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Most interesting of modern events ?
What nation can dwell with the most satisfaction, upon its annals?
CHAPTER LIX.- p. 228. Public Debt. Shays's Insurrection. Constitution of U. S.
What did the Americans anticipate, during the revolutionary war?
What civil system was found incompetent to the great objects, for which it was instituted ?
Amount of the public debts at the close of the war? Expense of the war? $135,000,000.
To whom, was the foreign debt the domestic?
Of what important ability, relating to this subject, was Congress destitute ?
What was all that Congress could do in that case?
When was the attention of Congress drawn to this subject?
What did Congress propose to the States ?- With what success? What was the consequence? Effect upon certificates of public debt?
What else showed the necessity of changing our political system? Had Congress possessed the power, how could they have applied a remedy?
How did Ms. attempt to satis-
Name of that insurrection?
+ Perhaps the constitution is not perfectly consistent in stating, that "all legislative powers, herein granted, shall be vested in a con
Where did 1500 insurgents assemble?
What civil proceeding did they prevent at Northampton?
In what other state, was there an insurrection a little after? What measure was adopted in Ms. to support the judicial courts? What was the issue?
When was the insurrection quelled? In the early part of 1787.
For what purpose, did the legislature of Va. appoint commissioners in '86 ?
How many states were represented in the convention, proposed by Va.?
Why did they not come to any specific resolution?
To what city, did they adjourn? What did they recommend to the states? With what power? What states then appointed commissioners ?
Who was chosen president? On what point, was there little difference of opinion?
What was the grand point of difficulty?
What evil had they more than once, reason to fear?
Why would that have been an evil? The old confederation was utterly incompetent to the great objects of government, and a better constitution was needed to save the country from ruin.
What motion did Dr. Franklin introduce at this solemn crisis? What soon after prevailed? What was the result?
In what month and year, was the federal constitution presented to Congress?
To whom, did Congress send it for consideration?
In whom, does the constitution vest the legislature power? +
gress of the U. S. which shall consist of a senate and house of representatives." Had Congress all legislative powers, then no other
body or individual would possess any legislative power. But it seems certain, that the constitution does vest some legislative power in the president. The Congress cannot make a law merely by their own authority. A bill or draft of a law, cannot become a law, without the intervention of presidential power. The laws of the U. S. are enacted
in the following manner. A bill is first brought into the House of Representatives, or into the Senate, by one of its members. If approved by a majority of that branch of Congress, it is sent to the other. If approved by a majority of that branch also, it is sent to the president for his acceptance or rejection. If he signs it, it becomes a law. "Every bill," says the constitution, "which shall have passed the House of Representatives and the Senate, shall, before it becomes a law, be presented to the president of the U. S. If he approve, he shall sign it. But if not, he shall return it with his objections to that house in which it shall have originated. If after such reconsideration, two thirds of that house shall agree to pass the bill,
it shall be sent together with the objections to the other house. - and if approved by two thirds of that house, it shall become a law. — If any bill shall not be returned by the president within ten days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the same shall be a law in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the Congress by their adjournment, prevent its return; in which case it shall not be a law." Thus it appears, that the signature of the president makes a bill to become a law. The act of signing is most truly a legislative act, and must imply some legislative power in the president, and likewise imply, that all legislative power is not in Congress. It is true indeed, that Congress, if sufficiently agreed, may cause any bill to become a law in spite of the president; but still by their reconsideration and re-enaction, it cannot become a law so soon, as by his simple signature. Though he has by no means the same legislative power as either house of Congress; yet probably his legislative power is more important, than that of any other legislator.
Who was Col. Ledyard?
In what state, was there a great insurrection in 1786?
What British general did Philadelphia capture?
What southern city was taken by Col. Campbell, Dec. 29, 1778? Who was General Sumpter? For what, is Tarrytown noted? For what, is Cowpens noted? For what, is Camden in S. C. memorable ?
For what purpose, were Adams, Franklin, Jay and Lawrence, appointed Commissioners ?
Whom did Clinton succeed 'as commander at Philadelphia ? Important fortress, taken by Gen. Wayne in 1779 ?
