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CHAPTER XII.- p. 28. Location of the first permanent colony in Va., &c.

Who conducted the first colony, sent out by the London company, under this patent?

What great bay did they enter? Between what capes? Length of the Chesapeak? In what month did Newport enter this bay?-In what year ? p. 27.

When did the government of this colony commence its operation? Soon after they landed at the mouth of the Chesapeak.

Where had that government been constituted?

Of how many members, did it consist?

In what manner, were their names brought over?

By whom, was the president chosen ?

Who was the first president? Conduct of Wingfield? Very bad.

How long were they in selecting a place for settlement? 17 days. What did they call the place? Why? In honor of King James. On what was it situated?

By what river, was the peninsula formed?

On which side of the river, was Jamestown? The north.

How far from the mouth of James river? About 32 miles. What is the state now called, in which Jamestown was situated? In what part of that state?

CHAPTER XIII.-p. 28. Early life and unjust treatment of Smith, and administration of Wing field.

Who is generally considered as the father of Va.? Captain John Smith.

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How was he treated at their landing? He was excluded from the council.

Why was he thus treated?

Why did his enemies offer to excuse him from a regular trial? They pretended to pity him.

Why was he tried? He defied his accusers, and insisted upon a trial.

Result of Smith's trial? He was cleared; and Wingfield was sentenced to pay him a fine of 200 pounds.

What did Smith do with this fine? Gave it all to the colony.

When was Smith admitted to his seat in the council? In June.

How did they express their reconciliation the next Sabbath? By receiving the communion.

Conduct of Smith's accusers? They confessed, that they had been suborned to accuse him. Meaning of suborn?

Of what, were the colony in very great want, soon after Newport left them in June? Of provisions.

Of what number, did the colony then consist? 104.

months? Fifty. How many of them died in three

Who monopolized the few refreshments that remained? Wingfield. Meaning of monopolize?

What criminal project did Wing

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+ NOTE B. Capture of Okee.

"The party, which accompanied Smith in this excursion, consisted of six men, well armed, but ill provided with clothing and other necessaries.

"What was wanting in equipment, was to be supplied by resolution and address; and Smith's genius was equal to the attempt.

"They proceeded down the river to Kecoughtan, (Hampton,) where the natives, knowing the needy state of the colony, treated them with contempt, offering an ear of corn in exchange for a musket, or a sword, and in like proportion for their scant and tattered garments. Finding, that courtesy and gentle treatment would not prevail, and that nothing was to be expected in the way of barter, and moreover provoked by their contempt, Smith ordered his boat to be drawn on shore, and his men to fire at them.

"The affrighted natives fled to the woods, while the party searched their houses, in which they found plenty of corn; but Smith did not

In what attempt was Smith taken captive?

Where does the Chickahoming empty into James river? A few miles above Jamestown.

What did he present to the Indian chief?

permit his men to touch it, expecting, that the Indians would return, and attack them. They soon appeared to the number of 60 or 70, formed into a square, carrying their idol Okee, composed of skins, stuffed with moss, and adorned with chains of copper. They were armed with clubs and targets, bows and arrows, and advanced singing to the charge. The party received them with a volley of shot, which brought several of them to the ground, and their idol among them. The rest fled again to the woods, from whence they sent a deputation to offer peace and redeem their god. Smith having in his hands so valuable a pledge, was able to bring them to his own terms; he stipulated, that six of them should come unarmed, and load his boat with corn, and on this condition, he would be their friend, and give them hatchets, beads and copper. These stipulations were faithfully performed on both sides; and the Indians in addition, presented them with venison, turkies and other birds, and continued singing and dancing till their departure."Belknap's Biog. I. 261.

Name of that chief? OpekanKanough.

Who was Opekankanough? Brother of Powhatan.

To what great chief, was Smith soon conducted?

To what, was he doomed by Powhatan and his council?

Who saved the life of Smith ? Father of Pocahontas ? What did Smith agree to give Powhatan for his liberty and other favors ? wo pieces of cannon

and a grindstone.

Why did not Powhatan receive them? His twelve Indians were unable to carry them.

How long had Smith been absent from Jamestown?

To what number was the colony then reduced? 38.

For what, did he find them making preparation? To quit the country.

Who prevented? Smith. What female frequently relieved their distresses, and saved the lives of several? Pocahontas.

