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What river separates Pa. from N. J.?
Which way is Philadelphia from Trenton, Fairfield, Hartford, Worcester and Portsmouth? Almost exactly S. W. from each.
Meaning of Philadelphia? Brotherly love.
How much younger is Philadelphia than Charleston, S. C.?than New Haven ?. 1 than Newport, R. I.?-than Providence? than Hartford ? than Boston? than Salem? - than Dover? than Plymouth?
What decision against Ms. was made in the high court in England, in 1684?
In whose hand, did this decision place the government of Ms. ? Who procured this decision? What were his feelings toward the colonies?
What complaint against the colonies, had Randolph made to the king?
Who was the king of England? What was done by Charles, when Ms. refused to surrender her charter ?
Who succeeded Charles II.?
In what year? 1685.
What injury was soon inflicted upon the other N. E. colonies? Most of the charters were taken away.
Who was soon sent over as governor general of New England? Near the close of what year?
Which colony was excepted from the jurisdiction of Andros? Character of his administration at first? - afterwards?
For what purpose, did Andros visit Ct. in 1687 ?
How many soldiers attended him?
Why did not Andros take the charter, after it was laid on the table ?
Where was the charter secreted? -By whom?
What is that venerable oak now called? Charter oak. Where is it situated? About 30 rods east of the South meetinghouse.
How long is it, since that oak
Whom had William married?
Where is Torbay ?
What measure did William compel James to adopt?
Near the beginning of what year, was William proclaimed king of England?
Who had invited him to invade England? A number of the leading men in that country.
CHAPTER XLII. - p. 79.
Manners, religion, agriculture, manufactures, education, &c. of the colonists during the second period.
How many varieties of character were found in the colonies, at the close of the second period?
What were they? Puritan, Dutch, and less rigid English. To which class, belonged the people of New England?
In what writings, did they place implicit faith?
What colony prohibited the drinking of healths?
What colony prohibited costly apparel to the poor?
What colony prohibited the use of tobacco?
In what colony were the man ners Dutch?
What did the people of N. Y most steadfastly pursue?
In what colony, were the third eass ?
What rendered them more free and voluptuous?
Why did some emigrate to Virginia - others?
What excellences were found among the fathers of Virginia?
Of what religious sect were the Virginians? Episcopalians. How much land in each borough, was laid off for glebe? Meaning of glebe?
What is the most distinguishing peculiarity of Episcopalians? The opinion, that bishops only have authority to ordain men for the ministry.
What ministers were prohibited from preaching in Va. in 1642?
Special object of the New England planters ?
Of what religious sect were they in doctrine?. -in discipline?
What right did each church maintain?
Meaning of Congregationalists? Those who hold, that each church has authority, under Christ, to discipline its own members, and manage its own concerns, without being controlled by any other persons.
Meaning of Calvinists? Those who understand the scriptures in general as Calvin did.
Do they profess to found their opinions upon Calvin's? By no mears; but they are called Calvinists, merely to denote their general system of belief.
† NOTE R.
Mrs. Ann Hutchinson may be considered as the most distinguished of all our females. She seems to have been the means of bringing the colony of Ms. to the brink of ruin. The following sketch of her s taken principally from Dr. Alten's Biographical Dictionary.
"Mrs. Ann Hutchinson, an artful woman, occasioned much diffi
For what purpose, did they con voke councils?
Meaning of convoke?— of coun cil? How far do they feel bound to follow the advice of councils! As far as it appears agreeable to the word of God.
What is the use of having a council, if the parties are not bound by their results? By their prayers, investigations and knowledge of the scriptures, the council may throw great light upon dark and difficult cases.
What officers were there generally in each church?
Business of the pastor? - of the teacher?of the ruling elder? How many ministers had been settled in N. E in 1642?
Whence had they been driven? In what year, was the first synod in America?
How long after the commencement of the Pequot war? - before King Philip's war?- before the secreting of Ct. Charter?
In what town, was this synod? Present name of Newtown! Cambridge.- Meaning of synod? Who composed this synod?
On whose account, was it called? Who had attended her meetings?! Females only.
Into what, was the colony divided?
How many opinions did the synod condemn as erroneous ?t
Of what, was Mrs. Hutchinson convicted before the court in Nov.?
own; she advocated erroneous sentiments, and warped the discourses of her minister to coincide with her own opinions. She asserted, that believers are personally united with the Spirit of God; that commands to work out salvation belong only to such, as are under a covenant of works; that sanctification is not a sufficient evidence of a good state; and she pretended to immediate revelation, respecting future events. She soon threw the whole colony into a flame. Those who opposed her, were said to be in favor of a covenant of works; and those who supported her, were said to be vindicating a covenant of grace.
The progress of her sentiments occasioned the synod of 1637, the first synod in America. This convention of ministers condemned 82 erroneous opinions, then propaga
How many Quakers were exe cuted in Ms. in 1659? Two. How many in 1660? Two. With what crimes, were they charged? "Rebellion, sedition ana presumptuous intruding themselves, after banishment upon pain of death."
Who put a stop to the execu tion of Quakers in Ms. in 1661 ? Charles II.
