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draw them away, in Calcutta, at least one || similar establishments, permanent nurpart of the year out of four.
The Society has been enabled, in the course of the year, to enter, with unexpected success, on the new department of Female Native Education. The commencement and early progress of this undertaking were detailed at pp. 481-485 of our last Volume. The Schools rapidly increased: "After the ice was broken,' to use Mr. Jetter's words in April," very soon a second, a third, a fourth, and a fifth Girls' School were established; and we have, at present, three more in contemplation.' These were, soon afterward, opened; and, in May, the Society had Eight Female Schools in Calcutta, containing about 200 Girls; and wherever a Boys' School is now established, one for Girls is happily beginning, as a matter of course, to be looked for. It had been under consideration to appropriate the west and part of the south sides of the quadrangle at Mirzapore to the purpose of a Female Central School; but the Committee were waiting for the advice of some Native Gentlemen, who favour the object, as to the most eligible situation for such a School. This undertaking has been honoured with the highest patronage which India affords: " and it is a subject," the Committee remark, "of yet higher gratification, that the measure is likely to become popular among the Natives themselves."
But the gracious guidance of Divine Providence may be still further traced in this opening prospect of good. The want of suitable Teachers for the Female Schools would have soon brought the Committee into difficulties; but this want is likely, in a great measure, to be supplied. Several of the Elder Girls at the Asylum for the Female Orphans of European Parents, have given good evidence of having become truly religious; and have entered, with gladness of heart, on the study of Bengalee, in order that under Miss Cooke's instructions they may be prepared to act as Teachers of the Female Schools. In
Mr. Thomason's zealous exertions to establish that Asylum, he always hoped that it might be rendered subservient to the interests of Christianity in India; but he could scarcely look for such a gratifying fulfilment of his. wishes. It is particularly satisfactory also to Mr. and Mrs. Schmid, that they have been led into a situation in which they are enabled so effectually to aid the objects of the Society. The number of Girls in the Asylum was 58, but it is to be greatly augmented. Our Readers will feel their hearts drawn out, we trust, to pray earnestly that the Holy Spirit would graciously render this, and all
series of Christian Teachers for the countless multitudes of the Females of India.
The Expenditure in the North-India Mission for the year ending June 30, 1821, was 46,153 rupees, or 57691.: and consisted, in round numbers, of the particulars which follow :
Calcutta and Kidderpore, 2751.-Burdwan, 17597. -Benares, 12807.-Chunar, 6021.-Lucknow, 757.Meerut (for Kowabee), 123/.-Agra, 156/.-Hindoostanee Youths, under the Rev. Daniel Corrie, 2651. -Late Rev. Benedict La Roche's Salary and Passage to England, 2997.-Printing Office Expenses, 6197., deducting 1577. received for Printing, leaves Net Charge 4621.-Books, Stationery, Writers, Pundits, and Incidentals, 4737.
The Subscriptions and Benefactions at Calcutta, with the Collection at the Annual Sermon, amounted to about 8071.; which sum, added to a Donation from Government of 3031 rupees or 3791. forms a deduction of 11867. from the charge on the Society.
There is every encouragement for redoubled exertions and increased liberality. Mr. Corrie writes
We have now Five Boys' Schools in Calcutta ; and might, if funds were forthcoming, have all the Youth of the Town under our Tuition. We have now Eight Female Schools: the erection of School Houses will leave us deep in our Treasurer's books: but we trust in the God whom we serve to
help us through. Things are as progressive as we
can well expect; we have only to pray for an increase of faith and patience.
Mr. Jetter says—
Our work is prospering.-The rapid progress in forming Female Schools will shew that the Saviour owns our feeble endeavours. With Boys there is now no more difficulty to get them to School: the
great want now is, to obtain enlarged support to
LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
James Keith, S. Trawin, W. Hugh Bankhead, James Hill, Micaiah Hill, Joseph Bradley Warden.
Edward Ray, Assistant Missionary.
George Gogerly, Printer.
Mr. Bankhead arrived August 16th, 1821. Mr. James Hill, Mr. M. Hill, and Mr. Warden reached their destination early last year. Mr. Harle, late Assistant Missionary, has relinquished his connection with the Society.
