The Conscious Universe: Parts and Wholes in Physical Reality, 2nd edition

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Imagine that two people have been chosen to be observers in a scien tific experiment involving two photons, or quanta of light. These pho tons originate from a single source and travel in opposite directions an equal distance halfway across the known universe to points where each will be measured or observed. Now suppose that before the pho tons are released, one observer is magically transported to a point of observation halfway across the known universe and the second ob server is magically transported to another point an equal distance in the opposite direction. ·The task of the observers is to record or meas ure a certain property of each photon with detectors located at the two points so that the data gathered at each can later be compared. Even though the photons are traveling from the source at the speed of light, each observer would have to wait billions of years for one of the photons to arrive at his observation point. Suppose, how ever, that the observers are willing to endure this wait because they hope to test the predictions of a mathematical theorem. This theorem not only allows for the prospect that there could be a correlation be tween the observed properties of the two photons but also indicates that this correlation could occur instantly, or in no time, in spite of the fact that the distance between the observers and their measuring instruments is billions of light years.
 

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Содержание

Introduction
1
Physics and Metaphysics
6
Science as a Way of Knowing
8
Two Small Clouds The Emergence of a New Physics
10
Light and Relativity Theory
12
Entering the Realm of the Unvisualizable
17
The Rise of Quantum Theory
20
A New View of Atoms
23
The Hot Big Bang Theory
107
Problems with Big Bang Theory
110
Inflation as the Solution to the Big Bang Problems
115
The Emergence of a New Vision The Unfolding Universe
119
The Universe as a Quantum System
121
The Observational Problem in Cosmology
123
Nonlocality and Cosmology
125
Three Types of Nonlocalities
127

Waves as Particles and Particles as Waves
27
The New Logical Framework of Complementarity
31
The Strange New World of the Quantum WaveParticle Dualism
33
The TwoSlit Experiment
38
Plancks Constant
42
Quantum Probabilities and Statistics
45
The Schrodinger Cat Paradox
47
Quantum Field Theory
50
Confronting a New Fact of Nature Bells Theorem and the Aspect and Gisin Experiments
56
The EPR Thought Experiment
58
A More Detailed Account of Experiments Testing Bells Theorem
61
Results of Experiments Testing Bells Theory
65
History of Experiments Testing Bells Theorem
67
Confronting a New Fact of Nature
70
Changing the Rules A New Epistemology of Science
72
Realism Versus Idealism in the Quantum World
76
Complementarity and Objectivity
77
The Need to Use Classical Concepts
79
CI and the Experiments Testing Bells Theorem
82
Complementarity and the Language of Mathematics
84
The Logic of Nature Complementarity and the New Biology
90
Part and Whole in Darwinian Theory
92
PartWhole Complementarity in Microbial Life
94
PartWhole Complementarities in Complex Living Systems
96
Emergence in the Whole of the Biota
98
Competition Versus Cooperation Within Species
99
Competition Versus Cooperation between Species
101
Ancient Whispers The Expanding Universe
105
Complementarity and Cosmology
129
Quantum Ontologies Metaphysics in Modern Physics
134
The Quest for a New Ontology
135
The New Epistemology in a Philosophical Context
140
Parallels with Eastern Metaphysics
141
The Ceremony of Innocence Physics Metaphysics and the Dialog between Science and Religion
143
Physics and SeventeenthCentury Metaphysics
144
Metaphysics and Classical Physics
148
Einstein and the Positivists
149
Einsteins View
151
Philosophical Implications of Nonlocality
153
Parts and Wholes in Physical Reality
155
The Conscious Universe
157
Consciousness and the Single Significant Whole
158
A New Dialog Between Science and Religion
160
Horizons of Knowledge in Cosmological Models
162
Hypothesis of LargeScale Complementarities
166
Quantum Resolution of Cosmological Measurement Problems
169
Notes
172
Chapter 2
173
Chapter 4
174
Chapter 5
175
Chapter 6
177
Chapter 8
178
Chapter 9
179
Appendix
180
Index
181
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