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From what kng, had the CHAPTER XIX. - p. 37. Purilans great hopes of relief ? James I.

The Puritans, previously to their Why? He had professed kind arrival at Cape Cod. ness to the suffering Puritans, and strong disapprobation of the cere What measure did many of the monies of the church of England. Puritans adopt, to escape the tyr

What was the result? The Pu anny of James ? To leave their ritans were most grievously disap- country, pointed.

To what country, did many of How were their ministers treat. them fee? To Holland, ed? They were persecuted in In what part of England, did the every quarter.

Plymouth colony originate ? lo In what year, commenced the

the northern part. reign of James I.? 1603.

In what counties? Who was then Archbishop of What was the occasion of then Canterbury? Whitgift.

separating from the established Who soon succeeded Whitgif, church ? in that office? Bancroft.

About what time, was that reviCharacter of Bancroft ? He was val? a more dreadful persecutor than What did the converts resolve to Whitgift.

enjoy ? Liberty of conscience. For what, was be a most proper

Who was the first pastor of a tool? To execute the tyranny of distinguished church, formed from James.

these converts ? Mr. Cliflon. What did James say to some of Who was their next pastor ? the Puritans, after he had pretend- Mr. Robinson. ed to hear their defence at Hamp Who was the first elder of that ton Court ? “ If this be all your

church ? Mr. Brewster. party bave to say, I will make Where did they conclude to go, ihem conform, or I will hurry them to escape persecution ? out of the land, or else do worse." What great difficulty was in the

What did James do, that was way of their flight ? worse? He restrained them from What treatment was received by going out of the land, that he might a number of Puritans, who attemptpersecute them there.

ed to escape at Boston ? They the clergy in the synod of 1563, the sacraments is consonant to the and confirmed by the queen's word of God.' Some things in majesty, to be sound, and accordo this form the Puritans did noi being to the word of God;- that lieve, and could not believe. Had the queen's majesty is the chief they therefore, acknowledged these governor, next under Christ, of this things to be true, they must have charch of England, as well in been guilty of lying to God, and ecclesiastical as civil causes; to their own consciences. They that in the Book of Common shuddered at the thought of comPrayer, there is nothing evil, or re mitting such wickedness. Our pugnant to the word of God; but bodies and goods, and all we ihat it may well be used in our have,' said they, are in her Christian Church of England; majesty's hands; only our souls we and that, as the public preaching reserve to our God, who alone is of the word in this church of Eng- able to save us, or condemn us.'" land, iş sound and sincere, so the Brook's Lives of the Puritane, public order in the ministration of 1:35, 39.

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KIX.--.l were betrayed to the officers of In what year? 1617. tyranny:

How long after they removed to In what year, did Mr. Robin- | Amsterdam ? son's church escape to Holland ? First measure, adopted, after

this, resolution ?' A meeting for lid manyd

On what coast, were they driven fasting and prayer. escape Wet by a storm?

Where did they decide to setTo leave

In what city, did they first settle tle? in Holland ?

What favor did they ask of did man

Which way is Amsterdam from James ? Free toleration.
London ?

What intimation did James give How long did they continue at them ? originate ! Amsterdam ?

Why did not Mr. Robinson go What was their principal motive with the first planters ? It was for leaving Amsterdam ?

judged best thai he should remain To what city, did they remove? in Holland with the niajority of the

Which way is Leyden froin Am church. sterdam?

Who was appointed to go with How many communicants had the pilgrims, as their spiritual

they at one time, at. Leyden? | teacher? Elder Brewster irts resale 300.

How many vessels did they What favorable testimony did procure for their enterprise ? 2 pastoral the magistrates of Leyden give to

Names ? formed in the Puritans ? *

Which was the largest ?
What reasons are stated, as How many times ?
ex parte inducing the Puritans to leave Which did they purchase?
Holland ?

Who preached io the pilgrims, To what wilderness did they re- just before their departure from solve to take their flight ?

Leyden ? +
* The integrity and piety of the

Puritans procured them esteem
and confidence in a land of stran-

Mr. Robinson's Farewell Address, gers. Though poor, they had

and Letter. credit to borrow money of the All things being in readiness for Dutch, whenever they wished; for their departure from Leyden, they

they were always punctual to pay. kept a day of solemn humiliation 4 to! They were industrious and faith and prayer. This was in July. un ful; therefore, a preference was On one part of the day, Mr. Rob

given to their custom and to their inson preached from Ezra 8:21. ļ work.

