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Who succeeded Sewall in the How were they drest? mean time?
Who argued in favor of Cockle's For what purpose, was this ap- petition ? pointment made?
On what supposition, did Grid Whom did the merchants engage, ley ground all his arguments ?. to plead against the Writs ?
What was Otis on that occasion ? What did Otis say, when offered With what, did he hurry away a fee?
all before him ? Before how many judges, was What was then and there born? the question argued ?
At what age, did Independence In what apartment ?
declare himself free? of such a writ, and of the authority that could be said, in favor of Cockof the Court to grant it. Not le's "petition, all depending, howone of his brother judges uttered a ever, on the “ If the Parliament word in favor of it; but as it was
of Great Britain is the sovereign an application on the part of the legislature of all the British EmCrown, it must be heard and deter- pire." mined. After consultation, the court Mr. Thatcher followed him on ordered the question to be argued the other side, and argued with the at the next February term, in Bos. softness of manners, the ingenuity, ton, i. e. in 1761.
the cool reasoning, which were peIn the mean time Chief Justice culiar to his amiable character. Sewall died, and Lt. Gov. Hutch Bul Otis was a flame of fire! inson was appointed chief justice with a promptitude of classical of that court in his stead. Every | allusions, a depth of research, a observing and thinking man knew, rapid summary of historical events that this appointment was made for and dates, a profusion of legal authe direct purpose of deciding this thorities, a prophetic glare of his question in favor of the Crown, eyes into futurity, and a rapid torand all others, in which it should rent of impetuous eloquence, he be interested.
hurried away all before hiin.' A. An alarm was spread far and merican Independence was then wide. Merchants of Salem and and there born. The seeds of PatBoston applied to Mr. Pratt, who
riots and Heroes to defend the refused, and to Mr. Otis and Mr. vigorous youth, were then and there Thatcher, who accepted, to defend sown. Every man of an immense, them against this terrible, mena
crowded audience, appeared to me cing monster, the Writ of Assist to go away, as I did, ready to take ance. Great fees were offered ; arms against Writs of Assistance. but Otis, and I believe, Thatcher, Then, and there, was the first scene would accept of none.
In such of the first act of opposition to the a cause," said Otis, “ I despise all arbitrary claims of Great Britain fees."
then and there, the child IndepenI have given you a sketch of the dence was born. In fifteen years, stage, and scenery, and a brief of i. e. in 1776, he grew up, to manthe cause; or, if you like the phrase hood, and declared himself free. better, of 'the tragedy, comedy, or
The court adjourned, for considfarce. Now for the actors and per-eration, and, after some days, at formers.
the close of the term, Hutchinson, Mr. Gridley argued, with his Chief Justice, arose
and said, characteristic learning, ingenuity 6. The court has considered the and dignity, and said every thing, 1 subject of Writs of Assistance, and
In what year?
Why did not the officers execute With what feelings, did the hear them ? ers of Otis's speech appear to go
What is said of Mr. Otis's pop. away?
ularity? For what, did Hutchinson say, How long did he continue at the there was
no foundation, some head of his country's cause ? days afterwards ?
In what manner, did he govern In what manner, was it said, Boston and the House of Repre. that the court granted the Writs sentatives of Ms. ? after several months ?
In what, did the revolution be Meaning of clandestinely? gin at this time? can see no foundation for such a
ton, and the people of the province, Writ; but as the practice in Eng, with a prudence and fortitude, at land is not known, it has been every sacrifice of personal interest, thought best to continue the ques- and amidst unceasing persecution, tion to next term, that, in the mean which would have done honor to time, opportunity may be given to the most virtuous patriot or mar. write to England for information tyr of antiquity: concerning the subject.” In six I fear I shall make you repent months, the next term arrived; but of bringing out the old gentleman. no judgment was pronounced; no
JOHN ADAMS. thing was said about Writs of Assistance; no letters from England; In a letter to Dr. Morse, Mr. and nothing more was said in court Adams has the following remarks concerning them. But it was gen- upon the same subject. erally reported and understood, " When the cause came on, how that the court clandestinely granted ever, Mr. Otis displayed so comthem; and the custom-house offi- prehensive a knowledge of the subcers had them in their pockets, ject, showed not only the illegality though I never knew, that they of the writ, its insidious and misdared to produce and execute them chievous tendency, but he laid open in any one instance.
