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What became of Breyman? He was mortally wounded in the second battle of Stillwater.

What other two actions did those at Bennington resemble? The battles of Trenton and Princeton.

In what respects? In effect they may be considered as one. They had an astonishing influence to raise the cause of the Ameri


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How much older was Gates than Washington? Four years.

In what year was Gates born?

What was the object of Burgoyne in crossing the river? He probably expected to vanquish the Americans in a general battle, and then pass unmolested to Albany, to join the forces expected from NewYork.

On what day, was the first battle of Stillwater? Sept. 19. How long after the battle of Bennington?

Which party claimed the honor of victory? Both.

Which sustained the greatest loss?

Why was the first battle of Stillwater very much to the advantage of the Americans? The enemy How? By giving new courage were exceedingly disappointed and to our soldiers; by inducing multi-chagrined; their losses could not tudes to flock to our camp; by leading to the ruin of Burgoyne, and by giving a new face to the whole scene of our operations.

Of what, was Burgoyne greatly in want?

What river did he pass about the middle of September?

Where did he take post on the right bank?

Near what army?

What is meant by the right bank of a river? That on your right hand, when you are looking down

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be repaired; B.'s object in fighting was frustrated; and the Americans much encouraged and animated to find that they could successfully contend with the whole British army.

By whom, was Gates's army continually reinforced? Multitudes of militia.

What debilitating measure did B. adopt Oct. 3? Diminished his soldiers' rations.

Meaning of rations?

What induced him to do this? Want of provisions.

On what day, was the second battle of Stillwater?

How long after the first? What was the issue? The British were defeated, driven to their camp, and there attacked.

What ended the battle? The darkness of the night.

Why did not the Americans lay aside their arms during the night? They wished to renew the attack the next morning.

What prevented? Burgoyne retreated in the night, and took a much stronger position.

Why did not Gates attack him there? He chose that famine rather than bloodshed, should compel Burgoyne to surrender.

Why did not B. retreat to Fort Edward, and thence to Canada?

Why did he not ford the river at the ford, just above F. Edward? Gates had taken measures to prevent it.

Why did not B. retreat on the right bank of the river? Pressed by so mighty an army, he could not retreat through roads so difficult.

What decision was then formed by a British council of war?

Who composed that council? All the captains and superior offi

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What did Gates do with it? Most politely returned it to B.

How did Gates treat B.? Very kindly, invited him to his table, and endeavored to comfort and cheer him.

How did B. appear? Silent, dejected and disconsolate.

Whom did Gates send to inform Congress ?

What message did Wilkinson deliver to Congress?

To whom, did Congress vote thanks? To Gates and his army

How large was his army? Near ly three times as large as the one they captured.

What other honor did Congress vote to show Gates? To give him a gold medal.

How were the Americans affected with the surrender of Burgoyne?

Who, did they expect, would acknowledge their independence? By whom, was it shortly after acknowledged?

What treaty was then formed with France?

Most important stipulation of that treaty?

How long had our commissioners been at the court of France ? Who was the principal? What had they urged?

Why had they not succeeded?

Miscellaneous Questions.

No. 5.

For what, was the year 1775 most distinguished?

Whom did Mr. West ask to walk with him, and see the cause of the American Revolution?

By whom, was the Stamp Act opposed besides Americans?

Where were 342 chests of tea destroyed?

What British general arrived off Sandy Hook in June, '76?

What battle was probably more disastrous to the Ainericans, than any other?

Who were called ragamuffins? On what occasion, did Congress remove from Philadelphia to Baltimore ?

What pretended right of Parliament did Pitt deny ?

What American port did the British first shut up?

For what, is Lexington in Ms. distinguished?

In what year, was Bunker Hill battle?

Who often accused the colonists of desiring and seeking independence?

With what fort, did the Americans lose 2600 men ?

What articles did Franklin sub

mit to Congress in 1775?

Who was Gen. Stark?

Who was Col. Wilkinson ?

their cause, and emboldened them to oppose British tyranny?

Who was Gen. Warren? To what office, was Washington appointed in 1775 ?

Who perfidiously refused, to let the Boston patriots leave the town? Who told Col. Patterson, that the Americans needed no pardon? What two battles may be considered, in some sense, as one event? What outrages did the British commit at Danbury in '77 ?

What small, but most important battle, was fought Aug. 16, 1777? First king of England, who had belonged to Hanover?

Who was Charles Townsend? For what, was the year 1766 most distinguished?

What order did the British ministry require the Ms. assembly, to rescind?

Who was Gage?

Where was Gen. Warren killed?
By whom, was Washington ap-

To what country, did the colo-pointed generalissimo ?

nists often give the name home?

With how many pounds, did king George say, he would begin to build his palace?

In what year, did the Boston Port Bill take effect?

For what, is Concord in Ms. most distinguished?

In what year, did the Americans take Ticonderoga and Crown Point?

Where did the colonists fight to obtain redress of grievances? Who was Col. Patterson? Where was Washington wonderfully favored by two providential events?

For what, is Bennington distinguished?

