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+ Note J.

meet, that as we had ever professed Winslow's second visit to Mus. friendship, so we should now main.

tain the same, by observing this susoit.

their laudable custom; and the Edward Winslow was born in rather, hecause we desired to have Worcestershire, in 1594. He was some conference with the Dutch, one of the most distinguished and not knowing, when we should have useful of the Plymouth Pilgrims. so fit an opportunity. He was one of the 14, who coasted “ To that end, myself having forthe bay of Cape Cod, and dis- merly been there, and understand. covered the harbor of Plymouth. | ing in some measure the Dutch When Massasoit visited Plymouth, tongue, the governor again laid this Winslow offered himself as a hos service on myself, and fitted me tage while a conference was held, with some cordials to administer to and a treaty formed, with that sa him; having one Mr. John Hambchem. Twice he was sent by den, a gentleman of London, who Governor Bradford, to visit Massa then wintered with us, and desired soit; and for three years, he was much to see the country, for my governor. Probably, the most im- consort, and Hobbamak for our portant business, that he ever per guide. So we set forward, and formed, was that of his second lodged the first night at Namasket, mission to Pokanoket. This he where we had friendly entertaindischarged in March, 1623, in com ment. pany with John Hambden, after “ The next day, about one of the wards so illustrious by his opposi- clock, we came to a ferry in Contion to the tyranny of Charles I. batant's country, where, upon disThe following account is in the charge of my piece, divers Indians words of Winslow himself.

came to us,

from a house not far off. " News came to Plymouth, that They told us that Massasoit was Massasoil was like to die, and that dead, and that day buried; and that at the same time, there was a the Dutch would be gone, before Dutch ship driven so high on the we could get thither, having hove shore, before his dwelling, by stress off their ship already. This news of weather, that till the tides in struck us blank; but especially creased, she could not be got off. Hobbamak, who desired me to reNow, it being a commendable man turn with all speed. I told him, I ner of the Indians, when any, es would first think of it, considering pecially of note, are dangerously that he being dead, Conba. sick, for all that profess friendship tant, or Corbitant, was the most to them to visit them in their ex likely to succeed him, and that wel tremity; therefore it was thought were not above three miles from

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How did they ascertain, that In what state, did Winslow find Massasoit was not dead ?

him ? Quite blind, and extremely What rendered it difficult for sick. them to enter Massasoit's house, With what success, did Mr. when they arrived ?

Winslow use means for the restoFor what purpose, were the In- ration of Massasoit's health? He dians there making a horrible was immediately better, and soon noise ?

recovered. Who, did they tell him, was come For whom else, did Mr. Winsto see him ?

low use the same means ?

more

Mattapuyst, his dwelling place. of lamentation and unseigned sorAlthough he were but a hollow row, as would have made the hard. hearted friend to us, I thought no est heart relent. time so fit as this, to enter into mo At length, we came to Mattafriendly terms with him, and the puyst, and went to the Sachem's rest of the sachems thereabouts ; place. Conbatant was not at home, hoping, through the blessing of God, but at Pokanokick, five or six it would be a means in that unset miles off. The squaw sachem gave ted state, to settle their affections us friendly entertainment. Here towards us; and though it were we inquired again concerning Mas somewhat dangerous, in respect of sasoit.' They thought him dead; our personal safety, yet esteeming but knew no certainty. Whereit the ést means, leaving the event upon, I hired one to go with all to God in his mercy, I resolved to expedition to Pokanokick, that we put it in practice, if Mr. Hamhden might know the certainty thereof, and Hobbamak durst attempt it and withal to acquaint Conbatant with me, whom I found willing. with our being there. About half So we went toward Matlapuyst. an hour before sun-setting, the mes

In the way, Hobbamak mani. senger returned, and told us, that festing a troubled spirit, brake forth he was not yet dead, though there into these speeches, Neen womusu, was no hope, that we should find Sagamus, Neen womasu, Saga: him living. Upon this, we were mus, &c. My loving Sachem! much revived, and set forward with My loving Sachem! many have all speed, though it was late within known, but never any like thee!' night, when we got thither. About Then turning to me, he said, whilst two of the clock, that afternoon, I lived, I should never see his like the Dutchman had departed, so among

the Indians. He was no that, in that respect, our journey liar; he was not bloody and cruel, was frustrate. like other Indians ; in anger and “ When we came thither, wę passion, he was soon reclaimed; found the house so full of men, as easy to be reconciled towards such we could scarce get in, though they as had offended him; ruled by rea used their best diligence to make son, in such measure, as he would way for us. They were in the not scorn the advice of mean men; midst of their charms for him, mak. and that he governed his men bet- | ing such a hellish noise, as distem ter with few strokes, than others pered us that were well, and theredid with many, truly loving wherefore unlike to ease him that was he loved; yea, he feared, we had sick. About him, were six or not a faithful friend left among the eight women, who chased his arms Indians, shewing how often he re and legs, to keep heat in him. strained their malice. He contin- When they had made an end of ned a long speech, with such signs | their charming, one told him, that

ccess, did 1

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Eid Winslow i
By whose request ?

