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remarks on the rapid improvement of the Settlements on the coast, will have led the Reader to feel more deeply his representations of the increase and aggravated cruelty of the Slave Trade: see pp. 319-323 of the last Volume. We quote a passage on this subject from the Twenty-second Report of the Church Missionary Society :

"It is an affecting consideration, that some of the European Nations, in ungrateful forgetfulness of their own deliverance from the hands of the Oppressor, and reckless of the awful consequences of provoking the retributive justice of Heaven, continue to countenance those who act the part of ruthless barbarians on these devoted shores; and your Committee, while they bless God that he has been pleased to make the Society an instrument of abundantly rewarding with the Gospel the poor victims of this barbarity, and perhaps of preparing some of them to be future enlighteners of their country, cannot but deprecate this horrid traffic as the bane of Africa: they feel, however, high satisfaction in the persuasion that His Majesty's Government is determined never to cease its exertions till this pest is destroyed, and in the assurance that the able and philanthropic men who conduct the African Institution will persevere in their patriotic efforts until they attain that success which undoubtedly awaits them."



THE attention of the Society of Friends has been turned toward the inhabitants of this river, with the view of cultivating a knowledge of the chief languages, in order to the introduction of Schools and the Scriptures among them. The visit of Mr. Singleton, one of that body, to the coast, and the measures adopted by the Friends, were stated at pp. 131-134 of the last Volume.


A Settlement on the Island of St. Mary, at the Mouth of the Gambia-Inhabitants, upward of 2000; almost entirely Jaloofs and Mandingoes.


A Native Town, on the Gambia, a few miles from
Bathurst, in the dominions of the King of Combo.

- John Morgan, G. Lane, Missionaries.

The Report, just published, states

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Br a return of the Population of this Colony, dated January 1, 1822, it appears to have increased in about two years, from 12,509 to 15,081. Sir Robert Mends arrived in February, to take the command on this Station: His Majesty's Squadron had, under his vigorous direction, increased this population, by the beginning of August, by the addition of 1590 Liberated Africans: these were distributed among the different Settlements. The number of in. habitants stated in the following List, under the head of each Town, is from the Return

of the 1st of January, that being the last


Mr. Johnson and Mr. Düring visited the Bullom Shore, in the early part of the year, and found the people eager to have John Johnson, a Native Youth in the Chris

At St. Mary's, a place has been erected for Pub. lie Worship; and though several serious interruptions to the labours of the Brethren have occurred through the sicknesses peculiar to the climate, some encouraging instances of conversion have taken place. Great difficulties and discourage-tian Institution at Regent's Town, settled meats have also occurred. Mr. Baker, who was an invalid on his arrival from Sierra Leone, was, after some time, obliged to remove to the West Indies,

and from thence to Nova Scotia. Mr. Morgan has

bad several attacks of fever; and Mr. Bell, who was last sent out, was removed by death in a short time after he had entered on his Mission. At present, Mr. Lane, from Sierra Leone, is with Mr. Mor. gan at St. Mary's; and both are in tolerable health. They are employed in acquiring Jaloof and Mandingo.

It is doubtful whether Mandanaree can be retained, from the excessive badness of the water and its prejudical effect on the health.

Mr. Bell arrived on the 28th of January ;

among them. Mr. Johnson twice went round the Colony, and saw the wants of the different places. He sends a List of Stations which require a supply of 16 Missionaries and 11 Schoolmasters; and makes this strong appeal-

Oh, may the Holy Spirit separate more Pauls from the Church, for the work of the Ministry among the Gentiles!-especially for Africa, which has the greatest of all claims on the Christian World-none has been so much injured as Africa and none is more degraded.

Of the progress of the Colony in culti.


vation, some judgment may be formed by || had assured the Members, at their Annual
the following extract from Mr. Düring's || Meeting in 1821, that he felt himself un-
der great obligation to the Society, as he
could have made but little progress with-
out its assistance, in the improvement of
On his return to
the Liberated Negroes.

