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upon these ?

Who was Gov. at this time ? Ón what condition, did he finally

What had the leading patriots pass the bridge ? deposited at Salem ?

How many soldiers did Gage Whom did Gage send to seize send to Concord ?

Two principal officers ? With how many men ?

For what purpose ? Where did he determine to seek On what morning, did they are the stores, when he could not find ribe at Lexington ? them in Salem ?

Which way is Lexington from Where was his progress arrest- Boston ? - from Salem ? - from ed ? - How ?

Providence ? from Exeter ? How long did he continue at the How far did they travel in going bridge ?

from Boston to Lexington ? About Who there prevented bloodshed ? 12 miles.

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they refused, declaring it to be a perpetrated upon any person, exprivate road, by which, he had no cept that some of the people were authority to demand a pass. Per- a little goaded by British bayonels. ceiving a gondola on the bank, he Leslie did insisi, however, that he delermined to send over a number must pass the bridge that it of his men. But scarcely was it would bring an indelible stain upafloat, when the people scuttled it on his honor, 1o return without this with their axes. And now there formality. Having, pledged his was the utinost danger of instant honor, that he would march but 30 hostility. At this awful moment, rods beyond the bridge, and then the calm and magnanimous pru- peaceably return, the draw was dence of the Rev. Thomas Bar put down, and he was permitted nard interposed. He endeavored io pass. This he according!y did, to moderate the fury of the British while Col. Pickering, with his 40 soldiers, by stating to them the fol- brave men,

faced the king's troops ly of attempting to oppose the at the line, that had been marked multitudes, that were flocking to- out. Leslie returned agreeably to gether from every direction. It is his promise, and soon embarked indeed reported, that he proceeded for Boston. most solemnly to address them in It seems to be matter of special substance as follows:-

-“I am

thankfulness, that Mr. Barnard, well acquainted with the feelings (afterwards Dr. Barnard) was thus and the spirit of my countrymen. enabled to stay the scourge of war Their minds are highly exaspe

for more than seven weeks. Blood. rated. Should you attack them shed was not only prevented; but here, or insist upon passing the there is some reason to fear, that if bridge to execute your orders, I hostilities had commenced on that have reason to believe, that not a occasion, it would have been less man of you would return alive.” | honorable to us and to the cause To calm the rage of the citizens, of freedom, than it was at Lexing, he insisted, that at so late an hour,

ton.. the intended object of this expedi- Dr. Barnard was then about 30 tion was impracticable.- Others years old. He died at Salem in a seconded the pacific counsels of good old age, about 40 years after, Barnard; and the fury of both par. having long rejoiced in the inde. ties was so restrained, that, though pendence, freedom and prosperity they continued at the bridge an of his country. hour and a half no violeuce was


spot ?

stroy ?

How many of the militia did How did Percy's reinforcement taey meet at Lexington ?

receive the poor, exhausted fugiWho addressed them?

tives ? Into à hollow square, inlo What did Pitcair say to them? which they had formed themWhat did he then do?

selves. How many were killed upon the Conduct of these fugitives, when

they found themselves thus guardTo what place, did the British ed? They threw themselves upon then proceed ?

the ground with their

tongues exWhich way is Concord from tending from their mouths, like Lexington ? from Lynn ?

dogs after a chase. How far is Concord from Lex- By what means, were the miliington ? Six miles.

tia kept at a distance ? By the two At what time, did the British ar- field pieces of Percy. rive at Concord? About 7 in the What acts of devastation, did morning

the British commit, on their retreat Conduct of 150 militia, that to Charlestown ? Plundered and were collected at Concord ? They set on fire many of the houses on retired at the approach of numbers

the road. 80 superior.

Fate of those houses ! The What did the British then de- flames of most of them were extin

guished. Why were very few stores

Where did another sharp skir, found ? A great part had been re- mish take place ? A little below

the village of West Cambridge. Issue of a skirmish, that en- How many times more did the sued ? A considerable number British lose, than the Americans, were killed on both sides, and the during this expedition ? British were compelled to retreat. 0 With what, did the issue of the

What was their retreat to Lex- | expedition to Concord, fill the Engington? A hurried and distressing lish officers ? Chagrin and morů flight.

fication. By whom, were they driven ? What did they call the militia, By thousands of the militia, who that had driven the regulars to nished in from every direction. Boston ? A flock of Yankees."

