nymph, which of that watercourse has charge,
That, springing out of Mole, doth run downright

To Buttevant, where, spreading forth at large,
It giveth name unto that ancient city,
Which Kilnemullah ycleped is of old,
Whose rugged ruins breed great ruth and pity
To travellers which it from far behold,
Full fain she loved, and was beloved full fain
Of her own brother river, Bregog* hight,
So hight because of her deceitful train,
Which he with Mulla wrought to win delight.
But her old sire, more careful of her good,
And meaning her much better to prefer,
Did think to match her with the neighbour flood
Which Allo hight, Broad-water called far;
And wrought so well with his continual pain,
That he that river for his daughter won :
The dowre agreed, the day assigned plain,
The place appointed where it should be done.
Nath'less the nymph her former liking lield ;
For love will not be drawn, but must be led,
And Bregog did so well her fancy weld,
That her good will he got, her first to wed.
But for her father, sitting still on high,
Did warily still watch which way she went,
And eke from far, observed with jealous eye
Which way his course the wanton Bregog bent.
Him to deceive, for all his watchful ward,
The wily lover did devise this slight;
First into many parts his stream he shar'd,
That whilst the one was watch, the other might
Pass unespy'd to meet her by the way :
And then, besides, these little streams so broken
He underground so closely did convey,
That of their passage doth appear no token
Till they into the Mulla's water slide.
So secretly did he his love enjoy :
Yet not so secret but it was descryed,
And told her father by a shepherd's boy,
Who, wond'rous wroth for that so foul despight
In great avenge did roll down from his hill
Huge weighty stones, the which encumber might
His passage, and his water-courses spill.
So of a river, which he was of old,
He none was made, but scatter'd all to nought,
And, lost among those rocks into him rolld,
Did lose his name: so dear his love he bought."

But Bregog still retains his name, Spenser, and bids fair to and though its course is scattered, forming no less than a junction of four

“Run for ever by the muse's skill, streamlets, all inconsiderable, and hav- And in the smooth description murmur still.” ing no object of interest, save the ruins of Castle Pook, to excite the curiosity Having duly solemnized this

marriage, of the peasantry, it has received an en- the united rivers roll towards Doneraile, dearing place in the strains sung by whither we follow their track.

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Doneraile, once the chosen seat of in the State Papers, part 3, vol. iii. page 542, Sir William St. Leger, Lord President lamenting the departure of the good Lord of Munster, is now a considerable Deputy, they use these words :—'O si majocountry town in the county of Cork ;

ribus nostris tales contigissent moderatores.'

And in a communication from Sir Thomas but we have nothing to do with towns. The conflicting passions, the interested

Cusack, then Master of the Rolls, writing to

Paget, Chief Secretary in England, he states feelings, the pursuits and avocations

the grief of the Irish Lords, even to weeping, which affect mankind, differ not wher

for St. Leger's departure, because they found ever communities exist. We prefer to him so good and just in his proceedings, and, glide adown the stream, and look upon to his honour, would not suffer wrong to be the placid water, now reflecting on its done to them, so that, thanks be to God, mirror-like surface comfortable farm- those that would not be brought under subhouses, or turning the busy wheels of jection with 10,000 men cometh to Dublin the mills in the vicinity of Doneraile;

with a letter.' What a lesson is contained in now skirting tasteful lawns, spread like

this fact !” verdant seas with wooded islands in

front of the country mansions that The civil wars of 1641 caused great crowd the scene.

A handsome bridge destruction to life and property along of three arches spans the Mulla ere the entire course of the Mulla. The it waters Doneraile Park, the hand- mansion of the Lord President was some seat of Viscount Doneraile. The

burned down, and a very large portion grounds are kept with great care, and of the town shared the same fate. The are worthy of it. The timber is highly present dwelling of Lord Doneraile ornamental. We dearly love wood- crowns the summit of a verdant hill, land scenery, and feel the heart dilate, which slopes gently to the waters of and our thoughts expand, when con- Mulla. The house is a substantial, templating the leafy honours of the convenient one, and adjoining are the wide old woods. We call upon memory conservatories, stored with the choicest to recount what mighty men of yore exotics. Several rustic bridges span have here sought rest and relaxation the silvery stream as it winds through from the conflicts of words or weapons the demesne, and the openings of the

- from the tumults of the senate or the trees afford views of exquisite beauty. fray. The family of St. Leger is of In some places the grounds bear evigreat antiquity. In 1541, Sir Anthony dence of the power of the great storm St. Leger,

