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description; so that I can not only church; and believes, that if the testify the correctness of the ac- poor livings could be only encount, but having bad favourable riched, all other blessings would opportunities for studying his ha- follow in abundance. On looking bits and peculiarities, I am happy over the Irish returns, he is horto be able to furnish additional rified at finding, that in some inparticulars, I should state that stances, the income is so small, he is of the species Clericus. that, after paying the salary of a

He evidently entertains very curate, there is barely sufficient lofty notions of his apostolic de- left for the maintenance of the scent; and wonders why none non-resident incumbent; while, in of the apostles indited an epistle others, the income is so slender, to the Church of England. By that even a curate cannot be kept. the benefactors of the Christian To be sure, the latter statement church, he understands those who applies only to those parishes in have endowed it; and, accord. which there is no church; but ingly, in his catalogue of bene. that circumstance could alleviate factors, Paul gives precedence to his concern only on the mercenary Constantine. He has no particu- principle, that there should be lar objection to martyrs; indeed, some proportion between work he thinks rather favourably of and reward—a principle quite subthem, especially of such versive of our excellent establishCharles the First; but, in his ment, and as such he scouts it humble opinion, one good, liberal with disdain. endowment is worth ten martyr- He thinks very favourably of doms. He believes in an

the Bible, because it agrees, upon corded revelation” to Adam in the whole, with the Common favour of tithes. So ardently is Prayer Book ; but at any time he he attached to the church as by would much more deplore the loss law established, that he venerates of a collect, than the loss of a the very confusion into which it chapter from the New Testament. bas fallen, and thinks too highly Indeed, he has never felt quite corof its inefficiency, and neglected dially towards the Bible, since it duties, to allow the profanity of a openly dissolved partnership with change. He glories in her old the Apocrypha and the Liturgy, reformers; and in pure honour to and dared to venture forth alone. their memory will not reform a The maintenance of religion in jot. As often as he hears of the Christendom depends, in his opinion, noble army of martyrs, he thinks on the maintenance of the Irish of the noble bench of bishops of establishment; if that goes, he “their anxiety, their actual la- can have no more hope of a millenbours both of body and mind”— nium. the self-immolating zeal with wbich He hates a Dissenter more bitterly (already overworked as they are) than he hates an infidel : dates the they undertake the additional bur. downfall of the State from the dens of a deanery, or any other repeal of the Test and Corporawork of supererogation which may tion Acts; and the decline of the fall in their way and, thinking of Church from the moment she began this, the lustre of ancient martyr- to dabble and debase herself with dom is eclipsed. He has a high Bible, and Missionary, and similar opinion of the virtue of money to Societies; with which, he very promote the prosperity of the forcibly shows, sbe ought, according to her apostolic constitution, to what is meant by the unpardonable have nothing whatever to do. Be- sin, is the sin of schism, though he sides, as he very properly en- stands in an unpleasant predicament quires,—“Is there not the Incor- between the accusing Catholic and porated Society for the Propagation the retorting Dissenter, as to the of the Gospel in Foreign Parts? precise nature of schism. One of which is the Missionary Society of his great objections to Popery is the Church of England, -and which its numerous fasts; and one of for one hundred and thirty-five years his grounds of attachment to the past, has been poiselessly and un- Church of England is its numerous ostentatiously doing every thing festivals, all of which he literally necessary for the evangelization of and religiously observes ;—the only the world."

