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cumstances of the emigrants from Salzburg. On this journey, I had the misfortune to fall into the hands of some Prussian Soldiers, who de tained me a whole night, and treated me very cruelly in order to compel me to enlist. However, through the interference of Count Zinzendorf, I was set at liberty the next day. This happened in 1732.
Obtains the Patronage of the King of
Leonard Dober and Tobias Leopold, mentioned in the preceding Narrative, having set sail Aug. 21, 1732, "ten years," says Crantz, "after the building of Hernnhut, when the Congregation consisted of no more than 600 poor exiles, including women and children," that Writer gives the following account of the proceedings of Matthew Stack
and his associates:-
At the same time, the plan of a Mission to Greenland was also agitated. As that country was under the Danish Government, which was very friendly to the Brethren, it appeared to them the more eligible for the establishment of a Mission; and the forlorn state of the poor Natives, who had already received Christian In. struction from Mr. Egede, loudly called upon their compassion. Matthew Stack and Frederic Boehnish, two young men, being at work together, in preparing a piece of ground for a burial-place at Hernnhut, in the course of conversation, found that they had both, unknown to each other, formed the design of going as Missionaries to Greenland. They, therefore, proposed themselves for this service; but, the delay of a year intervening before their offer was accepted, and Boehnish having, meanwhile, undertaken a considerable journey, Christian Stach consented to accompany his cousin. These two Missionaries, along with Christian David, the principal agent in the Moravian Emigration, who intended to return to Europe after the settlement of a Mission, set out from Hernnhut, Jan. 19, 1733, attended with numberless good wishes from their Brethren. The Congregation, which was as yet totally inexperienced in Missionary Affairs, could give them no
instructions. They were but the second company who had to make the untried experiment, whether the Heathen would receive the message of peace from their Creator and Redeemer; and were therefore left to act in every circumstance, as the Lord and his Spirit should lead them. It was only suggested, that they should cherish an affectionate bro
therly love; that they should respect the venerable Christian David as a father, and profit by his advice; and assistants to that long-tried Apostle that they should offer themselves as of the Greenlanders, Mr. Egede; but if he did not want their help, they should by no means interfere in his labours.
With scarcely any provision for their journey beyond the most necessary articles of clothing, our Missionaries travelled, by way of Hamburgh, to the Danish Capital. Here they met with a kind reception from Professor Ewald, member of the College of Missions, and M. Reuss, His Majesty's Chaplain, and from several other friends, to whom they had been recommended.
Their intention of going to Greenland could not, however, but be regarded as a visionary scheme, par ticularly while the fate of the Danish Mission at Godthaab was yet in suspense. But they took little notice of these gloomy forebodings; and cast their confidence on Him, who, as they believed, had called them to the work, and would support them in the prosecution of it. They learned, shortly after, that His Majesty had granted leave for one vessel more to sail to Godthaab; and that M. Pless, the First Lord of the Bedchamber, had engaged a merchant of the name of Severen, to send a trader to Disco Bay, on trial. Though the latter would be ready to sail almost immediately, they preferred, after deliberate consideration, to wait for the King's Ship, and made their appli cation to this effect to the Chamberlain.
Their first audience with this Minister was not a little discouraging. Indeed it might well seem strange to him, that Young Laymen, who pos sessed no advantages of study or experience, should hope to succeed, where the indefatigable exertions of
the learned and pious Egede had accomplished so little. But, being convinced, by a closer acquaintance, of the solidity of their faith and the rectitude of their intentions, he became their firm friend, willingly presented their Memorial to the King, and exerted all his influence in their behalf. He is said, on this occasion, to have made use of the following argument:-That God has, in all ages, employed the meanest and apparently the most despicable instruments, for accomplishing the grand designs of His kingdom, in order to lead men to ascribe the honour to Him alone; and to rely, not on their own power or penetration, but on His hand of blessing. His Majesty, moved by the representations of his Minister, was pleased to accept their overtures; and wrote, with his own hand, a Recommendatory Letter to Mr. Egede.
The Chamberlain also introduced them to several persons distinguished by rank and piety, who liberally contributed toward the expense of their voyage and intended settlement. Being asked one day by his Excellency, how they proposed to maintain themselves in Greenland, they answered that they depended on the labour of their own hands and God's blessing; and that, not to be burdensome to any one, they would build themselves a house and cultivate the ground. It being objected, that they would find no wood to build with, as the country presented little but a face of barren rock "Then," replied they, we will dig into the earth, and lodge there." "No," said the Chamberlain, to that necessity you shall, not be reduced: you shall take timber with you for building a house: accept of these 50 dollars for that purpose." With this and other donations, they purchased poles, planks, and laths; instruments for agriculture, masonry, and carpenters' work; several sorts of seeds and roots; implements of fishing and hunting; household furniture, books, paper, and provisions.