the views and designs of Great Mr. Otis's popularity was with Britain in taxing us ; of destroying out bounds. In May, 1761, he was our charters and assuming the powelected into the House of Repre ers of our government, legislative, sentatives, by an almost unanimous executive and judicial ; external vote. On that week I happened to and internal, civil and ecclesiastibe at Worcester, attending a Court cal, temporal and spiritual ; and of Common Pleas, of which Briga- all this was performed with such a dier Ruggles was Chief Justice. profusion of learning, such convinWhen the news arrived from Bos-cing argument, and such a torrent ton, you can have no idea of the of sublime and pathetic eloquence, consternation among the govern that a great crowd of spectators ment people. Chief Justice Rugs and auditors went away absolutely gles, at dinner at Col. Chandler's electrified. The next May, Mr. on that day, said, “Out of this Otis was elected by the town of election, will arise a faction, which Boston into the legislature, and for will shake this province to its foun ten years afterwards ; during the dation."
whole of which period, bis tongue For ten years afterwards, Mr. and his pen were incessantly emOtis, at the head of his country'sployed in enlightening his fellow cause, conducted the town of Bos- | citizens and countrymen in the
Το what, were
What war was declared in 1756 ! opened ?
What war appears to have been From what place, did these a the most
dangerous and distressing larms spread through the country? to New England ?
Whai did the speech of Otis Predecessor of king Philip? breathe into the nation ?
What missionary did Philip in Effect of the British efforts to stigate his men to murder ? cripple the colonies during the
Where did Nathaniel Bacon fourth period ?
head a rebellion ? What did Britain show the colo What colony was named for nies, by leaving them to bear George II. ? almost the whole weight of the war
what two colonies occupied of 1756 ?
what is now Ct. ? Of what, did she thus teach them Where are the plains of Abrathe necessity ?
ham ? What art did she give them op
What war commenced in 1675 ? portunity to learn?
What great city was founded in What spirit was awakened in 1682 ? the colonies, by British attempts to What colony was settled in crush them?
1733 ? Of what, did they lay the foun Who were the Twightwees ? dation ?
Against what city, did Wolfe conduct an enterprise in 1759 ?
Who renewed the treaty made by Massasoit ?
What war commenced 38 years Miscellaneous Questions. after the Pequot war ?
What patent of another colony No. 4
included the western part of Ct. ?
What fort did Capt. Bull defend What relation was the Duke of against Andros ? York to Charles II. ?
French commander, who atFor what colony, did Locke pre tempted to defend Quebec in pare a constitution?
knowledge of their rights, and de- ican people. Their eyes were veloping and opposing the designs opened to a clear sight of the danof Great Britain. He governed ger, that threatened them and their the town of Boston, and the House posterity, and the liberties of both of Representatives, notwithstand in all future generations. From ing a few eccentricities, with a Boston, these alarms spread caution, a prudence and sagacity, through Massachusetts and all New which astonished his friends, and England; and in course, to New confounded his enemies. His York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, fame soon spread through the con Maryland, Virginia, the Carolinas tinent; and three or four years af and Georgia. A general aspiraterwards was emulated by Mr. tion for an union of the colonies Dickinson in his Farmer's Letters, soon followed.” and some other gentlemen in Vir. Mr. Adams elsewhere remarks, ginia, began to think.
“I do say in the most solemn man“ Here then, sir, began the rev ner, that Mr. Otis's oration against olution in the principles, views, Writs of Assistance, breathed into opinions, and feelings of the Amer. the nation, the breath of life.”
What war commenced 100 years | invading Spaniards to flee from before the revolutionary war? Georgia ?
Who compelled James II. to quit Who was John Sausaman ? England ?
Who were the Nipmucks? What very important place did What Indian tribe proved per Wm. Phips take from the French fidious to the English, during Philin 1690 ?
ip's war? What distinguished character Against whom, did Capt. Bull was born at Bridge's creek ? defend fort Saybrook ? Last sachem of the Wampane What governor in N. E. was
seized and imprisoned by the peoGreatest battle with the Indians ple ? in New England ?
Whom did the Corees and TusIn what colony, was there a re caroras conspire to destroy in bellion the same year, that king 1712 ? Philip was kille”?
