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* Trouble and anguish have “taken hold on me; Yet thy commandments are my delights.

*The righteousness of thy testimonies is everlasting: Give me understanding, and I shall live.

KOPH.

* I cried with my whole heart; hear me, O Lord: I will keep thy statutes. * I cried unto thee; Save me," and I shall keep thy testimonies. * I "prevented the dawning of the morning, and cried: I hoped in thy word. * Mine eyes prevent the night watches, That I might meditate in thy word. * Hear my voice according unto thy loving-kindness: O LoRD ! quicken me according to thy judgment. 150 They draw nigh that follow after mischief: They are far from thy law. 15. Thou art “near, O Lord! And all thy commandments are truth. * Concerning thy testimonies, I have known of old That thou hast founded them "forever.

RESH.

153 Consider "mine affliction, and deliver me;
For I do not forget thy law.
184 Plead "my cause, and deliver me:
Quicken me according to thy word.
155 Salvation "is far from the wicked,
For they seek not thy statutes.
** "Great are thy tender mercies, O Lord!
Quicken me according to thy judgments.

** Heb. found me. 1 Psa. 63. 1. 6. n 1 Sam. 24. 15. Psa. 85, 1. * Or, that I may keep. k Psa. 145. 18. Micah 7.9. b Psa. 5. 8. and 88, 13. | Luke 81. 83. o Job 5.4.

and 130, 6. in Lam. 5.1. * Or, many.

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*7 Many are my persecutors and mine enemies, Yet do I not decline from thy testimonies. * I beheld the transgressors, and was grieved, Because they kept not thy word. * Consider how I love thy precepts: Quicken me, O Lord, according to thy lovingkindness. ** "Thy word is true from the beginning, And every one of thy righteous judgments endureth

forever.
SCHIN.

161 Princes Phave persecuted me without a cause,
But my heart standeth in awe of thy word.
1° I rejoice at thy word,
As one that findeth great spoil.
169 I hate and abhor lying,
But thy law do I love.
164 Seven times a day do I praise thee
Because of thy righteous judgments.
1% Great a peace have they which love thy law,
And "nothing shall offend them.
166 LoRD, "I have hoped for thy salvation,
And done thy commandments.
17 My soul hath kept thy testimonies,
And I love them exceedingly.
* I have kept thy precepts and thy testimonies,
For "all my ways are before thee.

TAU.

160 Let my cry come near before thee, O Lord! Give me understanding according to thy word.

** Heb. the beginning of thy q Prov. 3. 2. Isa. 32.17. r Gen. 49. 18. orord is true. so lieb, they shall have no * Prov. 5, 21. P 1 Sam. 24. 11, 14. and 26. 18. stumbling-block.

170 Let my supplication come before thee:
Deliver me according to thy word.
17. My lips shall utter praise,
When thou hast taught me thy statutes.
17* My tongue shall speak of thy word,
For all thy commandments are righteousness.
173 Let thy hand help me,
For ‘I have chosen thy precepts.
17* I have longed for thy salvation, O Lord!
And thy law is my delight.
175 Let my soul live, and it shall praise thee;
And let thy judgments help me.
17° I "have gone astray like a lost sheep;
Seek thy servant, for I do not forget thy command-

ments. t Jos. 24, 22. Prov, 1.29. Lake 10 is u Isa. 53. 6. Luke 15, 4, &c. 1 Pet. 2.25. 26% - " , ~ --- & - . .. . . . . ...? INTRODUCTION TO PSALM I. . .

We know not who wrote the first Psalm, but it is generally * supposed, that either David or Ezra was the author. It is commonly regarded as the preface to the book of Psalms, and it is probable that either Ezra wrote it for that purpose, or, finding it among the collection of Divine Psalms, took it and ! placed it in its present position in the catalogue, in view of the appropriateness of its subject-matter for this place. It bears the same testimony to the paramount excellence of God's law which characterizes Psalm czix. It declares, like that, the true and ultimate happiness of man to result from conformity to the Divine law, while his ruin and wretchedness inevitably followed from disobedience. The whole book of Psalms is an illustration of the excellence and certainties

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of the reward of piety, and the dreadful contrast of the character and doom of the wicked. Psalm i, therefore, as to its theme, is a proper introduction to the whole book, while its chronology places it last of all the sacred lyrical compositions.

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PLACED BY EZRA (AND PROBABLY WIRITTEN BY HIM) AS AN INTRODUCTION TO THE WHOLE BOOK OF PSALMS.

The happiness of the godly, 1–3; the unhappiness of the ungodly, 4–6.

