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The Dean of Manchester is a staunch Liberal in his politics, and was one of the few clerical supporters of Mr. Gladstone on the Irish Church Disestablishment question. Theologically he and the Premier would also agree, and considering the somewhat vague opinions held by the Bishop of Manchester on things ecclesiastical, it is extremely fortunate for the Northern province that a Churchman of the decided views held by the decanus of Cottonopolis should have been appointed to the dignity.
THE LORD BISHOP OF ST. ANDREW'S.
THE Wordsworths have played a prominent part in the literary and ecclesiastical history of the United Kingdom. William Wordsworth, Poet Laureate ; Christopher (his brother), the illustrious Master of Trinity, and predecessor of Whewell; the present Bishop of Lincoln ; and the subject of this memoir—these form a phalanx of literati which, for consistency, piety, and learning, it would be hard to equal, even assuming that each individuality was culled from a distinct and separate family ; but when it is remembered that they bear one name, and are of the same kindred, it strikes us as being almost phenomenal.
The Right Reverend Charles Wordsworth, D.C.L., Bishop of St. Andrew's, Dunkeld, and Dunblane, is the second son of the late Rev. Dr. Christopher Wordsworth (referred to above), whilom Dean of Bocking, Rector of Lambeth, and afterwards Master of Trinity College, Cambridge. His mother was Priscilla, a daughter of Charles Lloyd, Esq., of Bingley House, Birmingham. The family of Wordsworth came from Penistone, in Yorkshire, and may be traced back to the end of the fourteenth century. Dr. Charles Wordsworth was born at Lambeth Rectory, in the year 1806, and was baptized in the Private Chapel of Lambeth Palace, his god-fathers being no less distinguished persons than his uncle, the Poet, and the then Archbishop of Canterbury (Dr. Charles Manners-Sutton). Mr. Wordsworth was edu. cated at Harrow, under Dr. George Butler, whence he proceeded to Christ Church, Oxford, graduating in the year 1830, when he obtained a First Class in literis humanioribus. Prior to this he had successfully competed for the Latin Verse Poem (in 1827), and as a reward for this distinction the Dean of Christ Church gave him a studentship. He also gained the Latin Prize Essay in 1831. We are told in Dr. Gordon's “Scotichronicon," a work to which we are much indebted in the preparation of this memoir, that Mr. Wordsworth, after taking his B.A. degree, remained at Oxford for two or three years, acting as a private tutor, during which time he reckoned amongst his pupils the late Duke of Newcastle, the present Premier, the late Bishop of Salisbury (Dr. Walter Kerr Hamilton), Cardinal Manning, and the late Mr. Hope Scott. His early intimacy with two of these ultimately led to his taking up his residence in Scotland.
Asa successful competitor in athletics, Mr. Wordsworth was well known during his University career, attaining to unique distinction both in the cricket field and on the river. One of the “ Eleven" in the first (1827), and also in the second (1829) cricket match played between the two English Universities ; also rowing as one of the “ Eight" in the first boat race (in the same year), he took part in both encounters. He pulled against the late Bishop Selwyn and the present Dean of Ely (Dr. Merivale). The Boat Race and Cricket Match in this instance (1829) fell in the same week. On all three occasions the subject of this sketch was victorious.
In 1834 Mr. Wordsworth was ordained deacon by the then Bishop of Oxford (the Hon. Dr. Bagot), remaining in deacon's orders until 1840, when he was ordained priest by the Bishop of Winchester (Dr. Charles Richard Sumner). Mr. Wordsworth continued to hold the Studentship in his College until his marriage, in 1835, with Miss Charlotte Day, eldest daughter of the Rev. George Day. She died four years afterwards, leaving an only daughter. The right reverend subject of this memoir composed as an inscription for her monument the following elegant Latin distich, and which touchingly shows the depth of feeling of the young widower. It has been much noticed and admired by scholars, the late Earl of Derby, amongst others, attempting a translation into equivalent English verse. As his seems the most accurate it appeared in the Guardian for May ist, 1867), we set it out. The Latin was as follows:
I, nimium dilecta, vocat Deus ; I, bona nostræ
Pars animæ: mærens altera, disce sequi.
Too dearly loved, thy God hath called thee ; Go,
Go, thou best portion of this widowed heart :
So learn to follow, as no more to part. On the Second Mastership of Winchester College becoming vacant in 1835, Mr. Wordsworth was chosen to succeed to the office. He filled this dignified post with infinite credit for the space of a decade. We are informed that this was the first instance of one being elected as a Master on Wykeham's venerable foundation who had not himself been educated at Winchester (Mr. Wordsworth is an Harrovian). We are here reminded of the reverend gentleman's “Christian Boyhood at a Public School” (2 Vols. 8vo, 1846), a perusal of which we would recommend to all those who would wish to see more fully his method of treating his Foundation Scholars. In the same year he published "The College of St. Mary, Winton, near Winchester" (illustrated, small 4to. Previously to this the subject of our biography had become eminent as a preacher and theologian by a sermon on “Evangelical Repentance," which he delivered in Winchester Cathedral, in aid of the two Catholic Church Societies (the S.P.C.K. and S.P.G.), on November 11th, 1841. This was published (by request) being dedicated to the Warden of Winchester. The sermon attracted much attention at the time, for it went so far as to advocate the restoration of Primitive Discipline, according to the express wish of the Church in her Commination Office. It was supplemented and fortified by an elaborate and learned “Appendix” of authorities, ancient and Anglican.