“Then I proclaimed a fast at the Just before these fathers of New. | river Ahava, that we might afflict # England left the city, the Dutch ourselves before our God, to seek

magistrates, from the seat of jus- of him a right way for us and for tice, gave this honorable testimony our little ones and for all our subof their worth. In addressing the stance." The conclusion of this Walloons, who were the French discourse is truly excellent. It con church, These English," say tains an exhortation, which breathes they," have lived among us now a noble spirit of Christian liberty, these ten years, and yet we never and gives a just idea of the senti had

suit or action come ments of this most excellent man. against them; but your strifes are It exhibits a spirit of charity and continual.”

genuine liberality, which perhaps

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What spirit does his concluding What, did he say, Luther and exhortation breathe ?

Calvin would be willing to emHow, did he say, they should brace, if they had been living ? regard any new truth, that God What nickname did he advise should show them from his word ? them to shake off !

From what, did he think, more In what month, did they leave truth would break forth ?

Leyden ?

has not been surpassed since the times, yet they penetrated not indays of the apostles. This will to the whole counsel of God; but appear the more remarkable and

were they now living, would be as lovely, when we consider the gen- willing to embrace farther light, eral bigotry of the age, and the as that which they first received. narrow principles of the Brown- I beseech you, remember, it is an ists, from which he had recently article of your church-covenant, escaped.

• That you be ready to receive “ Brethren,” said he, “we are whatever truth shall be made now quickly to part from one an known to you from the written other, and whether I may live to see word of God. Remember that, your face on earth any more, the and every other article of your God of heaven only knows; but sacred covenant. But I must whether the Lord hath appointed herewith exhort you to take heed, that or not, I charge you before what you receive as truth. ExamGod and his blessed angels, that ine it, consider it, and compare it you follow me no farther, than you with other scriptures of truth, have seen me follow the Lord before you receive it. For it is Jesus Christ.

not possible, that the Christian “ If God reveal any thing to you world should come so lately out of by any other instrument of his, be such thick anti-christian darkness, as ready to receive it, as ever you and that perfection of knowledge were to receive any truth by my should break forth at once. ministry. For I am verily per “I must also advise you to abansuaded I am very confident, that don, avoid and shake off the name the Lord has more truth yet to of Brownist. It is a mere nick. break forth out of his holy word. name, and a brand for the making For my part, I cannot sufficient religion and the professors of it, ly bewail the condition of the odious to the Christian world." reformed churches, who are come Having said this, with some to a period in religion, and will go, other things, relating to their priat present, no farther, than the vate conduct, he devoutly commitinstruments of their reformation. ted them to the care and protection The Lutherans cannot be drawn of divine providence. to go beyond what Luther saw. While at Southampton, they reWhatever part of his will our God ceived a most affectionate and inrevealed to Calvin, they will rather structive letter from their beloved die, than embrace it. And the pastor. The following, extracts Calvinists, you see, stick fast, may give some idea of its spirit where they were left by that great and its value. man of God, who yet saw not all things.

Loving Christian Friends, “This is a misery, much to be “I do heartily and in the Lord, lamented; for though they were salute you, as being those, with burning and shining lights in their whom I am present in my best

say, Luther e willing to

e did he i

To what port, did they repair for

embarkation ? | been living

How long had they been in

Holland ? ?

To what port in England, did did there they first sail?


most excellent

was born at Southampton ? Dr Watts.

How long after the Pilgrims touched there ? 54 years.

In what year, was Dr. Watts bos

Whom did Dr. Watts most


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netratsdn affections, and most earnest long- neither do give, nor easily take el of God: ing. after you, though I be con offence, - Neither yet is it suf

strained for a while to be bodily ficient, ihat we keep ourselves by absent from you. I say Con the grace of God from giving of

strained, God knowing how will offence except withal we be armed ember, ils ingly, and much rather than other against the taking of them, when urch-cove wise, I would have bome my part they are given by others.

with you in this first brunt, were I own experience, few or none have not by strong necessity, held back been found, which sooner give for the present. Make account of offence, than such, as easily take me in the mean time, as a man it; neither have they proved sound

divided in myself, with great pain, icie of s

or profitable members in societies, and as (natural bonds set aside) who have nourished this touchy o take ber having my better part with you. humor.