The Sunday Congregation at the English Service of Union Chapel was, in September 1821, from 200 to 250. Bengalee Service is held in the afternoon; and also at Mirzapore, Manicktula, Kidderpore, and other places. In the highways of
latry, communicating useful knowledge, and enminds of those who read them, independently of the forcing moral principles-must produce on the
various villages, from 50 to 200 persons are frequently collected. Messrs. Gogerly and Ray travelled as far as Jessore, preach-ability communicated by them to read and undering and distributing Tracts in a great number of villages.
At Kidderpore there is a promising School of from 60 to 70 Boys; and a Girls' School was opened, which had 11 Scholars. There had been printed, within a year, 33,500 Tracts; and 30,000 had been issued: those printed had consisted of, 17,000 Bengalee 15,500 Bengalee and English, and 1000 Hindoo or Hinduwee. The 18,000 Tracts, mentioned under the head of the Christian Knowledge Society, were printing at this press for the Diocesan Committee.
The Mission had been aided by the Bengal Auxiliary, to the amount, within the year, of 5582 sicca rupees, or about 6977. One Missionary writes
The work of the Lord is evidently advancing prejudice appears daily to decrease-large congregations assemble to hear the Word of Life-and a spirit of inquiry appears generally to prevail.
But we want the early and latter rain of Divine Influence upon this spiritually barren and parched
Total.. 54 150,971 The grant of 500 rupees monthly, made by the Government to the Society, with the testimonies of the Governor-General and of Natives to its value, was stated at pp. 336 and 337 of our last Volume. There being, however, at the time when the Fourth Report was delivered, in September 1821, a balance of 2365 rupees against the Society, the Committee remark-
Thus, notwithstanding the timely and munificent aid of Government, your Committee must observe, that the fulfilment of numerous engagements of long standing, for the preparation and printing of such variety of School-Books, has not only absorbed all the receipts of the year, but left the finances of the Institution in a state which will demand the zealous exertions and continued support of its well-wishers.
stand books more decidedly of a Christian character, is too important not to be contemplated with works the School-Books published and distributed interest and delight. And when we add to these by other Associations, with the large number of Scripture and Religious Tracts issued by Bible and Missionary Associations, we cannot doubt that He, who seldom allows any means agreeable to His will to be tried in vain, is bringing on, though gradually, a revolution in the minds of many; the disthe grateful thanksgiving of His servants. covery of which, at a future period, shall excite
CALCUTTA SCHOOL SOCIETY.
From the Second Report the following statements are collected :
In the first department-the encouragement of Indigenous Schools-80 of these Schools, containing nearly 2800 Children, both receive books and undergo examination three or four times a year. In the department of Regular Schools, of the tive which the Society had opened, two only remain; three having been given up, on account of the expense, as stated in the last Survey, to the Church Missionary Society. In the third department, that of leading on Native Pupils to a knowledge of English and the higher branches of Science, the Society supports 30 Youths at the School of the Hindoo College, at a monthly charge of 150 rupees: on this subject, it is stated
The time, it is hoped, will soon come, when Scholars will turn their acquirements to some use among their own countrymen': for the expectations to be derived from such instruction, as furnishing
them with claims to situations under Europeans, must gradually die away as the competition increases, and give place to exertions of other kinds to be useful in their own circle of society.
On the state of the funds, it is said— Notwithstanding the reduction of the Regular Schools, the annual income of the Society is barely adequate to the due support of the Indigenous Schools, and the capital of the Society is fast diminishing to answer the expenditure necessary for the education of the Boys at the Hindoo College.
The Annual Examination for last year took place on the 4th of January, and gave great satisfaction to the Europeans and Natives assembled. About 40 Girls, belonging to the Schools of the Female Juvenile Society, mentioned under the head of the Baptist Missionary Society,
The Fourth Report of the Calcutta School-Book Society gives the following information :
The supreme Government have resolved to establish a Hindoo College in Calcutta, for the encouragement of the study of the Sanscrit ; and, through the medium of that language, of general
It has been well remarked, in reference literature. to labours of this nature
The intellectual and moral influence, which the distribution of so many works-all excluding, ido
The College will be liberally endowed, and placed under the superintendence of a Committee of European Gentlemen, with a duly qualified Secretary; and the most extensive advantages may
be anticipated from this measure, and from the reformed system of education recently introduced into the Hindoo College at Benares.
A Danish Settlement-about 15 miles north of Calcutta, on the western bank of the Hoogly-the chief Station of the Baptist Mission. BAPTIST MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 1799.
