« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »
gen to the Rev. Dr. McAuley of New York, that the Library contains 14,000 volumes, among which are many rare and precious books. We copy the following from Mr. Wolf's letter in his own words.-" There is a very rare collection of all the Pamphlets of the Reformation. It comes from the Monastery of St. Mary in Westphalia. It was in this Monastery that Dr. Van Ess was in his youth, when the King of Prussia suppressed all the monasteries. Before the edict of suppression was promulgated, the monks, who foresaw the lot of their monasteries, sought each to secure something for himself, considering this suppression as a robbery. Dr. Van Ess, for his share, took many works of the Library. There was, besides, a little retired closet, under double bolts, upon which was the inscription “ Libri Prohibiti.” Dr. Van Ess was the only one who had a key to this formidable place, and thence he procured that valuable collection of Pamphlets and writings of the Reformation which the monastery had taken care to complete even in the time of the Reformation,"
Public notice has already been given of the establishment of a fourth year of study in the Andover Theological Seminary. It has been thought to be desirable by the trustees and friends of the institution, on several accounts, that an experiment of this kind should be made. The library of the institution is of great value, particularly in the departments of German and of the oriental tongues. The existence in Andover of a press with types in eleven languages, the present number of instructors in the institution, and its vicinity to Boston (about one hour's distance,) and to the large libraries in the neighborhood, furnish, it is thought, ample grounds and facilities for a new and more enlarged course of study. A class will be organized on the 24th of the present month (October). It will embrace all such, as may offer themselves, who have completed a regular three years' course of study at any theological seminary, or who have made acquisitions substantially equivalent to a regular theological education. A systematic plan of studies will be pursued, comprising the higher branches in biblical literature, christian theology and ethics, history of the christian doctrines, and sacred rhetoric. Particular attention will be given to the investigation of the original languages of the Scriptures and to kindred subjects. Instruction will be given both by recitations and by lectures. Opportunities will probably be offered for forming private classes for the study of the German, Arabic, etc. as the necessities of the students may require. Valuable opportunities for study will be afforded to such individuals as are expecting to engage in foreign missions or in the translation of the Scriptures.
There have been some important alterations proposed in the course of studies at Harvard University. One of these is the substitution of certain studies in the ancient and modern languages for the higher branches of mathematics. At the close of the Freshman year, all the students will have the option of proceeding further with the mathematics, or of taking some one of several specified courses in other branches. The plan may be found to be a good one, but we have our doubts about it.
Arabia and Palestine.
Remarks of Prof. Robinson. Our readers are aware that Prof. Robinson of the New York Theological Seminary is pursuing his researches in the East preparatory to the publica. tion of a Geography of the Holy Land. High expectations are entertained of the value of these researches to the cause of Biblical Science. The following interesting particulars are furnished by a letter from Dr. Robinson to the Rev. Dr. McAuley, dated Jerusalem, April 30, 1838.
“ At length,” says Dr. R.“my feet stand within thy gates, 0 Jerusalem! A gracious God has brought us as on eagles' wings through the great and terrible wilderness; and here, in this city, where of old Jehovah dwelt, and where our Redeemer taught and suffered, we are permitted to hold sweet converse with all our brethren of the Syrian mission, and to celebrate with them the Saviour's dying love in the place where he instituted the ordinance in commemoration of his death."
Journey across the Desert. “I wrote you on the 2d of March from Cairo, which city I regard as the starting point of my real journey. Mr. Cheever left us there, preferring to go by way of Alexandria and Beirout; but he was taken ill, and was unable to accomplish his object.