unre

day on which he fasts is the 30th I should have remarked, that he of January, after luncheon. He always speaks of the Establishment looks with more than distrust on by the personal pronouns feminine; the education of the people, and and thinks of her, as the Catholic firmly believes in the sterling value thinks of the Virgin Mary, as the of general ignorance; but if the personification of matronliness; and poor must be instructed, he would bis most pleasing nights are when dole out to them only the minimum she comes in dreams--for, at such of knowledge ; and that minimum times, whatever she may bring in to consist only of this, that the her right hand, in her left are always Church of England is the only riches and honours. If ever his pure and apostolic Church upon Bacchanalian excesses bring uneasy earth. In short, he has no objecslumbers, be is sure to be harassed tion to their education, provided with dreams of ecclesiasticalchange. they learn nothing; but having On such occasions he may be heard seen the great disadvantages and muttering in sleep such words as, evils of knowledge, he has naturally Voluntary principle - America- a dread of its general diffusion. Deputation --Schism,&c.:and some- Having instituted a school, theretimes his restlessness ends in an at- fore, his attention is primarily ditack of nightmare, which comes in rected to the solution of that imthe shape of a dissenting chapel, portant problem, in which every and sits rigbt across his chest, all friend of the rising race must feel the doors and windows making an interest, how to render such an faces at him ; though of late the institution innocent of knowledge, phantom has come, more than once, and all its attendant evils? And, in the likeness of two huge volumes generally speaking, his endeavours inscribed in phosphoric characters, have been crowned with great sucwhich perfectly dazzled and appalled bim, “ the Visit to the Ame- Accounts remarkably differ as to rican Churches by the Deputation, the active powers of this species ; &c.” Of late, he has taken to some persons affirming that it is swear by Dr. Chalmers. He has naturally slow and indolent; and often been heard to insist loudly on others, that at particular seasons it the paternal character and the pa- is seen scouring the country, and ternal duties of a government, in hunting in packs like the wolf and religious as well as in civil affairs; jackal, when it is very destructive though just now he gives signs of to hares, foxes, &c. But all agree proving rather a refractory child. that during the dog-days of a poHe has no doubt whatever that litical season it becomes extremely active, and may be seen in a state rather more loud and articulate. of great excitement in the vicinity But this is nothing compared with of election committees and polling the shriek which it utters when booths. Jis favourite haunts are alarmed for the safety of its an. in the neighbourhood of rookeries cestral retreats; it is perfectly and of old ruinous castles and appalling: and no sooner does oue churches; where it is frequently sound the note of alarm, than an known to burrow for generations, answering scream bursts out from as if by a kind of hereditary right. several points at once, till the The particular specimen I met with whole neighbourhood echoes with was from the pampas of Surrey; sounds of terror. As to its kiod and, as far as I can learn, the of food, it is not at all particular. whole of that latitude is as noted Now, whether this singular race, for the sleekness and size of the standing as it does like a link tribe as any region in Europe—the between Popery and Protestantism, meridian of Rome always excepted. be a distinci class, or only a com

cess.

A singular variety is said to pound of the two, is doubtful. My exist in Ireland, where it is known own impression is, that it is an chiefly by its depredations. One unnatural compound; and, conseof its characteristics there is its quently, that, as in all similar peculiar colour - black, with an cases, nature bas happily denied it orange star in front, or an oblique the power of perpetuating its race. orange stripe running round the But, interesting as this subject shoulder and opposite side; but is, I must, for the present, tear auother characteristic, still more myself away from it. When I deserving of notice, is the formi- began this paper I intended to condable weapon with which it is there clude it by communicating the disarmed, and which, from its short, covery of an additional reason for triangular, and dagger-like shape, urging the redress of Dissenter's is called a bayonet. Happily, this grievances-a reason deduced from is not the case with the English certain remarkable signs observable species, at least in the present in the individual before me. I day, whatever it may have been certainly Aattered myself that I formerly. My specimen is formi- was acquainted with all the matedable only for its teeth, and, strange rial motives that could be named as it may seem, I have a strong for seeking that redress; and bad suspicion that they are false. I been asked to imagine a new one,

I ought to observe, that the I could as easily have imagined a whole of this species is remarkable sixth sense. But such a reason for its voice; indeed, it was this has come to light. Perhaps, Mr. circumstance which first drew my Editor, you will allow me a page attention to it. The sound which in your next to state what it is; it most frequently emits strikingly believe me, it is worth knowing. resembles that of the daughter of

ASPIRATE. the horse-leech, only that it is

REVIEW OF BOOKS.

Fundamental Reform of the Church Estab- tablishments are not necessarily so lishment, by which it may be rendered great evils as we have long been less despotic in its Constitution, less secular in its Spirit, and less intolerant in its accustomed to consider them, and Administration : with Remarks upon as the past history of the church Lord Morpeth's Irish Church Bili.

proves them hitherto to have been, By a Clergyman.

If we could bring ourselves to beDitto. Second Edition, revised and re

lieve that the projected scheme modelled. 8vo. pp. 74. Shaw.