Who probably prevented their Effect upon the English, genebeing wholly cut off or captured, rally? It greatly raised their esti. at Lexington ?

mation of American courage, and Number of men under Lord Per- convinced them, that the struggle cy?

would be far more severe and san Why had Gage sent out this re- guinary, than had been supposed. inforcement ? Col. Smith had sent What soon heightened this efback a messenger from Lexington,fect? The battle of Bunker Hill. to inform Gage of what had taken Ø By whom, had the character of place, and of the alarm, that was the colonists long been much un. spreading through the country. derrated ? + + Note A. A.

rated by most of their British

brethren. In Jan. 1775, the AmerSupposed cowardice of the Ameri.

icans were held up to abhorrence

and ridicule in open parliament The character of the colonists | They were represented, as among had long been exceedingly under- the most pusillanimous and con


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for the purpose;

In what assembly, were they Upon what question were three much ridiculed in 1775 ?

American governors asked their What were they declared to be s opinion ? - Names of those govby nature ?

ernors ? Of what, were they said to be What was the answer of H. ? incapable ?

of C.?—of T. ? What Col. said, they would nev- What question relating to this er dare to face an English army? subject, did a British officer once

For what, did Grant say a slight propose to Gen. Putnam ? force would be more than suffi- Substance of Putnam's reply? cient ?

♡ What effect upon American temptible of the human race. "Can ca, were once called upon to give we," said the ministers," make a their opinion upon the question of serious matter of the resistance of going to war with the colonies. the Americans ? Cowards by na- H. said, that the people would not ture, incapable of any sort of mili- with their armies, resist G. Brit. tary discipline, their bodies are ain- - that a few troops would be feeble, and their inclinations das- sufficient to quell them, if any one tardly." Col. Grant assured the should make opposition. Carlton house, that he had often acted in said, America might be easily conthe same service with the Ameri- quered, though' it would require a cans; he knew them well, and considerable army from that knowledge, would ven- that he would not pretend to march ture to predict, that they would from Canada to N. Y. or Boston, never dare to face an English ar- without 10,000 men. Tryon said, my, as being destitute of every it would take large armies and requisite to constitute good sol. much time, to bring America to diers; that by their laziness, un- their feet; that the power of Great leanliness, or radical defect of Britain was equal to any thing; but constitution, they were incapable all that power must be exerted to of going through the service of a put the monster in chains. campaign, and would melt away It is said, that a British officer with sickness, before they could (probably Gen. Short) once said to face an enemy; so that a very Gen. Putnam,“ Do you not think, slight force would be more than that with 10,000 good royal troops, qufficient for their complete reduc- I could march through the colonies tion. So infatuated was he, with without opposition or molestation?" this opinion, that he declared open- “ You undoubtedly might,” said ly, he would undertake, with five Putnam, "if you should restrain regiments of infantry, to traverse your soldiers from plunder, honorthe whole country, and drive the ably purchase and pay for every inhabitants from one end of the article you might use, and treat continent to the other. Many lu- every American with all possible dicrous stories were told of their civility and kindness. But rememcowardice, greatly to the entertain-ber, if you should offer the least ment of the ministerial members, injury or insult to any individual, who were all confident, that Amer- though every man should be ab ica would make a short and feeble sent, the women would instantly resistance.

rush out with their brooms, and Hutchinson, Carlton and Tryon, sweep every one of you into the who had been governors in Ameri- ocean.

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courage, had the Concord expedi- Meaning of redoubt? A square tion? It greatly raised it.

fort, defended on but one side. For what, were preparations ev- When were they discovered by ery where commenced? War. the British ?

Why did the Provincial Con- How did the British immediategress of Ms. send depositions to ly attempt to annoy them? England ? To prove, that in the From what hill in Boston, did skirmish at Lexington, the British the British fire upon them ? were the aggressors.