Where was the Cambridge Plat form composed and adopted? By whom?
What is the Cambridge Plat form? A plan of church discipline.
To what, does it relate? Principally to the nature, formation, offi cers, powers, privileges and duties
From what, did the Synod profess to derive this platform? The word of God.
By whom, was it adopted? By most or all of the churches.
What churches now regard it as their constitution? Very few, if
ted in the country. Mrs. Hutchinson, after this sentence of her opinions, was herself called before the court, in Nov. of the same year, and being convicted of traducing the ministers, and advancing errors, was banished the colony. Her trial is published in the appendix of the second volume of Hutchinson's History of Ms. She discovers art, spirit and talents. The church in Boston excommunicated her for many evils in her conversation, as well as for corrupt opinions. She went with her husband, to Rhode Island. In the year 1642, after her husband's death, she removed into the Dutch country on Long Island, beyond New Haven; and the next year, she and all her family, consisting of 16 persons, were killed by the Indians, except ing one daughter, whom they car ried into captivity.
With what country, did the colonies principally trade, during the second period?
Principal articles of export, dur
ing this period? Meaning of peltry?
For what classes, were schools founded in New England ? How early?
For what classes, in the southern colonies?
For whose education, were 1500
To what, was the trade of Va. pounds collected in England in
confined for 30 years?
When were African slaves first introduced into New England? How long after the Pequot war ? Of what grain did N. Y. export 60,000 bushels in 1678 ?
How long was that after the commencement of Philip's war?
First business of the settlers? Of what, did they consider agriculture a source?
Why did not manufactures flourish during the second period? The people were principally occupied for defence and subsistence.
Of what, were most of their buildings made?
Meaning of thatch?
Of what, were thatched buildings in peculiar danger? Of being destroyed by fire.
What kind of a mill was the first in N. E.?
In what year was built the first vessel in Ms. ?- Name ?
How long after the settlement of Salem? of Boston?
When was the first printing press
established in this country? Where? At Cambridge. What was first printed?
Whose version of the Bible was first printed in this country?
In what language? — - How long after the printing press was established at Cambridge? Meaning of version? Modes of travelling? What were the roads? Population of the colonies at the close of the period of settlements? What part did New England rontain? About one third.
How many times greater is the population of N. E. now, in 1839 ? About thirty times.
What place was selected for an Indian seminary?
Where was Henrico? At or near the situation of Richmond. On what river, is Richmond? Issue of these arrangements for an Indian college?
To what college, were the funds given? How long after?
How much money did the general court of Ms. appropriate for a college in 1636? 400 pounds.
How long after the settlement of Salem-of Boston?
Where was the college located?
Why was it located at Newtown? Because Mr. Shepard was minister there.
Who was Mr. Shepard's predecessor? Mr. Hooker.
Where had Mr. Hooker gone? In what year, was Newtown settled? In 1631.
Present name?-Why so called?
What name was given to the college? For whom?
What legacy had he left it?
Meaning of legacy?
In what year, was the first commencement at Cambridge?
How long, after Newtown was called Cambridge?-after the Pequot war? - after the death of Mr. Harvard? How long ago?
What colonies besides Ms. contributed to the funds of H. C.?
To whom, was H. C. early devoted? TO CHRIST AND THE CHURCH?
What is probably the most re
markable literary phenomenon, that has ever appeared? Harvard College.
Who are under special obligations to the early benefactors of this institution? All our citizens, and every person in the world, who enjoys any considerable degree of civil or religious liberty.
On the brink of what, did our forefathers often tremble, during the second period?
Can you mention some of the most remarkable deliverances that God granted our forefathers during his period?
To whose welfare, did they look forward?
What government was produced by puritanic manners in N. E.?
What influence did this government return upon the manners of the people?
† NOTE S.
Capture and imprisonment of Andros and his friends.
The increasing tyranny of Andros at length became intolerable. His violent dealings returned upon his own head.
When William entered England, he published a printed proclama tion, that he came to deliver the people from the tyranny of James. A copy of this proclamation was brought to Boston by a Mr. Winslow, in the fore part of April, 1689. This was an offence, that Andros could not overlook. Winslow was imprisoned, "for bringing a traitorous and treasonable libel into the country." Fearing, that the libel might prove the messenger of death to his tyranny, Andros issued a proclamation, requiring officers and soldiers to be prepared to repel any forces, that William might send against this country. At the same time, a rumor was
circulated, that a massacre was intended in Boston, by the governor's guards. This was sufficient to kindle the indignation of the people to a flame. Multitudes flew to Boston. On the morning of April 18th, the streets of the capi
were alive, and resounding with men and boys, carrying guns, clubs, &c. vociferating, To arms! to arms! Poor Andros, with about 50 of his principal partisans, had the early precaution to flee to the fort, probably at Fort Hill. Here at about 4 P. M. they were summoned to surrender, by those who had been magistrates in the days of freedom, having now resumed their office. This summons was refused; and it is wonderful, that the infuriated patriots did not instantly attack the fort, and destroy the tyrant and his fifty. Another demand was soon made; and Andros and his crew came forth, and delivered themselves up to the mercy of those, whom they had so