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ward your Excellency with his eternal what prompt and earnest humanity you love and favour.
applied your mind, shortly after your " 4. Sepsible that we can most effec- arrival in the colony, to the improvement tually discharge the duties of our high of the social condition of the Caffres; and holy calling, as well as best serve our and I would venture to refer the views revered Sovereign, and promote the in and feelings expressed in the words terests of our country, by steadily por which I have quoted, to the passing ex. suing our own work in our proper sphere, citement of the hostilities in which you we should not have obtruded ourselves were engaged. Yon will, I am sure, conon your Excellency's notice by the for cur with me cordially in reprobating the mal presentation of an address, had we practical consequences which in so many not felt that the omission thereof might be regions of the globe have been entorced justly deemed a dereliction of our public and palliated, if not directly justified, by duty; and now, having performed this similar reproaches cast indiscriminately duty, we return to our retirement, with on the uncivilized men with whom the high sentiments of respect, esteem and natives of Europe, or their descendants, affection for your Excellency, and with have been brought into contact Having bearty wishes for the health, long life classed their fellow creatures among the and happiness both of your Excellency, wild beasts of the forest, these claiinand of your Excellency's family.
ants to the exclusive title of human “ Signed, in behalf of the meeting, beings, have found litile difficulty in
“W.J. Shrewsbury, Chairman. defending, at least to their own satisfac
"W. B. Boyes, Secretary." tion, whatever measures were necessary Before we make auy remarks of our for the subjugation or destruction of the own on this document, we are happy to common enemy. Abhorrent as such con
quote the following passages from the duct is from yonr own temper and chaable, elaborate, and most Christian re. racter, I must express my regret that ply of Lord Glepelg, which we have al- you should, even through inadvertence, ready quoted.
have given any countenance to it by the “ Í find, however, both in the procla employment of the terms alluded to; mation which you published at Graban's terms not used in any careless discourse, Town, and in your despatches to me, ex- or hasty writing, but in a despatch adpressions, of which it is the object to show dressed to His Majesty's Government for ibat the total and incurable depravity of their guidance on a practical question of the Caffres is such as to place them, not the utmost importance and difficulty. only beyond the pale of civilized society, “I am further constrained to record but even beyond the range of those prin- my dissent from the unfavourable esticiples which regulate the hostilities of mate which you have formed of the Caffre more cultivated nations. From this re- character. Referring to the great mass presentation it wonld seem to follow, of evidence which it has been my duty that in the case of soch enemies there to examine, I find it replete with proof's is no room for those auxious deliberations, of a directly opposite tendency. I learn in which I have thought myself bound to that amongst this proscribed race, Chrisengage, respecting the justice of the tian missionaries have passed many years cause of war. In your proclamation of respected, honoured and secure. It is the 10th of May, you denounce these placed beyond dispute that at the very people as irreclaimable savages ;' and moment when the countrymen of those in your despatch of the 19th of June, missionaries were harassing Caffreland you observe, that the Hottentots and with incessant patrols and commandoes, Fingoes not at all inaptly compare the the teachers of religion, relyiny implicitly Caffres to wolves, which in truth they on the honour and good faith of the resemble very much, which, if they be tribes, continued to receive kindness and canght young, may be brought, for their protection. own interest and gratification in the * “ In the midst of all the calamities inci. matter, to an appearance of'tameness, but dent to their situation in our inmediate which invariably throw it off and appear neighbourhood, the Caffres, under the in all their native fierceness of the woods, guidance of their Christian ministers, so soon as the temptation of blood and ra. have built places of public worship; vage, which never fails to elicit their na. have formed various congregations of tural fierceness, presents itself to their proselytes, or of learners; have erected instinctive thirst for it.'
school-houses, and sent their children " It would be difficult for me to de. thither for instruction. In the ineanscribe the pain with which I have read while no inconsiderable advance has been and laid before His Majesty the pre- made in agriculture and in commerce. ceding passage. I am well aware with A trade, variously estimated, but not amounting to less than £30,000 per ap- occasion. You state yourself not to have num in the purchase of European com- been prepared to adopt measures so modities, had been established on the fron severe as those which he there recomtier, and as many as 200 British traders mended. It was scarcely necessary for were living far beyond the boundaries you to have taken the trouble of giving of the colony, protected only by the in me such an assurance. Trosting that the tegrity and the humanity of the un highly respectable body to which Mr. civilized natives.