Who was De Kalb?
For what, is Yorktown noted? On what occasion, was General O'Hara the representative of Cornwallis?
Which of our cities did the British occupy nine months?
Who was Robert Morris ?
Who commanded at Philadelphia, after it was evacuated by the British in 1778 ?
Whom did Carleton supersede at N. Y. in 1782 ?
In what state, is Freehold? From what, did Robert Morris save this country?
What do you recollect of Gloucester Point?
What officers of the U. S. are chosen for two years? for 4?
For what, is Freehold noted? Who attempted to defend
Charleston against Clinton, in | pressed upon the attention of the
Who was Rochambeau ?
Who were Paulding, Williams
and Van Wert?
Who was Count de Grasse ?
Why did Congress give Rochambeau two field pieces?
What do you recollect of Fort Griswold?
What officers of the U. S. are chosen by electors, chosen for the purpose?
What French commander conducted 18 ships of war to our aid in 1778?
Who left 4000 men under Cornwallis at Charleston, S. C. in 1780 ? Whom did Washington reprimand for peculation?
What distinction did Gen. Lincoln receive at Yorktown?
What event may be considered as closing the revolutionary war?
president and Congress? What was to be provided? Meaning of revenue?
What were to be arranged and filled?
Meaning of departments of gov ernment? Certain branches of the government, which were to be particularly managed by individuals under the president.
What is meant by filling them? Choosing individuals to perform the duties of each.
By whom, were these individuals nominated? Washington. By what, was he actuated in performing this duty? A regard to the best good of the country.
Who has the power to remove such officers ?
Who was selected for the department of state? Mr. Jefferson.
Duties of this department? To aid and advise the president in performing his most important duties. About how long was the first session of this Congress?
For what, did they direct the secretary of the treasury to provide?
How had the public credit become exceedingly sunk? By vast quantities of paper money, that had been issued by the former Congress, which they had been unable to redeem.
What journey did W. take, during the recess of Congress?
With what progress and improvement, was he highly gratified?
How was he every where received?
In what year, commenced the second session of this Congress?
What three things did Mr. Hamnilton recommend, to support public credit?
Which of these was unanimously adopted?
Fate of the other two?
Was the amount of the public securities to be paid partly to the
original holders, or wholly to those who then held them?
What is meant by the assumption of the State debts? That all the debts which individual states had contracted for carrying on the war, should be assumed by the U. S, and paid as their own.
Grand reason for such assumption? That as the war had been carried on equally for the good of the whole, the expenses should be defrayed from the common treasury.
Effect of these measures upon public credit?
In what year, did Vt. become one of the U.S.?
Meaning of Vermont? Green mountain.
Why so called?
About how long is it, since the settlement of Vt. commenced? What people built Crown Point, in 1731 ?
Why did N. H. make large grants of land in Vt.?
What other colony supposed herself to have a better right to the lands of Vt.?-Why?
To what umpire, was the cause submitted?
Meaning of umpire?
In whose favor, decided? Where else did N. Y. claim land?
Determination of the settlers? What prevented a civil war between the parties? The contest with Britain.
In what year, was Vt. called by its present name?
Why was it not immediately admitted into the Union?
What other state claimed jurisdiction over Vt. in '83 ?
For what compensation, did N. Y. finally relinquish the claim?
For what purpose was a tax imposed upon domestic ardent spirits ?
Fate of a bill for a national bank?
Amount of its capital?
Where did an Indian war com mence about this time?
Near what town, had Gen. Har. mer a battle with the Indians?
Issue of that battle?
Who succeeded Gen. Harmer? How was Washington treated, on his tour through the Southern States?
Of what, did he witness the most happy effects?
Near what river, had Gen. St Clair a battle with the Indians? In what state? - Result? How was his conduct regarded by a committee of Congress? What bill was occasioned by St. Clair's defeat?
Objections to the bill? Why did its advocates consider the war just?
About how many of the inhabitants had the Indians murdered? Fate of the bill?
Into whom, did the members opposed to Washington's administration, infuse their opposition?
What party was thus formed throughout the nation?
What state was added to the Union next after Vt.?