Conduct of the provincials under Meaning of depositions ?

this cannonade? What solemn determination did How many men did they lose they express ? To die or be during the forenoon? free.

How many British were sent to How large an army soon assem- attack them by land ? bled in the vicinity of Boston ? By whom, commanded ? 30,000.

What reinforcement did the Over what towns, did the army Americans receive a little after extend ? Charlestown, Cambridge noon? About 500 men. and Roxbury.

By whom commanded ? General What important fortresses, did Warren, and General Pomeroy. the Americans think it desirable to Which party commenced the secure ?

fire ? In what colony, were they? At what distance, did the pro On what lake ? Which side ? vincials return the fire ? How far apart? 12 miles.

With what effect ? Which most northerly ?

How near did the Americans sufWho led the expedition against fer them to approach the second these fortresses ?

time ? With what success ?

With what effect, did the AmerWho demanded the surrender of icans again return their fire ? Ticonderoga ? - In what name? What was the success of the In what month ?

third charge of the British ? What battle soon followed the Why were the Americans then capture of T. and C. P. ?

compelled to retire ? Month and day?

How much greater was the loss Where is that hill ?

of the British than of the AmeriWhat name is now given to that cans? About twice as great. hill by the best authority? BUN- Most memorable British officer KER HILL.

that fell ? - American ? How many men were sent to for- How were the horrors of the tify Bunker Hill ?

scene greatly increased ? By whom, commanded ? Colonel By whose orders ? Prescot.

Consequences of the battle to the Object of fortifying Bunker Hill ? Americans ? To prevent the British from march- What did they learn respecting mg through Charlestown into the their enemies country.

Of what, did they learn the ina When did the provincials com

portance ? mence the fortification ?

Effect of this battle upon the na How large a redoubt did they tion ? make during the night?


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CHAPTER LI. - p. 171. In what year, did the Americans

evacuate Canada ? Second Continental Congress. - What mark of distinction did

Washington Commander in Congress show Montgomery?
Chief. - Expedition to Cana- Who was the royal governor
da. Conduct of Lord Dun- of Va. in 1775 ?
-Evacuation of Boston. Meaning of royal governor?

Governor, appointed by the king. Name, given to the third coloni- What southern colony had been al congress ? Second Continental among the foremost, in opposing Congress ?

the tyranny of Britain ? Where did they meet ?

How had Dunmore attempted to In what year ?

thwart the defensive measures of What was now resolved upon, the Virginians ? by the colonies ?

What did this occasion ? Whom did Congress choose for Where did Dunmore flee? commander in chief?

What great political alteration How old was he then ?

did he make? What colony had sent Washing- On what condition, did he proffer ton to that Congress ?

freedom to slaves ? What resolution did Congress What town did he burn! express, on presenting him with his Why? commission ?

How many persons were deTo what office did they appoint prived of habitations ? Ward, Lee, Schuyler and Put- In what state is Norfolk? Which nam?

way from Cape Hatteras ?

? - from To what office did they appoint Charleston ? from Sacket's Har. Pomeroy, Montgomery, Wooster, bor ? Heath, Spencer, Thomas, Sullivan, Where did the royal governors and Greene?

of N. and S. C. flee? Where did Washington first In what year, did most of the take command of the American royal governors abdicate ?

Meaning of abdicate ? In what month, did he arrive at In the spring of what year,

did Cambridge ?

Washington think of expelling the How was he received by the ar- British from Boston ? - How?

What purpose was adopted in a What extent of region, did the council of war ? army occupy?

What is a council of war ? A What places besides Boston, did council, consisting of the principal the British occupy?

officers, to give advice to ihe comWhat is Boston Neck ? The mander in chief. neck of land that unites Boston What did these heights comwith Roxbury.

mand ? To what control, did Washing- How were the British affected, ton soon bring every soldier ? when they saw the fortification of

Who soon captured St. John's Dorchester Heights ? and Montreal from the British ? What remark did the English

What other city did he soon at- Admiral make upon the subject ! tack ? - Who aided him?

Determination of the British ? Who had sent Arnold ?

On what month, did the British Issue of this attack?

evacuate Boston ? Which of them fell ?

To what place did they sail !

army ?



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