Shrewsbury belongs will promptly dis" To such a people the character of avow all participation in the opinions (irreclaimable savages' cannot with jus- which he has recorded, and the counsels tice be assigned. Nor indeed, even if which he has given, respecting the conwell founded, would this reproach come duct to be observed towards the Caffres, with a good grace from us, anless it can and hoping that on mature reflection they be asserted that we have, as a Govern- will be retracted by their anthor, I ment, fairly brought to the test of ex. spare myself the paiu and hnmiliation of periment whether they can or cannot be any more particular comment on the doreclaimed.
cument in question." “Quitting a topic on which I have not Now we feel compelled to record our entered without unaffected reluctance deep regret that the seren Wesleyan and pain, I proceed to the next argoment missionaries, headed by their saperinon which you rest the vindication of tendent, Mr. Shrewsbory, should have so your measures against the Caffres. It committed themselves as to declare that is drawn from the authority due to the this murdercus and cruel campaign * had opinion of their own Christian teachers. been condueted in accordance with the
" In your despatch of the 21st of Ja. principles of justice and mercy !" What duary you observe, that all the mis- conld induce them to undertake this sionaries on the border, men of peace eulogy on a war that has been univer. and religion, concur in one opinion of sally reprobated ?“ We felt that the the wanton atrocity of the invasion, and omission might be justly deemed a deof the impossibility of any other remedy reliction of our public duty !" Public than that of the sword.' This statement, duty! Why then did not the missionaries however, was evidently made under a of three other societies, labouring in misapprehension of the real facts of the that colony, or on its frontier; why did case. I have before me the conclusive proof not they join in the same ? No, they that the missionaries of the London and would not sanctity such violence to Glasgow Societies instead of regarding the please any Governor under beaven, bat invasion as a wanton and unprovoked chose to show “ their honest plainness** act, considered it as a natural re-action not in calling the natives “wolves" - not on the part of the Caffres against a series in writing a homily against the trade in of extreme and intolerable oppressions. ardent spirits, which ought to be re. So far are they from thinking the sword proved, when there is no greater abomithe only remedy, that, on the contrary, nation to condemo, but in standing apart they insist, even with importunity, on the from the sanguinary men who had so certain efficacy of other methods, of which inhumanly butchered the poor savages kindness, conciliation and justice sbould for whose welfare they left their homes form the basis.
and their country. "The Wesleyan missionaries, in an ad. In January last, Lord Glenelg fordress professing to be offered in the warded to the Wesleyan Missionary Soname of the whole body, though signed ciety Mr. Shrewsbury's paper, addressed only by Messrs. Shrewsbury and Boyes, to Lieutenant Colonel Smith. It was laid support your measures, and pronounce an before the Committee of that Institution. unqualified condemnation of the Caffres and Dr. Bunting, in communicating the Whatever might be my own opinion of result of their deliberations, designates it the tone and character of that address. a " very censurable paper." and of the topics which its autbors have All the Resolutions of the Committee selected, I should not scruple to allow it is not necessary to transcribe, the folto their declarations all the weight due lowing records their judgment upon the to the sacred office which they sustain, step Mr. Shrewsbury took in the busiif I had not found amongst the enclosures Dess. in your despatch of the 19th of June, “ That the Committee feel themselves Mr. Shrewsbury's letter of the 10th of painfully but imperatively compelled, by January, 1835. After the perusal of a sense of public dnty, to record their that document, I must plainly say that I most entire and unqualified disapprobacaonot attach the slightest value to that tion of the step unhappily taken by Mr. gentleman's judgment on the present Shrewsbury on this occasion. They judge
that the advice given by him to the com- would be affected by the continuation mander of the forces then abont to pro- of these hostilities. It is a melancholy ceed against the Caffre invaders of the and humiliating, but an indisputable colony , if understood in its obvious and truth, that the contiguity of the subjects literal meaning, was in various particulars of the pations of Christendom with anmost unwarrantable and revolting to the civilized tribes has invariably produced principles and feelings of humanity and the wretchedness and decay, and not religion; and if even it were possible for seldom the atter extermination, of the a moment to suppose that any circun- weaker party. This unitorm result must stances could have justified such recom- be attributed, not to any necessary cause, mendations as he gave, it was still highly but to the sinister intuence of those evil unbecoming the station and character of passions which in such circumstances find a minister of the Gospel of peace, and bat too much to provoke, and too little contrary to the standing instructions to restrain them. Of all the chapters in which this Society gives to all its mission, the history of mankind, this is perhaps aries, that he should interfere at all, even the most degrading. Nor is there any though reqnested by the military autho- one great course of events on which rities, in the discussion of questions of every bumane mind dwells with such this nature, or that he should take any settled aversion and shame, as on that part, directly or indirectly, in the sug- which records the intercourse between gestion of measures bearing an aspect of the Christian States of Europe and the such extreme severity.'
