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Larnaca To Nicosia—continued.

Aradippo, which consists of about twenty-five houses and a church, lies a short distance to the left of the road, and is surrounded by a few small gardens. Nicosia can be reached by a road through Aradippo and Pali, but tbe distance is rather longer than by the main road through Athienon.

Cultivation now almost entirely ceases, and the country is generally dry and arid, but wherever there is even a trickle of water all becomes verdant; at intervals small huts are passed, and these, being built close to water, stand in fertile gardens forming oases in the miniature desert. For about six miles the road ascends, but not steeply, and posses through a hilly limestone country; then a narrow plateau is crossed, from which an extensive view over the Mcssariu plain is obtainod, and the road descends tho northern slope of the hills. The country is here much broken, and tho ravines of the winter torrents are covered with shrub*. There are two roads between Aradippo and Athienon, tho westerly ono of the two is the best. The uncultivated ground is thiokly covered with wild thyme, bushes of a furzy nature, and thistles.

The village of Athienou consists of a group of mud houses and a neat G reek church. There. is not much to attract the eye, but it is considered in Cyprus a thriving village, and is chiefly inhabited by muleteers, who keep good mules for hire. The village stands in a gentle depression, and round it are cornfields, some large and rich gardens of olives and mulberries, and a few vineyards. The water supply is plentiful, and some of the undulating ground in the vicinity is under tillage. The road continues through a partially cultivated country, and the plain is varied here and there by low table-shaped hills of sand and conglomerate. No trees are to be seen except the olives and other fruit trees which generally grow close to the villages or detached houses.

Piroi is a small and unimportant village close to the rood. Here the river Idalia is crossed by a stone bridge which was built by the Venetians. A mule track from Larnaca, which is said to bo shorter than the main road, joins it at the bridge, having hitherto taken a direction slightly more to the eastward. Tho road continues through a flat and uninteresting country and passes Aglangia and other insignificant villages; a low ridge of hills is crossed from which a good view of Nicosia, about two miles distant, is obtained. The northern part of the Messaria plain is well cultivated, and produces the best grain crops in tho island. The town of Nicosia is described in tho preceding chapter.

Tho whole road, though passable by carriages, is said to be in a very bad condition.

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2. Famagusta To Laenaca.

The road leaves Famogusta by the gate at the southwestern angle of the fortifications, and takes a southerly direction to the town of Varoscliia. Both Famagusta and Varoschia are described in the preceding chapter. The road then turns south-west, and passes through a flat and dreary country, which is entirely without trees, and Tery scantily inhabited. The western end of Lake Faralhnni, which in summer is dry, is skirted, and the small village of Sotira also lies on the left-hand side ot the road, which continues through a dry and arid plain, over which it is said at one time the forest of Idalium extended.

The Tillage of Ormidia is pleasantly situated at the eastern extremity of the Bay of Larnaea; it consists of a number of scattered huts built along a range of heights OTerlooking the water. General di Cesnola made this place his summer residence for several years, and praises it Tery highly; the chief attractions are stated to be, a nevor failing cool breero ot night, good water, and largo shady gardens. Tho rood turns west after passing Ormidia, and skirts the shore of tho bay for some miles passing MaTrospilios and Bidgclio; the sea is bordered by low rocks which time and weather haTO formed into stalactitic shapes. At a ruined and dismantled fort called Yeni Kale, the coast line trends round to tho southward, and the road follows the course of the bay, turning a little inland in order to aToid a piece of marshy ground where some streams run down to tho sea. A great part of the country in this neighbourhood is uncultiTated and coTered with heath, weeds, thistles, and thorny shrubs.

Larnaea is described in the preceding chapter. This road could be made passable by carriages without any great labour, as most of the country traversed is quite flat.


Tho road posses through tho fortifications by the Cerinea gate, and takes a general northerly direction through a plain, the greater port of which is in the spring sown with groin, and yields good crops. In summer it is, howeTer, entirely burnt up, ond only thistles and thorny weeds ore to be seen amongst stubble.

The road crosses tho River Fedias about ono ond a half miles from the walls of Nicosia i this stream is Tery Torioble in its condition; ofter the rains it is so full of woter that it orerflows its bonks, inundates tho adjoining flot country, and spreads a rich alluvium OTer the fields, but in summer it is often either dry, or has only a moro trickle of water in its bed. , For about two and a half miles more, the road continues Places on the


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Nicosia To Cehinea—continuad.

through a plain of the same nature as above described, then it commences gradually to rise, and enters a broken and rugged country, covered with low rocky hills of a brown colour; these are divided. by steep gullies, which, in the rainy season become torrents. The road is nothing more than a mere bridle-path winding amongst the out-cropping ridges of rock. This description of country continues for about four miles, and then the road dips into a narrow valley, where the green herbage indicates the presence of water, flocks of sheep and goats are to bo found hero, but not much of tho land is cultivated, and it is very thinly populated.

On the northern side of this valley, and near the foot of the steep slope of the chain of mountains bordering tho coast, is the small village of Dikomo, pleasantly situated amongst groves of trees, and fertile fields irrigated by the springs of the valley. Tin; road soon commences to ascend somewhat steeply to tho summit of a low spur which projects from tho main range, and along the ridge of which it continues for a short distance, leading straight to a gorge which intersects the mountains. The surface of the ground is chiefly rock, but in the interstices and wherever there is soil, there is a thick growth of myrtle and evergreen shrubs, and a carpet oi wild thyme, and other sweet-scented flowers; in the hollows are some young pines and olive trees. In the gorge the road improves, it is narrow but well defined, and has been built across the depressions; the surface is somewhat rough and stony, but no very great labour would be required to convert it into a practicable road for strong vehicles. The road is not quite straight, so the distance measured on the map is only approximate.