William Carey, D.D., Joshua Marshman, D.D.,
William Ward, Missionaries. John Mack, Professor in the College. J. Marshman, Superintendant of Schools. J. Fountain, J.R. Douglas, Assistants. with Natives.
Mr. Ward and Mr. Mack, arrived in October 1821, after an absence, on the part of Mr. Ward, of nearly three years. We collect from several communications, his view of the Mission, on his return At the Mission Chapel and at the Danish Church, at Krishna's Chapel, and across the Ganges at the Barrackpore Chapel, during the Sabbath, there are seven Services; and parties of Native Converts visit and preach in the streets of the neighbouring villages. At Serampore there have lately been frequent baptizings: the Native Sisters have begun to hold Prayer-Meetings from house to house; and a happy revival is visible among the Native Members, who amount to about 60. The increase
of Native Christians since I left has been great;
and a number appear to be added, every month, in one part of India or another: several Native Brethren and Sisters have died full of Christian hope and joy.
Besides Serampore and Calcutta we have eight Missionary Stations supported by our own private fands; that is, by the proceeds of our own labours. In the country around us, we are cheered by a spirit of inquiry-a disposition to read, to think, to doubt-and this, in many cases, has taken place among higher orders.
In some of the Schools the Scriptures are read without hesitation; and the difficulties in this department are melting down rapidly.
Of the Schools, Mr. Douglas says→→→ The Natives enter with more spirit into the New System of Education; and the frequent petitions which I receive for establishing New Schools have, I think, originated in a considerable degree in the superiority of the plan, which the Natives begin to appreciate.
Mr. Fountain adds
The Boys have often been cross-questioned on the Scientific Copy-Books (one of which each Boy writes out and commits to memory during the month), to ascertain whether they enter into the spirit of the exercises; and have made very significant answers. The little books given as rewards create much satisfaction: these books they carry home; and, as we learn, read them to their parents and relatives. There is every reason to expect that the continuance of this plan will create a love for reading and knowledge among the rising generation.
The visit home of Mr. John Marshman, the General Superintendant of the Schools, was stated at p. 399 of our last Volume: at pp. 515-519, we extracted, from the Second Report of the College, which had 45 Students, an account of its state and progress; and, at pp. 519-521, gave the substance of the Eighth Memoir on the Translations.
Mrs. Carey, the second Wife of Dr. Carey, died early in the morning of May 50th, 1821. We extract part of her venerable Husband's view of her character, which may serve as a model to other Mis sionary Females :
She was about two months above sixty years old. We had been married thirteen years and three weeks; during all which season, I believe, we had as great a share of conjugal happiness as was ever enjoyed by mortals. She was eminently pious, and iived very near to God. The Bible was her daily delight. It was her constant habit to compare every verse that she read in the various German, French, Italian, and English Versions; and never to pass she was of eminent use to me in the translation of by a difficulty till it was cleared up: in this respect, the Word of God. She was full of compassion for the poor and needy; and entered most heartily into all the concerns of the Mission, and into the support of Schools, particularly those for Female Native Children.
A Dutch Settlement, 22 miles north of Calcutta. LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 1813.
H. Townley, J. D. Pearson, G, Mundy, Missionaries.
Mr. Townley's health has improved since his removal from Calcutta.
Divine Service in Dutch and English, with catechising, continues to be regularly conducted in the Settlement Church, and with increasing success. An additional Bungalow Chapel has been erected within the town: this, as well as that without the gates, is opened every evening for Worship in Bengalee: the congregations on these occasions are numerous and attentive. As opportunity offers, the Missionaries preach in the market-places and by the way-side. Numbers of Natives have been induced to receive Books and Tracts, and to inquire respecting the doctrine of the Gospel.
In April, Mr. Mundy writes
Mr. Townley, in company with Mr. Harle, spent a month in preaching and distributing Tracts at all the towns and villages up the river, to the distance of 200 miles. Since their return, Mr. Townley and I have generally been companions in labour; visiting, while the cold continued, all the villages for many miles around us, and preaching, frequently the greater part of the day.
In July 1821, there were twenty-three Schools, containing about 2450 Scholars. The Directors state
Mr. Pearson laments that the Schools, under present circumstances, cannot be rendered more efficient in promoting the dissemination of Christian Knowledge, It is true, the Gospels, together with Scripture Selections, have been introduced into several of them; but this has been done simply as a Class-Book, without any verbal explanation or personal application of their contents.