Jan. 31, 1822. Attended the Meeting of the
Agricultural Society, in Freetown, and was much
delighted with the different Reports. They shewed
how extensively industry prevailed among the
Liberated Africans in the different Villages, and I
could not help exclaiming, What hath God wrought!
when I compared their present state with that
in which they were on their arrival. A man,
who candidly confesses that he ate human flesh
in his own country, but who now adores the
blessed Saviour, and in every respect adorns
His Gospel, received the principal reward of
industry-a silver cup, value 31. 3s. Od. When
Christianity thus vindicates itself, and the Gospel
becomes the power of God unto salvation to every one
that believes, no wonder that scepticism and infi-
delity, like Dagon of the Philistines, fall prostrate
before it, and lose both head and hands!

Feb. 1, 1822.-The whole of my people continued
to rejoice in the "palaver" of yesterday.
it became difficult to keep them to their customary
work, as every one wanted to be a farmer.
The rains of last year set in with great
Beverity, but afterward abated. Many
were affected with fever, but most re-

the Colony, His Excellency forwarded to
the Government at home a strong testimony
to their progress, during his absence, un-
der the assiduous care of the Chief Super-
intendant Mr. Reffell, and the Local Su-
perintendants at the respective Settlements.
There is, indeed, a growing regard
manifested by the Colonists to the labours
of the Missionaries. Mr. Johnson writes
on this subject:-

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The Gentlemen in Freetown are now so fully convinced of the success produced by the preachIndeeding of the Gospel, that they publicly confess, that, above all other Institutions, ours has proved the most beneficial to the children of Africa. They have inspected the Settlements in the mountains; industry, and piety of our people; and acknow and have been surprised on witnessing the order, ledge that, the Gospel is the only efficient means of civilizing the Heathen. Several have desired me to call on them for their contributions to the Society. At the head of these is, His Excellency the Governor.

The painful disease of Ophthalmia was brought into the Colony by some of the Slave Vessels captured last year. It broke out in the Schools. Above half the Girls' School, of 130 Scholars, at Regent's Town, were affected. Mr. Johnson suffered much from the disease.

Every year adds to the importance of this Colony, and to the prospect of its becoming an efficient means of intercourse with the Interior of the Continent. In addition to the evidence in proof of this point given in the last Survey, various details were printed at pp. 154-161 of the Number for April.

The State and Progress of the Colony was further illustrated, from authentic documents, at pp. 235-244, 323, 367— 369, and 506-508 of our last Volume.


Since our last Survey, no deaths have
occurred, in the Colony, among the Mis-
sionaries. Several were obliged to return
home on account of ill health. Mrs. Lisk
was so reduced that her friends did not
embarked, accompanied by Mr. Lisk; but
expect her to survive the voyage: their
fears were but too well founded, as she
died the day before the ship anchored at
Portsmouth, at the end of June. Mr.
Johnson writes of her state of mind-
She is fully resigned to the will of her Saviour,
and suffers with the greatest patience.

Mr. Düring's health requiring a tem-
porary return, he was accompanied by
Mrs. Johnson, whose state was such as to
disable her from remaining longer in the
Colony: it was a severe trial to Mr. and
Mrs. Johnson to be separated, under very
slight prospects of meeting again on this

In reference to this Auxiliary, it is stated
in the last Report of the British and Fo-side the grave.
reign Bible Society:-

The increase of inhabitants in the Colo-
The impression made on the Western Coast of ny, and the wider field opened to Missio-
Africa by the Christian Labourers in the Settlement
of Sierra Leone, is truly gratifying; and the ac-nary Exertions by the extension of its Juris-
count of the Auxiliary Bible Society at Freetown diction, with the effects of the climate on
is as encouraging, as, from the circumstances of
demands for a fresh accession.
some of the Labourers, occasioned urgent
Nyländer writes:-

the country, it were reasonable to expect. Copies

of the Scriptures, which at first were received gra-
tuitously, are now readily purchased at a reduced
price; and there is ground for believing, that they
have proved a real blessing to many, by whom
they have been seriously and diligently perused.

The proceedings at the Fifth Anniver.
sary were stated at pp. 243 and 244 of the
last Volume.

The Governor, on his visit to England,


When you read, in the Minutes of our last Meeting, what regulations we were obliged to make, in removing from place to place such persons as are in the service of the Society, your heart must be moved once more with compassion for Western Africa; especially when you consider that there are but seven of us now living in Africa, to attend to the spiritual demands of Fourteen Stations.