The road ascends gradually to the summit of the Pass, whence a good view is obtained over the sea to the north of the island, and the mountains of Coramonia are seen on the horizon. The gorge is bounded by bare grey rocks. As the descent commences the gorge begins to open out, and soon Cerinea may be seen far below on the shore. The northern slope of the mountains is very steep, and there is no regular road down the side until near the bottom, where a narrow belt of smooth ground slopes gently down to the water,s edge. Locust-bean trees and olives abound, much of tho land is cultivated, and villages and detached houses are scattered hero and there. This appears to bo a favoured part of the island as regards both climate and fertility.

Cerinea is described in tho preceding chapter.

naces on the Road.

Pittances In


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Tho city of Nicosia has been described in the preceding chapter. This road pusses through the fortifications by the Famagusta gate, and takes a south-easterly direction through the Mossaria plain which is here very generally cultivated and under tillage; the crops are chiefly wheat and barley. Seiff says that he noticed large flocks] of sheep in several parts of the plain. The village of Aglangia is seen off the road to the righthand side; shortly a small group of houses called Paliokora is passed, and numerous sheep-folds are in this neighbourhood. Kei Kiu, an unimportant hamlet is passed, and a village called Timpu, or Tymbo, lies off the road to tho right. The plain is bordered on the south by a scries of low bare hills.

As the River Idalia is approached, the road passes through fertile gardens and plantations of trees irrigated by the river, tho water supply of which is, however, very uncertain.

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Soon after crossing the river tho road passes through tho Turkish village of Ornithi, and a mile further the small villnge of Aphaiulin is reached. Both of theso are quite unimportant, tho latter consists merely of a cluster of miserable clay huts. Tho country is here a bare plain, traces of cultivation oro rarely seen, and there ore no trees whatever.

Aschia is a largo Greek village, after passing which the road turns slightly more towards the east, and a village called Stronghile' is shortly seen about one mile to tho left of the road. The country adjoining the road hero becomes more cultivated.

Vatili is described by Seiff as a pleasant village, of which the houses are unusually clean, and which possesses a church with a fine tower. About six miles further on the village of Contea is seen a short distance off the road on the right, it consists chiefly of detached houses surrounded by gardens and trees.

Euklia is a small village, where the only thing worthy of notico is tho beautiful country place of Signor Mantrovani; here the carefully planted gardens and orchards show what may in this place and climate bo achieved by a thorough knowledge of the art of cultivation.

After Kuklia tho road passes amongst a series of sandy hillocks, which are entirely without vegetation, until it reaches the poor villago of Ealopsida, situated in a Bmall valley. In this vicinity Seiff noticed the locust traps, composed of screens and ditches, invented by M. Mnttei, and which are described in Chapter VIT. From Kalopsida the road traverses a low and marshy country, until the rising ground in the vicinity of Aschcritu is reached. Then again the road passes over a large expanse of low marshy ground. Varoschia is a suburb of Fnmagusta, and both these places are described in the lost Chnptcr.

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Nicosia To FiMAauaiA—continued.
Before entering Famagusta several large potteries and

extensive gardens are passed.
The road enters the town by a gate at the south-west

corner of the fortifications crossing the ditch by means

of a drawbridge. There appears to be no difficulty in transforming

this route into a good carriage road, as it traverses

almost level ground through the whole distance;

hitherto it has been but little used, as the traffic

between Nicosia and Famagusta is very small compared

to that between Nicosia and Larnaca.


This road, on leaving Larnaca, tales for a short
distance a direction nearly west; it skirts the northern
extremity of the salt lakes, and then turns south-west;
the cultivation is very partial, and between the plots of
tilled ground, occur large wastes of heath, thistles and
thorny bushes.
The springs of Arpera, and the aqueduct leading
thence to Larnaca, have already been mentioned.
The village is small and unimportant; there is a mill
driven by the water. At short intervals the road now
crosses mountain torrents rising in the slopes of Monte
8. Croce, along the stony beds of which a considerable
volume of water flows during the rainy season, but in
summer they are generally dry. The names of the
largest of these streams are the Tetios, the Deresi and
the Pentaskhino. Near the left bank of the latter
stream, and about one-and-a-half miles from the shore
is the village of Mazoto, which is belter built than the
majority of the villages along this coast; the inhabitants
arc entirely Greeks; part of the country in this
neighbourhood is cultivated. The road now turns
more to the westward, and is parallel to the shore, and
generally at a distance of about a mile from it; on the
elopes of the mountains to the north are large quantities
of enrol) and olive trees, many of which are wild, and
require grafting.
Maroni stands on the left bank of the stream of the
same name which flows from Mount Makhera; it is an
unimportant village.

The road is not passable by carriages, and there is
often difficulty in crossing the streams and ravines on
horseback, as there are scarcely any bridges. A great
deal of the land between Maroni and Amathus is waste,
the villages of Fcntakomo, Moni, and others equally
insignificant are passed. The spurs from Mount
Makhera here extend nearly to the shore.
At Amathus are tho ruins of on ancient town, which
bears ovident traces of having originully been a
Phoenician settlement; Tacitus and other authors speak
of Amathus as tho oldest city in Cyprus. General di

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