« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »
De Derd te
8 best i
dearor Byers, to whom they sent letters. So letters prepared letters to the Marquis of
To whom, did they request him What influence were these lelto represent their grievances ? To ters calculated to have in Brit.
ain? To whom, did they prepare a di
Where was the chief advantage sect petition ?
of these letters ?
sidered a part ?
In what light alone, did the writ.
What would they take kind in By whom, were these letters any other House of Representadrafted ? --- corrected ?
tives? What do these letters breathe ? How was this circular received ? king. Of this it may here suffice discussed by a large committee, to give a few lines of the beginning chosen to prepare them; and finalaud close.
ly being reported to the House, “ Most Gracious Sovereign,
were discussed and accepted. They Your Majesty's faithful subjects, could hardly fail of having a saluthe Representatives of your prov. tary, and very considerable influ. ince of the Massachusetts Bay, with ence in Britain, to increase the numthe warmest sentiments of loyalty, ber, to warın the hearts, and arm duty and affection, beg leave io ap the understanding of our british proach the throne, and to lay at friends. your Majesty's feet, their humble But the grand influence, the chief supplications in behalf of your dis advantage of these letters, was in tressed subjects, the people of this this country. They were sent on province. We most humbly be
to the several colonial assemblies seech
your Majesty to take our in company with the circular lelpresent unhappy circumstances un ter, co-operated with it, and may in der
your royal consideration, and a sense, be considered as a part of afford us relief in such manner, as
it. Nay, they may in fact, be conin your Majesty's great wisdom sidered, as by far the most imand clemency, shall seem meet." portant part of it. The simple During the same session, they circular, addressed immediately
to the other Assemblies, is remarkRockingham, (who had been a ably modest, respectful, and concilgreat instrument in procuring the iating. “This House," say they, repeal of the Stamp Act,)
to Gen. "hope, that this letter will be canConway, to the Earl of"Camden, didly considered in no other light,
William Pitt. * These than as expressing a disposition letters,” says Mr. Alden Bradford, freely to communicate their mind
are writien with great ability, to a sister colony upon a common and breathe a noble spirit of concern,
in the same manner, as freedom. - These papers show they would be glad to receive the the diligence, the interest and zeal, sentiments of your, or any other which the patriots of that period | House or Assembly on the conti
and their unwearied ef nent." In conclusion, they remark, forts to secure the rights and liber · The House is fully satisfied, thai ties of the people." These letters your Assembly is too generous and were drafted by Otis, corrected by liberal in sentiment, to believe, S. Adams, and then considered and that this letter proceeds from an
was 10,7 Londini
How durable was the excitement What did they require the Legisproduced ?
lature of Ms. to do? Why was this excitement then Why could not this be done? peculiarly needed ?
How many members voted in faTo whom, was it grievous and vor of rescinding? distressing ?
What were they called ? To what degree, did it sting What was done to the G. C. for them ?
not rescinding ? - By whom ?
ainbition of taking the lead, or dic.creasing, till independence was actating to the other assemblies. tually declared. They freely submit their opinions Perhaps no document or transto the judgment of others; and action of a colony, was ever more shall take it kind in your House to grievous and distressing to the point out any thing further that may British ministry, than this circular. be thought necessary.”