heathen nations of America and Africa. When Mr. Shrewsbury was called upon I know not that a greater real calamity to explain his letter, he presented the could befal Great Britain than ihat of Committee with a lengthened document, adding Southern Africa to the list of the which we need not transcribe, as Dr. regions which have seen their aboriginal Bunting acknowledges it to be “ farinhabitants disappear under the witherfrom satisfactory."
ing influence of European neighbour. We hold that while Mr. Shrewsbury, hood. It is indeed a calamity reducible the Superintendant, is doubly culpable in to no certain standard or positive meawriting such a letter to Col. Smith, yet surement, but it involves whatever is all his brethren are highly censurable for most to be dreaded, in bringing upon onr. lending themselves to uphold that system, selves at once the reproaches of mankind which one of their number has since and the weight of national guilt. I do pointedly condemned. But we confess not say nor mean to imply, that those we regard the whole affair as a melan- fearful desolations which Colonel Smith's choly illustration of Wesleyan Methodist letters record are justly liable to this policy-a policy which we fear too often censure : but thinking that we were the regards circumstances rather than prin- real aggressors, not indeed in the actual ciples; and we will deal frankly with our warfare, yet in the series of events by brethren, and tell them plainly, that if which it was preceded and provoked, I they wish to stand well with an en- feel that if it be continued for a day or an lightened and humane community, they hour longer than the necessity of self. must show that they have higher objects defence plainly requires, we shall not be than to win the smiles of colonial Gover- able to rescue ourselves from the reDors, or the enlogies of Tory Statesmen proach of having exerted our superiority
It is but just to the Wesleyan Mis. needlessly and unjustly to crush a peosionary Society, to state that they have ple, whose impotent resistance leaves put forth an advertisement, requesting room for no feelings but those of comtheir friends to suspend their judgment passion. on this case, till all the papers are pub- “These views I am well assured will be lished, but at the same time we must ex- partaken by the generous, humape, and press our conviction, that there is nothing Christian people over whom it is His Ma. in the evidence that has been given before jesty's glory and happiness to reign. Symthe Aboriginal Committee of the House of pathizing with every just and honourable Commons that can materially affect the sentiment of the subjects of the British credit of the documents from which we Crown, His Majesty has commanded me have compiled the preceding narrative. to express his solicitude for the protec.
We must close this article by quoting tion of the Aborigines of Southern the concluding paragraph of Lord Africa, and his repugnance to sanction Glenelg's admirable letter.
any enlargement of his dominions of “ The loss of money, however serious, which their sufferings would be the price. as on every account it is, would yet be You are aware that in the session of Parthe least of the causes of that regret liament of 1834, the House of Commons with which the people of Great Britain especially invoked His Majesty's pro
tection for these defenceless people, and alteration of the Rate : they demand its received from the King an assurance of utter extinction. That it is not with thein His Majesty's determination to act in a question of mode, por a question of this respect in accordance to their wishes. value, be it more or less, but that it is a In the spirit of that assurance I am com- question of principle. That they mast manded to issue these instructions; nor regard any attempt, come from whence will His Majesty regard his pledge as it may, to give the impost a less palpable redeemed until he can present to his and obtrusive character, by blending it people the proofs of the establishment with the general taxation of the country, of a system of border policy advan. as weak and futile in itself; as an insult tageons alike for the Caffres and for the not only to their consciences, but to their colony.”
understandings also; and as calculated
to throw difficulties in the way of the THE CHURCH RATE ABOLITION SOCIETY.
peaceful collection of the revenue. A large and effective public meeting 4. That a Society be now formed, under was held at the City of London Tavern, the denomination of the Church Rate on Werinesday, the 19th day of October, Abolition Society, for the purpose of 1836, for the purpose of forming the using all constitutional means by peaceChurch-rate Abolition Society; Charles able but firm, consentaneous, and viLushington, Esq. M.P. in the Chair; at gorous action, to effect the abolition of the which the following resolutions were car- unjust and vexatious impost of Churchried unanimously.
