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What war commenced 1702, What college was established in and terminated in 1713?

N. H. ten years after the capture What Indian tribe did the Span- of Quebec? iards instigate to destroy all the Who said he despised all fees Carolinians in 1715?

for pleading against the Writs of What important place did Pep- Assistance? perell and Warren take from the Who was George Whitefield ? French just 30 years before Bun What college was 17 years at ker Hill battle ?

Saybrook ? Where did a revival of religion For what purpose, did delegates extensively prevail in 1737 ? meet at Albany, 1754 ?

In what state, is William and What captives were dispersed Mary College ?

through the colonies, in 1755 ? Who was Elihu Yale?

Who reduced the Cherokees durWhere was Braddock defeated, ing the French and Indian war? July 9, 1755 ?

What Gov. of N. Y. signed a death-warrant, when he was intoxicated ?

What accusation was brought against Mrs. Hale, wife of a min CHAPTER XLIX. - p. 149. ister of Beverly ?

What war commenced 1690, | Causes of the war of the reco and terminated in 1697 ?

lution. Why did the Carolinians gener. ally fly to Charleston in 1715? In what year, did the War of the

By what power, was war de- Revolution commence ? clared against France and Spain, How long after the commencein 1744 ?

ment of the war of King Philip? What and where is Nassau Hall ? How long had the causes of the

Against whom, did Braddock war of the Revolution been operatconduct an expedition in 1755 ? ing? The more remote causes had

In what batile, were 64 English been operating for hundreds of and provincial officers killed, and years. only 21 left alive?

How long had the more immediWhat important fort did Gen. ate causes been operating? About Forbes take from the French in

15 years. 17581

What two grand causes may What oppressive writs were comprise those, which were more frustrated by James Otis ?

immediate? The tyrannic conduct Who conducted the Carolinians of the British, and the revolution in gaining the great victory of Salt- in the political principles of the ketcher ?

colonists. What was the News Letter? Which of these causes operated What college commenced in first? They operated in a great 1700?

measure together. Who saved the regulars from de Which began first ? The tyranny struction, after Braddock's defeat ? of Britain. What tribe of Indians appears to

Which of these two causes was be the most interesting now in the the cause of the other ? The tyranUnited States ?

ny of Britain. Who was the predecessor of What was the first act of this Montcalm ?

special tyranny? An attempt to

sed all

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oppress the people by Writs of As Meaning of clayed sugar ? Su the cause sistance.

gar, refined by means of clay. When? In 1760 and 1761. Meaning of duty in this connec In what colony?

tion ? Meaning of Writs of Assistance ? For what, did the British say, it

How had the colonists previously was just and necessary to raise a

regarded Britain? In general, with revenue in America ? 17 years great affection.

By whom, had the Americans What tender name did they ap been defended, protected and sed deku ply to England ?

cured ? Principally by themselves, What British governor pro

with the blessing of God upon their nounced the highest encomium efforts. upon the loyalty of the colonists ? Why could not the colonists apPownal.

prove this act ? What did Pownal say, they For how long, had this pretended would sacrifice for the honor of right been scarcely named ? their mother country? Their dear With what, did the colonists conest interests.

tend, that the right of taxation was Can you mention some causes, inseparably connected ? which might have justified a less

What did they mean by repre degree of attachment in the colo sentation? That some of the colonists ?

nists should be chosen, and sent to What speech had a great influ. the British parliament, there to act nce to diminish their affection, and for this country, and defend our

destroy their loyalty ? Otis's speech rights. Wardah against the Writs of Assistance. Why are the Sugar Act and

$ What British law soon after the American Revolution treated the Writs of Assistance, was pecu

of in the same note ?t liarly offensive to the Americans ? How was the Sugar Act connectThe Sugar Act.

ed with the Stamp Act? Upon what, did this act lay a Of what act was the Sugar Act duty, besides clayed Sugar ? the offspring ? NOTE V.

offspring of the Molasses Act, and The sugar act, and the American

to have reigned in its stead. The

Molasses Act was passed in 1733, revolution.

in the 6th year of George II. It In order to show the youthful imposed a duty of sixpence a galpupil the connection between these lon upon all foreign molasses, imsubjects, it is thought advisable to ported into the colonies. Duties present them together in this note. were laid upon other articles; but

