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What people first deliberately | their minds the most useful senti formed and adopted a constitution ments of religion, liberty and patof government for themselves? riotism.

In what, were our forefathers How long should we continue tried and proved and refined ? to study our own history? As

From whom, does our history long as we live. deserve attention ?

Why do some think, they have In whom, does it probably excite already studied it enough ? Probadmiring gratitude

ably because they never studied Upon whom, has our history the it, as they ought. highest claims?

When shoald the children of our country begin to learn our history? As so&n as they can be interested with its most affecting stories.

CHAPTER III. -- p. 5. When should they begin to pursue it as a regular study? When First 14 years of Columbus. they are about 7 or 8 or 10 years old, according to their capacities Into how many periods, does and attainments.

Mr. Goodrich divide the bistory of What is chronology? Chro- the U. S. ? nology is the science, that relates Which is the longest of these? to dates, or the times when events By what, is the first period distook place.

tinguished ? In what connection, should chro In what year, did it commence ? nology be studied ? În counection How long ago ?? S with history:

Length of the first period ? Why? In order, that we may To what countries did the dishave a clear idea of the connection coverers of the principal parts of of events, and especially of the America chiefly belong ? Spain, causes and consequences of such, England and France, as are most important.

Of what nation, were the leaders Why do persons generally so of these discoveries? The Italian. soon forget the history, that they To whose naval enterprises, had learn? From neglect of geogra the attention of Europe been rephy and chronology.

cently drawn? The Portuguese. Why should young children Object of the Portuguese in study our history? To turn off these enterprises? (See p. 10.) their attention from vain and fool What is meant by doubling the ish things, and to impress upon southeru extremity of Africa ?

Lord se we

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matter of indifference to have been dear on earth, and sealed our libdescended from saints and heroes, erties with their blood. It is with of whom the “ Queen of the Isles" peculiar and most impressive emwas not worthy- that we are reap-phasis, that the voice of their toils ing. the luxuriant harvest in a land, and pains and sighs and tears and which they found a wilderness, and prayers and wounds and death, is left a fruitful field. God forbid, crying to us, to learn their history, that we should forget, or coldly re to embalm their memories in our member, our revolutionary heroes, hearts, to emulate their virtues, and who bought our independence at as far as possible, to do for posterithe price of every thing they held 'ty, what our ancestors did for us.

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Who was most excited by these land, when his vessel caught fire enterprises ? Columbus.

near Portugal ? By swimming. Where was Columbus born? How far did he swim? Above In what year ?

two leagues. How long ago ?

How many miles ? In what country, is Genoa ?

Where did he soon fix his resiAbout how far from Rome, ac dence ? At Lisbon. cording to the map ?

Of what country, is Lisbon the What was the Italian name of capital ? Columbus ? Christoval Colon. On what river? Which side ?

What studies did he pursue in Which way from Madrid ? ehildhood ? Geometry, geography,

About how far ? 300 miles. astronomy and drawing.

How does that appear from the Why did he make great progress map? According to the map, the in these branches ? Because he distance is equal to about four and pursued them with most vigorous a half degrees of latitude. application,

How many English miles is a Why did he pursue these studies degree of latitude ? Very nearly with so much ardor? They were 70; more exactly 69 and one fifth. intimately connected with his great Whose daughter did Columbus object.

marry at Lisbon ? Capt. PeresWhat was his great object ? To trello's. become a skilful navigator.

Upon what subject, did Colum What lesson does this teach re bus gain important instruction from specting education ? That the at Perestrello? Navigation. tention of the young should be In what direction, did Columbus principally directed to important expect to find a passage to India ? practical subjects.

What interesting discoveries had What lesson of self-denial does been made in the Atlantic ? this teach us? That we should To whom, did he first apply for deny ourselves the pleasures of patronage? The senate of Genoa. useless studies and pursuits.

Whom did Columbus consider as having the second claim to his services ? John II. king of Portugal.

How did John treat the application of Columbus ? With the ut

most attention. CHAPTER IV. - p. 9. Who induced John to treat Co

lumbus in a most

base and perfidColumbus, from his first going to ious manner? The advisers of

sea, to the commencement of his John, to whom he had referred the first voyage to America.

subject.

