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cellent order was preserved throughout. There was literally a stream of vehicles carrying visiters to and from the grounds from 8 A. M. till 6 P. M.
And yet there was but little confusion and no accidents.” The N. Y. Express describing the stock on exhibition says the quantity was made up of fat, working and matched cattle, cows, young caitle, bulls and calves, and embracing Devonshire, Durham, Herefords, and many others. One yoke of pure, bright red, three years old steers, part Durham, owned by G. W. Sheldon, Sennet, Cayuga, which weighed 3,800 lbs., also a yoke of large working cattle owned by G. Sheldon, of the same place, were much admired. Clement Leach, of Madison county, had a yoke of heavy, six years old, fat cattle, which were worked until December last, since which they have been fed; they weighed 5,400 lbs. He also had another yoke of fat cattle, fed in the same way, which weighed 4,622 lbs., and a remarkably fine heifer, three years old, of Durham grade, which weighed 2,066 lbs.
17th. A Council of the Catholic Hierarchy of France. The Archbishop of Paris has convoked a provisional council, which met in the chapel of St. Sulpicias in Paris, on the 17th Sept. Besides the Archbishop of Paris, there were present the Archbishop of Meaux, the Bishops of Versailles, Blois, and Orleans, and a host of the most distinguished theologians of the French church, among whom were MM. Cousson and Icard of the Sulpicians, and Jesuit Ravignan, and other writers of scarcely less reputation. This body very rarely meets, and only in great emergencies, and a thousand reports are circulated as to what can have brought it together. Its ceremonial is peculiar, as the members sit in conclave, worship together, and go through the formulary of the church with the greatest severity. All the proceedings of the council are secret, and a portion only of its acts are ever made public. It is maintained by many that the concordat of the Emperor Napoleon prohibits the re-union of this body, and the President has therefore issued a decree legalizing it.
20th. The Grand Lodge of the independent order of Odd Fellows in the United States concluded a six days' session at Baltimore. They established a new grand lodge in New York. A committee was appointed to prepare a block of marble to be placed in the national monument to the memory of Washington.
21st. A New York paper of this date remarks:
“ The commencement of the Jewish year has been celebrated for several days past by our Jewish citizens, who will, on next Monday, observe the great day of atonement, fasting for twenty-four hours. The Jewish year begins at the new moon, which varies from the 5th of September to the 5th of October, and this year it began on the 16th instant. The first month of the Jewish year is called Tisri, and corresponds to part of September and part of October. The reason given for making the year commence at this season is a tradition that the world was created in September.”
26th. The annual convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church for the diocese of New York, assembled in the city of New York. The Rev. Dr. Creighton presided. It is well known that this diocese has been deprived for a long tiine of regular episcopal services, by the indefinite suspension of the bishop, and this session of the convention was made especially important by the decisive action of that body in the matter. After an animated and prolonged discussion a resolution was adopted by which it is made the duty of the standing committee to present an address to the house of bishops praying for relief, and for a declaration, according to the canon of 1847, upon what terms or at what time the sentence shall expire.
The trial and suspension of Bishop Onderdonk produced, at the time, an unusual sensation; it was the subject of remark every where— amongst all classes, religious and irreligious. Many, both ministers and laymen, expressed their entire approbation of the propriety of the sentence. So strong was this sentiment that no efforts were made, for a long time, either to procure his restoration or to modify the sentence. And even now when the first definite movement for the relief of the diocese was made, a large party in the convention, headed by the Hon. Luther Bradish and Judge Jay, were so strongly opposed to even the possibility of restoration that they offered a protest in writing against the proceedings of the majority. Objections being made by Hon. J. C. Spencer to the reception of the protest, the convention refused to receive it.
26th. We have recorded the desolation and gloom which pervaded the city of St. Louis a few weeks since,—we now give an extract from a letter recently published, by which it will be seen how soon health succeeds to sickness, and activity to depression; and how soon the heart, relieved from the dread of impending judgments, can fly back again to enjoy the light things of life. The letter we refer to is of this date, and runs on after this manner:
“Our city is again as healthy and as full of business as ever. Indeed, a greater amount of business is being done, probably, than for many years past. A steady tide of eastern population is flowing in, more than sufficient to supply all the vacancies made by the king of terrors during the summer. The burnt district again begins to look like a city. Large three and four story fire-proof buildings are supplying the places of the comparative shanties that were destroyed, and in the rise of property and increase of rents, the property holders, upon whom the loss in the great fire chiefly fell, already feel more than indemnified.
“The prospect now is, that the coming winter will be as gay and bustling as any that have preceded it. The only theatre our city affords is crowded nightly. By the way, St. Louis would be a fine opening for some eastern manager; as it is at present, we have no theatre during the winter, when most we need one.”
The eminent and universally admired authoress, Miss Frederika Bremer, has arrived in this country. Her coming creates something of a sensation in literary circles. Already, says a New York letter, ere she has been in the new world half an hour, she is overrun with visiters welcoming her to our shores.
The annual Fair of the American Institute is being held in the city of New York, and is probably the most extensive and remarkable exhibition of the results of national industry given in any part of our country. It is held in Castle Garden, which is the best place that could have been selected for the display, it having an immense amphitheatre, so constructed that a full view of the entire interior may be had at any point. The number of new inventions is astonishing, and the displays of fabrics and fancy articles, works of art, &c., command admiration.
