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On what month and day? strument dated ? At Cape Code
How many days after they left Nov. 11, 1620.

By how

many, was this covenatal In what part of the country, had subscribed ? 41.t vaster of the the Pilgrims intended to settle' Whom did they then elect gov. Jones.

Why did Capt. Jones steer so error ? John Carver.
far north ? He had been hired by
the Dutch, to betray the Puri-

tans. hat his vasta

Why? The Dutch wished to

occupy the place themselves. did they sh What prevented the Pilgrims

CHAPTER XX.
from then proceeding to the mouth
did ther!
of the Hudson ?

Settlement at Plymouth.
When did they come to anchor ?
Where? In Cape Cod harbor,

How much time did the Pilgrims near Provincetown, between Cape spend in seeking and preparing for Cod and Plymouth.

themselves, a habitation ? I'wo
How many days did the May. months.
Power continue at anchor in Cape On what part of Cape Cod, did
Cod harbor ? 34.

they seriously think of settling ? with beyan What act of devotion did they Å few miles 8. E. of Cape Cod

perform, immediately after their harbor.
arrival 1

Which way from Plymouth ? d day , di Pilgrims adopt the same day? What political measure did the Nearly east.

On what important expedition, Columbnail

They formed themselves into a did some of them set out, Dec. 6 ?
body politic.

То
go

round Cape Cod bay. Meaning of body politic? A For what purpose? To discorcivil society, united together, to be er the best place for a habitation. governed by certain men or cer Where is Cape Cod bay? Be tain laws.

tween Cape Cod and the rest of What did they engage by the

Ms. covenant, that they then formed ? How many set out on this imTo submit to such government portant expedition 1 14 Pilgrims and governors, laws and ordinan and 4 sailors.

ces, as should by general consent, Who were the principal characpere from time to time, be made choice ters ? Carver, Bradford, Edward of."

Winslow and Standish. When and where, was this in How did they commence their + Note F.

Francis Cooke, Thomas Rogers,

Thomas Tinker, John Ridgedale, Names of the Plymotheans, who subscribed the civil compact at

Edward Fuller, John Turner, FrapCape Cod.

cis Eaton, James Chilton, John Crackston, John Billington,

Moses John Carver, William Bradford, Fletcher, John Goodman, Degory Edward Winslow, William Brew Priest, Thomas Williams, Gilbert ster, Isaac Allerton, Miles Stand Winslow, Edmund Margeson, Peish, Johu Alden, Samuel Fuller, ter Brown, Richard Britteridge, Christopher Martin, William Mula George Soule, Richard Clarke, lens, William White, Richard War Richard Gardiner, John Allerton, ren, John Howland, Stephen Hop Thomas English, Edward Dotey. kins, Edward Tilly, Jobo Tilly, | Edward Leister,

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expedition ? From Cape Cod har. cause Dec. 22, N. S. is the same, bor, they proceeded towards the as Dec. 11, O. S. which was then South, near the eastern shore of

in use. the bay.

What judgment did they then What was the state of the form of Plymouth? They thought weather ? It was so cold, that it was beiter for settlement, than the salt water froze upon their any other they could there find. garments.

When did they begin to erect In what manner, did they after the first building at Plymouth? wards travel ? Partly by sea, and Dec. 25. partly by land.

Why did they not begin sooner? When did they have the first en They were some days in fixing counter with the Indians ? Dec. 8.

upon a spot, and were farther de Who made the attack? The tained by a storm. Nausets.

When, may we consider the set What was the issue? It ap tlement of Plymouth as commen pears to have been a bloodless

On the Sabbath, Dec. 31, skirmish. After exchanging a few the last day of the year 1620. shots, the Nausets fled.

Why may we consider it as com How did the adventurers pro mencing then ? Because some of ceed, after the “first encounter ? " the company kept that Sabbath in They went on board, and pro their house at Plymouth. ceeded a little farther along by the How many days was this, after shore, and then turned, and sailed they discovered Cape Cod ? across the bay nearly to Plymouth. What had been the state of the

What disasters did they meet weather during that time? Unwith ? In a storm, they lost their commonly cold, stormy, and disrudder, mast and sails, and came tressing. very near losing their lives.

What was the effect ? Much Where did they keep, Sabbath, suffering and injury to the people. Dec. 10? At Clark's island, near How many of the Pilgrims died Plymouth.

after their arrival, before April ? Where did they land, on Dec.