What was this treatment ? A At what

age,

did Columbus com vessel was secretly despatched to mence the business of a seaman ? make the proposed discovery.

Under what captain, did he serve Why did this vile expedition for several years? Capt. Colon. fail? The conductor had' by no

With whom, did Capt. Colon means the genius, skill or perse often fight? With the Venetians verance of Columbus. and Mahometans.

What did Columbus do, when he For what, was Columbus distin- discovered this treachery? He guished under Capt. Colon? Brav- instantly quitted the kingdom. ery and seamanship.

To what country, did Columbus How did Columbus escape to next repair? To Spain.

sel caught fire

swimming. vim ? Above

fix his resi

s Lisbon the

Fhich side ? adrid ? 30 miles. ar from the che map,

the out four and de.

miles is a Fery nearly d one fifth.

Columbus

age ?

-pt. Peres.

id Colum ction from 7. Columbus to India ? Feries had ?

Whom did Columbus send to CHAPTER V.- p. 11. England about the same time?

Who was then king of England ? First voyage of Columbus.

Who were then the united sovereigns of Spain ?

With how many vessels, did Co. How were they united ? By lumbus undertake his first voyage marriage.

to the new world ?? Names ? Did they reign unitedly over the With how many men ? whole, or each over a distinct part? For how long, were they victual Each over a distinct part:

led? One year.
Title of Ferdinand | The Cath Whole expense ? About 4000
olic, king of Arragon.

pounds sterling
Title of Isabella ? Queen of Value of a pound sterling ? Four
Castile, or Queen of Castile and dollars and 44 cents.
Leon.

Value of 4000 pounds sterling ?
How long did Columbus plead In what

year,

was this voy. in vain with Ferdinand ? 'Five years.

Month and day?? Why had Columbus heard noth Day of the week ? ing from his brother, during all From what port, did he sail ? this time? Bartholomew had fall Where is Palos? In Spain, en into the hands of pirates. very near the S. E. corner of Por:

What court did, Columbus then tugal. determine to visit? The court of Which way from Jamestown? England.

Exactly east.
What is meant by the court of Where did Columbus expect to
England ? The king of England, land? In India.
his ministers and particular associ At what islands, did he at first
ates.

touch ?
What is meant by the king's Which way are

the Canaries
ministers? Those who transact from Palos?
his most important business.

To which quarter of the world, Why did not Columbus visit the are the Canaries nearest ? court of England ? Isabella con From which of the Canaries, did cluded to employ him.

he_take his departure ? Gomera. For what purpose, did she offer In what direction ? to pledge her own jewels ? To How were many of the sailors defray the expense.

affected, when they lost sight of the Who saved her from this morti- Canaries? They wept and smote fying expedient ? St. Angel. their breasts, fearing they should

How? By advancing the never see land again. money.

How did Columbus comfort Why would not Ferdinand take them? By the prospect of vast any part in the enterprise ? He wealth. had no confidence in the project of From whom, did Columbus conColumbus.

ceal the progress, that he made ? For whom, did Isabella reserve From the sailors. all the benefits, that might result Why? To prevent their being from the success of Columbus ? distressed with the idea of being so For the Castilians.

far from home. Why? Because they were her With what wonderful appear. subjects, and would defray the ance were they greatly alarmed,

when they were 600 miles from

apply for

f Genoa. sider as

his ser

Cortugal. applica.

the ut.

cat Co. perfiders of ed the

. ? A ed to

dition y no erse

n he He

abus

whole expense.

corn.

Gomera ? The variation of the What ornaments did many of magnetic needle.

the natives wear in their nostrils 1 What is meant by the variation Plates of gold. of the needle? Its not pointing Where did they intimate, that exactly north.

gold

abounded ? 'In countries to How did Columbus quiet their the South. fears? He invented a pretended In what direction, did Columbus reason.

then sail from San Salvador ? What new difficulty had Colum- South. bus, when they had proceeded What very great island did he about 800 leagues? Insurrection. soon discover | Cuba.

