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COMMERCE OF NEW ORLEANS.
We extract from the New Orleans Price Current the following tables, showing the trade of that port for a number of years past. The amount of tonnage entered during the year 1848-49 was 893,920 tons, against 900,448 last year. The value of the exports for the year ending 30th June last was $65,392,571, against $67,182,323 the previous year. The value of the receipts from the interior, during the past four years, was as follows:
$81,989,692 | 1846-7
COTTON FACTORIES IN ALABAMA.
The Montgomery Journal notices two new factories under headway in Autoga county. One with a capital of $100,000, to work 3,500 spindles and 100 looms, to manufacture cotton goods alone, and will go into operation next January. The other has a capital of $75,000, and will be for cotton and woollen goods. Both are near the Alabama river, have fine water power, and are situated in a healthy and abundant provision region.
It affords us sincere pleasure to chronicle such enterprises, which are sources of individual as well as public benefit. With the staple commodity at the doors of her factories, and possessing operative labour of the cheapest character, we see no reason why the South should not compete with the North in the manufacture of cotton fabrics. The establishment of a cotton factory and of other nurseries of productive industry, will accomplish more for the independence of the South, than any resolves on paper can possibly do. The people of Georgia have long since made this important discovery, and it affords us pleasure to observe that Alabama is becoming fully alive to the wisdom of the policy pursued by Georgia.
PUBLIC MONEYS-TREASURY OF UNITED STATES.
U. S. TREASURER'S STATEMENT,
Showing the amount at his credit in the Treasury, July 23d, 1849,
In what place.
Assistant Treasurer, Boston, Mass.
Assistant Treasurer, New York, N. Y.
Amount subject to draft. $209,882 58 815,057 29
Mint of the United States, Philadelphia, Pa.
Branch Mint of the United States, Charlotte, N. C.
Deduct suspense account,
Net amount subject to draft,
Treasury Department, July 31, 1849.
The receipts into the Treasury during the quarter ending the 30th of June, 1849, as nearly as can now be ascertained, were, namely:
66 loan of 1848,
Expenditures of the United States from 1st April to 30th June, 1849: Civil list, miscellaneous, and foreign intercourse, (including
$3,500,000 under the treaty with Mexico,)
On account of the army, &c.
The following statement of the movements of the Sub-Treasury at New York, for July and August, may not be uninteresting at this time:
Balance on hand, 1st July,
Receipts during July and August, 1849:
On account customs,
41,375 65 5,671,048 80
99,342 22 3,759,490 83
Balance, August 31st, 1849,
Funds set apart to pay interest on Stock, &c.
306 25 4,173 03
The following is the export of specie from New York for the week end
We have been furnished from the mint with the following statement: The deposits of California gold, to the 31st of August, were,
At the Philadelphia Mint,
At the New Orleans Mint,
Add the deposits of 1848,
Total deposits from California,
The coinage of gold dollars at the mint in Philadelphia, to
In Philadelphia, the first official bulletin was issued on May 30th, and the last on August 19th, the board of health having declared at the latter date that cholera was no longer epidemic. The whole period of its duration was 82 days, during which time there were reported 2,131 cases, and 744 deaths, or one death in 2.86 cases. On the 14th July the greatest number of deaths occurred, viz., 32; cases 84; and on the 29th of July the greatest number of cases, viz., 90; deaths 24. The increase on the last date was owing to the violent breaking out of the disease in the Alms House.
During the months of May and June there were reported 278 cases and 97 deaths, or one death in 2.86 cases. In July 1566 cases, and 578 deaths, or 1 in 2.70. In August 277 cases, and 69 deaths, or 1 in 4.01 cases.
The whole population of Philadelphia, city and county included, amounts to about 350,000. This will give a ratio of cases to population of 1 to 164.24. The ratio of deaths to cases during the whole epidemic was 1 to 2.86 cases, and the ratio of deaths to population was 1 to 470.4 inhabitants.
By a comparison of the above tables it will be seen, that while the whole number of cases and deaths was more than half less in 1849 than in 1839, the mortality was much the same in the two epidemics.
The above statement of the number of deaths (744) reported during the prevalence of the epidemic, is from the daily bulletins of the Board of Health. But the reports of interments from cholera, from May 30th to August 19th, make the number of deaths 962, and up to September 8th, 1,012.
The discrepancy is owing to the fact that daily reports were not made by many physicians that several cases were reported by the coroner, &c. Although the daily bulletins ceased on the 19th of August, there were cases reported up to the 8th of September, and in the last week in August there were 15 deaths in one block.