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We find, then, the following aggregate of imports and exports with the Asiatic ports yearly:
Here we have a commerce with Asia, on the part of Great Britain, the United States, France, and the Netherlands, amounting several years since to more than two hundred millions of dollars per annum! We have no doubt that it has since greatly increased in consequence of the opening of the China trade.
The British trade with Canton alone amounted, in the year 1838, to twentyfour millions of dollars. The capital invested in ships alone for the Asiatic trade by the British amounts to more than thirty millions of dollars!
The facts we have given constitute a mere rough outline of the present trade, and a glance at what it may become. Commerce and human intercourse are the great civilizers, humanizers, and equalizers of the human race. A railroad across the American continent would do more to increase civilization and freedom than all that government can do. The steam chariots, crossing the North American Andes, will carry with them light, knowledge, and Christianity. The Asiatic will become accustomed to them, and far over the plains of Tartary the banner of the cross will speed with victorious flight.-Cincinnati Chronicle.
REPORT FROM THE ADJUTANT GENERAL OF THE ARMY TO
WAR DEPARTMEnt, Adjutant General's OFFICE,
SIR: Pursuant to your instructions of September 5th, I respectfully submit the following annual report, together with the usual returns of the army, viz.: 1. Organization of the army of the United States as established by law, 2. General return of the army,
3. Position and distribution of the troops in the eastern division, 4. Position and distribution of the troops in the western division, 5. Position and distribution of the troops in the Pacific division,
6. Return of the troops employed in suppressing Indian hostilities in Florida, F. 7. Exhibit of the number of recruits enlisted from October 1, 1848, to Sep
tember 30, 1849,
I. The authorized military establishment consists of 870 commissioned officers,
and 8,940 non-commissioned officers, musicians, artificers, and privates, and is constituted as follows:
It will be seen that the authorized force, (troops of the line,) consists of 2,100 cavalry, officers and men; 2,808 artillery, of which eight companies are organized as light artillery, and 4,464 infantry-making, in the aggregate, 9,372.
The latest returns show 9,003 men in service, including recruits and men unassigned, being 216 more than authorized; but returns from distant regiments not being later than July and August, it is estimated that there is a deficiency of 500. The reported strength of all the regiments is 7,974, or 813 less than the establishment.
The number of enlisted men of the ordnance department in service, according to the last returns, is 535. The number is not restricted by law.
II. The number of major generals having been reduced, as contemplated by the act of July 19, 1848, to one, Major General Scott, general-in-chief, in accordance with the President's instructions, resumed command of the army on the 11th of May, 1849, and established his head-quarters at the city of New York. The number of brigadier generals having, in like manner, been reduced to two, Brigadier Generals Wool and Twiggs (major generals by brevet) have been assigned to the command respectively of the eastern and western geographical divisions.
*The actual number of commissioned officers is 870;-25 hold commissions both in the staff and line, are counted twice, and should be deducted from the number 895, obtained by adding the full number allowed to each regiment and corps. This number (895) does not include the military storekeepers, (17,) but these are accounted for in the column of "aggregate."
THE TREASURY ESTIMATES.
ESTIMATES OF APPROPRIATIONS.
In pursuance of the joint resolution of January 7th, 1846, which makes it the duty of the secretary of the treasury to cause the estimates of appropriations, which he is by law required to prepare and submit to Congress, to be printed, and copies of the same to be delivered to the clerk of the house of representatives in time for distribution at the commencement of each session, estimates of additional appropriations required for the service of the fiscal year ending June 30, 1850, and for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1851, were placed on the tables of the members of the house. From this volume we extract the summary of the additional appropriations required for 1850 and the summary of the appropriations asked for 1851.-Washington Republic.
SIR: Agreeably to the joint resolution of Congress of the 7th January, 1846, I have the honour to transmit, for the information of the house of representatives, printed estimates of additional appropriations proposed to be made for the service of the fiscal year ending the 30th June, 1850, amounting to $1,696,851 47 All of which is on account of the civil list, foreign intercourse, and miscellaneous, including expenses of collecting revenue from customs and lands, from 1st January to 30th June, 1850. To the estimates is added a statement showingThe indefinite appropriations for the service of the last three quarters of the fiscal year ending the 30th June, 1850, made by former acts of Congress, of a permanent character, amounting to
W. M. MEREDITH, Secretary of the Treasury.
TREASURY DEPARTMENT, November 16, 1849. SIR: Agreeably to the joint resolution of Congress of the 7th January, 1846, I have the honour to transmit, for the information of the house of representatives, printed estimates of the appropriations proposed to be made for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1851, amounting to
Civil list, foreign intercourse, and miscellaneous, in
cluding payment to be made to Mexico under the 12th article of the treaty, expenses of collecting
the revenue from customs and lands, census of
1850, public buildings, and expenses of courts, $12,812,480 29
Army proper, &c.,
3. There is also to be added to the estimates a statement of the several appropriations, which will be carried to the surplus fund, amounting to
Accompanying the estimates are sundry papers furnished by the treasury, war, navy, and interior departments, containing references to acts of Congress, &c., on which the estimates are founded.
I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Hon. Speaker of the House of Representatives.
W. M. MEREDITH, Secretary of the Treasury.
Showing the amount at his credit in the Treasury, with Assistant Treasurers and designated depositaries, and in the mint and branches, by returns received to Monday, the 24th December, 1849; the amount for which drafts have been issued, but were then unpaid, and the amount then remaining subject to draft, showing also the amount of future transfers to and from depositaries, as ordered by the Secretary of the Treasury.