The Sugar Act is entitled to as molasses was much the most immuch more attention, than it has portant to the colonies, it was called generally received. As a topic

the Molasses Act. This act, they of our revolutionary history, it is considered as a great grievance, scarcely less noticeable than the and its force probably in a great Stamp Act itself. With that most measure evaded, by non-importafamous, or rather infamous act, it tion and smuggling. This hated was intimately connected, as its molasses act, no doubt, had a harbinger, its herald, and perhaps remote influence in separating the I may add, as its executioner. colonies from the mother country may

be useful to trace it to its. Indeed the venerable Adams ac. origin. "It seems to have been the l knowledges, in relation to this act


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How was the force of the Molas What had conduced to prepare ses Act in a great measure evad their minds for this, three years ed?

before? In what, did Mr. Adams acknow When was probably the most ledge, that Molasses was an essen- important town-meeting, ever held tial ingredient ?

in Boston ? In what year, was the Sugar Act What seems to have been the passed ?

leading object of that meeting? To What was the first Act, passed frustrate the Sugar Act, and oppose in Britain, avowedly for raising a British oppression. revenue in the colonies ?

Who was the “ first and foreWhat apprehensions did the word. most” of those, who were then ing of the Sugar Act excite in the chosen representatives to the Genecolonists ?

ral Assembly? Whom did the colonists think What did the Bostonians instruct themselves able to defend !

these representatives to support in Who adopted measures to frus- the General Assembly ? trate the Sugar Act, before they What, did they say, had long knew, that it had been passed ? been embarrassed? “I know not why we should blush ored to hide themselves; or rather, to confess, that molasses was an they attempted to crush the egg, essential ingredient in American before the viper should barst forth. Independence.”

A dreadful sound had reached the In the year 1764, the Molasses ever-listening ears of the BostoniAct expired in the thirty-first year ans. They had heard, that British of its age; and the Sugar Act rose ministers were conspiring against from its ashes. This act was their liberties. They had heard, passed April 5. " Until this inaus that an unrighteous law was threatpicious hour, no act of parliamentened, to rob them of their property; had been passed, avowedly for the and they adopted measures, to prepurpose of raising a revenue in the vent or frustrate the obnoxious act, colonies. This act was fraught before they knew of its real existwith ingredients highly disgustful ence. To prepare them for this, and alarming. It not only declared their minds had been eleetrified by the necessity, but justice, of taxing the lightning of Otis, three years the colonies, for the avowed pur- before ; and a variety of eauses had pose of a parliamentary revenue. kept the excitement“ in fine presBut the very wording of it excited ervation." in the colonists, shrewd apprehen In May, 1764, the inhabitants of sions, that the parliament would Boston held a town-meeting, probproceed to tax them to such a ably the most important in its condegree, and for such a time, as sequences, that they ever had.they pleased, for the support of a They then chose four of their dismilitary force, to dragoon them tinguished citizens, to represent into its unconstitutional measures. them in the General Assembly of The colonists imagined, that “they Ms. the ensuing June. Of these were able to defend themselves, four, James Otis was “first and and were unwilling to bind them foremost.To these representaselves and their descendants in tives the Bostonians gave various perpetual servitude."

instructions, most important in their Some of the colonists foresaw the nature, and most dear to the heart evil of the Sugar Act, and endeav- of Liberty. Relating to the Sugar


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109 What did they see with great colonies to unite their efforts ápor concern ?

this subject ? To whom, besides the colonies, How far did the excitement kindid they think these severities would died at this town-meeting, soon prové detrimental ?

extend ! To what, did they fear, that How soon had the four reprethese proceedings would be pre sentatives opportunity to display paratory?

their faithfulness?
How, did they think, this would What views were cherished by a
affect their charter-rights ? large majority of the General As-

Meaning of charter-rights ? sembly?
What officer, in England, did

What did Otis then present to
they wish the General Court to the General Court ?
advise and instruct upon this sub To whom, sent by the General

Who was then our agent in Eng-

For what purpose ?
land ?