The difficulty here referred to was much increased by the return of Mr. Düring and

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Mr. Lisk; and by the necessity of a supply for Wilberforce, it having been found requisite to remove the Superintendant of that Settlement from his charge, as he had suffered designing men to bring him into pecuniary embarrassment.

on this subject, the statements of the last Report:

This Fund, so far as Sierra Leone is concerned, no longer exists on its original plan; the mainteColony being otherwise secured: but, on the plan nance and education of all the Children of the mentioned in former Reports, of receiving from Benefactors who may wish to name an African future benefit, various Young Persons have been Child the sum of 30%. to be appropriated to its named at their baptism. Mr. Johnson, after enumerating Five Children whom he had thus named and taken under his care, adds similar duties. I need not observe that the Chil"I hope my friends will give me many more dren whom I have named are the most promising.” fellow-labourers, to appropriate to the benefit of It will be a pleasing task to Mr. Johnson or his Young Persons so circumstanced, the respective sums of 30%. assigned to them by their Benefactors; and the Committee cannot but hope that this plan interest in their improvement, will commend itself of benefitting Young Africans, and of cherishing an many benevolent persons.

The Native Teachers were the only resource. W. Tamba had acted with such propriety while in care of Bathurst, that it was the wish of both Mr. Düring and of the Chief Superintendant Mr. Reffell, that he should, under Mr. Johnson's direction, take charge of Gloucester during Mr. Düring's absence. It was further arranged, that W. Davis, who had removed from Hastings to Wilberforce, should leave that Settlement for the present, and succeed Tamba at Bathurst, and another of the Communicants be placed at Wilber-to force: James Thomson was accordingly fixed there. On W. Davis's removal from Hastings, John Sandy, another of the Communicants at Regent's Town, took his place at Hastings: he continued there for some time; but the Governor having placed Mr. Coker, one of the American Settlers, at Hastings, John Sandy was to remove to York, but his attachment to Mr. Johnson and the religious ordinances at Regent's Town was such, that he could not be brought to remove so far as York: he supplied Mr. Davey's place at Leopold, when incapacitated by sickness.

We have great pleasure in recording these facts, as they not only shew the increase of this body of men, but the confidence which they conciliate by their usefulness and good conduct. In all parts, indeed, of the Heathen World, and especially in the more ungenial climates, the increase of Native Labourers is an object of main importance to the extension of Christianity. In compliance with the pressing calls for fresh Labourers, Seven Missionaries and Schoolmasters, six of whom were married, embarked in the Autumn for the Society's Mission. The Rev. G. E. W. Metzger, Mr. Lisk, and Mr. Philip Vaughan, with their wives (Mr. Lisk having married again) embarked on the 3d of October, but did not leave Spithead till the 23d. The Rev. John Gerber, the Rev. W. H. Schemel, and Mr. James Bunyer, with their wives, and the Rev. C. W. Beckauer, sailed from Deal on the 8th of November; but were detained by contrary winds, till the 11th of December, when the ship sailed from Cowes.

In connection with the School Fund opened by the Society, it appears that 444 Children had been named and subscribed for by Benefactors. We quote,


The Chief Town in the Colony-in the Parish of St.
George-Inhabitants, exclusive of the Military,


The population of Freetown and its suburbs is now upward of one-third of that of the whole Colony. Of the field of labour which it affords, Mr. Nyländer thus writes

There is so much work in Freetown, that three or four Missionaries-besides the Chaplains, Wesleyan of this Colony-would find full employment, and Missionaries, and half-a-dozen Black Preachers have nothing else than their Ministry to attend to.

The Chaplain, Mr. Flood, has felt, at times, somewhat discouraged by the weight of his labours. Mr. Palmer, the Second Chaplain, is about to embark for the Colony.