It wounded them most deeply. This circular with its appenda Nay, it seems to have stung thein ges, or more properly speaking, this to madness - literally, to madness, compound circular, was the very unless perchance they were mad thing, which was exceedingly need before. Their consequent order ed in the colonies, at that time. Af was not merely tyrannic and cruel; ter being unspeakably excited and it was downright insanity. They distressed by the Stamp Act, the required the Ms. Legislature to repeople were scarcely less enrap scind a resolution, that had already iured by its repeal. Feeling as been executed. And strange to though they were forever emanci. think! another House of Represen. pated, they settled down into a calm, tatives were required" immediately which was most dangerous to their to rescind the resolution of the liberties -a calm, from which, they last House, to transmit circular were most reluctant to be aroused. letters to the other British colonies," At least, this was generally, the &c. when the letters had been ac
A powerful stimulus was tually sent, and several, if not all needed to operate upon the vast of them, had been kindly answer. mass of patriotism, that was slum-ed!! And in obedience to royal bering in all the colonies. Such authority, the House did condewas the Ms. circular. “The cir- scend to act upon the degrading cular of the House of Representa question, whether they should relives of Ms." says Chief Justice scind a resolution of their predeMarshall, “was well received in cessors, which, having been executhe other colonies. They generally ted, even Omnipoteuce could not approved the measures of oppo. now alter. The vote was taken, sition, which had been taken, and and more surprising still, 17 memreadily united in them. They too bers voted in the affirnative, while petitioned the king against the 92 voted against it. The former obnoxious acts of parliament, and were held up to public execration, instructed their agents to use all and stigmatized as the INFA proper means to obtain their re. MOUS SEVENTEEN. For thus peal.”
refusing to attempt an impassible By this circular, which was im- act, the House was immediately mediately published in all the col-prorogued by Gov. Bernard, and onies, an excitement seems to have the next day dissolved, agreeably been produced, that never subsid to the command of his royal ed, but continued constantly in master.
Agreeably to what command? What was the determination of
Where did Parliament wish the colonists, when the Company persons to be sent for trial, who were about sending tea to this should be accused of treason in country? Ms.?
In what year, was the tea sent How did the Americans regard to this country? In 1773. this measure ?
What was done with the car. What spirited resolutions were goes, sent to N. Y. and Philad. ? passed by the Va. assembly on
What was done with the tea that occasion ?
sent to Charleston, S. C. How did Gov. Botetourt punish How were the people affected, them?
when the tea arrived at Boston ? What two colonies appear to
What was the tea called in a have been most forward and decide notification there? The worst of ed in resisting British tyranny ? | plagues. Ms. and Va.
What was done with the tea at What horrible scene was ex
Boston 1 - How many chests? hibited in Boston, March 5, 1770 ?
342. By whom?
By how many persons ? About Commander of these soldiers.? 70 or 80.
How many were killed and In how many parties? Three. wounded ? Five killed and six How dressed
One or two parwounded.
ties were disguised like Indians. What is this affray often called ? Where was the tea? At Griffin's Boston Massacre.
wharf, now Liverpool's wharf, in How many days before, did the the south part of the town. quarrel commence ?
In how many vessels ? Three. Effect upon the town?
Why was no opposition made General cry raised ?
to those who destroyed the tea? Whose promise prevented a They were guarded by a multitude more dreadful scene of blood ?' of spectators. What was iminediately done What effect upon
the Parliament, with the soldiers ?
had the destruction of the tea ? Of what, were two of them con
What bill did they pass by way victed upon trial ?
of revenge? Meaning of manslaughter ?
What injury to Boston, was To what, did the event give oc
the Port Bill í It stopped their casion ?
trade, and soon reduced the people Effect of these addresses ? to great sufferings. Where was the Gaspee burnt ?' What were those suffering Bos - Why?
tonians styled ? Living martyrs Why was no one punished for of liberty, and the generuus dethis?
fenders of the rights of man. Why had but little tea been How were they in some measure brought into the country for some relieved ? By liberal contributions time before 1773 ?
from various parts of the country How much had 'accumulated of what, did Parliament con. upon the hands of the East India | sider Boston as the chief seat? Company? 17,000,000 pounds.
What did a second bill essenWhat did Parliament do for tially change? their relief?
Upon what, did it make the counHow would this regulation affect cil, &c. dependent ? the price of tea in the colonies ? Where did a third bill authorize
- of capo
the Gov. to send a person indicted tion to the late acts of Parlia. for a capital offence, for trial ? ment? + Meaning of indicted ?
Who, did they say, ought to be ital offence ?
held in detestation ? What resolution did the Bosto What does Dr. Ramsay say of nians wish all the colonies the faithfulness of that congress ? adopt?
Over whom, did they possess What did they think it would great ascendency? prove ?
