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FRAGMENTS, PART I 373 The Dæmon of the World. Part I. Shelley, Preface to

Alastor, 1816. “The Fragment entitled The Dæmon of the World is a detached part of a poem which the author does not intend for publication. The metre in which it is composed is that of Samson A gonistes and the Italian pastoral drama, and may be considered as the natural measure into which poetical conceptions, expressed in harmonious language, necessarily fall.”

Mrs. Shelley's Note (printed, i. 405). Text :

5 day MS.
8 strange || dark MS. cancelled.
9 Hath then the gloomy Shadow MS.
19 pure || entrancing MS.
23 downy-winged || wanton MS. downy-pinioned MS.

at foot of page.
24 lips MS.
42 With fire that is concealed MS. cancelled.

54 caves and woods MS. 108, 109 From the mute frame a lovely ghost arose. MS.

143 the hollow chasm of MS. cancelled.
161 shines among the stars MS.
235 With || To MS.
293 :

Nor dare relate what fearful mysteries
The spirit saw, nor the portentous groan 1
Which, when the flood was still, the living world
Sent in complaint to that divinest fane,
While from the deep a multitudinous throng
Of motley shapes the envious Present leads
Who,2 raging horribly, their armed hands
Hurl high, where inaccessibly secure .

MS. cancelled.
MS. Forman's printed copy of Queen Mab, on which

Shelley made MS. revisions for this republication. It is plain that this copy represents only a portion of Shelley's work. groan || voice cancelled. 2 who || which cancelled.

1

383 The Dæmon of the World. Part II. From Forman's

Queen Mab, revised, as described above. A revised copy of Queen Mab is described by Medwin (Life, i. 101-103) and by Middleton (Life of Shelley, i. 251, 257) who gives various readings from it. Forman obtained from Mrs. Thomas Wade such a revised copy, given to her husband by Mr. Brooks, who had it, according to his own account, from Shelley. Medwin says it was probably left by accident at Marlow and fell into a stranger's hands. Forman identifies the copy used by him with that mentioned by Medwin and Middleton. He gives a detailed account of the volume in The Shelley Library, pp. 36–44. The variations in other sections than those included in the text of The Dæmon of the World are given below under the heading, Queen Mab: Notes for revision. All the readings are from Forman's edition. The state of Forman’s revised copy, whether the unaltered printed text or the MS. corrections, is described below on “ MS,” i. e., Shelley's copy for a new edition.

Text: 28, 29 :

mighty time, Relentless sire, inexorable King ! MS., intermediate reading between Queen Mab

ix. 23, and the text, cancelled.
38 glows MS. cancelled : evenings MS. An oversight

in revision.
104 many mingling MS.
142 noble bosom MS. cancelled.
175 Its || Their MS. An oversight in revision.
206 Pealed MS. An oversight in revision.
207 were MS. An oversight in revision.

216 their || its MS. An oversight in revision.
Queen Mab: Notes for revision.
i. 55, 56 :

Are like such rays as many colored streams
Throw on the roof of some impending crag.

MS.

59 Behold MS. cancelled : Fairy || Universal

MS.
69 When silver clouds infold his floating form.

MS.
83 Move the still moonlight's line MS.

190 They brake MS.
iv. 230–236 MS. cancelled.
v. 5–7:-

Which countless autumn storms have scatter

ing heaped
In wild dells of the tangled wilderness
Through many waning years.

MS. 13–15 MS. cancelled ||

Till o'er the lawns a forest waves again,
The canker stains more faint, — from each

decay
Its buds unfold more brightly, till no more
Or frost or shower or change of seasons mar
The lustre in 1 its cup of healing dew-
The freshness of its amaranthine leaves.
The monstrous nurse of loveliness again
Invests the waste with hues of vital bloom,
Again deep groves wave in the wind, and

flowers
Gleam in the dark fens of the tangled woods,
And many a bird and many an insect keeps
Its dwelling in the shade, and Man doth

bend
His lonely steps to meet my angels there.

MS. viii. 47 give MS. cancelled || lend MS.

52 failing MS. cancelled || suspended MS. 178, 179 Interpolate Their perfidy, their poisons and

their creeds MS. 184, 186 MS. cancelled ||

A banquet for the vultures and the worms,
Beneath that sun, where . .

MS. cancelled.

i lustre in || clearness of MS. cancelled.

ix. 76, 77 :

That mental bondage which is freedom's

self And borrows from sensation's purest tie.

MS. cancelled.

76–92 MS. cancelled.

97 field MS. cancelled || waste MS. 93–102 MS. cancelled. vi. 72–103 Reprinted with Alastor 1816 as Supersti

tion, except 102, 103, which read :

Converging, thou didst give it name, and

form,
Intelligence, and unity, and power.

395 Prince Athanase. Shelley's Note on I. : “ The Author

was pursuing a fuller development of the ideal character of Athanase, when it struck him that in an attempt at extreme refinement and analysis, his conceptions might be betrayed into the assuming a morbid character. The reader will judge whether he is a loser or gainer by the difference.” Mrs. Shelley, 1824.

Mrs. Shelley's Note on II. 18392, p. 199 : “ The idea Shelley had formed of Prince Athanase was a good deal modelled on Alastor. In the first sketch of the poem, he named it Pandemos and Urania. Athanase seeks through the world the One whom he may love. He meets, in the ship in which he is embarked, a lady who

appears to him to embody his ideal of love and beauty. But she proves to be Pandemos, or the earthly and unworthy Venus ; who, after disappointing his cherished dreams and hopes, deserts him. Athanase, crushed by sorrow, pines and dies. On his deathbed, the lady who can really reply to his soul comes and kisses his lips. (The Deathbed of Athanase.) The poet describes her [ii. 155–160). This slender note is all we have to aid our imagination in shaping out the form of the poem, such as its author imagined.”

Text : 10 blush James Thomson conj.

I. 28 relief ; 1824, Forman.
30 chief

1824, Forman.
II. 28 blighting || flitting or fleeting Rossetti conj.

36 gentle omit, 1824.
39 omit, 1824.
50 and master 1824.
69 reeling through the storm || wrecked . . . 1824.
80 nightingale, Rossetti.
83 here! Rossetti.

105 dark forgetfulness omit, 1824. 155–160 omit 1824, 18391,2. 407 The Woodman and the Nightingale. Text : 19 waters, — 1824, 18391,9, Forman, Dowden ; waters,

Rossetti. 410 Otho. Mrs. Shelley's Note, 18391, iii. 70 : “He had this

year also projected a poem on the subject of Otho, inspired by the pages of Tacitus. I find one or two stanzas only which were to open the subject.” Forman joins with these the lines Once more descend

and Inspiration given in this edition, iv. 86, 87. Text : ii. 5 buy 18392. 411 Tasso. Shelley (from Milan) to Peacock, April 20,

1818 : “I have devoted this summer, and indeed the next year, to the composition of a tragedy on the subject of Tasso's madness ; which, I find upon inspection, is, if properly treated, admirably dramatic and poetical. But you will say I have no dramatic talent. Very true, in a certain sense ; but I have taken the resolution to see what kind of tragedy a person without dramatic talent could write. It shall be better morality than Fazio, and better poetry than Bertram, at least.” Mrs. Shelley, Essays and Letters, ii. 118, 119.

Shelley (from Milan) to a friend (probably Horace Smith], April 30, 1818 : “I have been studying the history of Tasso's life, with some idea of making a drama of his adventures and misfortunes . . . Such a subject would suit English poetry.” Dowden, ii. 201

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