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What prevented ?
What leader was cut down ar Who conducted the other di- | the commencement of the action ? vision ?
his men ?
What was the issue ?
How many of our men were killHow nearly at the same time, ed ?-How many chilled to death? did the two columns begin the at
What river did W. then cross? tack ?
In what city did he soon display What if there had been half an his captives? hour's difference in the times of How were the Philadelphians their arrival ?
arms, while 500 had the good for. bition now conspired to rouse the lune to escape. About 20 of the British energies to crush the rebels. Hessians were killed, and only two
Cornwallis, though on the point of of our men; though two others were embarking for England, hurried frozen or chilled io death.
back to the defence of N. J. He Washington did not think it pru.
soon collected all the forces in his dent to remain in the vicinity of power, to attack Washington at hostile forces, much superior to his Trenton, and with part of his own. He, therefore, collected his troops, arrived at that metropolis 1000 captives, with the booty he Jan. 2, 1777. The situation of had taken, and hastened back Washington was now perhaps more across the Delaware. Passing on
critical than ever. Forces greatly to Philadelphia, he exhibited them superior to his own, infuriated to to the admiring and enraptured madness, were ready to attack hin, gaze of the people, marching and it seemed impossible, that he through the streets with arms and should escape. He withdrew across banners displayed. At first, how the Assumpink, and encamped on ever, many of the Philadelphians
the S. E. side of Trenton. could not believe it a reality. They
And now Cornwallis enjoys the thought it impossible, that German solid comfort of anticipating the warriors should have been over
tremendous attack determined upcome by Americans. They con
on the Ainerican camp, the next cluded, it must be a mere stratagem morning, and the dreadful discom
“ But when they | fiture to ensue. He exults in the were satisfied, that the spectacle prospect of wiping away the horrid was not an illusion, words cannot disgrace of Dec. 26, and of condescribe their exultation.” Having signing the rebels and their cause at first rated the Hessians far above to speedy and everlasting infamy. the English, they now considered
At break of day, his troops are them as much below.
roused and harnessed for the onset. Having given his war-worn,
A few British soldiers find it very Weather-beaten troops, two or three easy and safe to pass the Assumdays to refresh themselves, Wash- pink, and survey the place of the ington again crossed the Delaware, | American camp. No Washington, and concentrated his principal forces no army, not a single American at Trenton, with the design of mak
soldier was there. At that moing farther inroads upon the enemy.
ment, Washington had completed But shame, vengeance and am. the greater part of his long and
e, the n de
of the enemy
Where did W. soon concentrate For what place, did W. march his forces ?
that night? - At what time? With what design ?
Why did he take an indirect, What conspired to arouse the circuitous route ? To avoid being British to oppose ?
discovered. Who soon arrived at Trenton Was the battle at Trenton, or with superior forces, to attack
that at Princeton most severe ? Washington ?
How many men did the British Across what' creek, did Wash- lose!-- The Americans ? ington withdraw ?
Which way is Princeton from Where did he encamp?
Trenton ? How far? 10 miles. What satisfaction did Cornwallis Where did W. take up his winenjoy ?
ter quarters ? circuitous march to Princeton. A. pink, he immediately mistrusted bout one o'clock at night, his army their destination, and hastened to had withdrawn from the banks of relieve his troops at Princeton. the Assumpink so silently, so cau
But his subtle adversary, having tiously, that not one of the enemy finished his work of death and cap seems to have mistrusted their de- ture, was out of his reach; and the parture. This is the more astonish “old fox." that he had so doted ing, as Sir William Erskine is said upon catching, had safely and glolo have forewarned Cornwallis of riously escaped. Washington prothis very event. “If Washington," ceeded to Pluckemin, about' 25 said be," is the general, I take him miles N. of Princeton, where his to he, his army will not be found troops were allowed to take that on its present ground in the mom rest, which they so much needed. ing.” Washington's danger doubt. Some of them had had scarcely a less af peared as great to himself, moment's repose for 60 hours. "In as it did to Erskine. Continuancé a few days, he took up his winter on the Assumpink could hardly fail quarters ai Morristown, and conof proving the death or capture of tinued there till the last of May. every one of his men. To retreat “The bold, judicious and unexover the Delaware, without striking pected attacks, made at Trenton a single blow, appeared ignomini and Princeton,” says Marshall, ous, and would also be attended “by an enemy believed to be vanwith extreme peril from ice and quished, had an influence on the fate enemies. He, therefore, determin of the war much more extensive in ed to march to Princeton, and at its consequences, than, from a mere tack the few British soldiers, that estimate of the killed and taken, he expected to find there. This he would have been supposed. They did with a success not less glorious, saved Philadelphia for the present than his victory at Trenton. The winter; they recovered N. J. and, battle was much
which was of still more importance, The Americans were completely they revived the drooping spirits vietorious, and the British routed, of America, and gave a sensible except about 300 captured and 100 impulse to the recruiting service slain. The Americans had nearly throughout the U. S." These 100 slain; among whom, was the achievements “ were represented worthy and much lamented Scot, and considered as great victories. Gen. Mercer.
