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sented to the world with the same eclat as Miss Blackwell, she was considered one of the pioneers in that branch of medical reform.

At Mobile, Ala., COLONEL James Duncan, Inspector General of the army of the United States. He was born in the vicinity of Newburgh, New York, and was, at the time of his death, about thirtyeight years of age. He graduated at the Military Academy at West Point in 1835. After graduating, he entered the army as lieutenant of the 4th regiment of artillery, in which capacity he served in the Seminole war.

He was with Gen. Gaines at Withĩacoochee, in Florida, and was there slightly wounded. In command of a portion of the light artillery, he joined the army of General Taylor at Corpus Christi.

He highly distinguished himself at Palo Alto, with Ringgold and Ridgely. At Resaca de la Palma, after May, with his dragoons, had taken the battery of Gen. La Vega, we find Duncan, with his light artillery, advancing upon and routing the dense bodies of the Mexican cavalry and their serried ranks of infantry.

Ringgold, Duncan and Ridgely, in those two battles, did much to illustrate the efficiency of an arm of warfare which was before but little appreciated in our country. Those splendid achievements, to which Colonel Duncan largely contributed, established the prestige of our arms, and laid the foundation of our future success.

For his services there, Lieut. Duncan was promoted to a captaincy, and afterwards was raised to the brevet rank of Lieut. Colonel. Again he was found at Monterey, in the midst of the foremost in that glorious victory. Again was he rewarded by a promotion to the rank of Colonel.

It were impossible in this brief notice to do justice to the merits of Colonel Duncan, or to illustrate his gallantry and his services by any elaborate detail of his achievements. After he joined the forces under General Scott, he and his already famous wing of the artillery were found at Vera Cruz, at Cerro Gordo, at Churubusco, at Molino Del Rey, and at the gates of Mexico. Wherever the services of that arm of warfare could be called into action, and opportunity presented, it was availed of by the gallant Duncan. The services he rendered to his country in all those brilliant battles won for him an enviable distinction and an enduring fame.

On his return to the United States, after the closing of the campaign, he was received, honoured and feasted, as his brilliant achievements merited. Further honours from his grateful country awaited him. The death of Col. Croghan, Inspector General of the army, gave to the President the opportunity to do signal honour to the gallant Duncan, and confer upon him a substantial reward. He was appointed to fill the vacancy occasioned by the death of Col. Croghan. In the performance of the duties of this office the messenger of death found him.

Sth. At Quebec, John Wilson, the vocalist. He introduced many new pieces of music into the United States.

first year

9th. At St. Louis, Missouri, PIERRE CHOTEAU, Esq., in his ninety

year. He was one of the founders of St. Louis, and the last survivor of the La Clede party.

At Washington, D. C., Mrs. D. P. Madison, widow of James Madison, fourth President of the United States. She was born on the 20th May, 1767, and was eighty-three years old at the time of her death.

The maiden name of this venerated lady was Paine. She was born in Virginia, but her parents, who were members of the Society of Friends, removed, while she was yet very young, to Philadelphia.

Before she had attained the age of twenty she married a gentleman by the name of Todd, who died within three years after, leaving her the mother of an only son.

We have heard that Mr. Madison formed the acquaintance of the young Mrs. Todd, while he was a boarder at the house of her mother. He married her in 1794, he being at the time a member of Congress. During the Presidency of her husband, Mrs. Madison presided as the female head of the family, and sustained that position in the executive residence with grace and dignity.

Upon the expiration of Mr. Madison's presidential service, she retired with him to Montpelier, in Orange county, Virginia, where she administered, with a warmth and a grace of manner never surpassed, all the rights of hospitality, in the house of her distinguished husband. Visited by crowds of American citizens, and by strangers from Europe who were desirous of seeing so noble a statesman, no one ever left his house without carrying away with him the strongest sense of the courtesies and accomplishments of his lady. After his death, she continued to reside at Montpelier, and finally came to Washington, in 1843, to reside at her house on President's Square, where she breathed her last.