“Our party, consisting of Rev. Mr. Smith, Mr. Adger and myself, left Cairo March 12th and reached Mt. Sinai on the 23d. There we remained five days; and then set off for Akaba on the 29th, where we arrived April 4th. It had been our intention to go hence to Wady Mousa, with Arabs of the Alouin tribe; but finding they were encamped at a great distance, and that we must be detained six or seven days, we preferred to keep our Towara Arabs and take the road across the great western desert to Gaza or Hebron, as the case might be, the way being for several days the same. This is a route as yet untrodden by modern travellers. We left Akaba on the 5th of April, and reached Hebron and Jerusalem on Saturday the 14th, where we were welcomed to a home in the houses of our missionary brethren, Whiting and Lanneau.”
American Clergymen assembled af Jerusalem. “ Here we had the pleasure of finding all the members of the Syrian mission, (excepting Mr. Pease of Cyprus,) assembled to hold their general meeting. All the family from Beirout was present. We form altogether a band of ten American ministers of the Gospel; Mr. Nicolayson is the eleventh ; and within two or three days Mr. Paxton of Beirout has arrived with his family. Probably so large a number of Protestant clergymen never met in the Holy City,-certainly not from the new world."
Passage of the Israelites through the Red Sea. “ The results of our journey thus far have been much more important and satisfactory than I could have anticipated. At the Red Sea both Mr. Smith and myself were able to satisfy ourselves that the passage of the Israelites must have taken place at or near Suez, it being, of course, impossible, after the lapse of so many ages, to point out the exact spot. We suppose it may have taken place a mile or two below Suez, where even now the shoals from the opposite sides come near together, and where at very low tides the Arabs can wade through, though the water is up to their necks. On the east side of the Sea, we could trace the route of the Israelites through the desert of Shin to Eliud and beyond, where they encamped by the Red Sea.' (Num. 33: 11.) This we have no doubt was at the mouth of the Wady Taybe.”
Site of Mount Sinai. " To Sinai itself we came with some incredulity, wishing to investigate the point whether there was any probable ground, beyond monkish tradition, for fixing upon the present supposed site. We were both surprised and gratified to find here, in the inmost recesses of these dark and lofty granite mountains, a fine plain spread out before the foot of the so-called Horeb,-a plain capable of containing two or three millions of people ;—from the south end of which the mountain rises perpendicularly and overlooks the whole,—so that whatever passed upon its top would be visible to all. This part of the mountain is about 1200 feet above the plain ;-the summit now called Sinai is about two miles further South, and is not visible from below. With that summit Moses probably had no concern. South West of this is Mount St. Catharine, 2700 feet above the plain, and nearly 1000 feet higher than Gebel Mousa, or Sinai. We made minute and particular inquiries of Arabs and others acquainted with the whole peninsula, and could not learn that there was so much room in any other spot among the mountains, certainly not in the vicinity of any of the loftier peaks."
Description of the Desert. “Our journey through the great desert, this side of Akaba, was deeply interesting. Of the nature of the whole region which we traversed you may judge from the fact, that from the borders of the Nile till we arrived on the borders of Palestine, we saw not one drop of running water, nor a single blade of grass, except a few small tufts in two instances. The Wadys or water-courses of the desert and mountains are sprinkled with skirts and tufts of herbs, on which the camel and flocks of sheep and goats brouse; but no horses nor neat cattle are found throughout the whole region. It is true, the present is a year of dearth, scarcely any rain having now fallen for two seasons. When there is rain in plenty, then, comparatively, the desert may be said to bud and blossom, and grass springs up over a great portion of its surface. In such a season the Arabs say they are · Kings.'”
Ancient Ruins. “On this route we found the ruins of the ancient Roman places, Eboda and Elusa; and also those of Beersheba, 28 miles S. W. of Hebron, still called Birseba. There are two wells of fine water, over 40 feet deep, one 12 1-2 feet diameter and the other about 6, walled up with solid masonwork, the bottoms dug out of the solid rock. Close by are ruins as of a large straggling village, corresponding entirely to the description of it by Eusebius and Jerome."