They were believed by the body When Cornwallis perceived that of the people, to evidence the suthe Americans had left the Assum- | periority of their army and their
REESE LIBIARY approached Philadelphia Comwalles
153 UNIVERSITY What does Marshall say of the strained to think, when influence of these battles ? Some of the important conse
With what, did their exertions quences ?
seem to increase ? For whom, did these achieve To what city, did Congress then ments acquire immense glory? adjourn? What was he pronounced ? Upon whom, did they confer al
Ø During what period, was the most unlimited powers ? firmness of Congress peculiarly For how long? manifested ? +
What resolution did they adopt What idea would they not admit at the time of their lowest depresfor a moment?
sion? Of what measure, were they con To whom, did they send it? general. The opinion, that they fellow citizens. Unawed by the were engaged in a hopeless con dangers which threatened them, test, yielded to a confidence, that and regardless of personal safety, proper exertions on their part, they did not for an instant admit would be crowned with ultimate the idea, that the independence success."
they had declared was to be surThe Italian historian Botta, is rendered, and peace to be purthe recorder of still higher praise.chased, by returning to their an" Achievements so astonishing, ac
cient colonial situation. As the quired an immense glory for the British army approached PhilaCaptain General of the V. S. All delphia, they were constrained to nations shared in the surprise of think of adjourning to a place more the Americans; all equally admired remote from the seat of war. But and applauded the prudence, the their exertions seemed to increase constancy and the noble intrepidity with their difficulties. They sought of Washington. A unanimous voice to remove the despondence, which pronounced him the savior of his was seizing and paralyzing the country; all extolled him as equal public mind, by an address to the to the most celebrated commanders States, in which every argument of antiquity, all proclaimed him the was suggested, which could rouse Fabius of America."
them to vigorous action.
They made the most strenuous efforts to animate the militia, and impel them
to the field, by the agency of those, + NOTE F. F.
whose popular eloquence best fitted
them for such a service. Magnanimous patriotism of the
"When reassembled at Balti. Congress of '76.
to which they had adjourned, This note is taken principally their resolutions exhibited no evi. from Marshall's life of Washing-dence of confusion or dismay; and
the most judicious efforts were “The firmness, manifested hy made, by collecting, as soon as Congress, throughout the gloomy possible, a military force, lo repair and trying period, which intervened The mischief of past errors. That between the loss of Fort Washing the war might be carried on with ton and the battle of Princeton, greater vigor, they authorized gives the members of that period | Washington to raise 16 additional just claim to the admiration of the regiments, and conferred upon him, world, and to the gratitude of their for six months, powers for the con
paign of '77 ?
By whom, was it published ? How was he rewarded ! How were Congress affected With what force did Gen with that?
Howe embark for the Chesa. peak ?
At the head of what river, did he land his troops ?
la what month ?
Near what place? Elkton. CHAPTER LV.- p. 185. Which way from Philadelphia ?
How far ? About 50 miles. Buttle of Chad's Ford. Capture of Philadelphia.
What was the design of Howe?
What movement did Washington Germantown. Battle of Ben
make to prevent it? nington. Battles of Stillwa Near what river, did they soon ter. Surrender of Burgoyne.
come to a battle? How large was the continental
What is that battle generally army at the opening of the cam called ? Battle of Brandywine.