Lord Deputy of Ireland, as- in 1838, when the wind burst furiously sembled a Parliament at Dublin, June on the tall clumps of forest trees, and 13th, 33 Henry VIII., which conferred ripped its way among the ranks. No on the King the title of King of Ire- force could withstand the onset. It land ; the style heretofore used was tore up, shattered, and twisted the Lord of Ireland. Many of the Irish oldest trees as though they were osier chiefs, who hitherto lived in enmity boughs, causing many an open glade with the English rulers, made their in the bosom of the ancient groves. submissions ; and we find, in Mr. At Creagh Castle, are the ruins of a J. R. O'Flanagan's MS. work on the castle, in good preservation. The en“Origin and Progress of the English trance to the demesne is in the florid Laws in Ireland,” the following ac- Gothic style, and of hewn limestone ; count of this distinguished statesman : it is very handsome. The river winds

near Saffron Hill, so called from the “St. Leger was a very politic man. He

quantity of saffron which was formerdetermined to adopt a different course from ly, planted here when used by the his predecessors in office; instead of seeking Irish for dying their shirts. These to exterminate the Irish, or breaking truce garments, called lein croich, were with them, to conciliate and protect them as common to the Celtic nations, and fellow-subjects. The effect was magical on used by the Highlanders. Several anthe Irish chieftains; their hearts were softened

tiquities were found in this neighbourby kindly treatment, the reverse of what they

hood, on Mr. Love's property, near a had formerly experienced ; and, if it bad not been for causes which speedily infused poison

rath ; these consisted of three large into the cup of joy--peace, civilization, and

urns, made of fine clay, dried by national prosperity, would have marked the

the fire ; each might contain about wisdom of St. Leger's government. In a

sixteen gallons; they had a rich kind letter which the Irish Lords addressed to the of pattern carved at the top and botKing, on the 10th of April

, 1546, preserved tom. There is no doubt they were

stream.

funereal, for human bones were found seat of Garret Nagle, a fine specimen in one. They soon crumbled when of a Milesian. The Nagles are of very exposed to air, and the urns mould- ancient date in this country, and the ered in a little time. A brass spur celebrated Edmund Burke was nearly was also found, and some deer ant- connected to them by marriage. They lers.

Several years ago, when we were also in a similar way allied to were wont to follow the glorious but Spenser's family. Sylvanus, the eldest sometimes dangerous sport of fox- son of Edmund Spenser, married Ellen hunting, we made acquaintance with a Nagle, eldest daughter of David Nagle, member of the Love family, who was of Monanimy. This castle of Ballynequite a character. Many stories are mona is a venerable tower, and forms told of him, which will be readily cre- a portion of the dwelling occupied by dited by those who knew the man. He the family. The scenery around is lived, he said, in a house of three sto- very interesting. The banks being ries ; one held his hunters, the second, finely wooded, and the undulating nahimself and domestics, the third, his ture of the ground preventing the eyes hounds. From some accident, this being wearied by any feeling of tamehouse caught fire, and, as Johnny ness in the general features of the Love was beloved by

landscape. Leaving the castle's steep " Man and baste,"

behind, we follow the course of the

Lower down the river is the whole country rushed to the rescue. Wallstown. Cromwell granted this While the boys" were busy in quench- castle, and the landed property of the ing the flames, Johnny thrust his well- then proprietor, Mr. Wall, to one of known hunting-cap out of the kennel his soldiers, named Ruddock. The window in the attic, and after a very river affords much pleasure to the ad. unconcerned glance at the devouring mirers of picturesque scenery, from the element raging beneath, he pithily ad- beautiful bends of the stream, as it dressed the crowd_"Boys,” said he, flows around. The banks are occasion“ye needn't trouble yourselves - I'm ally steep and well wooded, while rocks insured.” Luckily, the boys could not peep out through the vistas, and diverunderstand much English, and the In- sify the scene. Annsgrove, seat of the surance Company were relieved from late General Hon. A. Grove Annesley, the demand of Johnny's personal re- is built near the edge of a lofty ledge presentatives.

rising from the river's brim. The The river glides along a valuable grounds are extensive, and present tract of ground, all of which is re- great sylvan beauty; they are kept in claimed bog, producing the most lux perfect order, and display great taste uriant crops. The banks are enlivened in their arrangement. Doctor Smitht by some extensive plantations, and relates, that while digging the founonce more a castled wall denotes where dation of a barn here, several giganformerly ruled the chieftain of the disa tic human bones, and, in particular, trict. How fully is the history of Ire- a great skull, were discovered ; but, land described in the monuments that by the negligence of the workmen, remain of the former possessors of the they were not preserved. The Mulla land. We have the caverned dwelling now winds southerly, and a steep glen, of the Firbolg; the mound of the Tu. with rocks bare and craggy, admits a atha-de-Danain; the pillar-stone of passage to the murmuring stream. As the Druid ; the Dane's rath; the Mi- we draw near to Castletownroche, the lesian cairn ; the donjon keep of the prospect we behold from the east bank Anglo-Norman ; the pointed gables of is most picturesque. The river, glidthe Elizabethan age; the square Peel* ing under the bridge, and plunging tower of the days of Cromwell; the into the gloom of five bold arches, ocmansion house of our own time; all cupies the foreground. On one hand speak, as in a written page, the pursuits, is a ridge of rock, steep and bare down tastes, character of the eras and races the sides, but tall trees nod overhead, by whom they were respectively erected. and shut out the sky, while opposite The castle next us is Ballynemona, the is the church with the town, the white

Quere Peele.
† History of Cork, vol. ii. p. 337. ,

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