How were the colony relieved the ensuing winter? By supplies from England.

Who brought them? Capt. Newport.

How many new planters did Newport bring with him? 100.

What great calamity did the colony suffer about that time? Several houses, with much provision and furniture, were burnt.


Pursuit of Gold.

"In a small stream of water, which issued from a bank of sand near Jamestown, a sediment of some shining mineral substance, which had some resemblance to gold, was discovered. At a time, when the precious metals were conceived to be the peculiar and only valuable productions of the New World, when every mountain was supposed to contain a treasure, and

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UNIVERSIT CHAPTER XV. 32. Smith's administration and nistration and de parture. Pestilence, &c. Who succeeded Ratcliff as president of the council? Smith. In what year? In 1608.

Character of Smith's administration? Most energetic and useful.

What method did Smith adopt to prevent profanity? He caused the number of every man's oaths to be noted, and at night, as many cans of water to be poured inside of his sleeve.

What dreadful plot did Powhatan form in 1609?

Who averted their destruction?

How old was she then? About 14.

In what year, was she born?
Who allured Pocahontas to come

every rivulet was searched for its
golden sands, this appearance was
considered as an infallible indica-
tion of a mine. Every hand was
eager to dig. A large quantity of
this glittering dust was amassed.
'There was now,' says Smith,
'no talk, no hope, no work, but
dig gold, wash gold, refine gold.'
With this imaginary wealth, the
vessel was loaded, while the cul-
ture of the land and every useful
occupation was totally neglected."
Ramsay, 1, 18.

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What prevented her return to her father? Her marriage. Whom did she marry

What effect upon her father, had her marriage? He was ever after a friend to the English.

To what country did Mrs. Rolfe remove?

What religion did she embrace? What name was given her? How was she received at the court of King James? With much attention.

Why was James much displeased with Mr. Rolfe? Because he had presumed to marry into a royal family.

By what, was she prevented from returning to Virginia? By death.

Where do her descendants now live?

What is their standing in socie


In what year, did Smith return to England? In 1609.

For what object? To be healed of his wounds.

How had he been dangerously wounded? By the accidental explosion of a bag of gunpowder.

Number of the colony at Smith's departure? 500.

What prevailed in the colony immediately after Smith's departure? Anarchy, faction, riot, and the most daring crimes.

Who took advantage of their divided and wretched state? The Indians.

What calamities soon followed? The most dreadful famine and pestilence.


To what number, were the ple reduced in six months? p. 34. What was this period for many

| years denominated? The starv ing time.

What resolution did they soon adopt?

Who prevented their going to England, after they had embarked? In what year? 1610.

Who then became their governor? Lord Delaware.

What did he soon restore to the colony? Order and contentment. What soon obliged him to resign the government? Wat of health.

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Who sent out the second colony to N. E. John Popham.

From what country? England. In what year? 1607. Where did they settle? At the mouth of Sagadahok river.

What is that river now called? Kennebec.

In what state is Kennebec river?

What are some of the towns upon the Kennebec ?

What was the number of the colony at the mouth of the Kennebec? 45.

Where was another colony planted the same year?

What induced the Sagadahok colony to return to England the next year? The burning of their stores, and death of their leaders. Where met the first representative assembly in America? When?

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Why were they called Puritans? Because they professed to desire greater purity of worship, of discipline and of morals.

By whom was the name first given them? By their opponents.

How did these intend the name should be regarded? As a term of reproach.

How long had this name been in use? About 60

years. How had they been treated, during that period? They had been grievously persecuted.

Who had taken the lead in these persecutions? Elizabeth, Parker, Whitgift, James I. and Bancroft. What was the office of Parker, Whitgift, and Bancroft? Archbishop of Canterbury.

What were some of the greatest injuries, inflicted upon the Puritans? Cruel mockings, loss of goods, imprisonment and death.

For what, did they receive these injuries? For preaching and hearing the gospel, and worshipping God according to the dictates of conscience; for not worshipping God in the way they thought wrong; for attempting to defend themselves by reason and scripture, and for not believing what they could not believe, or professing to believe what they disbelieved.t

tion," says Mr. Brook, "varied in different dioceses, that which was most commonly imposed, was the following. I acknowledge the Book of Articles, agreed upon by

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