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In what year?
Design of the plan proposed by With what success, did Wash the British, as a substitute ? ington attack a detachment of Q How many expeditions against French, near the Great Mead the French, were planned by the ows ?
colonists in 1755 ? Where are the Great Meadows ? Which of these completely sucAbout 50 or 60 miles S. E. of ceeded ? Pittsburg:
What did they do with the inhabWhat fort did Washington erect itants of Nova Scotia ?.- Why? at the Great Meadows ?
Who led the expedition against By whom was Washington at the French on the Ohio ? tacked at fort Necessity ?
Against what fort did he proWhat two reasons induced W. ceed? to surrender fort Necessity to Vil What advice did his officers give liers? The favorable terms of him ? fered, and the great superiority of Why did he not receive it? the French in number.
Who was his aid ? What were the terms ?
What request did Washington On what month and day, were make ? the articles signed ?
By whom was Braddock atHow long before the declaration tacked within 7 miles of the fort ? of independence? Just 22 years. What befell Braddock ?
How old was W. when he sur What was the issue ? rendered fort Necessity ? - at the What part of the English privates declaration of independence ? were either killed or wounded ?
0 What did the British ministry of the officers ? recommend to the colonies, when To what is Braddock's defeat to they found war inevitable ?
be ascribed ? Where did delegates meet, for
How did he regard the provinthis purpose ?
cials ? From what colonies ? - When ? What was their conduct in bat Who attended from N. Y.? tle ?
What did their plan of union re From what, did they save the semble ?
regulars in their retreat? Who were to choose the mem Who conducted them ? bers of the grand Council pro Meaning of regulars ? posed ? The Gov. General.
♡ Who conducted the expedition What most important power was
against Crown Point ? he to possess?
Which way is C. P. from Bruns Meaning of negative ?
wick in Maine? - from Sacket's What parties concerned disap- Harbor ? - from Ticonderoga? proved the Albany Union ?
Success of this expedition ? Why did the Provincial Assem What did its results diffuse blies dislike it?
through the colonies ? Why did the King's Council dis Name of the French commander? like it?
Issue of a battle between JohnWhat did the Provincial Assem son and Dieskau ? blies say, they would undertake, if Name of that battle? Battle of the Albany Union should be adopt- | Lake George. ed?
What became of Dieskau ? What prevented the mother What cruel orders had he given ! country from trusting such power Meaning of quarter ? to the Americans ?
g With what strange irregulari
were hostilities carried on in Of what was it powerfully instrut and '55 ?
mental? In what year was war declared ? Who conducted the expedition What was the plan of operations
On what lake, is Ticondero-
Which way from Crown Point ? mander of the French ?
How far ?' 15 miles.
Success of Abercrombie against
How many men did he lose in Meaning of invest ?
the attack ? What was the issue ?
♡ Where was fort Frontenac ? Of what lakes, did the capture
What place has now nearly the of this fort give Montcalm the com same site? Kingston. mand? of what country?
Who captured fort Frontenac in . Through whose inactivity, was 1758 ? this campaign so disastrous to the What did Col. Bradstreet then do English
to fort Frontenac ? Destroyed it.
French dominion in the western
Who conducted an expedition
against that fort in 1758 ? By whom, was it attacked in Why was an attack needless ?
What was the fort then called ? With what effect?
In what part?
What two rivers there unite to
form the Ohio ? Who was placed at the head With how many Indian tribes, of the British administration in did the English make a treaty in
1758 ? With what effect?
Can you mention some of them! In whose favor, did the tide of ♡ What did the campaign of 1759 success now turn ?
have for its object ? What assurance did Pitt give to How many strong holds had the colonial governors ?
the French in and near Canada ? What three colonies soon raised What were they?
How many of these did the Eng: How many expeditions were
lish take, in a few months ? undertaken in 1758 ?
How far below the falls, is fort Destination of the first ?
Niagara ? 15 miles.
Most important enterprise the Which of these were successful ? campaign of 1759 ?
What naval officer aided Am On what river, is Quebec ? herst in taking Louisburg?
On which side ? What land officer aided Boscaw Which way from Montreal ? en in taking Louisburg ?
How far ? 180 miles. was this capture a great
from Boston ? disaster to the French ?
How far ? About 300 miles. 9
1500 men ?
ond? - third ?
Who conducted the enterprise of the colonies invaded during this against Quebec ?
war? On what island near Quebec, did What colonies ? he land with his troops ?