Arrives in Greenland
Crantz thus describes the entrance of Matthew Stach and his companions on their Mission:
Thus equipped, they took an af
fectionate leave of the Court where they had been so hospitably entertained, and embarked on the 10th of April, on board the King's Ship, Caritas, Capt. Hildebrand. The Congregation at Hernnhut had already. adopted the custom of annually compiling a Collection of ScriptureTexts trated or applied by a short verse for every day in the year, each illus, from some Hymn. This text was called the "Daily Word:" it supplied a profitable subject for private meditation, and a theme for the public discourses. It has been frequently observed, that the text appointed for a day, distinguished by some remarkable, event, has had striking coincidence with that event. Thus the Daily Word on the 10th of April, when our Brethren set sail on a Mission which so often appeared to baffle all hope, was, Faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen.
"We view Him, whom no eye can see, With Faith's keen vision steadfastly."
In this confidence they set sail; nor did they suffer themselves to be confounded by any of the unspeakable difficulties of the following years, till they and we at last beheld the completion of what they hoped for in faith.
They sailed by Shetland, April 22d, passing there out of the North into the West Sea, or Long Reach and, after an expeditious and agreeable voyage, entered Davis's Strait, in the beginning of May. Here they encountered a field of floating ice, while enveloped in a thick fog; but, the next day, a terrible storm arose, which dispersed the ice, and freed them at the same time from their fears. On the 13th, they came in sight of the Coast of Greenland, when a violent tempest, of four days continuance, preceded by a total eclipse of the sun, drove them back more than 60 leagues. May 20th, they cast anchor in Ball's River, after a voyage of six weeks; and joyfully welcomed the snowy cliffs and savage inhabitants of a country, which had so long been the chief object of their wishes. The Word of the Day was, The peace of God, which passeth all understanding, shall keep your hearts and minds through Christ Jesus. By this they were fie
FROM the following List of Annual Meetings which took place in London, from the middle of April to about the middle of May, in addition to many Sermons and various Meetings of Committees, it will be seen that this has been an active season for those benevolent persons who engage in these works of charity :
April 16: North-West London Auxiliary Bible Society-22: London Welsh Auxiliary Bible Society-25: Westminster Auxiliary Bible Society-29: EastLondon Irish Free-Schools-30: Irish Society of London: Wesleyan London Auxiliary Missionary Society: London Society for Female Servants-May 5: Wesleyan Missionary Society-6: Church Missionary Society-7: British and Foreign Bible Society 8: Prayer-Book and Homily Society-9: Jews' Society-10: Hibernian Society-12: Female Penitentiary: Port of London Seamen's Society: British and Foreign School Society-13: Sunday-School Union: Naval and Military Bible Society: Irish Evangelical Society-15: Sons of the Clergy: London Missionary Society-16: Religious Tract Society: African Institution-19: Merchant-Seamen's Bible Society.
As it is our practice to give an abstract of the Reports of such Societies as come within the scope of our work, as soon as practicable after their publication, we shall limit our notices of the Anniversaries to a general view of the proceedings on these occasions, with such Resolutions as may have a reference to the transactions or prospects of the respective Societies, and an account of the State of their Funds. The Officers of the different Societies have again obligingly furnished us with the documents requisite for this purpose.
We are happy to add, that, so far as our observation and information extend, the spirit which prevailed in the various Meetings and public Services was truly Christian. Unostentatious statements of what had been done or attempted, honest avowals of difficulties and disappointments, humble acknowledgments of human insufficiency, grateful ascriptions of all glory to God, a deep sense of entire dependence on the influences of the Holy Spirit, strong impressions of the misery of the Unchristianized World and the duty of labouring for its conversion, powerful and affecting testimonies of eye-witnesses both of the state of the Heathen and of the good in progress among them, a growing concern for the honour of Christ in the Salvation of the World, and a kind and brotherly regard to all Christian Societies labouring in this great Cause-this is the spirit and these are the proceedings, which should distinguish the Assemblies of Christ's servants, on these occasions: and we rejoice to bear testimony, that a large infusion of this temper characterized the present season.
IRISH SOCIETY OF LONDON.
THE formation of this Society, and some particulars of the Irish Society in Dublin with which this is connected, were stated at pp. 230-233 of our last Volume,
Its First Anniversary was held on Wednesday, April the 30th, at Two o'clock, in the King's Concert Room, in the Haymarket; the President, the Lord Bishop of Gloucester, in the Chair. His Lordship had preached the Annual Sermon, the preceding afternoon, at St. Paul's, Covent Garden.
Movers and Seconders.
Earl of Gosford, and Viscount Powers court-Mr. Wilberforce, and Lord Cal
thorpe-Lord Lilford, and Alderman Sir
State of the Funds.
The Collections amounted to 100%
WESLEYAN MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
THE Annual Meeting of the Parent Institution was preceded, as usual, by that of the London District Auxiliary; which was held on Wednesday, April the 30th, at Great-Queen-Street Chapel; Lancelot Haslope, Esq. in the Chair. The Collection amounted to 761.