But this state of things, it appears, has recently improved :
It is an evidence of the decline of prejudice, that, in addition to the books which are read at the Schools, both Teachers and Scholars frequently solicit from the Missionaries copies of the Sacred Scriptures, or books treating on Christianity.
Several New Schools have, moreover, been formed, in which the education is Christian. Mr. Mundy thus writes, in April
Schools; but none of these had been admitted. Mrs. Perowne was pursuing Bengalee, with a view to Female Schools: after several unsuccessful attempts, she had
We have taken under our care Four Native Schools, containing about 200 Children. The Cate-established one. chism and Scriptures are learnt, and read by them daily. On Sabbath morning they are all assembled in our large Bengalee Chapel (where we every evening exhibit a crucified Saviour to the people). when we catechize and expound to them. This commenced about ten weeks ago, and has hitherto gone on with great success: we are indeed constrained to say What hath God wrought! Five
years ago, on Br. Pearson's arrival, the Name of Christ could scarcely be mentioned to a Boy; or a printed book put into his hand, though its contents were nothing but a few fables; so great were their prejudices: but now what a door is opening for the communication of that knowledge, which shall cause them utterly to forsake the dumb idols
of their forefathers!
NETHERLANDS' MISSIONARY SOCIETY, 1821.
Mr. Lacroix arrived at the beginning of 1821. He resided, for some time, with his Fellow-Missionaries; but afterward removed to apartments in the Governor's
house. Since his arrival, a Society has been formed among the Dutch Inhabitants, in aid of the Parent Society at Rotterdam.
A large Town, about 50 miles northward of Calcutta, in a very populous district. CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 1815.
John Perowne, W, J. Deerr, Missionaries. C. D'Anselme, Assistant,
With Native Schoolmasters.
The house mentioned in the last Survey has 20 acres of land connected with it: the cost of the whole was 4400 rupees, or 550l. Mr. Jetter's continuance in Calcutta having been determined on, the house which had been occupied by Mr. and Mrs. Perowne was sold; and they were settled, with Mr. Deerr, on the new premises.
A subscription having been set on foot for a Place of Worship, Government granted land, on the application of the Local Authorities, and the sum requisite to complete the building: in April, it was nearly finished. There is English Service twice on Sundays. An Adult Native and a Youth of 13 were baptized on Sunday, the 5th of May, by the names of Daniel and John-the first-fruits of the Mission.
The Gospels are now read in all the Schools; and interesting conversations often arise thereon. The Missionaries are delighted with the intelligent answers, which they sometimes obtain to their questions.
In February, the Schools were examined by Mr. Corrie and Major Phipps, with the assistance of Mr. Ellerton. They were habit of attention which the Boy's disco, much gratified, and particularly with the vered, so foreign to the native character. The Schools are decidedly advancing in) point of efficiency. That apathy among the people which is so distressing to the Missionary is very much conquered in the Scholars.
Five Youths out of his stipend; and daily Mr. Deerr disinterestedly maintains instructs them, in the hope of their becom ing instruments of advancing the Gospel.
Mr. Corrie writes
The remarks and questions of the children in the Schools evince that a foundation is laying for much future good. There is abundant reason to bless God for what has been done. Who would have expected, a year ago, to see a thousand Hindoo Children reading the Gospel? Nay, so greatly are their prejudices removed, that those very Boys, who, a few months since, disliked or refused to read any book which contained the Name of Jesus, are now willing to read a professed History of His Life and Doctrine; and what is more, in some instances they have solicited the Gospel in preference to every other book! May the Lord the Spirit bless to them His own Word!
In the Eighth Appendix to the Twentysecond Report, Extracts are given from the Communications of Messrs. Jetter and Deerr; in which will be found various particulars relative to the Schools, and the difficulties opposed to the propagation of Christianity by the character and superstition of the Natives.
Hoogly, about 75 miles north of Calcutta.
William Carey, jun. Missionary; with
The 13 Bengalee Schools had 958 Boys: A Town in Bengal, on the western bank of the the smallest had 58; the largest, 90. The Central School contained about 30: the desire to learn English does not prevail among the Bengalee Scholars to the ex. tent which was expected :/ very many applications are made, however, by Youths who have not gone through the Bengalee Jan. 1823.