44.* ll, after leaving Clark's island ? How many survived ? 58. A1 Plymouth.

How many of the 41 signers of Why is this landing celebrated the compact died before April ? 21. as THE LANDING by way of How many survived ? eminence? It was the first land How many were at some time, ing of any of the Pilgrims, at the sick ? All but six or seven. oldest town in New-England. Who was peculiarly engaged in

How many Pilgrims then land- rendering the sick all possible aid ? ed? Probably 14, the same who Gov. Carver. set out on the expedition.

What method did the Pilgrims Why is Dec. 22, observed as the take, to prevent the Indians from anniversary of the landing ? Be- knowing the extent of this mortal

* The number that sailed from sen governor. While he was abEngland, was 101. One person sent, she fell from the Mayflower, died on the passage, and one child, and was drowned, Dec.-7. One son of Stephen Hopkins, was born, child, Peregrine White, was born who was called Oceanus. Four in Cape Cod harbor. He lived to persons died in Cape Cod harbor. be almost 84 years old. Of the One of these was the wife of Mr. Pilgrims, 6 died in Dec. 8 in Jan. Bradford, who was soon after cho 17 in Feb. and 13 in March.

rty ? Levelled the graves and How were the seamen treated Bowed them with grain.

by the natives ? When the Plymotheans were so What were they told, that God weak, why were they not destroy would do to them for their cruelty ? ed by savages ? By the good What did they reply? providence of God, the savages

What did the Frenchman anwere restrained from making an

swer ? attack.

What afterwards called his When did the Pilgrims give the words to their remembrance ? name Plymouth,to the place, where How did they feel, when they setuled ? When the settle- Pilgrims arrived at Cape Cod ? ment commenced.

Which way is Plymouth from Why was .it called Plymouth ? Hartford ? - from Boston ? Partly because it had been so called by Capt. John Smith, and partly on account of the kindness they had received at Plymouth in England.

What special preparation seems CHAPTER XXI. - p. 42. to have been made by Providence, for the settlement of Plymouth ? | Samoset, Squanto and Massasoit Almost all the natives on the coast of what is now Ms. had been cut Who first visited the Plymouth off.

colony ? How? By war and pestilence. In what month and year ? .

What pestilence ? Probably the Who was Samoset ? yellow fever.

How far from Plymouth, was What part of the natives had the country of Samoset ? Probadied ? About nineteen twentieths. | bly about 200 miles.

When had this pestilence taken Which way? N. E. place ? About the year 1617. In which of the present states, How great were its ravages at

must this have been ? Plymouth ? Every native had been How did he accost them ? destroyed,* except one, named Of whom, had he learned a liule Squanto, who was absent.

English? What disaster had happened to What, did he say, was the Ina French vessel near Cape Cod, dian name of Plymouth ? some years before ?

How did they treat Samoset ? * One remarkable circumstance, and give their country to another attending this pestilence, was not people. They answered, that they known till after the settlement of were too many for God to kill. Plymouth. A French ship had He replied, that, if they were ever been wrecked on Cape Cod. The so many, God had many ways to men were saved with their goods. kill them, of which they were then The natives kept their eye on them, ignorant. When the pestilence till they found an opportunity to came among them, they rememkill all but 3 or 4, and divide the bered the Frenchman's words; and goods. The captives were sent when the Plymotheans arrived at from one tribe to another, as slaves. Cape Cod, the few survivors imagOne of them learned so much of ined, that the other part of his their language, as to tell them, that prediction would soon be accomGod was angry with them for their plished. - Belknap's Biog. 2: 208. aruelty, and would destroy them,

What disposition did Samoset cherish towards the Plymotheans ?

Whom did Samoset introduce at his third visit ?

By whom, had Squanto been taken captive ?

Where had Hunt sold Squanto ?

Who had redeemed Squanto from slavery?

Probably the monks of Spain.

Who was the greatest sachem in the region of Plymouth ?

Who informed the Plymotheans, that Massasoit was approaching?.

With what guard, was Massasoit attended ?

What prevented for some time, any advances from either side ?

Who was first sent to Massasoit ?
What wish did M. express ?
Who was sent for this purpose e?

What did Mr. Winslow carry to Massasoit? Two knives and a copper chain with a jewel in it.

Whom did Massasoit leave as a hostage with his men ?

Meaning of hostage?

With how many men, did Mas. sasoit visit the Plymotheans ? 20.