What else did they send to MauWhy did they wish the other duit, in connection with this state. Act, were the following “That natives of Britain. If taxes are you make it the object of your laid upon us in any shape, without attention, to support our commerce our having a legal representation, in all its just rights, and to vindi where they are laid, we are recate it from all unreasonable impo- duced from the character of free sitions. Our trade has long been subjects, to the state of tributary embarrassed ; and it is with great slaves. We, therefore, earnestly concern, we see farther difficulties recommend it to you, to use your coming upon it, which will virtually utmost endeavors to obtain from the obstruct and ruin it.

- We, there

General Court, all necessary advice fore, expect, you will use your

and instruction to our agent,t at this earliest endeavors in the General most critical juncture, that while he Assembly, that such methods may is setting forth the unshaken loyalty be taken, as will effectually pre

of this province -- he may be able vent these proceedings against us.

in the most humble and pressing By a proper representation, we manner, to remonstrate for us, all apprehend, it may easily be made those rights and privileges, which to appear, that such severities will justly belong to us either by char prove detrimental to Great Britain ter or birth. We also desire you herself ; on which account, we to use your endeavors, that the hope, that the act, if already pass

other colonies, having the same ed, will be repealed.

But our

interests and rights with us, may greatest apprehension is, that these add their weight to that of this proceedings may be preparatory to province; that by the united applinew taxes. For if our trade may

cation of all, who are aggrieved, be taxed, why not our lands? all


obtain redress." why not the produce of our lands,

At this most eventful town-meets every thing we possess or use ing, a fire was kindled, which was This, we conceive, annihilates our soon communicated to the General charter rights to govern and tax Court,and thence to all the colonies. ourselves. It strikes at our British privileges; which, as we have nev + Mr. Jasper Mauduit, at Lon er forfeited, we hold in common don, agent for Ms. who had inform with our fellow subjects, who are ed them of the intended act

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ment ? Many important instruc What exclusive right of the col tions.

onies does this letter declare? Title of a pamphlet, published What claim of Parliament does soon after by Mr. Otis ?

it deny ? Foundation of this pamphlet?

Why is this letter peculiarly What did the people derive from

important ? It contains the first il ?

denial by a colonial assembly, of Who was then governor of Ms. ? the right of Parliament to tax What was thought, would be the America. effect of resolutely opposing the im

To what act, does this circum positions of British ministers ?

stance impart peculiar importance ? To whom, did the legislature ad What iwo circumstances are 10 dress a memorial during this ses

be considered in estimating the im sion? From what, did they pray to be

portance of the Sugar Aci?

What was the grand bone of relieved ?

contention between us and BritBy what, was this memorial ac ain ? companied ?

What did this produce ? Nothing could be more agree

effect of this statement must have able to the four chosen chiefs of Boston, than these instructions from

been exceedingly great, how great, their fellow citizens and fellow suf

it is perhaps impossible to conjec. ferers.

ture. According to one of our most In one month, they had full op

candid historians, “the doctrines

and principles therein advanced, portunity to display their faithful were recognized as correct, in all ness, and their zeal, before the representatives of all Ms. These ar

the subsequent stages of the condent Bostonians had the satisfaction pendence acknowledged them. –

troversy. The Declaration of Indesoon to find, that a large majority

The Constitution of Ms. is only a of the General Assembly cherished the same patriotic views with them.

more extensive recognition of their

truth and importance.” selves.

This statement was the foundaOn this occasion, the incompar- tion and substance of a pamphlet able Otis, he who had “ despised of 120 pp. published the same all fee" for the most arduous labors

month by Mr. Otis, entitled,." The ful and useful speech ever pro

for making the most power. Rights of the British Colonies as. nounced in this country - for ac

serted and proved.” Notwithstandtually annihilating the Writs of

ing some imperfections, and apparAssistance this political hero, at

ent inconsistencies in this pamphlet

, this eventful crisis, probably did

it has probably had a greater influmore than any of his constituents

ence than any other, in diffusing had dared to hope. In addition to

the light and

joy of liberty far and his other efforts, he drew up and

wide. The sage of Quincy seems presented to the General Court" a arsenal, from which the champions

to have considered it as the grand statement of the rights of the colonies generally, and of Ms. in par

of freedom have drawn most of ticular.” This statement was ap

At their session in June, a by them sent to Mr. Mauduit, their legislature, as recommended by the

committee was appointed by the
agent in England, to be used in
opposing the Sugar Act, &c. The

citizens of Boston, to write in the
recess to the other colonies, and

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