And although I doubt not, in your “But besides these, there are digodly wisdoms, you both foresee vers motives provoking you above and resolve upon that which con others, to great care and concerneth your present state and con science this way; as first, you are

dition, both severally and jointly, many of you strangers as to the tely out yet have I thought it my duty to persons, so to the infirmities, one add some further spur of provoca

of another, and so to stand in need tion to them that run well already; of more watchfulness this way if not because you need it, yet be which doth require at your hand, cause I owe it in love and duty. much wisdom and charity for the

And first, as we are daily to covering and preventing of incident renew our: repentance with our offences that way. And lastly,

--So doth the Lord call us your intended course of civil comin a particular manner, upon occa munity will minister continual oc. sions of such difficulty and danger, casion of offence, and will be as as lieth upon you, to both a more fuel for the fire, except you dilinarrow search and careful reforma- gently quench it with brotherly tion of your ways in his sight. forbearance. Sin being taken away by earnest " And if taking offence causerepentance, and the pardon thereof lessly, or easily, at men's doings, sealed up to a man's conscience by be so carefully to be avoided, how bis Spirit, great shall be his securi much more heed is to be taken, ty and peace in all dangers, sweet that we take not offence at God his comforts in all distresses, with himself Which yet certainly we happy deliverance from all evil, do, so oft as we do murmur at whether in life or death.

his providence in our crosses; or “Next after this heavenly peace bear impatiently such afflictions, with God and our own consciences, as wherewith he pleaseth to visit we are carefully to provide for us. Storè up, therefore, patience peace with all men - especially against the evil day, without which with our associates. For that, we take offence at the Lord himwatchfulness must be had, that we self in his holy and just works.

he re Du maki ; of


strikingly resemble in character ? | rulers ? Because they would be Mr. Robinson.

men of their own choice. Which way is Southampton from In what month, did the Pilgrims Winchester from Oxford ? embark at Southampton ?!,

Whom did they meet at South Who was master of the May. ampton ?

flower ? Capt. Jones. From whom, did they receive a Who was master of the Speed most interesting letter?

well ? Capt. Reynolds. In what respect, did he say, he What complaint did Reynolds was present with them?

soon make?

That his vessel was What, did he say, had held him leaky. back from going with them?

Ai what port, did they stop, to What, does he say, we must dai make repairs ? At Dartmouth. ly renew ?

At what port, did they next What peace should we seek, call ? At Plymouth. next after peace with God and our What was there the decision reown consciences ?

specting the Speedwell ? With what persons, should we Principal cause of her condemespecially strive to be at peace ? nation ?The treachery of Rey.

What characters are generally | nolds. most ready to give offence ?

What was done with her pas At whom, should we be more sengers ? cspecially cautious not to take How many passengers did the offence ?

Mayflower then contain ? When may we be said to take On what month and day, did she offence at God ?

sail from Plymouth ? What should

How long after Columbus first against the evil day?

sailed from Gomera ? What persons, did he say, What kind of a voyage had the should be chosen for civil rulers?' Pilgrims ? Stormy, dangerous and

What did he say, should be dreadful. yielded to civil rulers ?

What land did they first dist What special reason did he men cover ? tion, why they should honor their Present name of the place ?


store up,


“ Lastly, whereas you are to be which the magistrate beareth, is come a body, politic, using among honorable, in how mean persons yourselves, civil government soever. And this duty you ought your wisdom and godliness appear, the more conscionably to perform, not only in choosing such persons, because you are (at least for the as do entirely love, and will pro- present) to have them for your mote, the common good, but also ordinary governors, which yourin yielding unto them, all due hon selves shall make choice of for that or and obedience in their lawful work. administrations; not beholding in “An unfeigned well-wisher to them, the ordinariness of their per- your happy success in this hopeful sons, but God's ordinance, for your voyage. good; not being like the foolish JOHN ROBINSON.multitude, who more honor the gay coat, than either the virtuous

This letter being read to the mind of the man, or the glorious whole company at Southampton, ordinance of God. But you know was very gratefully received; and better things, and that the image of afterwards produced the most hap the Lord's power and authority, ! py effects.

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