For what, did Philip make a conIn what southern colony, did a fession ? great number of Palatines settle in What Col. requested a commis1710?
sion against the Susquehannah InWho was Dinwiddie ?
dians ? For what, was Mount Hope dis What most joyful news arrived Linguisbed?
in this country, May 26, 1689 ? What patent was granted to What tribe of Indians did Col. Wm. Penn?
Barnwell almost entirely destroy ? What colony did James Ogle What most distinguished man thorpe conduct?
was born 1732 ? What company obtained a char. What word signifies the wood ler of 600,000 acres of land on the of Penn? Ohio ?
By whom, was 4001. appropriaWhat pupil of Eliot did Philip ted for a college, in 1636 ? employ as his secretary?
What great tribe of Indians lived Who was Alderman ?
on the N. E. of Savannah river ? Of what colony, was William What was the Blessing of the Berkley governor, at the com Bay ? mencement of Bacon's rebellion ? In what colonies, were schools
For what purpose, did Dinwid established for all classes ? die send Washington to the region What great political change took of the Ohio, in 1753 ?
place in Ms. in 1684 ? For what, has Swanzey been To what city, did most of the most distinguished ? .
Carolinians Ay from the YamasWhere was Capt. Lathrop sees ? kil.ed?
Who was St. Pierre ? The name of what city signifies At the head of what administrabrotherly love?
tion, was Pitt placed in 1758 ? Most gifted Indian preacher ? What was the effect of Bacon's
In gaining what great victory, death? had Josiah Winslow the command 1 What colony consisted mostly of
What ancient town was burnt by Quakers ? Bacon's followers ?
Who were proclaimed king and With what money, were the Ms. queen of England in 1689 ? troops paid for their services in For what object, did the general 1690 ?
court of Ms. appropriate 2001. in Who, by stratagem, induced the 1636 ?
to flee 1
ces and is
For what, were the Yamassees In what year was Quebec taken distinguished ?
from the French ? Who erected Fort Necessity, What institution was located at near the Great Meadows ?
Newtown, to enjoy the benefit of What did Ms. purchase of the Mr. Shephard's ministry? heirs of Ferdinando Gorges ?
Who imprisoned Mr. Winslow What tribe united with the Five for bringing William's proclamaa Carlo Nations, and with them constituted tion to Boston ?
What great political change took How old would Washington be, place in Ms. in 1692 ? if now alive?
Most lovely queen of EngFounder of Philadelphia ?
land ? What colony consisted princi What dreadful disaster happenpally of Roman Catholics ?
ed to Schenectady in 1690 ? Who was Milborn ?
Distinguished matron, taken capWho procured a decision in tive at Haverhill, Ms. in 1697 ? 1684, most injurious to Ms. ?
During what war, was SchenecWhat are those called, who un tady assaulted by the French and derstand the scriptures in general, | Indians ? as Calvin did ?
What war was terminated by Where was a Baptist church the treaty of Utrecht? formed in 1639 ?
What college was founded about In what colonies, were schools the year 1738? founded by the higher classes What fort did Washington suronly?
render to Villiers, July 4, 1754 ? Where were 60 persons massa What great favor did the excel cred by the French and Indians, in lent queen Mary attempt to confer 1690 ?
Who turned the tide of prosper What city is 180 miles below ity in favor of the British in Montreal ? 1758?
Who was Sloughter ? first and foremost” What accusation was brought in the cause of liberty, from 1760 against the wife of Gov. Phips? to 1770?
Man, who most bravely defend. What religious denomination are ed his children from the Indians at opposed to all acts of war.and vio- Haverhill, Ms. ? lence ?
By whom, was Deerfield burnt Who surrendered Fort Necessi in 1704? ty to Villiers, July 4, 1754 ?
What most important fortress did Who invaded England at Tor Amherst and Boscawen take from Bay, in 1688 !
the French in 1758 ? In what colony, were none but When did the British ministry Episcopalians allowed to preach, take the resolution of subjecting in 1642 ?
the colonies to the unlimited auWhat colony exported 60,000 thority of parliament ? bushels of wheat, in 1678 ?
For what, was George Burroughs Why were the buildings of the condemned and executed ? first colonists in great danger of
King of France, cotemporary being destroyed by fire ?
with William and Mary? Who was Leisler ?
Where was Count Frontenag Under whose ministry, did a governor ? revival of religion commence 'in Who was Mrs. Teff ? Northampton, in 1735?
Who was Charles Paxton ?
upon Ms. ?