Antiquities of Jerusalem. " In Jerusalem we are surprised to find how much of antiquity remaids, which no traveller has ever mentioned, or apparently ever seen. The walls around the great area of the mosque of Omar are without all question, those built by Herod around the area of his temple; the size, position and character of the stones, (one of them 30 1-2 feet long, and many over 20 feet) show this of themselves; but it is further demonstrated by the fact, that near the S. W. corner there still remains, in a part of the wall, the foot of an immense arch evidently belonging to the bridge which anciently led from the temple to the Xystus on Mt. Sion; (Josephus J. 6. 6. 2.) This no one appears ever to have seen. In the castle near the Yafxa gate is also an ancient tower of stones like those of the temple, corresponding precisely to Josephus's description of the tower Hippicus, (B. J. 5. 4. 3.) which Titus left standing as a memento ;-the ancient part is over 40 feet high, and built solid without any room within. We have no doubt that it is Hippicus.
We have thus gained some important fixed points, from which to start in applying the ancient descriptions of the city. We have been able also to trace to a considerable distance the ancient wall N, W. and N. of the present city. The pool of Siloam at the mouth of the Tyropecum, (see Cather. wood's plan,) is without doubt the Siloam of Josephus, and the wall of Nehemiah, further down is the En-Rogel of Scripture, where the border of Judah and Benjamin passed up the valley of Hinnon. We have found further that there is a living fountain of water deep under the mosque of Omar, which is doubtless ancient; the water has just the taste of that of Siloam, and we conjecture a connection between them. This point we have yet to examine. We have not completed the half of what we wish to investigate in this city, and could spend another month or two, with profit, in the like researches here."
Further Researches Proposed. “ Our plan is to make excursions from this city to the neighboring sites of ancient places,-to Jericho and the Jordan, and also a longer one to Gaza, thence to Hebron, and thence to Wady Mousa, so as to explore the north end of the Ghor and the region of the Dead Sea. I hope to find some trace of Kadesh and other cities in that region. From all the information we can get, it would seem that in the rainy seasons, when water runs in the Ghor, it flows northward towards the Dead Sea, thus contradicting the hypothesis that the Jordan once flowed through it to the — Gulf. Afterwards we hope to go north, examine the sources of the Jordan and other points as far as Damascus, and then pass from Beirout to Smyrna. All this, if the Lord will, and as he will."
Great Britain. University of Oxford. Summary of members, January 1838. The first column denotes the total number on the books of each college, and the second, the number of those who are members of the convocation :Christ Church 903 481
Pembroke 181 105 Brasennose 394 227
Magdalen 169 126 Oriel 318 163
150 70 Exeter 313 127
146 53 Balliol 303 127
131 66 Trinity
130 66 Queen's
86 Wadham 245 87 All Souls 104
78 Worcester 239 104
St. Edmund Hall 100 53 University 234 119
St. Mary Hall 56 23 St. John's 228 117
New Inn Hall 49 5 Magdalen Hall 182 57
St. Alban Hall 25 10 Total members on the Boards
5264 of Convocation
2646 University of Cambridge. Summary of members in January 1838. The first column denotes the total number on the boards of each college, and the second the number of those who are inembers of the Senate : Trinity 1698 864
Magdalen 188 84 St. John's 1087 564
179 78 Queen's 353 130
Clare Hall 169 80 Caius 280 124
Trinity Hall 139 45 Corpus 227 90 Pembroke 124
100 79 Emmanuel 220 114
101 55 St. Peter's 205 98
28 Catherine Hall 203
Commorantes in Villa 0 11 Total members on the books
5555 Total members of the Senate
2663 King's College, London. From the Report, delivered at the Annual meeting held on the 28th of April, it appears that the Students amounted, in the year ending at Christmas, to 665; and consisted of 116 regular students and 60 medical in the senior department, and 346 pupils in the junior, with 146 students who attended particular courses of lectures, Queen Victoria has become patroness of the College.
University College, London. On the 28th of April, a distribution of prizes to the medical students took place. There had been an increase of 57 pupils in the faculty of medicine and the arts. VOL. XII. No. 32.