Encomium of Lord Chatham ? How did the Assembly of Va How many addresses did they express their sympathy with the vote and send ! Those of chief Bostonians ?
importance were four.. Party names introduced, about To whom, was the first ? - the this time?
second ? - the third ? — the fourth ? Meaning of Whig ? of Tory? To their constituents.
In what year, was the Boston What did this cougress particuPort Bill?
Jarly recommend to their constit. In what year, was the destruc- | uents, just before their dissolution ? tion of the tea?
Another congress. How many letters are there in On what condition! That their the word tea ? - in port ?
grievances' were not redressed. In what year was convened the By whom, were their resolutions second Colonial Congress ? highly approved ? The colonies. What mouth ? - Where ?
What colonial assembly was the Where had the first been con only one, which withheld its approvened ? — How long before ? 20 bation from these resolves? That years.
of N. Y. President of the second Colonial What reason does Dr. Ramsay Congress ? - Of what colony? assign for this? Their metropolis
of what, did they recommend had long been head-quarters of the the non-importation ? — non-expor. British army in the colonies; and tation ?
many of their best families were Upon what declaration, did they connected with people of influence agree?
in Great Britain. Who, did they say, ought to be $ Who ordered the General Aswilling to assist Ms. in their opposi- sembly to convene Oct. 5, 1774 ?
This Congress declared,“ That ing the form of government, and if the late acts of parliament shall violating the charter, ought to be be attempted to be carried into ex. held in detestation." ecution by force, all America ought “Perhaps,” says Dr. Ramsay, to support the inhabitants of Ms. “there never was a body of deleBay in their opposition; that if it gates more faithful to the interests be found absolutely necessary to
of their constituents, than the con. remove the people of Boston into gress of 1774. The public voice the country, all America ought to elevated none to a seat in that aucontribute toward recompensing gust assembly, but such as in adthem for the injury they may sus
dition to considerable abilities, pos. tain; and that every person, who sessed that ascendency over the shall accept, or act under, any minds of their fellow citizens, commission or authority, derived which can neither be acquired by from the act of parliament, chang- / birth, nor purchased by wealth.”
How did Gage countermand What part of the militia, did this order?
they determine, should be enlisted, Meaning of countermand ? as Minute Men ?
How many representatives met, Meaning of Minute Men? Men notwithstanding his proclamation ? who should be prepared at a minWhere?
ute's warning, to march, when Into what body, did they there called upon by the Committee of form themselves ? A Provincial Safety. Congress.
What colonies did the ProvinTo what place, did the Provin- cial Congress request to unite with cial Congress immediately ad- them, to augment the army to journ ?
20,000 ? Whom did they choose president Who introduced a conciliatory at Concord ?
bill into Parliament, in 17751 — To what place, did they adjourn For what object ? from Concord ?
By what majority, was that bill
For what purpose, did they
CHAPTER L.- p. 166.
Where opened the first scene of How many soldiers did they de our Revolutionary Tragedy ? termine to have in readiness for Where had it seemed very likeany emergency?
ly to open a few weeks before ? | + NOTE Z.
this purpose, near the close of Feb.
'75 he employed Col. Leslie with Leslie and Barnard.
140 soldiers. Having landed at Though the first scene of our Marblehead, this party proceeded revolutionary tragedy opened at to Salem. Not finding the stores Lexington, it would doubtless have at Salem, Leslie was led to conpreviously opened at another place, clude, they had been removed to but for the magnanimous efforts of Danvers. Eager to execute his ora worthy messenger
ders, he immediately marched for At this period, Gov. Gage on Danvers. His progress, however the one hand, and the leading pat was arrested at the draw-bridge on riots of Ms. on the other, were ex
the confines of these two towns. erting their utmost efforts, lo pre There he found a multitude of citi. pare for war,
For this object, the zens, and looking across the bridge, latter had deposited some military
discovered Col. Timothy Pickers stores
Salem. These Gov. ing with 30 or 40 soldiers, who Gage was desirous to snatch from had taken up the draw. Leslie the hands of the provincials. For ordered them to put it down ; but