The Norton History of the Environmental Sciences

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W. W. Norton & Company, 1993 - Всего страниц: 634
In The Norton History of the Environmental Sciences, Peter J. Bowler chronicles humanity's long quest to understand its own origins, brilliantly synthesizing the discoveries in geography, geology, and evolutionary biology that have brought us to our current knowledge of the fragility and connectedness of life on Earth and created the new science of ecology.
 

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A chronicle of man's quest to understand his own origins, brilliantly synthesizing the discoveries in geography, geology, and evolutionary biology that have brought us to our current knowledge of the fragility and connectedness of life on earth. Читать весь отзыв

The Norton history of the environmental sciences

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Most of this history focuses on two trends: the narrowing of scientific specialties, from the natural philosophy of the Greeks to the fragmented, discrete disciplines of the modern era; and the ... Читать весь отзыв

Содержание

The Problem of Perception l
1
THE NATURE OF SCIENCE
16
Science and Ideology
26
The Ancient and Medieval Worlds
32
THE MEDIEVAL PERIOD
56
Renaissance and Revolution
66
THE GREAT INSTAURATION
85
Theories of the Earth
99
Form and Function
264
THE GEOGRAPHY OF PLANTS
272
THE HISTORY OF LIFE
280
The Age of Evolution
306
THE TREE OF LIFE
336
Human Origins
346
Evolution and Adaptation
356
The New Biology
364

THE ORIGIN OF THE EARTH
112
New Cosmogonies
119
FIRE AND WATER
125
Plutonism
131
Nature and the Enlightenment
139
THE ECONOMY OF NATURE
166
The Geography of Life
173
Buffon
179
Natural Progress
187
The Heroic Age
193
THE GEOLOGICAL RECORD
211
The Ancient Rocks
217
MOUNTAINS AND CONTINENTS
230
THE RATE OF CHANGE
237
The Age of the Earth
245
THE PATTERN OF NATURE
258
The Earth Sciences
379
PLATE TECTONICS
412
SeaFloor Spreading
421
Darwinism Triumphant
428
THE EVOLUTIONARY SYNTHESIS
445
The Defence of Lamarckism
453
Population Genetics
459
The New Darwinism
467
The Implications of Darwinism
473
Mind and Brain
480
Primate Studies
491
Ecology and Environmentalism
503
MODERN ECOLOGY
535
notes
554
index
607
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Об авторе (1993)

Roy Sydney Porter was born December 31, 1946. He grew up in a south London working class home. He attended Wilson's Grammar School, Camberwell, and won an unheard of scholarship to Cambridge. His starred double first in history at Cambridge University (1968) led to a junior research fellowship at his college, Christ's, followed by a teaching post at Churchill College, Cambridge. His Ph.D. thesis, published as The Making Of Geology (1977), became the first of more than 100 books that he wrote or edited. Porter was a Fellow and Director of Studies in History at Churchill College, Cambridge from 1972 to 1979; Dean from 1977 to 1979; Assistant Lecturer in European History at Cambridge University from 1974 to 1977, Lecturer from 1977 to 1979. He joined the Wellcome Institute fot the History of Medicine in 1979 where he was a Senior Lecturer from 1979 to 1991, a Reader from 1991 to 1993, and finally a Professor in the Social History of Medicine from 1993 to 2001. Porter was Elected a fellow of the British Academy in 1994, and he was also made an honorary fellow by both the Royal College of Physicians and the Royal College of Psychiatrists. Roy Porter died March 4, 2002, at the age of 55.

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