What did they wish? To return How large a village did he disto Spain.

cover in Cuba ? Ii consisted of How did some of them

propose 1000 inhabitants. to get rid of Columbus ? To throw What very important grain did him into the sea.

he discover in Cuba ? Maize. How did he quell the insurrec What name do we generally tion? He soothed and threatened ; give to this grain ? Indian corn, or he addressed their avarice and amcition.

Why is it called Indian corn? How long did they then proceed Because it was first found among quietly ? About a week.

the Indians. What did they then do? They What great island did Columbus assembled on deck, and required next discover ? Hayti. Columbus to steer instantly for Eu What did he call it? Hispa rope.

niola. What promise did he make ? Meaning of Hispaniola ? Little To sail back, if they did not dis- Spain. cover land in three days.

Name most generally given to How long was it from that time, Hayti? St. Domingo. before they discovered land ? Which way is St. Domingo from About two days.

Cuba (From San Salvador ? On what month and day?

How were the Spaniards treated How did they then treat Colum- | by the Haytians ? With very bus? They threw themselves at great kindness. his feet, and begged his pardon. Cause of this kindness? The

With what ceremony, did Co- Spaniards were considered as celumbus and his followers land ?

lestial beings: To whoin did they return thanks, At what island, did Columbus and sing praise ? To God. leave a colony of 33 men? At

Whom did the natives think the Hayli. Spaniards to be ?

Why were the Haytians glad to What did they consider the have this colony remain ? To deships ?

fend them from the Carribees. What was the only valuable Where did the Carribees live! manufacture, that the natives could | On the Carribean islands. produce ? Cotton yarn.

Which way from Hayti ? What did the natives call their Character of the Carribees? boats? Canoes.

They were horrible plunderers and What did the natives call this cannibals. island ? Guanahana.

Why did Columbus find it neWhat did Columbus call it ? cessary to hasten back to Spain ? San Salvador.

On account of the impatience of

his men,

and the bad condition of where he had left his colony ! his ships.

Nothing but desolation. What dreadful calamity did he What had become of the colony ! experience on his return? A tre Some had been slain by the na. mendous storm.

tives; and the rest were drowned What method did he adopt, to in attempting to escape. preserve a knowledge of his dis What city did Columbus soon coveries?

build ? Isabella. When did he arrive in Spain ? Where ? On the northern cenHow long had he been absent ? part of Hayti.

How extensively did his famé First city in America, built by immediately spread? Throughout Europeans? Isabella. Europe.

Most important island discover. What was the new world gener ed by Columbus on his second voy. ally thought to be? A part of In- age? Jamaica. dia.

Which way is Jamaica from San Salvador ?

What part of Cuba is between ?

What part of the adventurers on this voyage died in a very few

months ? Two thirds. CHAPTER VI.

How long was Columbus em

ployed in subduing the Haytians ? Second voyage of Columbus. Several months.

Upon what natives did ColumWho patronized the second voy bus impose a tax ? All abovc 14 age of Columbus ? Both Ferdi. years old. nand and Isabella.

In what was the tax paid ? Or how many vessels, did his Gold dust or cotton. second fleet consist? 17.

How did the Haytians attempt With how many men ? 1500. to destroy their oppressors ? By

From whom, did Ferdinand and starvation. Isabella obtain a grant of the lands How? By leaving their own they wished to occupy? From the lands uncultivated, and destroying Pope.

their esculent roots. Why ?

Because they were Meaning of esculent ? claimed by the Portuguese.

Who were the victims of this Who was then Pope? Alexan- plot? The Haytians themselves. der VI.

What part of them died ? More What was his character ? He than a third. was a monster of wickedness. How were the Spaniards pre

What right had the Pope to make served ? By supplies from Spain. such a grant? No right.

Who persuaded the couri of Why was he supposed to have Spain to send out Aguado, lo such a right? He was considered watch the conduct of Columbus ? as Christ's vicegerent on earth. The enemies of Columbus. Meaning of vicegerent ?

What did Columbus do to avoid In what year, did Columbus his inspection, and justify himself ? commence his second voyage? In He repaired to Spain. 1493.

By what course did he return to Why did he sail farther to the Europe ? An eastern course. south than before ? To have the With what difficulty did he conbenefit of the trade winds.

tinually struggle ? The trailo What did he find at Navidad, I winds.

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