is not altogether utopian, such as “Was this pamphlet really written could not possibly co-exist with any by a Clergyman of the Established alliance whatever between the Church ?” This was the inquiry church and state, Dissenters, as we that first suggested itself to our are, we should unfeignedly rejoice minds on perusing its pages; and in the approach thus made towards the second impression was an invo- the restoration of primitive purity luntary exclamation, “ O si sic om- of faith and discipline in a large nes!" Would that all the episcopal and important section of the chrisclergy were like minded—as catho. tian church. lic in their spirit-as ardent in their The author of this treatise, whopiety-as enlightened in their views ever he may be, is unquestionably of scriptural truth-astenderly alive one of the best friends of the Church to the moral necessities of mankind, of England that has lately appearand as willing to sacrifice every in- ed, though it is probable that not a ferior consideration to the honour few of his own community will reof the Redeemer! How unlike the coil with horror both from him and spirit and language of this writer to his writings, as genuine destructives. those which, unhappily for them. He has touched the numerous and selves and for the common cause of deeply rooted evils of the State Christianity, the far greater number Church with a friendly, but yet an of bis clerical brethren have thought unsparing hand. He bas shown fit to exhibit of late, both in the that uone of the palliatives, which pulpit and from the press! We do have passed of late under the spunot say, that the moderation and rious name of Church Reform, can modesty with which ecclesiastical be of any avail that it is not the establishments are defended in the better distribution of church propamphlet before us, bave so far perty, nor the enforcement of cleriblinded our judgments as to per- cal residence, nor the multiplication suade us that they are just and scrip- of sacred edifices, that will effect a tural; nor have we found any thing radical cure of the existing evils in these pages to induce us to pre- that the whole system is corrupt, fer the episcopal (even in the modi- and needs a thorough expurgation, fied form now recommended) to from the lordly prelate who exerthe congregational mode of church cises despotic authority, down to polity: but it would certainly go the humblest members of the estabfar to convince us that religious es. lishment; and this pious and amiN.S. NO. 135.

2 A

able writer flatters himself that he it would render “ the Episcopal has devised an expedient by which Church more independent of the this may be gradually, safely, and State;" and, to use his own words, effectually accomplished. This is “ we should flourish as a church, the point at which we are most at even if we ceased to be an establishissue with our clerical brother. He ment." supposes that the new ecclesiastical In urging the importance of a constitution suggested by him (and spiritual reformation, he remarks, which we shall presently lay before with equal truth and candour, thatour readers,) is practicable, and would prove effectual, not quly ligion, arising out of an Establishment,

“ If the permanent hindrances to rewithout subverting, or even endan- conld' be shown to be greater than the gering the present establishment, spiritual benefits which it confers, it but even insuring its greater stability ought to cease. Should the disadvanand permanence. We conceive, on

tages be nearly equal to the advantages,

the propriety of maintaining it would be the contrary, that to look for such a questionable. But if the spiritual bene“ fundamental reform," either from fits which it confers are immensely the Church herself, or the State, or greater than the mischiefs which inciboth uoited, is most visionary; and, dentally arise from it, it ought to be main

tained, and would be. The unsparing if carried out to its utmost extent, excision of abuses, with the honest and would be far from correcting the fearless correction of defects, wonld, with evils of which this ecclesiastical re- the blessing of God, bring it to this conformer most justly complains. We dition. That fundamental reformation

would be ensured by a great increase of do not doubt, indeed, that the in- piety among its members, and therefore convenient“pressure from without” such an increase of piety would, more has made many high churchmen, than most things, promote its stability. who lately scouted the idea, begin current of opinions should, contrary to

“ I may further observe, that, if the to think seriously of the necessity of my hopes, eventually sweep down the introducing some measures of re- Establishment, the emivent piety of its form, before the whole fabric, sap- pastors would then be no less signally

serviceable ; ped and undermined by its own

for it would raise up in the corruptions, and shaken by the body of laymen, accustomed to make

Episcopal Church now established, such a rough blast of public opinion, shall sacrifices for the diffusion of the Gospel, fall about their ears; but nothing that if the public provision for their mican be farther from their intentions nisters were alienated to other objects, and wishes than the kind of reform they would cheerfully support them, and

thus lessen the dearth of religious instruc. contemplated by the author of this tion, which would now probably follow pamphlet. We query whether even that alienation.-pp. 6, 7. Jissent itself would be more ob

In a subsequent passage, the noxious to them than the remedies for church abuses suggested in the same subject is adverted to, with

reference to the expediency of present treatise. The great end proposed, and lishment in Ireland, and its pos

maintaining the Protestant Estabwhat Christian would not ardently

sible subversion desire and pray for its attainment ?) is, the increase of piety both among able to pronounce whether or not the

“ Without full information, I am in. the ministers and menibers of the prejudices of the Roman Catholic popu. establishment. This would be at- lation against a Protestant Establishment tended, in the opinion of our author, are such as must make its existence dewith a double advantage, either it trimental rather than serviceable to re

ligion If that could be shown, it ought would preserve the establishment to be done away, and may, justly, without from destruction, or, if it must tall, the least violation of the right of pro

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