Whose loyalty was praised by Gov. Pownal?

For what, was the year 1765 most distinguished?

What British statesman inspired the Americans with confidence in

Where did Adams say, that independence was born?

What counterbalanced the disaster of Brooklyn ?

For what, is Elkton distinguish. ed? Who was Col. Warner? What most important event took place Oct. 17, '77 ?

Who made a mighty speech a gainst the Writs of Assistance? Who was Col. Barre ?

For what, was the year 1767 most distinguished?

Who was Capt. Preston ? In what year, was the tea destroyed at Boston?

What general first fell in our revolutionary army?

Where was Gen. Montgomery killed?

What battle was fought soon after Howe landed at Elkton ? Who was Col. Breyman? To whom, did Congress award a gold medal in '77?

Name of a law, that laid a duty upon clayed sugar, &c. ?

Who was George Grenville? For what, was the year 1768 most distinguished?

For what, was the year 1770 most distinguished?

Who was Col. Leslie ?
Who was Maj. Pitcairn?
What town near Boston, was
burnt in 1775 ?

Who was Dunmore?

In what battle, did the Americans lose nearly 3000 men?

Who took Ticonderoga in '77 ? Who sent Baum, to seize some stores at Bennington ?

Who contended, that representation should be united with taxation?

Who commanded the northern British army in '77 ?

What event induced the French to acknowledge our independence, and form a treaty with us?

Whom did Mr. Jefferson consider the greatest orator, that ever lived?

What circular was exceedingly grievous to the British ministry? Who was Col. Grant?

Of what skirmish, did the Provincial Congress of Ms. send a particular account to England?

For what purpose were Dorchester Heights fortified in '76 ? Who was John Hancock? Important battle, fought Aug. 27, 1776 ?

Who pursued Washington thro'

Who was Col. Rawle ?

Who wrote to Mr. Thompson, | N. J.? that the sun of liberty was set? Who was Dennis De Berdt? For what, was the year 1773 most distinguished?

Who was Dr. Barnard ? Who was Lord Percy? Who desired the colonies to form constitutions of government in "76 ?

In what fort, was Col. Magaw captured?

Who evacuated Ticonderoga in July, '77 ?

Harbinger of the Stamp Act? In opposing what British Act, did Va. take the lead?

What colony sent a most important Circular to the rest in 1768 ? For what, was the year 1774 most distinguished?

Who said, the Americans were cowards by nature?

In what year, did Washington take the command at Cambridge?

Mention some of the most important events of "75.

Who was Richard Henry Lee? What island a little S. of N. Y. contains about 100 square miles? Where did Washington retreat in 1776 ?

What army did Gen. Schuyler command in the summer of "77?

What general was four years older than Washington?

What army did Gates capture?
Office of Jasper Mauduit?

Whom did Mr. Adams consider the greatest orator he ever heard? What was the Boston Massacre ? What evil did Dr. Barnard probably prevent, at the draw-bridge

between Salem and Danvers?

In what year, did the British army evacuate Boston?

Who was Mr. Jefferson?
Former name of White Hall?
Who was Burgoyne?

On which side of the Hudson, was Fort Edward?

To whom, did Burgoyne surrender?

Who was chosen into the Va. Assembly, to oppose the Stamp Act?

In what year, was the Boston Massacre?

What were soldiers called, who were prepared to march at a minute's warning?

What other names are sometimes given to the battle of Brooklyn?

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How far from Phil.? 20 miles. Which way? N. W. Number of the army? About 17,000.

Of what, did their encampment consist?

By whom built? Themselves. Of what, were they soon in danger?

Where did the inhabitants conceal their provisions?

How much had bills of credit fallen in value?

Meaning of bills of credit? Bills of paper money, somewhat like the present bank bills, which had been issued by Congress.

Why did they depreciate? They could not be exchanged for specie, as bank bills can, and it was fear

ed, that Congress would never be able to redeem them.

Meaning of specie?

Of what other necessaries, were the soldiers almost destitute?

How great was their want of linen? Few had more than one shirt, many, only the moiety of one; and some, none at all.

Upon what did they lodge? Some upon straw; but the greater part, upon the ground.

Influence of their condition upon health and life? Extremely pernicious.

What does Botta say of their hospital? It "resembled more a receptacle for the dying, than a refuge for the sick."

What part of the army were fit for service, during the winter? Generally, about one third.

What does Botta say of the manner, in which the army bore their trials? "They exhibited such examples of constancy and resignation, as we should not dare to pronounce ever to have been equalled by other nations."

How was Washington affected? He acknowledged his trials to be greater than they had been before.

Why? He felt most keenly for his poor, ragged, naked, hungry, shivering, languishing, dying soldiers, whom he could not relieve.

What greatly aggravated these trials? Some blamed him, and wished him removed from his office.

How did he bear his trials? Most magnanimously.

What would have been the result, if the British had attacked Washington in this condition? It probably would have been fatal to our army; and perhaps to our independence.

What prevented? In his comfortable winter quarters, Howe seems to have been too supine and indolent to discover and improve his advantage.

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