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XXI. Of the Authority of General Councils.
the Commandment and Will of Princes. And when they be gathered together (forasmuch as they be an Affenbly of Men, whereof all be not governed with the Spirit and Word of God) they may err, and sometimes have erred, even in Things pertaining unto God Wherefore Things ordained by them as necessary to Salvation, have neither Strength nor Authority, unless it may be declared that they be taken out of holy Scripture.
XXII Of Purgatory.
Worshipping and Adoration, as weli of Images as of Reliques, and also Invocation of Saints, is a fond Thing vainly invented, and grounded upon no Warranty of Scripiure, but rather repugnant to the Word of God.
XXIII. Of ministering in the Congregation. T is not lawful for any Man to take upon him the Office
of publick Preaching, or ministering the Sacraments in the Congregarion, before he be lawfully called and sent to execute the same. And those we ought to judge lawfully called and fent, which be chosen and called to this work by Men who have publick Authority given unto them in the Congregation to call and send Ministers into the Lords Vineyard. XXV. Of Speaking in the Congregation in such a Tengue as
the people 19derstandeth. TT is a Thing plainly repugnant to the Word of God, and
the Cutom at the Primitive Church, to have Publick Prayer in the Church, or to minister the Sacraments iri 3 Tongue not underllanued of the People.
XXV. Of the Sacraments.
kens of Chritian Mens Proft lion, but rather they be certain lure Witneltes, and effectual Signs of Grace, and God's goo: Will towaris us; by the which he doch work invisibly in us, and doth not only quicken, but also trengthand confira our Faith in iin,
There are two Sacraments ordained of Christ our Lord in the Gospel ; that is to say, Baptism, and the Supper of the Lord.
Those five, commonly called Sacramenes, that is to say, Confirmation, Penance, Orders, Matrimony, and extreme Unction, are not to be counted for Sacraments of the Golpel; being such as are grown, partly of the corrupe follow- . ing of the Apostles, partly are States of Life allowed by the Scriptures : But yet have not like Nature of Sacraments with Baprism, and the Lords Supper, for that they have not any visible Sign or Ceremony ordained of God.
The Sacraments were not ordained of Christ to be gazed upon, or to be carried about, but that we should duly use them. And in such only as worthily receive the same, they have a wholesome Effect or Operation : But they that receive them unworthily purchase to themselves Damnation, as Saint Paul saith. XXVI. Of the unworthiness of the Ministers, which hinders
not the Effect of the Sacraments. Lthough in the Visible Church the Evil be ever
mingled with the Good, and sometimes the Evil have chief Authority in the Ministeration of the Word and Sacramenţs : Yet, forasmuch as they do not the same in their own Name, but in Christs, and do minister by his Commission and Authority, we may use their Ministery, both in hearing the Word of God, and in the receiving of the Sacraments. Neither is the Effect of Chrifts Ordinance taken away by their Wickedness, nor the Grace of Gods Gifts diminished from such, as by Faith, and righely do receive che Sacraments ministered unto them, which be effectual, because of Chrifts Institution and Promile, although they be ministered by evil Men.
Nevertheless, it appertaineth to the Dicipline of the Church, that Enquiry be made of evil Minilters, and that they be accused by those that have knowledge of their Offences; and finally, being found guilty, by just Judgment be deposed.
XXVII. Of Baptism.
XXVIII. Of the Lords Supper.
that Christians ought to have among themselves one to another, but rather it is a Sacrament of our Redemption by Chrifts Death; infomuch that to such as rightly, worthily, and with Faith receive the same, the Bread which we break, is a partaking of the Body of Christ; and likewise the Cup of Blesing is a partaking of the Blood of Christ.
Transubstantiation, or the Change of the Substance of Bread and Wine in the Supper of che Lord, cannot be proved by holy Writ; but it is repugnant to the plain Words of Scripture, overthroweth the Nature of a Sacrament, and hath given Occasion to many Superititions.
The Body of Christ is given, taken, and eaten in the Supper, only after an heavenly and sp:ritual Manner. And the Mean whereby the Body of Christ is received and caten in the Supper, is Faith.
The Sacrament of the Lords Supper was not by Christs Ordinance reserved, carried about, lifted up, or worshipped, XXIX. Of the Wicked, which eat not the Body of Christ in
the Use of the Lords Supper. THE HE Wicked, and lui h as be void of a lively Faith,
h although they do carnally and visibly press with their Teeth, as Saint Augustine faith, the Sacrament of the Body and Blood of Christ; yet in no wise are they Partakers of Chrift, but rather, to their Condemnation, do eat and drink the Sign or Sacrament of to great a Thing:
XXX. Of both Kinds.
people : for both the parts of the Lords Sacrament, by Christs Ordinance and Commandment, ought to be Ministered to all Christian men alike. XXXI. Of the one Oblation of Christ finished upon the Cross.
THE Offering of Christ once made, is that perfect Re
fins of the whole worki, both Original and Actual, and there is none other Satisfaction for fin, but that alone. Wherefore the Sacrifice of Maffes, in the which it was commonly said that the Priest did offer Christ for the quick and the dead, to have remission of pain or guilt, were blasphemous Fables, and dangerous Deceits.
XXXII. Of the Marriage of Priests.
Gods Law, either to vow the Estate of single life, or to obstain from Marriage : therefore it is lawlul for them, as for all other Christian mén, to Marry at their own discretion, as they shall judge the same to serve better to godliness. XXXIII. Of excommunicate Persons, how they are to be avoided. THA THAT Person which by open Denunciation of the
Church, is rightly cut off from the Unity of the Church, and excommunicated, ought to be taken of the whole Multitude of the Faithful, as an Heathen and Pubtican, until he be openly reconciled by Penance, and received into the Church by a Judge that hath Authority thereunto.
XXXIV. of the Traditions of the Churcb. T is not neceffry that Traditions and Ceremonies be in
all Places one, or utterly like; for at all Times they have been divers, and may be changed according to the Diversity of Countries, Times, and Mens Manners, so thaç nothing be ordained against Gods Word. Whosoever, through his private judgment, willingly and purposely doth openly break the Traditions end Ceremonies of the Church, which be nut repugnant to the Word of God, and be ordained and approved by common Authority, ought to be rebuked openly, that other may fear to do the like, as he
that offendeth against the common Order of the Church, and hurteth the Authority of the Magistrate, and woundech the Consciences of the weak Brethren.
Every particular or national Church hath Authority to
XXXV. Of Homilies.
whereof we have joined under this Article, doch contain a godly and wholesome doctrine, and necessary for these Times, as doth the Former Book cf Homilies, which were fet forth in the Time of Edward the Sixth ; and therefore we judge them to be read in Churches by the Ministers, diligently and distinctly, that they be understanded of the Peuple.
Of the Names of the Homilies. 1 OF the right Use of the Church, 2 Against Peril of Idolatry. 3 Of repairing and keeping clean of Churches. 4 Of good Works: First of Fafting. 5 Against Gluttony and Drunknness. 6 Aza nft Excess of Apparel, 7 Of Prayer. 8 of the Place and time of prayer. 9 That Common Prayers and Sacraments ought to be Minift
ered in a known Tongue. 10 Of the Reverent Estimation of Gods Word. 11 Of Alms doing 12 Of the Nativity of Christ. 13 Of the Passion of Christ. 14 Of the Resurrection of Christ. 15 Of the worthy Receiving of the Sacrament of the Body and
Bloed of Christ. 16 Of the gifts of the Holy Ghost. 17 For the Rogation-days. 18 Of the State of Matrimony. 19 Of Repentance. 26 Against Idleness. 21 Againsi Rebellion.