No distinguished stranger ever visited Washington who did not consider it his duty as well as his pleasure to wait upon her and pay his respects to her. Blessed almost to the last with good spirits and the kindest social feelings, she mixed in the society of all her old friends in Washington with a kindness and warmth of manner which attracted every heart and eye around her.

She was the most considerate and polite person we have ever known. Instead of pushing herself forward on any occasion, and even claiming what was due to her, she would, on the contrary, disclaim all pretensions and distinctions. She seemed determined to sacrifice all idle etiquette, and all selfish discrimination, to the ease and happiness of others. With that exquisite tact which arose from her sagacious mind, and with that delicate sympathy which was the fruit of her good and generous feelings, she was ever willing to give up her own place and her own comfort for those around her. Her circumstances were in perfect accordance with her disposition, and the liberal gifts of fortune were liberally participated with all around her. The happiness she herself enjoyed, she bestowed on others; and the sunshine of her own bosom

gladdened with its warmth and brightness the little world of which she was the centre—her family and friends.

11th. At Louisville, Ky., F. F. Chew, Esq., of the State of Mississippi. He was on his way with his wife and five children to Washington, where he was to fill a situation under the government, when he was attacked by cholera.

12th. At Tunbridge Wells, Eng., HORACE Smith, the poet and novelist, in his seventieth year. His brother James, who shared with him the authorship of the Rejected Addresses,” died some years ago. Horace was also the author of Brambletye House and some other novels which had a certain degree of success in their day. He is described as “a man of correct taste and the most generous sympathies, a delightful writer both in verse and prose, a cheerful and wise companion, and a fast friend. No man had a wider range of admirable and genial qualiies; and far beyond that private circle of which he was the great cha and ornament, his loss will be deeply felt. To those who had the advantage of his friendship, it is irreparable.”

At New Orleans, Thomas Tobey, Esq. He was one of the oldest and most respectable merchants of that city. He was a native of Philadelphia.

14th. At St. Louis, Lieut. Col. SAMUEL MACREE, of the United States army, in his forty-ninth year. Col. MacRee was long attached to the army, and had seen much active service. He was in the Florida war, and during the Mexican war was a most efficient officer in his department. So well was his conduct appreciated by the government, that the brevet of lieutenant colonel was conferred on him for his services on the Rio Grande.

At Lexington, Ky., DANIEL BRADFORD, Esq., of cholera. He was for a long time connected with the press of Kentucky, and was much respected by his fellow-citizens. Daniel Bradford was the son of John Bradford, the pioneer of printing in the West. The elder Bradford established the Kentucky Gazette in Lexington, when a large part of Kentucky was a wilderness, and the North-western Territory was the home of savages. Upon the retirement of John Bradford from the editorship of the paper, Daniel Bradford assumed it, and conducted the paper in an able, judicious, and gentlemanly manner. Mr. Bradford was a magistrate of Fayette county for many years, and was an upright and faithful citizen.

14th. At Pensacola, Samuel C. LAWRASON, M.D., Surgeon U.S. Navy, and Surgeon of the Germantown sloop of war.

The death of this good and most estimable man—the valuable officer, the firm and sincere friend, has been greatly regretted by those who have known him long and well

. His great devotion to his duties, his long and most efficient and arduous sea service, brought him to an early tomb.

16th. At New York, of cholera, David B. OGDEN, Esq., one of the oldest and ablest lawyers in the United States. He had been likened to the late distinguished Jeremiah Mason, of Boston, on account of his tall physical form, and his intellectual powers, and more particularly for his style and manner of pleading, which are said to have much resembled Mr. Mason's. Mr. Ogden bore a high character for integrity as well as talents, so much so that it was remarked by one who had known him for years, that“ incorrupta fidesought to be inscribed on his tomb.

