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ion wherewith they were called, and adorned the gospel of our Lord in all things.” And having heen present at a consultation concerning the af. fairs of their church, in which, after several hours spent in conterence and prayer, they proceeded to the election and ordination of a bishop, he says, that the great simplicity, as well as solemnity hat the whole, almost made him forget the sevenfoyd hundred years between, and imagine himself in one of those assemblies where form and state were not, but Paul the tent-maker, or Peter the Hisherman presided, yet with the demonstration of the Spirit and of power.” Among the things of which he was chiefly afraid upon leaving England, one had been, that he should never again have so many faithful friends as he left there. He now exclaimed, “ But who knoweth the
power of God! From ten friends I am awhile secluded, and he hath opened me a door into the whole Moravian church.”
When Dr. Burton proposed Wesley as a proper person for the mission to Georgia, he was influenced by an opinion, that the more men were inured to a contempt of the conveniences and comforts of life, to serious thoughts and bodily austerities, the fitter they were for such an undertaking. He told him that the apostolical manner of preaching from house to house might be effectual, and turn inany to righteousness. He reminded him (as if seeing upon what rock he was most likely to be wrecked) of how great importance it was to distinguish with prudence between what is essential and what is merely circumstantial to Christianity; between what is indispensable and what is variable; between what is of divine and what is of human authority ;” and he warned him, that the people among whom he was going were “ babes in the progress of their Christian life, to be fed with milk instead of strong meat.” In one point Dr. Burton judged rightly; no man was more desirous of courting discomfort, or more able to endure privations and fatigue; in all other points never was man more thoroughly unfit for the service which he had undertaken. It seems at first to have been supposed that he would be engaged more as a missionary than as a chaplain, and he thought himself called to the conversion of the heathen. But when Tomochici came to welcome the governor on his arrival, and was introduced to the intended teacher, it appeared that unforeseen obstacles had arisen. “ I am glad you are come,” said the chief, speaking through the female interpreter to Wesley; “ when I was in England, I desired that some would speak the Great Word to me: and my nation then desired to hear it. But now we are all in confusion. Yet I am glad you are come. I will go up and speak to the wise men of our nation, and I hope they will hear. But we would not be made Christians as the Spaniards make Christians : we would be taught before we are baptized.” Wesley made answer, “ There is but One, He that sitteth in Heaven, who is able to teach man wisdom. Though we are come so far, we know not whether He will please to teach you by us, or no. If He teaches you,
you will learn wisdom; but we can do nothing.” Had he been master of their language, like those excellent men Eliot and Roger Williams, the manner of his speech indicates that he would have addressed them successfully in their own style : but he never seems to have attempted the arduous task of acquiring it; and when an opportunity offered of going among the Choctaws, and Mr. Oglethorpe objected to it, because there was danger of being intercepted or killed by the French; and still more because of the inexpediency of leaving Savannah without a minister, the two brethren discussed these objections with the Moravians, and acceded to their opinion, that they ought not yet to go. In Georgia, indeed, as the Jesuits had found it in South America, the vicinity of a white settlement would have proved the most formidable obstacle to the conversion of the Indians. When Tomo-chichi was urged to listen to the doctrines of Christianity, he keenly replied, Why, these are Christians at Savannah ! these are Christians at Frederica !” Nor was it without good apparent reason that the poor savage exclaimed, “ Christian much drunk! Christian beat men! Christian tell lies! Devil Christian ! Me no Christian !”
Wesley, however, was well pleased at first with bis situation: the place, he said, was pleasant beyond imagination : he was even persuaded that it was exceeding healthful, and he wrote to his mother, saying, he should be heartily glad if any poor and religious men or women of Epworth or Wroote
66 and soon
could come over to him ; inviting them with a promise of land enough, and of provisions till they could live upon its produce. He was satisfied also with his reception, and the effect which he produced. The people crowded to hear him; and when he beheld the deep attention with which they received the word, and the seriousness that after-, wards sate upon all their faces, he could scarce refrain from anticipating a continuance of the impression, « in spite,” he says, “ of experience, and reason, and Scripture altogether.” One of the ladies to whom he was introduced on his first land. ing, assured him that he would see as well-drest a congregation on Sunday, as most which he had seen in London.
“ I did so,” he says, · after took occasion to expound those Scriptures
which relate to dress, and to press them freely upon my audience, in a plain and close application. All the time that I afterwards ministered at Savannah, I saw neither gold in the church, nor costly apparel ; but the congregation in general was almost constantly clothed in plain clean linen or woollen. All,” he said,
All,” he said, “was smooth, and fair, and promising: many seemed to be awakened : all were full of respect and commendation.” He taught one school and Delamotte another : some of Delamotte's boys, who wore shoes and stockings, thought themselves superior to the poor
fellows who went bare-foot; and Wesley proposed to change schools for a while, that he might endeavour to cure an evil which his friend found himself unable to remedy. To effect this he went into the school without shoes and stockings himself. The boysstared at him and at each other: he, of course, took no notice, but kept them to their work : it was soon evident that the unshod party felt the comfort of being thus countenanced, and before the week was over, pride stood no longer in the way of discipline or of economy, and many of the others came to school bare-legged also.
This was not the only instance in which he gained a signal victory over the vanities of the world : one of the better order of colonists gave a ball; the public prayers began about the same time; the church was full, and the ball-room so empty, that the entertainment could not go forward. He perceived that this made many persons angry, and he did not perceive that it would have been prudent as well as easy not to have excited such feelings on such an occasion. All might have continued well, could he but have remembered the advice of Dr. Burton, to consider his parishioners as babes in their progress, and therefore to feed them with milk. Instead of this, he drenched them with the physic of an intolerant discipline. Following the rubric in opposition to the practice of the English church, he insisted upon baptizing children by immersion, and refused to baptize them if the parents would not consent to this rude and perilous method. Some persons he would not receive as sponsors, because they were not communicants; and when one of the most pious men in the colony earnestly desired to be admitted to the communion, because he was a dissenter he