rates; and that the following gentlemen 1. That while this meeting disclaim all be the Committee of the Society, with hostile feeling to the present adminis- power to add to their number :tration, and are grateful for the enlight. Robert Besley, Henry Bateman, Thos. ened measures on Marriage and General Brown, Thomas Challis, Josiah Cooder, Registration, which have been introduced Emanuel Cooper, Joseph East, John and carried into law; they are, never. Haddon, William Johnson, Roger Lee, theless, constrained to lament that the J. Remington Mills, James Peachey, Government have been backward to pro- Thomas Pewtress, Richard Peek, Apsley pose the extinction of the odious impost Pellatt, James Powell, Edward Smith, of Church Rate ; and to fear, from va- David Wire, Joshua Wilson, and Thomas rious intimations, that they are not now Wilson. prepared with a satisfactory measure on 5. That in the opinion of this meeting that subject.
it is desirable that a general Meeting of 2. That, under these circumstances, Delegates from local Societies, formed to this meeting regard it as their imperious effect the abolition of Church Rates, duty, to declare it to be their deliberate should be held in London previously to and fixed judgment, that the Church the opening of the next session of ParRate is a tax unjust to the Dissenter, liament. since it compels him to support a religious 6. That the thanks of this meeting be system which his conscience disapproves; presented to Charles Lushington, Esq., disgraceful to the Churchman, since it M. P., for his able and impartial conduct implies unwillingness to meet the ex. in the chair. penses of his own worship; and impolitic W e cordially wish that this Society may in the Government, since it creates vex. be vigorously sustained by the Dissenters atious distinctions and discussion amongst throughout the kingdom, that the discitizens, and especially since the legis. agreeable litigations which have so long lature have conceded the principle in the existed may be for ever terminated in the case of Ireland.
next session of Parliament. 3. That this Meeting do not ask for an
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS AND MINOR CORRESPONDENCE. Favours have been received from Rev. Drs. Redford-Henderson-MorisonBennet-Matheson, and Payne.-Rev. Messrs. J. Wall - J. Turnbull-O. T. Dobbin -H, Townley-W. Davis-James Yates-George Smith-John Harris—Thos. Binney - Thomas Morell-R. W. Hamilton-A. Tidman-A. Jones-W.P. Bourne-Wm Fordyce-John Bowes.
Also from Messrs. J. Sabine-W. Ellerby - W. Stroud, M.D.-M. H. Jones J. E. We regret that the December Magazine for 1835 bas been long out of print.
It is intended to commence a new and improved Series of this Magazine in January next, and we trust that our friends and subscribers will employ their influence to extend its circulation, in the coming year.
In our Supplement we shall print entire the Marriage and Registration Acts, with marks and suggestions connected therewith.
As it is very desirable that the bined to frustrate his intention ; fragments of our denominational and he was driven with brutal viohistory should be gathered up, the lence out of the town. He, howEditor intends to insert in this ever, was followed by many to a Periodical, from time to time, His- spot about a mile from Arundel, torical Sketches of our Churches in where he preached; on which ocvarious parts of the kingdom. casion several persons received
These will be published without their first serious impressions. regard to topographical order, as he After the lapse of a considerable thinks it far better at once to preserve time, a meeting-house, in Tarrant the information he may obtain, than Street, was registered for public to defer its publication till the bis, worship, and when vacant was used tory of our churches, in a district or for that purpose. In this place a county, can be collected, which the late Dr. İllingworth, and semay require the delay of years, and veral ministers in the Countess of hazard its security altogether, Huntingdon's connexion preached,
and from two to three hundred Congregational Church, Arundel, persons were sometiines present. Sussex.
Before the commencement of the There had been, from time im- year 1784, the Rev. Mr. Hay (afmemorial, a great deficiency of terwards of Ringwood, Hants, evangelical instruction in this part then of Bristol, and finally of North of England. About the year 1767, America) having quitted the Counthe Rev. Mr. Glasscott, Vicar of tess of Huntingdon's Connexion, Hatherleigh, Devon, made zealous took the pastoral charge of a small efforts for the spiritual benefit of the Independent churchformed at people of Arundel. He preached Arundel; and a dwelling-house, one Lord's-day at the Sbambles, in adjoining the meeting-house, was the High Street, without inter- fitted up as a place of worship for ruption, and gave notice that he their use. Articles of faith and intended to preach there on the discipline were drawn up for them. next Sunday. But some of the In 1784 the present meetinginfluential people of the town com- house in Tarrant Street was built, VOL. XIX. N.S. NO, 144.