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1823.] ·


Of this Association, John S. Harford, Esq. is President, G. Thorne, Esq. Treasurer, and the Rey. T. Grinfield, Secretary; and a Committee has been appointed, consisting of 18 Clergymen and Laymen. Benefactions to the amount of 3301. 12s., and Annual Subscriptions of 441. 3s. were contributed.

Exertions and Economy of the Brethren,
The Committee of the Bristol
Association have circulated the fol-
lowing statement :-

In 33 Missionary Stations-in Green-
land, Labrador, North America, the
West Indies, Surinam, South Africa,
and Tartary-there are about 32,000
Christian Converts, under the care of
168 Missionaries; whose attention is
not, however, exclusively confined to
them, for they also preach the Gospel to
many thousands of Heathen in their
The direct ex-
respective vicinities.
pense of all these Stations amounted, in
1820, to 66771. 9s. 9d.-
-a sum incredibly
small, in proportion to the magnitude and
extent of the good effected. But there
were arrears and contingencies to be
added, partly for the maintenance of aged
Missionaries worn out in the service, or
of the widows of deceased Missionaries,
or for the education of their children:
these arrears, when added to the
preceding sum, produced a total of
94312 17s. 11d.

The particulars of this expenditure were stated in our last Volume, as above referred to. On its amount, the Committee remark

The smallness of the expenditure is to be accounted for, not merely by the rigid economy and the self-denying habits of the Missionaries, but also by the gratifying fact, that, in some of the Stations, trades or manufactures, carried on under the superintendence of the Brethren, have been so productive as nearly to cover the whole of the expenses. In the Danish West-India Islands, containing 12,000 Negro Converts, the Missionaries have exerted themselves so effectually, as even to remit 7501. during the year 1820, toward the maintenance of other Missions.

on the Continent and elsewhere, amount
not, on an average, to more than 8000
persons: and these chiefly belong to the
humbler classes of society; so that their
means of contributing to this expendi-'
ture are very small: yet they were able
to meet it, in a great measure, until the
difficulties and devastations attendant
on the late war had so impoverished the
Continental Congregations, as to throw
the burden almost exclusively on those
of Great Britain. With every effort,
however, on their part, they are not able
to raise above 20007. per annum; less than
a fourth-part of the whole annual ex-
pense. The Society labours, in conse-
quence, under heavy pecuniary embar
rassments: and must long since have re-
linquished a great part of the Missionary
Stations, and yielded up these Christian
Inclosures a prey to the powers of dark-
ness, but for the spontaneous bounty of
benevolent friends, chiefly in England
and Scotland; by whose aid and exer-
tions, upward of 4000 per annum have
been collected in aid of the Missionary
Fund. Still, an annual sum of 20001.
remains to be provided for; to which
are to be added unliquidated deficiencies
of former years: and, during the present
year, this deficiency has been conside-
rably augmented, owing to the dreadful
devastations produced by hurricanes on
two of the South-African Stations.

On these grounds, the Committee make a strong appeal in behalf of their object; and this appeal is further enforced, by the following

statement of the

Success of the Brethren's Missions.

Their Missions among the Heathen have long been regarded by the Christian World with the deepest interest, in consequence of the wonderful effects which they have produced, in civilizing the rudest barbarians, and communicating to them the pure light of the Gospel. Wherever the Brethren have preached that Gospel, it has not only proved itself to be the power of God unto salvation, but also the most effectual instrument of producing civilization and order. Religious Instruction and the Arts of Social Life have, under their auspices, gone hand in hand, and each has aided the progress of the other. Savages have become new creatures, not only in heart and conduct, but in personal appearance and The Congregations of the Brethren, general demeanour. These assertions are April, 1833.

Pecuniary Embarrassments of the


verified by the spontaneous testimony of enlightened travellers, who have visited their remote Settlements; and have been struck with wonder, on beholding the comfortable habitations, the happy circumstances, the humble demeanour, and the fervent piety of the converts from Paganism, whether Greenlanders or Esquimaux, Negroes or Hottentots.

Western Africa.

(Sierra Leone)


Influence of Religion among the People. SOME extracts from the Journal of Mr. Christopher Taylor, the Superintendant of this Station, will shew that Divine Grace continues to manifest its influence on the hearts of the Christian Converts among the Natives.

Nov. 3, 1821-One of the baptized said, that, first time, he thought he was a good man, and was proud of it; but, this time, much trouble came upon him, and that was to punish the " good


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Nov. 10-I was much cast down by a number of unpleasant palavers," which happen too frequently; but was greatly refreshed in meeting the pious part of my people, to hear their simple statements, and to point them to the Good Physician for the healing of all their spiritual maladies. I read and spoke to them of the affliction of Job. One said that he often has had, and now has, trouble; but if he had such strong trouble as Job had, he could not tell what he should do: I reminded him of the promise, As thy days are, so shall thy strength be. Another said, "If Jesus does not save me, I must perish." Blessed truth to know and feel!