With how many men, did Stan dish meet Massasoit? 6.

For what purpose ? To escort him to one of the best houses.

Meaning of escort?

When had Standish been ap.
pointed military commander ? In
February.
What

was the particular dominion of Massasoit? Pokanoket.

Along what bay, did Pokanoket extend? Narraganset bay.

What Indians inhabited that country? The Wampaneags or Wampanoags.

What towns are now included in that country ? Bristol, Warren, Barrington and Swanzey:.

Where were Massasoit's principal seats ? At Mount Hope and Warren.

Where was Mount Hope ? In Bristol ?

What treaty was formed with Massasoit ? +

+ NOTE G.

a treaty with any potentate, more Treaty with Massasoit.

important in its consequences, than

that, which was formed with MasRarely has the interposition of sasoit at Plymouth; and no other Providence been more striking, or surely is so worthy of the attention more worthy of devout acknowl

of our youth. The articles of this edgment, than in raising up and

treaty, as first established, are the preserving to our fathers, such a following: friend as Massasoit. But for his “ 1. That neither he, nor any of kind influence, it seems, that the his, should injure or do hurt to any destruction of their little establish of their

people. ment must have been inevitable. (1 2. That if any of his did any This great and amiable prince, hurt to any of theirs, he should therefore, may not only be ranked send the offender, that they might among our benefactors, but among

punish him. the saviors of our country. Like 3. That if any thing were taPowhatan, he seems to have been ken away from any of theirs, he 1 kind of sachem of sachems, or should cause it to be restored, and emperor. He was not only sover

they should do the like to his. eigii in his own Pokanoket, but • 4. That if any did unjustly war had great influence over other do- against him, they would aid him; minions. To gain his friendship, and if any did war against them, therefore, was to gain the friend- he should aid them. zhip of many a chief besides. So 65. That he should send to his it proved in the result. It is doubt, neighbor confederates, to inform ful, whether we have ever formed thein of this, that they might not

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Why was Massasoit desirous of How long did the Mayflower forming this treaty ? That the continue at Plymouth? Till April Plymotheans might defend him Why did she continue so long? against the Narragansets.

On account of the sickness and
Who were the Narragansets ? mortality of the seamen.
A tribe of Indians, that lived on What part of them had died?
the west of Narraganset bay. About half.

In what state, is Narraganset What distinguished character bay ?

died the same April, that the MayNumber of the Narragansets, flower departed ? Gov. Carver. compared with other tribes ? It

For what, was he distinguished ? was the greatest tribe in New- For piety, and for the sacrifices, England.

which he made for the good of the Number of that tribe? About Pilgrims. 4000.

How many warriors ? About
1000.

How could 20 or 30 Plymothe-
ans aid Massasoit against 1000 CHAPTER XXII.
Narragansets? The fire-arms of
the Plymotheans were terrible to

Gov. Bradford.
the Indians.

Who united with Massasoit in Who soon succeeded Carver ? confirming the treaty of Plymouth, William Bradford. in the year 1639 ?

At what age? 33.1 wrongthem, but might be likewise or Alexander, came to Plymouth, comprised in these conditions of and solemnly confirmed this treaty, peace.

and promised not to sell any land 6. That when his men come without the consent of the Plymoto them upon any occasion, they theans. should leave their arms (which were then bows and arrows) behind them.

+ NOTE H. 17. Lastly, That so doing, their sovereign Lord, King James, Some account of Gov. Bradfordo would esteem them as his friend and ally.”

[The following sketch is taken “ All which,” says Morton," he principally from Allen's Biographliked well, and withal at the same ical and Historical Dictionary, a time, acknowledged himself con work that will be found peculiarly tent to become the subject of our useful to the students of our histosovereign Lord aforesaid, his heirs ry.].. and successors; and gave unto William Bradford, second gov. them all the lands adjacent, to ernor of Plymouth colony, was them and to theirs forever." born at Ansterfield, a village in

Let it not be said, then, that our the north of England, in 1588. forefathers came to Plymouth, and His parents dying, when he was robbed the Indians of their lands. young, he was educated, first by

The natives there were all dead; his grand parents, and afterwards nor did a single Indian visit them, by his uncles, in the practice of till Samoset bade them welcome. agriculture. His paternal inherit

Eighteen years afterwards, Mas ance was considerable; but he had gasoit with his eldest son Mooanam no better education, than generally

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