For want of space, we are precluded from going into so detailed a statement of this learned divine's life and labours as we should desire. But passing on we may put it on record that as far back as 1839 his reputation as a Greek Scholar was very great. This was confirmed by the attempt which he commenced in that year to put an end to the confusion (we were almost going to write chaos) which prevailed through the use of various Grammars in the different English Public and Private Schools. His “Græcæ Grammaticæ Rudimenta in usum Scholarum,” which first appeared in 1839, and was and is published by the Oxford Clarendon Press, has now reached the Eighteenth Edition, and has superseded almost every other work of a similar kind in England. A full account of the labour and difficulty which he had to encounter in accomplishing this task, and of the principles upon which it was executed, may be seen in a pamphlet which he printed in 1866, on the occasion of his Grammar having been formally accepted by the Head Masters of the nine principal Public Schools. It is entitled “The School Greek Grammar: a Letter to the Rev. Dr. Moberly, Head Master of Winchester College,” [now Lord Bishop of Salisbury), Edinburgh, 1866.
Unfortunately for himself Mr. Wordsworth had devoted his energies with too much zeal to his scholastic work, for in the autumn of 1845 he was compelled to withdraw from his post at Winchester, and seek the benefit of rest and sea-air at Brighton. His venerable father, who was residing in that neighbourhood (being Rector of Buxted), was himself in declining strength (he died in the February of the following year), and was averse to Charles' returning; the consequence was that he withstood the earnest solicitations of the Warden and Head Master, resigning his office as Second Master (worth more than £1,400 per annum with a suitable residence,) at the Christmas of that year. After his father's decease, he returned to Winchester for the sake of the society of old friends, and was living there privately, when, on the morning of Whitsun Eve, 1846, he unexpectedly received a letter from Mr. Gladstone (who then held office in Sir Robert Peel's Ministry), stating that he was coming to see him that night on important business, and to stay with him the next day. This turned out to be a request on Mr. Gladstone's part that Mr. Wordsworth would accept the Office of Warden of Trinity College, which was then being raised near Perth, in Scotland, upon the banks of the Almond. It was urged that his past career, especially his experience of the system of English Public Schools, would be likely to prove of the greatest assistance to the new Institution. Mr. Wordsworth objected that he was "a broken-down-horse," quite unfit for the labour and anxiety of such an undertaking. To this it was rejoined that he might have a year to recruit, as the College Buildings were not sufficiently advanced to admit of its being opened till the following Spring. In point of emolument, however, the proposed office was not equal, by less than one half, the value of that which he had resigned a few months before; but when Mr. Wordsworth found that Trinity College had been mainly set on foot by two of his old Oxford friends and pupils (Mr. Gladstone and the late Mr. Hope Scott) for purposes in which he entirely sympathised, all his scruples vanished, and he consented to allow his name to be submitted to the College of Bishops for appointment to the Wardenship. There is reason to believe that he felt bitter disappointment when, shortly after, Mr. Hope Scott joined the Roman Church ; and Mr. Gladstone began to deviate from the political (at any rate from the politico-ecclesiastical) principles which they all three had once held in common. We may state that the name “Glenalmond” was given to the College by Mr. Wordsworth, who was greatly charmed by its poetical sound. We should not pass on without here stating that when he resigned the Second Mastership at Winchester, Mr. Wordsworth was presented by the boys with a splendidly bound copy of "Dugdale's Monasticon," (1846), it being given to him as one whom his scholars had found “per decem annos blandum, simplicem, et in alumnos animi paterni notissimum.” His former Pupils subscribed to place in the College AnteChapel a beautiful window of richly stained-glass, by Wailes, “ as a tribute of gratitude” to his memory; which, besides the initials “C. UU.," bears, under suitable emblematic figures, in the four lower compartments, the following Inscription :
ad Sanctam Eucharistiam-et ad omnia Cælestia, Pastor, magister, memores gratosque
discipulos ducebat. (After Baptism-by Catechising—through Confirmation -to the Holy Eucharist—and to all heavenly things, he was wont, as a Spiritual Pastor and Master, to lead his Disciples, who thus express their remembrance and gratitude).
From the Assistant Masters (eight in number) he received, "in amicitiæ et observantiæ testimonium," a valuable collection of theological volumes of several kinds; while, by the request and at the expense of the present Bishop of Sarum (the Head Master), his portrait, painted by Richmond, subsequently occupied the place of honour over the chimney piece in Dr. Moberly's Library ; and copies of the same were to be seen similarly distinguished in the homes of other Masters at Winchester.
Passing over the up-hill and self-sacrificing work of Mr.