Nov. 17-Felt much refreshed in meeting with my Black Brethren. They appear to be growing in grace, and increasing in humility. May God the Holy Spirit carry on His own work!

Nov. 24-This evening, one of the Communicants said, that he was drunk every day. I asked how that was. He said, "Massa, suppose somebody drink rum and he drunk, he don't know what he do: so I stand-sin live in my heart every day, till I don't know what I do; so me drunk."

Dec. 1-This evening, one said— "My heart stand like man go plant rice in the bush, without cutting bush first: the rice can't grow the bush choke it: so sin choke my heart-I can't grow in grace." Another said, "Sin full my heart: me look all about-me can't find any good." I directed him to look to Jesus by faith, which would give him rest-He being the chief good.

Dec. 8-Read and explained the Seventh Chapter to the Romans; after which, one said, "I thank the Lord Jesus Christ: He keep and preserve me to this day. I can't say any more, for that book done say all what live in my heart."

Dec. 9, Sunday-Felt very cold and dead all the later part of the week past, and looked forward to this day as a day of trouble and rebuke to my soul; which drove me continually to the Throne of Grace. Now the evening is come, I think that this has been as pleasant a Lord's Day as I have enjoyed for some time past; He having made me feel my nothingness, which caused me to look forward for divine assistance in a greater degree than I sometimes do, although I stand in continual need.

Jan. 12, 1822-Felt comforted and refreshed, in meeting a few upon whom I have reason to believe my labours have not been in vain in the Lord. One of them seemed to be almost overcome with a sense of the love and mercy of God shewn to him whilst in his country, and more especially in his being brought hither.

Jan. 19-Met again my pious friends. One of them said- I am a fool! I continually fall into sin. Sin never die. My sin cover me like a thick cloud.Ah! I am a sinner!-who shall deliver me? Every morning I wake, I say, 'What! I live yet! still out of Hell!" Oh! thank God through Jesus Christ !”

Another, who had been ill all the week, said-" This week I been sick-I can't rise myself up-I think, Ah, so sinner stand: he can't help himself: he can't turn himself.”

One of the women, complaining of her sinful state, said-" I look before-sin live there. I look behind-sin live there! What must I do ?" I directed her to look up to Jesus.

Feb. 9 This evening, in meeting the Brethren and Sisters, I felt peculiar pleasure in fulfilling the Gospel commission (according to the grace

given to me) of Comfort ye, comfort ye, my people, saith your God.

How easy is it for the Almighty Saviour to say, Peace! be still! and imniediately there is a calm-a peace which the world cannot give, nor take away. May it be my lot, while I sojourn on earth, to point one and another to Jesus, and say, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world!

Feb. 16, 1822.-In the Evening Meeting, one said "Sin trouble me too much. I look on this side, and that side, but can't see any thing that comforts me. Then I go tell the Lord Jesus Christ all them things that trouble me; and beg him, that, as he delivered me from the slavery of man, so he would deliver me from the slavery of the Devil, and make me his freeman."

Feb. 20-After the Prayer Meeting, I met the Candidates for Baptism, and endeavoured to instruct them in the way of God more perfectly. I asked one of them, if he thought that Christ would save him. He answered, "Yes: He will not cast out any that come to Him."-"Can you come to Him of yourself?" "No: for, No man can come to me, except the Father, which hath sent me, draw kim.”- "How does God draw sinners to Himself?" He said, He could not tell that.-I asked him, "What does the Holy Spirit shew first to an awakened sinner?" "His sinfulness." -"What next ?" "Jesus Christ." "What next?" He could not tell.-I then explained to him the Gospel plan

of salvation.

Feb. 23-Felt much pleasure in meeting the people. One said, "Thank the Lord Jesus Christ for bringing me to this country, to hear His Word! He good to me, but my heart follow sin every moment. Sometimes my heart say You see them people what no hear (believe) God's Word-they no have trouble they go easy; but you have trouble too much.' But then I consider God's Word says, There is no peace to the wicked. When I was in my country, I was sick, till I was left nothing but bone. Then I was in jail one year: plenty people die there, before I was put into a ship, and live on the water six months. Me sick very much no eat, no drink, for two or three days together; but God keep me : that's why I no die-He bring me safe through all. But, oh that great Day of Judgment! how can I stand then, who am not

worthy to speak to God now! When He
say, 'You no hear my Gospel from day
to day, from week to week, from year to
year, these three years? What can I
Oh wretched man that I am, who
shall deliver me?"-I reminded him'
that it was very profitable for us, often
to remember the way by which the Lord
God had led us in the wilderness; and that
He, who had saved us in past troubles,
would save us in the next.