In the Fifth Appendix to the Twentysecond Report of the Church Missionary Society will be found Extracts from an interesting communication by the Chief Justice of the Colony, relative to the Public Observances of Religion in Freetown,


G. Fox and Mrs. Fox, Native Assistants.

At Christmas 1821, there were 497 Scholars on the books; consisting of 219 Boys, 164 Girls, and 114 Men and Youths, Mr. Lisk reported at that time

Sixty-five promising Youths have left the Schools since the commencement of the present year. Some are employed in Offices, others in Merchants' Shops, and the rest are learning trades, and engaged with their Parents. I regret to state that the Females are not so forward. Mrs. Lisk, being been able to attend the School for the last five again afflicted with a lingering sickness, has not months: the Girls have, in consequence, been left to the care of Mrs. Fox, and a few Assistant Teachers.

Mr. and Mrs. Lisk having left, on their return home, George Fox reported at Lady Day nearly the same numbers, about

as many having been admitted as had left left, George Thomas, a very attentive and during the Quarter.


John Huddlestone, Missionary.

deserving Young Man, was appointed Teacher: he is in the employ of Govern. ment, and receives a small monthly stipend from the Society. Mrs. Wenzel

The Report gives the following view of continues to be usefully employed among this Mission:

This Mission, from various circumstances, has been in an unsettled state, principally owing to some misunderstandings in the Society at Freetown; but the prospect, at present, is more favourable. In the country places, the Brethren have been prosecuting their labours with success. The Chapel built by the Maroons at Freetown has also, during the year, been opened to them; and will, in future, be supplied by the Society's Missionaries: this is a new and important field of usefulness. Besides this, the Chapels at West End, Congo Town, and Portuguese Town, are regularly supplied: the Chapel at the last town was lately destroyed by the fire, which consumed almost the whole place; but a stone Chapel is in the course of erection: toward this work, and the re-building

of the town, many of the Europeans have very handsomely subscribed; among whom were his Excellency the Governor, and the Chief Justice.

The number in society is 226, composed almost entirely of Maroons and Re-captured Negroes.

the Females.

Mr. Nyländer reports

Church and Schools are attended as usual. The number of Boys is fifty, of Girls forty-five. Evening Schools are attended by all the Day-Scholars; and by an average number of fifty Mechanic Youths and about half-a-dozen Men.

Of the state of the people, he wrote at the close of 1821:

A Meeting for prayer and private instruction is attended by more than twenty persons, on Wednesday and Saturday Evenings after public prayers; where my soul is refreshed by the simple, but I believe, sincere expressions of my people: I believe that the Lord is with us at these meetings in par

ticular, and trust that He will complete His work.

in the souls of His people.

Communicants, 8.


The same simple and lively expressions, Town of Africans, in the Parish of St. Michael descriptive of their feelings, are heard among the Africans here, as fall from their countrymen in the mountains. Christian Native called, one day, on Mr. Lane, while stationed here

-Inhabitants, 519; consisting of 80 Discharged Soldiers, and the rest Liberated Slaves: (consideArably increased, since the above return.

I said to him as soon as he came in, "Well, Joseph, any news?" He replied, "No: I call for see you, because you call for see me: one hand no wash himself good-two hand wash one another."

Of the harmony which prevails, Mr. Lane says

Respecting all the Church Missionaries and us, it may be said, we love as brethren.

AMERICAN BAPTIST MISSION. Collin Teage, Lott Carey, Missionaries. The Seventh Report of the Society states, that, in January, these two Missionaries, who are men of colour, sailed for Africa, and arrived in safety at Freetown, rejoicing to find themselves in the country of their forefathers. They were eager to testify, in this land of their ancestors, the Gospel of the Grace of God.

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John Godfrey Wilhelm, Minister.
Mrs. Wilhelm, Schoolmistress.
W. Neville, Native Schoolmaster.

W. Lawrence, Native Usher. Mr. and Mrs. Wilhelm continue to prosecute their useful labours here, with very encouraging prospects.

W. Neville is one of the Youths from Leicester Mountain : both he and W. Law. rence give much satisfaction.

At the date of the last advices, the Schools had 50 Boys and 76 Girls. Communicants, 15. Seven Adults had been baptized, six of whom had belonged to the Christian Institution: 49 couple had been married. The Disbanded Soldiers behave well. Of the body of the people, Mr. Wilhelm writes

Though most of them are still very ignorant, yet they love us; and often express themselves thankful, that, by the good providence of God, they have been rescued from Slavery and brought into our hands.

The Missionary Association contributed 31. 10s. in the year.