* Blessed "is the man that walketh not in the counsel of the 'ungodly, Nor standeth in the way of sinners, Nor sitteth in the seat of the scornful. * But his delight is in the law of the LoRD; And "in his law doth he meditate day and night. * And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water, That bringeth forth his fruit in his season; His leaf also shall not "wither; And whatsoever he doeth shall “prosper. * The ungodly are not so; But are "like the chaff which the wind driveth away. * Therefore the ungodly shall not stand in the judgment, Nor sinners in the congregation of the righteous. * For "the LoRD knoweth the way of the righteous, But the way of the ungodly shall perish.

a John 18. 17. * Heb. fade. e Psa. 37. 18. Nahum 1. T. 1 Or, voicked. • Gen. 39. 3, 23. Psa. 128, 2. John 10.14, 2 Tim. 2. 19. b Joshua 1.8. Isa. 3. 10.

1 Tim. 4, 15. d Job 21. 18. Psa. 85. 5. Isa. 17.18. Hos. 18, 8. Mat. 8, 12.

showING IN what PART of THIs work ANY PsALM MAY BE Found; ALso THE PROBABLE occASION on willoH IT was composed;

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WITH ITS DATE, AND THE AUTHORITY FoR ITS INSERTION IN ITS PRESENT PLACE IN THIS ARRANGEMENT.

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Paouan-e-occasiox-ox winch-it was co-oo-o-o- -at-a-c. author-rry For-its---ac-on-Tri---------ont. -o-o:
1. Yo 3. Ezra : * o: to: o: A 444 Calmet, Horne, Gray, Poole, Patrick, Hengstenberg....... 681
- n the delivery of the promise by Nathan to David. -
2 prophecy of Christ's kingdom. ---------------- -------- } 1044 Dr. Hales, Townsend, Arabic Title....................... 255
8 During David's flight from Absalom. Morning hymn. 826
Camp east of Jordan................................. 1023 Lightfoot, Hengstenberg, A. Clarke, Hebrew Title........ { 329
4. During Absalom's rebellion. First night at Mahanaim..
5 During Absalom's rebellion. Written at Mahanaim. Morn- } 1028 Edwards, Alexander, Editor of Bagster's Bible, close affin- Hast
ing hymn........................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ity of the Psalm with Psalms 3 and 4...... ------------
g ... On David's sickness after his sin Dr. A. Clarke, Internal Evidence.... 289
7 ..[On the reproaches of Shimei............... Luther, Townsend, Hebrew Title.... 81s
s Date and occasion unknown............ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inserted at the end of David's Psalms. 891
Bp. Horne, Henry, Internal Evidence.—N. B. Mr. J. Jones
9 |2 Sam.9.10; 1 Chr. 19. On David's return from the second Syrian War §§ o Analyt. Wiew of Bible) places it after the 275
rst Syrian war--------------------------------------
- Internal Evidence.—N. B. Calmet, Horne, Dr. Gray, A.
10 |Esth. 3 & 4, 1–9....... When the Jews had received the decree of Haman....... 453 { Clarke, and others, refer it to the time of the captivity... }*
11 } | io.o.o. } When David was advised to flee to the mountains....... 1062 |Edwards, Calmet, Green, Patrick, Horne, Jones, Psa. 11.1. 145
On the hypocrisy and falsehood which prevailed through
12 } -------------------- ho - } 1056 Patrick, Internal Evidence.................... .........
13 Jer. 18.25, 29.50. . During the darker period of the Babylonian captivit 556 Calmet, Horne, Dr. Gray, Dr. A. Clarke..
14 Jer. 13.25. 29.50. ...During the darker period of the Babylonian captivity. 556 Calmet, Horne, Dr. Gray, Dr. A. Clarke.
15 { 2 1 §ois'. o o } On the second removal of the ark........ --------------- 104.4 o * ones, Resemblan
16 12 Sam. 7.1–17......... On the delivery of the promise by Nathan to David...... 1044 Dr. Hales, Townsend
Calmet, Townsend.—N. B. Patrick, Bp. Horne, A. Clarke,
Dr. Delaney, John Jones, and others, substantially agree,
17 11 Sam. 22.5–23........ On the murder of the priests by Doeg................ ... 1060 all placing it about the same date. Hengstenberg also #167
o it during the Sauline persecutions, without defl-
nite date. ------------------------------------ --------
is {*:::::::::::::::::Hoogo.o.o.o ims prwal, Townsend, osamo, Hebrew tide.......... 866
19 1...................... Occasion and date unknown............................l.........l..................----------------------. ------- -------- 898

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