March 2.-Felt happy this evening, in meeting those, whom I believe to be citizens of the heavenly Jerusalem, and preparing for that blessed habitation.

One of them prayed much against pride; and afterward greatly lamented the temptation to pride by which he had been assaulted. Another spoke much of the sweetness which he found in God's Word, and wished that others might know the same sweetness in it as he did: he said, "Sometimes, when trouble want to catch one man, his friend can say, "When that trouble come, I can help you :' but, when it come, he say, 'No! me can't help you there-bye and bye, palaver go catch me:' but God no stand so! for He will never leave nor forsake his people!”

South Africa.



Extracts of the Diary, from Midsummer
1820, to Lady Day 1822.
In our Volume for 1821, pp. 147-
152, were printed extracts of the
Diary kept at Gnadenthal for the First
Half of the Year 1820. We shall
now give extracts from the parts of
From April to September 1821, no
the Diary which have since appeared.
Diary has been published.

July 4, 1820-A person, who had not yet obtained permission to be a Candidate for Baptism, said, “I feel myself so full of sin, that I dare scarcely raise my eyes from the ground, for I know that I am unworthy of the smallest favour: yet I often long, with tears, for the privilege of being a Candidate. Sometimes I think, it is not proper to entertain so strong a desire; and I then endeavour to repress it: but this I find impossible. When I come to Church, and am told of the love of Christ to sinners, it is as it a voice addressed me, 'Even thee He will not reject; come then to Him, just as thou art."

A Candidate for Baptism said, “ My sister has been long since baptized, but has proved unfaithful to our Saviour.This circumstance has made me reason thus within myself: Why has this grace been conferred upon her, as our Saviour knew that she was not worthy of it; and why am I, on the other hand, suffered to stand in the back-ground? Now, however, I perceive, that just this idea has stood in my way: and I pray our Saviour, to deliver me entirely from it; and to grant me the grace to feel more trouble about my own state, and less about that of others."

A Woman said, "I have been now a long time a poor unworthy Candidate for Baptism, and have often felt distressed on account of it. The fault, how ever, rests entirely with myself: for I have been often disobedient to the Spirit of God, and acted contrary to my vow as Candidate. Oh that our Saviour would yet have mercy upon me, and cause me to grow in His grace and knowledge!"

July 9, 1820-Nine persons were admitted for Baptism, and twelve baptized: seven were received into the congregation. When the joyful intelligence was made known to them, many were deeply affected, and shed tears of thankfulness for the grace conferred upon them.

In these days, the Baptized and Candidates for the Holy Communion were spoken with individually, by Br. Beinbrech and his Wife; who were much encouraged and rejoiced, by their unreserved declarations of the state of their souls. One of them said, "Some time ago, it was as if a gulph existed between me and our Saviour. When I wished to draw near to Him in prayer, I could not. But, thanks to Him! the way is now open; and I can address all my complaints and desires to Him, in the most confident manner."


July 20-The conversations held with the Communicants were very satisfactory.

One of them, whose child-like dependence on our Saviour is always edifying to us, said, “Yesterday, something very extraordinary took place. Three oxen broke into my wheat-field during the night, but did not destroy any of the blades of corn, which by this time have grown pretty high. When I perceived this, I thought, This is the Lord's doing : He knows that I am a poor man, and have a large family of children, so that I cannot afford to lose any thing. He has therefore closed the mouths of the

oxen, and said to them, Touch it not ; for the children are crying for bread.'"

August 10-The Communicants were spoken to in companies, in reference to the Holy Communion. As this regulation had not been adhered to for several years, the impression which the renewal of it made on the minds of all present was very great. The subject of brotherly love, being the main topic of conversation, gave occasion to many edifying remarks. With much feeling and many tears, the Hottentots acknowledged, that, in regard to this essential point, they were yet very defective: each took blame to himself; and many, with much emotion, entreated forgiveness of all present, if they had given offence.

Aug. 13-The celebration of the Festival of this day was attended by a particular sensation of our Saviour's presence on this occasion, 17 persons, who had been confirmed on the 9th, were favoured to partake, for the first time, of the Holy Communion.