In the front of the gallery are a series of arches composed of box and other green material, containing in the centre the words Flora, Pomona, Ceres. Behind these are arrayed a fine display of dahlias. The collection of fruits is as yet small, but select, and the other department comprises giant pumpkins, squashes, ears of corn three feet long, beets, carrots, onions, &c., in proportion. The amphitheatre is filled with the most splendid specimens of every thing—it would be useless to enumerate here—and the stage is occupied by a production of the ladies' fair hands, bouquets of flowers comprised of shells, zephyr worsted work, wax-work, &c.; the “tout ensemble” of the whole being very pleasing
A floral design for a conservatory called forth the admiration of all who saw it. The design and the execution reflected equal honour upon the fair hands which put it together. It was a sort of delightful bower consisting of a series of circles of evergreens and creepers, and flowers of every variety and hue, interwoven with artistic skill. Beneath was water, in which gold fish disported, and on the summit was a beautiful little cage containing two rice birds.
The rarest exotics and the choicest domestic flowers were disposed in such harmony as to produce a magic effect. There were five bouquets so arranged as to form a high arch; and at the base in the centre was a larger one, which contained the greatest variety, and the most gorgeous of those glorious creations which Cowley so happily describes when he calls them “stars of the earth.” Every eye hung with delight on this picture.
Among the other articles deserving of attention, was a rare plant called “Feather Grass,” which was exactly like the plumage of the bird of Paradise. Another curiosity is the Aristolochia Braziliensis, which is a perfect nondescript. Last, not least, a stalk of Indian corn, thirty feet high, which grew in New York.
The opening address was delivered by Hon. Henry Meigs. We have only room for a portion of it:
“He referred to the invention of Whitney, by which more cot
ton could be picked from the seeds in one day, than a human being could pick in many weeks; so that now there is as much cotton cloth made here every year as would nearly give a garment to the whole human race. Fulton, an American, first took the wind out of the sails of the ships of mankind, and made them go against wind and tide, leaving the sail vessels behind as if they were at anchor. An American, following in the wake of Franklin, has invented a plan by which intelligence of what is passing a thousand miles off, can be communicated in a few minutes. Junius Smith, another American, first confidently asserted the practicability of ocean steam navigation, when almost every seaman had decided against it; and now he is cultivating the tea plant in America, so successfully, that Americans will have, of their own growth, more tea than they can drink. The Russian emperor has employed an American to make one of the most magnificent roads in the world—that from St. Petersburg to Moscow. He next adverted to the mechanical skill of Americans, their omnibusses to ride in for sixpence, for which Cleopatra would have given a province; and carts and wagons for the most common purposes, that were never equalled by the triumphal cars of the Roman conquerors for beauty of workmanship, strength and utility. The lesson Americans have now to learn, is to fortify the independence they have won.
“Agriculture alone produces in this country what is worth more in gold than can be expected from the placers of California for a hundred years. The little island of Great Britain, in 1844, raised by agriculture three thousand millions of dollars. Our grass is worth one hundred millions of dollars. Washington, in his day, was the greatest farmer in the world. He possessed in one body 10,060 acres of land, kept twenty-four ploughs going at all times, sowed 600 bushels of oats in the year, 700 acres of wheat, and as much more in corn, barley, potatoes and beans; 500 also laid down in grass ; 150 acres of turnips, 140 horses, 112 cows, 235 working oxen, 500 sheep. In one fall he killed 150 hogs, weighing 18,560 pounds, for his own use, exclusive of provisions for the negroes.”
DISASTROUS WRECK AND Loss of LIFE. The Boston papers give the following account of a dreadful shipwreck on the Massachusetts coast, during the recent severe gale:
“The British brig, St. John, Captain Oliver, from Galway, Ireland, 5th ult., for this port, with one hundred and twenty immigrant passengers, came to anchor wide off Minot's Ledge, Cohasset, about six o'clock yesterday morning. She soon, however, dragged her anchor; the masts were then cut away, but continuing to drag, she struck upon the rocks and became a total wreck. The captain, officers and crew, with the exception of the first mate, took to the boat and landed safe at the Glades, a short distance off; but, as last reported, ninety-nine of the passengers were drowned. There were fourteen cabin passengers, chiefly women and children, who are among the lost. Those who were saved, numbering but twenty-one, got on pieces of the wreck and landed near White Head, at the north end of the Cohasset rocks. Twenty-five bodies were washed ashore this morning.
“The names of the drowned are probably unknown to the captain. He reports one hundred and twenty-six souls on board, twenty-one of whom were saved, leaving ninety-nine lost. The brig was in ballast.
“ The scene was witnessed from the Glade House, and is represented to have been terrible. The sea ran mountain high, and as soon as she touched, the waves swept the unfortunate human beings upon her crowded decks by dozens into the sea. The spectators of this awful sight imagined that they could hear the cries of the victims as they were swept away, but as no boat, save the life-boat, could have lived in the gale, it was found impossible to render aid.
“When the St. John struck, her small boat was got ready, but was swamped at the side by a large number jumping into her. Shortly after the long boat broke her fastening, and floated off from the vessel. The captain and several others swam to, got on board of her, and landed in safety near the Glade House. The second mate, two men and two boys of the crew were drowned.
“After the ship struck the rocks, she thumped awhile, but shortly went to pieces, holding together not more than fifty or sixty minutes. Seven women and three men came ashore on parts of the wreck, alive, but some very much exhausted. Two dead bodies were also taken from pieces of the wreck.
“Great difficulty was experienced in saving those who came ashore, on account of the surf, which would throw them upon the rocks and then carry them to sea again. The poor creatures would cling with a death grasp to the clothes of those who came to rescue them, and were with difficulty made to release their hold, even after having reached a place of safety.”
On the 27th September, a most destructive fire occurred at Owego, New York. The entire business portion of the place was laid in ruins. The loss of property was at first estimated at $500,000. It has since been ascertained to have been $325,000, of which $110,000 was insured.