At a meeting of the bar at which the Hon. Samuel Jones presided, Hiram Ketchum, Esq., said that:—“his earliest recollections ran not back to the time when Mr. Ogden stood not at the head of his profession in the State, and regretted that so few of the glorious associates of his day remain among us.—Mr. Ogden early stood before this bar as no unworthy competitor with Emmet, of Hamilton, of Harison, of Henry, of Wells and of Williams. But where are they? There remains nothing of them but the recollection of their burning eloquence and their personal virtues.-We cannot say that our much esteemed friend was prematurely taken from among us, for we had enjoyed the honour and example of his society for several years; but he has now gone down to the grave full of years and full

and full of honours. He was a man of truth; of plain exterior-ostentation dare not approach himhis intellect, like his person, was majestic—to his professional brethren his heart was always open and fair,"

He more than once represented the city of New York, in the Legislature of the State, but he never sought political preferment. He desired rather the distinctions of his profession. Mr. Ogden was a sincere Christian, and the qualities of his heart as well as of his head were of the highest order.

19th. At Thompson, Connecticut, the Rev. Daniel Dow, D. D., in the seventy-seventh year of his age, and the fifty-third of his pastoral relation to the First Congregational Church in that town. During his long life Dr. Dow was distinguished among the clergy of Connecticut for his abilities, his uprightness, his interest in all the concerns of education, public improvement, and philanthropy, and for many years was one of the trustees of Yale College, while he was among the original founders and ever an efficient friend of the Theological Seminary at East Windsor.

22d. At Red Sulphur Springs, Tenn., Major JAMES M. SCANTLAND. He was a volunteer in the Mexican war, and fought at Monterey and Cerro Gordo. At the latter place he received a severe wound in the head, to which his death is ascribed.

23d. At New York, of cholera, John L. LAWRENCE, Esq, a very prominent and influential citizen and at the time of his death, City Comptroller. He was one of the Secretaries of the Commissioners

Messrs. Adams, Gallatin, Clay, and Russell—who negotiated the Treaty of Peace with Great Britain at Ghent. He was chosen a member of the Legislature from New York, and took a distinguished part in the formation of the State constitution in 1822. He was frequently elected to the Legislature, and for the last two years he has been in the Senate of this State. He was a lawyer of high standing, but seldom appeared at the bar. His pursuits were more confined to the settlement of large estates. For many years he has had confided to his care large and important trusts, all of which he has managed with great fidelity.

25th. At St. Louis, MR. SYLVESTER LABADIE, in his seventy-first year. Like all of that class who never, by contact with other and later generations, lost their character for simplicity and real worth, Mr. Labadie, though living much retired from the world, yet enjoyed the respect of all who knew him.

29th. At Port Chester, West Chester Co., N. Y., Hon. John I. MORGAN, the father-in-law of Gen. John A. Dix, in his eighty-first year. He was well known as an eminent democratic politician, and had filled the posts of Alderman, member of Congress, and Collector of the port of New York, and possessed great kindness of heart and urbanity of

manner.

At Philadelphia, DANIEL J. DESMOND, Esq., for many years consul for several Italian States.

At Cambridge, Mass., William Manning, in his eighty-fourth year. He was the oldest printer in the State, having been a member of the old firm of Manning & Loring, publishers in Spring Lane, Boston. He was afterwards Messenger to the Governor and Council at the State House; and in every capacity acquitted himself with fidelity and ability.

29th. At Lisbon, Portugal, CHARLES ALBERT, Ex-King of Sardinia, after intense suffering. His body was embalmed, and placed in the cathedral, to await the arrival of a steamer appointed to take his remains to Genoa. On his death being known, the church-bells of Oporto were tolled, minute guns were fired, and the public offices were ordered to be closed for three days. A general mourning was likewise directed, to last for eight days, as an additional mark of respect to the deceased.

August, 1849. 1st. Near Frederick, Maryland, JAMES LARNED, Esq., Chief Clerk in the office of the First Comptroller of the Treasury. He was the type of courtesy, manliness, and integrity. Confided in by all, he was pre-eminently the friend of the orphan and the widow, for whom he had ever an attentive ear and a helping hand.

At St. Louis, Mo., of the prevailing epidemic, Rer. WAITING GRIS

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