A public Prayer Meeting was held, at the City-Road Chapel, at Seven o'clock, on the Morning of Thursday, May the 1st, for the purpose of specially imploring the Divine Blessing on the Anniversary, and on all Christian Missions throughout the world.
Sermons were preached, as follows, before the Parent Society: one, at the City-Road Chapel, by the Rev. Dr. Adam Clarke, from
Titus iii. 3-7, on Thursday Even-
On Sunday, May the 4th, Sermons were preached in behalf of the Society, in most of the Wesleyan Chapels in London and its immediate vicinity: the Collections after which amounted to upward of 6001. The Sermons were sixtyseven in number.
The Annual Meeting of the So ciety was held, on Monday, the 5th of May, at Eleven o'Clock, at the City-Road Chapel; Joseph Butterworth, Esq. M. P. in the Chair. It was opened with prayer by the Rev. Dr. Clarke, President of the last Conference of the Wesleyan Society. The Report was read by the Rev. Richard Watson and the Rev. Jabez Bunting, two of the Society's Secretaries.
Movers and Seconders. Rev. Joseph Hughes, one of the Secretaries of the British and Foreign Bible Society; and John Bacon, Esq.-Rt. Hon. Sir G.H. Rose, M. P. and Mr. Wilberforce→→→ James Stephen, Esq. Master in Chancery, and W. Williams, Esq. M. P.-Rev. Robert Newton, of Manchester; and Rev. John Arundel, one of the Secretaries of the London Missionary Society-Robert H Marten, Esq.; and Rev. T. H. Squance, late Missionary in India-Rev. Dr. Adam Clarke; and Lancelot Haslope, Esq.Benjamin Shaw, Esq.; and Rev. Robert Wood, of Liverpool-Rev. Richard Reece, of Bath; and Mr. Osborn, of Rochesterand John J. Buttress, Esq.; and W. Mar riott, Esq.
amounted to 1501.; and Donations, -That this Meeting feels that the disconnected with the Meeting, made-couragements attending the New-Zealand the amount considerably more Mission ought not to damp the zeal of the than 3001. Society, but rather to stimulate the Memciety to more strenuous and extended bers to more earnest Prayer, and the Soefforts; especially when contrasted with the success granted to the West-Africa Mission, after encountering the most severe trials—a Mission, which, under the Divine Blessing, is returning some small remuneration to Africa for her long-continued wrongs.
The State of the Society's Funds, at the close of 1822, was reported at p. 90 of our Number for February.
.: CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
ON Monday Evening, May the 5th, the Annual Sermon was preached at Christ Church, Newgate Street, (St. Bride's Church, where the Sermon is usually preached, having been under repair), by the Rev. John W. Cunningham, M.A. Vicar of Harrow, from John xii. 31, 32. On Tuesday, the 6th, the Chair was taken at the Annual Meeting, held in Freemasons' Hall, at Twelve o'Clock, by Lord Gambier, the President. His Lordship having addressed the Meeting, an abstract of the Report was read by the Secretary; who was followed by the Treasurer, in some remarks on the State of the Funds.
Movers and Seconders.
Bishop of Gloucester, and Lord Calthorpe -Major Mackworth, and the Earl of Gosford-Mr. Wilberforce, and Viscount Lorton-Rt. Hon. Sir G. H. Rose, M.P., and the Earl of Rocksavage-Rev. W. Marsh, and Hon. and Rev. Lyttleton Powys-Rev. Robert Daly, and Rev. Basil Woodd. The Meeting was addressed, in conclusion, by the Rev. J. W. Cunningham.
-That the Report now read be received and printed, under the direction of the Committee; and that this Meeting cannot but record its grateful sense of the Divine goodness in continuing to afford a steady increase to the Income of the Society, and also a growing conviction to its Members that it is only by the grace of the Holy Spirit that Missionary Exertions can become successful.
-That this Meeting, viewing with commiseration the degraded state of our Hea then Fellow.Subjects in India and Ceylon, and especially the condition of the Hindoo Widows, rejoices in the progress of its Missions in those quarters; and more particularly in the establishment and rapid increase of Female Schools.
-That this Meeting learns with pleasure the permission granted by the Local Government to form a Printing Establishment in Malta for the benefit of the Countries surrounding the Mediterranean; and cherishes the hope that the troubles in which some of those Countries are involved, may be overruled, by the mercy of God, for the Christian Truth. revival and extension among them of
-That this Meeting trusts that the earnest and repeated entreaties from every part of the Society's Missions for Christian Members the duty of Prayer to the Lord Teachers, will strongly impress on the
and of a due use of all requisite means for of the Harvest to send forth Labourers, this purpose; and, in this view, the Meeting cordially recommends to their support the plan adopted by the Committee for the more efficient preparation of the Society's Schoolmasters and Missionaries.