reside ? In the region between H, and extreme

What did Massasoit say of the Plymouth and Boston).
English, when he recovered ? Against whom, was the plot

What most important informa- formed ?

tion did he communicate to them? Who were Weston's colony ? t's health? 1 Information of an Indian conspir- A small colony, planted by Mr. асу.

Thomas Weston.
What Indians had formed this When? In 1622.

Where? At Wessagusset. Where did the Massachusetts Where was Wessagusset ? Bebis friends the English had come to that it was not possible for him to see him. Having his understand eat such meat as they had. Then ing left, though his sight wholly I washed his mouth, and scraped gone, he asked, who was come. his tongue; after which, I gave They told him Winsnow ; (for they him more of the confection, whicha cannot pronounce the letter L.; but he swallowed with more readiness. ordinarily N in place of it:) hé de 'Then he desired to drink. I dissired to speak with me. When I solved some of it in water, and came to him, and they told him of gave him thereof; and within half it, he put forth his hand to me, an hour, this wrought a great alwhich I took; then he said twice, teration in him, and presently afthough very inwardly, Keen ter, his sight began to come to him. Winsnow ?! Art thou Wins. Then I gave him more, and told low?' I answered 'Ahhe,' that him of a mishap we had by the is • Yes.' Then he doubled these way, in breaking a bottle of drink, words, Matta neen wonckunet which the Governor also sent him, namen Winsnow!' that is to saying, if he would send any of his say, O Winslow, I shall never men to Plymouth, I would send for see thee again!' Then I called more of the same; also for chickHobbamak, and desired him to tell ens, to make him broth, and for Massasoit, that the Governor, hear other things, which, I knew, wero ing of his sickness, was sorry for good for him, and would stay the the same; and though, by reason return of the messenger. This he of many businesses, he could not took marvellous kindly, and aphimself come, yet he had sent me, pointed some, who were ready to with such things for him, as he go, by two of the clock in the mornthought most likely to do him good ing; against which time, I made in this extremity; and whereof, if ready a letter, declaring our good he pleased to take, I would present success, and desiring such things as ly give him; which he desired; were proper. He requested me, and having a confection of many that I would the next day take my comfortable conserves on the point piece, and kill him some fowl, and of my knife, I gave him some, make him such pottage, as he had which I could scarce get through eaten at Plymouth, which I promhis teeth. When it was dissolved ised; but his stomach coming to in his mouth, he swallowed the him, 'I must needs make him somo juice of it, whereat those that were without fowl, before I went abroad. about him, were much rejoiced, caused a woman to bruise some saying, he had not swallowed any corn, and take the flour from it, thing in two days before. Then í and set the broken corn in a pipdesired to see his mouth, which kin, (for they have earthen pots of was exceedingly furred, and his all sizes.) When the day broken tongue swelled in such a manner, we went out to seek herbs, (it be

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lween Plymouth and Boston, a lit to destroy the Plymotheans? To tle nearer to Boston than to Plym- prevent their revenging the destrucouth.

tion of Weston's colony: Present name of Wessagusset ? How many tribes had the Mas. Weymouth.

sachusetts persuaded to unite with Object of this conspiracy? First them in this conspiracy? Seven. to destroy all Weston's men, and Where were these tribes situ. then all the Plymotheans.

ated ? Most of them on Cape Cod, Why did the Massachusetts or other parts near to Plymouth. wish to destroy Weston's colony ? What' method did Massasoit Some of Weston's men had great recommend to crush the conspirly incensed the Massachusetts by acy? To seize and put to death stealing their corn, &c. and by the chief conspirators.t telling them, that their governor With how many men, was Capt. would come, and take away their Standish sent to Weston's plantacorn by force.

tion? Why did the Massachusetts wish For what purpose ? ing the middle of March) but could would neither join therein, nor give not find any but strawberry leaves, way to any of his. With this he of which I gathered a handful, and charged him to acquaint me, by the put into the same, and because I way, that I might inform the Govhad nothing to relish it, I went ernor. Being fitted for our reforth again, and pulled up a sassa. turn, we took leave of him, who fras root, and sliced a piece, and returned many thanks to our Gov. boiled it, till it had a good relish. ernor, and also to ourselves, for Of this broth, I gave him a pint, our labor and love. The like did which he drank, and liked it well; all that were about him. So we after this, his sight mended, and he departed." took some rest. That morning he caused me to spend in going among the sick in the town, requesting me

Note K. to wash their mouths, and give them some of the same I gave him. This The greatest exploit of Captain pains I took willingly, though it

Standish. were much offensive to me.