More proper name? Battle of Near the close of what month, Chad's Ford. did Washington quit Morristown ?' Why? Because Chad's Ford, Where had the British army
the place of the battle, is much wintered ?
more definite, than Brandywine, How far from Morristown? 25 which is a river of considerable miles. — Which way?
length. V At what town in Ct. had the In what state, is C. F.? In British destroyed a great quantity Pa. of stores, in April ?
Which way from Phil. ? W. S. How many persons did they w. murder at Danbury?.
How far ? About 25 miles. What did they do with their Who commanded the British ? bodies?
Howe. --- The Americans ? W. Which way is Danbury from
Which was victorious ? N. Haven?
How much greater was the What generals greatly annoyed
American loss ? More than douthe British on their return to N. Y.? ble. Which was mortally wounded ?
Date of this battle? Which displayed distinguished What did Congress recommend gallantry on this occasion ?
to W. soon after ? duct of the war, which were almost our great political fathers rejoiced, unlimited."
though perhaps without much feels At the time of their lowest de- ing of gratitude to the enemy for pression, with the most gloomy this friendly act of hostility. They and appalling, prospects before rejoiced that all Britain should them, they again adopted the sol- know, and that the world should emn resolution never to submit to kuow their fixed determination Britain. Copies of these resolu never again to think of submitting tions were sent to the principal to the yoke of dependence. There courts of Europe; and proper per is no doubt, that this resolution, sons were appointed to solícit their thus made and thus published, had friendship. These despatches fell a happy influence to induce the into the hands of the British, and French openly to unite with us in by them were publishind. In this, I fighting for our independence.
What prevented another batlle Present name! White Hall. Sept. 16?
Which way from Danbury ? When did Howe enter Phil.? How long did Burgoyne halt ai How_long after the battle of Skeensborough ? Chad's Ford?-after Howe's land. To wbat fort, did he then pro ing at Elkton ? A month and a ceed ? day.
Who had obstructed B.'s army Where was then the principal in their way to F. E.? part of the British army?
0 In what, did the English army How far is Germantown from exceedingly exult, when they ar Philadelphia ? - Which way? rived at Fort Edward ? In their
To what place, had Congress past success and future prospects. adjourned ?
Of whal, had they the most conWhich way is L. from Phil. ? fident expectation ? That they
When was the battle of German should proceed down the Hudson, towu ? — Issue ?
unite with a British force from N. How much greater was the loss Y. cut off the communication beof the Americans ?
tween N. E. and the rest of the U. Effect upon Washington ? S. and soon reduce the rebels to
By what, was his chagrin in- subjection. creased ?
What then seenied to be almost What sentiment did Congress the only evil, with which they had express ?
to contend? The extreme diffi. Where did the English then re- culty of procuring provisions, which move ?
were principally brought from CanWhat project did the English ada. form, to stop the intercourse be In what village, had the Ameritween N. E. and the other States ? cans a magazine of stores ? To establish sufficient forces upon How far was Bennington from the Hudson, and upon Lake Cham- F. E.? About 35 miles. Which plain, and to connect them by a line of forts.
Whom did Burgoyne send, to To whom, did they commit the seize those stores ? execution of this project ?
With what forces ? What important fortress did What did Baum learn, when they Burgoyne invest, July 1st ? arrived near Bennington ?
How large was the garrison of Who then commanded the mili. Ticonderoga? Commander ? tia at Bennington ? Issue of the siege ?
For whom, did Stark then send How long had T. been in the to Manchester ? For Col. Warner hands of the Americans !
with his regiment. Where did St. Clair retreat ? Who attacked Baum in his ene
Who was then commander of trenchments ? - On what day? our northern army ?
With what success? Where did St. Clair join Gen. Fate of Baum ? He was morSchuyler ?
tally wounded. At the mouth of what river, did Who commanded this reinforce the whole army take post, Aug. ment? Col. Breyman. 18th ?
With what success, did Breyman Where did Burgoyne soon de attack the Americans ? At first, he stroy a great quantity of stores ? had greatly the advantage, and Where was Skeensborough ? At
reason to fear that he the S. end of Lake Champlain. would gain a complete victory.