Native Assistants. No account has been published of the proceedings at this Station, G
A large Town, extending eight miles along both sides of the most sacred branch of the Gangesformerly the Capital of Bengal 30 miles northnorth-west of Calcutta-population said to be nearly equal to that of Calcutta,
BAPTIST MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
Stephen Sutton, Missionary. Kureem and Bhovudgur, Native Assistants Little progress has been made, during the year, among the Natives. Of Mr. Sutton's proceedings, under these afflicting circumstances, the Committee say
Ile writes under a deep impression of the awful depravity, the inveterate prejudice, and the cold and heartless inattention of which he has continual evidence; but perseveres, notwithstanding, in his zealous endeavours to make known the Gospel of Christ. Aware of the importance of itinerating, he has undertaken several journeys to a considerable distance from Moorshedabad; and, while at home, he embraces every opportunity of bearing his testimony for God in the streets and markets of that populous city. Large quantities of Tracts have been distributed by him, and about 200 children are receiving instruction in the Schools under his direction. The Native Preachers associated with bim continue stedfast, and afford him much assistance in their various labours.
At Berhampore, which Mr. Sutton supplies, a New Chapel has been erected for the increasing Congregation, at the expense of 2001, defrayed by contributions on the spot.
A large Town in Bengal, about 170 miles north of
BAPTIST MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
Intelligence is yet wanting from this Station. It appears, however, to be still occupied by Krishnoo; who has been engaged, for more than 20 years, in teaching his countrymen the way of Salvation.
A City in Bengal, 240 miles north of Calcutta-
BAPTIST MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
Ignatius Fernandez, Portuguese.
Mr. Fernandez gives the following view of the state of this Mission, under date of Dec. 8, 1821:
There are now about 170 persons, young and old, living at this place and Saddamahl, completely weaned from idolatry, and worshipping the only living and true God. Of them, 66 are in full communion; and, from their uniform good walk and conversation, I have reason to think, that a work of Divine grace has been wrought in their minds. There are 18 candidates for baptism. Nidheram is truly a good man, and very zealous: he left me yesterday morning, in company with two of the Native Brethren, for Rungpore, with a large number of Religious Tracts and Books. Every Chris
tian Family, whether the members are baptized or not, have daily worship in their house; and a Prayer Meeting is held on Thursday Evenings in rotation at their own dwellings.
Mr. Fernandez thinks that idolatry is visibly declining among the Natives in this district; and states, in support of his opinion, that many large temples, built by the former Rajahs, are hastening to ruin; for their support by the Native Governand that the pecuniary allowance allotted ment, has been materially reduced, and is still annually decreasing.
A large City, about 250 miles north-west of Calcutta-a Station for Invalids of the British Army. BAPTIST MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 1816.
Hingham Misser, Native.
This Station has been deprived of its laborious Missionary, Mr. Chamberlain ; and of the aged Native Teacher, Brindabund. Mr. Chamberlain had been long declining; and died, at sea, on the 5th of December, 1821, twenty days after his embarkation on board the Princess Char
lotte, on a visit home: Mrs. Chamberlain, at his entreaty, consented to remain at Monghyr, for the benefit of the Native Christians. Brindabund, after much zealous labour among his countrymen, departed in peace on the 6th of September.
The Committee thus speak of Mr. Chamberlain :
The Society has lost a zealous and disinterested Missionary; who, for nearly twenty years, has made full proof of his ministry. He was eminent for decision of character-for an inflexible adherence to what he considered to be truth-and for such a warm attachment to Missionary Labours, as led him often to exert himself beyond what his frame could well sustain. As a Preacher to the Natives, he was, probably, the most impressive ever heard in India; and his translation of the New Testament into the Brij Basha dialect, which is now printing at Serampore, is understood to exhibit ample proof of his superior proficiency as an Oriental Scholar. In the different Stations which he successively occupied, not a few appear to have derived eternal benefit from his labours.
A large City, 265 miles west-north-west of Calcutta and a place of great idolatrous resort. BAPTIST MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
No accounts have been received.
Near the extensive Cantonments at Dinapore320 miles north-west of Calcutta. BAPTIST MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 1809.
Joshua Rowe, W. Moore, Missionaries. with Native Teachers.
The Communicants at Dinapore are