On this alarming occasion, the “ When the messengers were re whole company of the Plymotheturned, finding his stomach come ans were assembled in court. Such to him, he would not have the was their confidence in Gov. Brad. chickens killed, but kept them for ford, that they requested him and breed. Neither durst we give him Mr. Allerton his assistant, to conany physic, because he was so much cert the best measures for their altered, not doubting of his recove- safety. The result was, to strengthry, if he were careful. Upon his en the fortifications, to be vigilant recovery,

be brake forth into these at home, and to send such a force speeches: Now I see the English to the Bay of Ms. under Captain are my friends, and love me. Standish, as he should judge suffiWhilst I live, I will never forget | cient to crush the conspiracy: this kindness, they have shewed Standish with 8 chosen men, and me.'

At our coming away, he the faithful Hobbamak for a guide, called Hobbamak to him, and pri- went in the shallop to Weston's vately told him of a plot of the Mas- plantation, having goods, as usual, sachusetts against Weston's Colo to trade with the Indians. Here ay, and so against is. But he he met the persons, who had been

Plymotheans

venging the date

ribes had the

aspiracy 1 Sez

ihese tribes

ear to Plymout od did Vlasie crush the cons

to rators.

and put

ny men, was li

ose ?

in therein, ner his. With this

acquaint me, bet

_jaded 10 uniter Capt. Standish.

occasion, knife, from the neck of Pecksuot, have sued for peace; but were f the Plymo killed this proud boaster with his uested him is their orders, they carried to Plymo that they quitted the plantation. vas, to strena slain. This sudden execution so under Cape houses, running to and fro, like plantation was intended to rival ild judge samen distracted, living in swamps

conspiracy and deserts. In this way, many of ik for a gui ger. One of these poor wretches his people; some of whom, he found sen men, a them died of cold, disease and hun. ony, without coming in person to dians. He Yarmouth. In the midst of these

What Indians there insulted and corn? Each family had a separate threatened Capt. Standish ?

field. What ensued ?

What had been their practice the 's colony. Who commenced the attack ? two first years ? They had labored

in common upon fields belonging With what, did he slay Peck- equally to all. Buot ?

Consequence of separate fields ? How many Indians were slain in Greater industry, and the prospect them on Cape the whole ?

of much more corn. What was done with the head

What great calamity were they of Wittuwamat ? - Why?

soon called to endure ? Almost enWhat did Mr. Robinson say, tire want of provision, except what when he heard of the death of they could procure from day to these Indians ? “O that you had day.

converted some, before you had How long were they destitute of Weston's plis killed any!"

bread? Three or four months. What was the effect of this sud Upon what, did they subsist ? den execution ?

Principally upon clams, lobsters, What did the sachem Ianough fish, and occasionally, a little wild say, in the midst of these distrac fowl and venison. tions?

What_greater calamity did they Why did not the surviving con fear ? Famine. et inform the W spirators sue for peace?

From what cause ? Drought. What measure did Weston's For how many weeks, had they men adopt, to avoid the evil con no rain ? Eight or nine. scquences ?

What special means did they How soon was this after its com adopt to avert the evil ? p. 45. mencement ?

How long did the public religious What method did the Plymothe- exercises continue ?' Eight or nine ans adopt, to increase their

crop
of

hours.
named as conspirators, particu- distractions, Ianough said, that the
larly Pecksuot and Wiltuwamat. God of the English was offended

These Indians insulted and threat with them, and would destroy them loit of Capule ened Capt. Standish. A quarrel in his anger. ensued. Standish, snatching a The surviving conspirators would

afraid to go to Plymouth. Wesown weapon. Others killed Wit

ton's people were so apprehensive e in Gov. By lawamat, whose head, according to of the consequences of this affair, sistant, to me outh, to terrify the rest of the con.

Thus ended Weston's plantation, sures for Wspirators. Five other Indians were within one year after it began. He

had been one of the adventurers to 196 be vigil terrified and amazed the other con: Plymouth; but quitted them, and d such a ten spirators, that they forsook their took a separate patent; and his

that of Plymouth. He sent his col.

America, till after the dispersion of was Ianough, sachem of Mattachi- among the eastern fishermen, and est, now part of Barnstable and of them he first heard of the ruin

of his enterprise. - Belknap.

atted for our

eave of hiz, hanks to our to ourselves ve. The liked out him. 801

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to Western ods, as usual

'ho had been

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