This Settlement is forward in cultivation. It has an advantageous situation on a river navigable for boats, and its soil is productive.


A Town of Africans, in the Parish of St. Edward, at Cape Shilling-Inhabitants, 418: of these, 318 are Liberated Slaves, 52 Discharged Soldiers, and the rest other Natives.



Robert Beckley, Schoolmaster.

Mrs. Renner, Schoolmistress. The Girls' School, under Mrs. Renner, had 49 in regular attendance. The Boys' School had 12, there being few Boys in the Settlement. In the Evening Adult School, there were but 25, many Young Men having been sent to York and the Bananas to assist in building houses for the Superintendants.

Mr. Johnson visited this Settlement, in March, and administered the Sacrament: on this first occasion of its celebration at Kent, there were 10Native Communicants. They have since increased to 16, and walk consistently. A Meeting is held with them, for religious edification, every Saturday Evening.

Mr. Beckley found his situation at first difficult and discouraging; but was ani. mated by the prospect of increasing usefulness. Daily Morning and Evening Prayer is better attended than ever: a great desire is manifested among the people to hear the Word of God: on Sundays the Place of Worship is full.


A Town of Liberated Africans in the Parish of St. John-Inhabitants, 420, at the Return of Jan. 1,182%; but since increased.


Christopher Taylor, Schoolmaster.
Mrs. Taylor, Schoolmistress.
John Jackson, Native Usher.

At Christmas 1821, the Scholars were 240; but, at Lady Day, they were reduced to 139, consisting of 33 Boys and 49 Girls in the Day Schools, and 35 Men and 22 Youths in the Evening Schools. On this reduction in the numbers, the Committee remark

A part of the Scholars in the Men and Youths' Evening School, disliking the restraint and the labour of learning, and understanding that their attendance would not be enforced by authority about half the number withdrew, though some of them would soon have been able to read. It may be hoped that they have, before this time, obtained a better sense of their interest and their duty.

The Scholars make considerable progress: many can read the New Testament. John Jackson, a Young Man educated in England, has assisted very usefully, since the beginning of last year: a Sunday School has been opened, since his arrival.

The Religious Meetings continue to be the means of great good. Their influence is obvious in raising the tone of feeling and piety among the people.

Of the first convert from among the Natives, a very satisfactory and instructive

account was given, with various instances of the power of Divine Grace in the reformation of open and daring offenders, at pp. 299-301 of our last Volume, and at pp. 323-325 the Addresses of several Natives at the Anniversary of the Missionary Association.

The Association contributed 77. 38. Od. in the year.

A considerable accession has been made to the inhabitants from newly-liberated Slaves; but many of these soon died, in consequence of the hard usage which they had received on board. The sickly and emaciated state, especially of the poor females, was truly pitiable and distressing.

Mr. Taylor writes respecting the people under him

Although I have had occasion to lament over two that have fallen, and have not repented of their wicked deeds, yet I still hope that the work is going forward: for those, who have been kept standing-fast, are growing in grace, and experience the blessing of the Gospel; and others are inquir. ing what they must do to be saved.

Communicants, 12.


A Town of Liberated Africans, in the Parish of
St. Peter-Inhabitants 420.


Thomas Davey, Schoolmaster.
Mrs. Davey, Schoolmistress.

At the last Returns, there were 37 Boys and 33 Girls in the Day Schools, and about 50 Men and Youths in the Evening Schools; the number in the evening had been 90, but had been reduced by the same cause which had operated at Charlotte : some appear in earnest to learn. The Girls' School is very promising: many can read the Scriptures.

Increasing attention is manifested to the Means of Grace. Frequently, on Sundays, many have to stand outside. The power of religion is manifest in some.

Communicants, 8./

Mrs. Davey was safely delivered, on the 7th of March, of twin sons: one was born dead, and the other survived but a few hours. This event gave occasion to a manifestation of strong attachment on the part of the people.

The Missionary Association contributed 47. 9s. 3d. in the year.


A Town of Liberated Africans, in the Parish of St.
James-Inhabitants, 393.

W. Davis, Native Teacher.


A Town of Liberated Africans, in the Parish of St. Charles-Inhabitants 1551, at the Return of Ja n. 1, 1822; but since much increased.

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