Aug. 22-We held an examination of the boys belonging to our School, in presence of the European Brethren and Sisters, and the parents of the children. On this occasion, 60 boys, who had arrived at the proper age, left the School, to make room for others. We united in offering our tribute of thankfulness to the Lord, who has evidently laid a blessing upon the endeavours of Br. Lemmerz, at the same time encouraging the pupils to make a proper use of their great privileges, We concluded with fervent prayers for the continuance of the Divine Blessing. The Schools consisted, exclusive of the above-mentioned 60 boys, of 127 boys and 150 girls.

Sept-In the beginning of this month, the Brethren Hallbeck and Clemens, and their Wives, were engaged in speaking with the married people, of whom there are 220 pairs residing in the Settlement. Most of them are truly desirous to live in the experience of the grace of God, and to bring up their children in the nurture and admonition of the Lord. On the latter most important subject, the Missionaries had much circumstantial conversation with each married pair, having a family; and they observed, with pleasure, that, although some were constrained to acknowledge, with shame, their great deficiency in the discharge of their parental duties, more attention appeared to have been paid to them than had been the case formerly:

all of them promised, that, through the enabling grace of our Saviour, they would attend more diligently to the performance of the sacred obligations imposed upon them.

A married man expressed himself as follows "I never forget to wash my hands and face every morning; and I do not feel comfortable, till I have done it. Oh that I were always equally desirous to have my heart cleansed from the stains of sin! This is the more needful for me, as I have children, to whom I ought to give a good example. One would hardly suppose it to be the case, but I have often remarked, that children are as quick in discerning the blemishes in our hearts, as the spots upon our faces; and then all admonitions become fruitless!"

Another man, a few days ago, happened to meet one of the Missionaries, and addressed him as follows-" What you said to me, the other day, has dwelt on my mind, by day and by night, viz. that I ought to be a Priest in my own house. This duty becomes more and more clear to me, the oftener I think about it. Oh help me to pray, that I may become such a Priest as you described!"

Sept. 7, 1820-Besides the usual solemnities on this day, it was enlivened by the baptism of four married men, who had long been waiting for this privilege. In the evening, the whole congregation partook of the Holy Communion. As usual on such occasions, joyful hymns of praise resounded, both in the morning and evening, throughout our happy Vale of Grace (Gnadenthal). Should our dear Brethren and Sisters, and friends in Europe, be eye and earwitnesses of such striking occurrences, they would doubtless be powerfully excited to praise the Lord for His mighty works, and thankful for what has already been effected, and the more freely contribute towards the furtherance of the Gospel among the Heathen.

Sept. 9-A School was opened for the great boys and youths, with fervent prayers for the Divine blessing. One for the elder girls had already commenced on the 19th of February.

Sept. 20-A Letter from the Rev. Mr. Messer, at Pacaltsdorp, gave us information, that two of our Communicants, who were there on a visit, viz. Theodore Pitt and Sabina Pitt, had departed this life, by occasion of an infectious fever. Sabina lost her speech seven days before her departure, which

took place on the 20th of July; in con sequence of which, Mr. Messer could not report much on the subject of her state of heart, during her illness: he had, however, a short time before her falling sick, seen pleasing proofs of her attention to spiritual things, when she partook of the Holy Communion with his congregation of Hottentots.

Concerning the last days of Theodore Pitt, his Letter stated, that, during the progress of his disorder, his heart was continually engaged in converse with his Saviour. On one occasion, he expressed himself thus to a Hottentot: "Many of my friends have been to see me, but I have felt no freedom to converse with them. Our Saviour has sent you to me, that I might tell you what is in my heart: a child of God should say nothing, but what our Saviour enables him to speak; otherwise he speaks from pride, deceives himself, and is punished for it by indifference and dryness of heart." He then added, "I am quite astonished at the faithfulness of the good Shepherd; that He has had mercy, even on the poor Hottentots, and sent to them teachers, who stand at the entrance of the fold, and compel the wild sheep, who would rather remain outside, to enter in. I hope," he further remarked, " that I have given no one here offence; but the words of a man are often like an invisible pernicious blast, which does mischief before one is aware of it. It may, therefore, have been the case; and if so, I beg forgiveness of all.”

Sept. 29-Nineteen persons received permission to become Candidates for Baptism; 13 to be baptized; and 5 to be received into the congregation. Brother and Sister Thomsen had previously spoken with our people; and expressed themselves particularly gratified with many of the children, whose declarations were uncommonly free and openhearted.

Maria Jacobs, an unbaptized child, said "My earnest desire is, that I may become a child of God; and it therefore grieves me, that I cannot yet attend the meetings of the baptized children. I have often followed the advice of my dear mother; and prayed to our Saviour, that He would open my heart, whenever I go to Church; and I feel that He hears my prayers, and blesses me, when I attend the meetings."

Another child, when asked if he was obedient, answered in the negative, and


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