By whom, were the Cherokees Which way is Orleans from Q.? reduced ? Issue of several attempts to re
Why do the Cherokees now apduce the place ?
pear to be the most interesting How high a precipice did he tribe in the U. S.? Because there then determine to ascend, to attack are probably among them, more the city ?
civilization and Christianity ihan in To what plains ? Who led the French against
Number of the tribe ? About Wolfe, on the plains of Abraham ? 17,000.
Which army was victorious ? When was the treaty signed that
Which of the leaders was slain closed this war? - Where? on the field of battle ?
$ What did the increase of What did Wolfe say, when he wealth and the intercourse with was told, that the French were fly- Europe, introduce among the colo
onists in the fourth period ? What became of Montcalm ? Why did not this enervate their
What did he say, when informed character ? that his wound was mortal ?
Ø Till the commencement of How did ne employ his last mo what war, did the religious char. ments ?
acter of the Americans remain esWhat capture soon followed ? sentially the same ?
Why did not this capture imme How was infidelity introduced diately terminate the war?
during that war? When did the French attempt to
What is said of trade and comretake Quebec ?
merce during the fourth period ? Issue of a bloody battle, that was of agriculture ? soon fought three miles above Q.? Why did arts and manufactures
Why did not the French then make very little advance ? take the city ?
Number of inhabitants at the What important fortress still re close of the fourth period ? mained in possession of the French ? What college was established in
On what island, is Montreal ? N. H.? - In what year? Montreal island.
What college in R. I.? In what river ?
In what year, incorporated ? Which way from Quebec ?
Where first established ? Which way from N. Y.?
By whose efforts principally, was How far About 350 miles. the French power crushed in this
To what commander, was Mont country? real surrendered ?
What great calamity did the colIn what year?
onists soon experience ? What capture closed the war? How did the British first attempt
How long after its actual com to exercise this oppression after the mencement ? after its declara- | conquest of Canada ? By what tion ?
were called Writs of Assistance. How were the colonies affected Who frustrated the Writs of As. by the return of peace ?
sistance ? Mr. James Otis. How did they express their joy How? By a speech, perhaps and gratitude ?
the most eloquent" and powerful, 0 By what Indians, were some ever delivered by man uninspired.
Who has given a most striking
tne French power account of these writs and this nearly annihilated in America ? speech? Mr. John Adams, second Who sent an official account of president of the U. Sot
this to the British ministry? + Note U.
risters of Boston, and its neighborWrits of Assistance ; or Birth of gowns, hands and tye-wigs. They
ing county of Middlesex, in their Independence.
were not seated on ivory chairs; The following letter of Mr. but their dress was more solemn Adams is worthy of perpetual pres
and more pompous,
than that of the ervation on three accounts. The Roman Senate, when the Gauls subject is peculiarly important and broke in upon them. In a corner interesting. It gives us a striking of the room, must be placed Wit, view of one of the greatest orators Sense, Imagination, Genius, Pathat ever lived the man who was thos, Reason, Prudence, Eloquence, "first and foremost, before all and Learning, Science and immense above all," in zeal and influence, Reading, hung by the shoulders, on to vindicate our rights and establish two crutches,
covered with a cloth our liberties. It is also a most re
great coat, in the person of Mr. markable example of ardor and Pratt, who had been solicited or energy in a venerable old man of both sides, but would engage on 83. "Ev'n in our ashes, glow
their neither, being about to leave Boston wonted fires."
forever, Chief Justice of New
length, of King Charles II. and Quincy, March 29, 1818.
King James II. in splendid golden frames, were hung up in the most
conspicuous side of the apartment. Whenever
shall find a paint. | If my young eyes or old memory er, male or female, I pray you to
have not deceived me, these were suggest a scene and subject. the finest pictures I have seen. The
The scene is the Council Cham colors of their long flowing robes, ber of the old Town-House, in Bos and their royal ermines were the ton. The date is the month of most glowing, the figures the most February, 1761.
noble and graceful, the features, That Council Chamber was as the most distinct and characteristic; respectable an apartment, and more far superior to those of the King
too, in proportion, than the and Queen of France, in the SenHouse of Lords or House of Com ate chamber of Congress. I bemons in Great Britain, or that in lieve they were Vandyke's. Sure Philadelphia, in which' the Decla there was no painter in Engration of Independence was signed land capable of them at that time.
They had been sent
over without In this chamber, near the fire, frames, in Governor Pownal's time. were seated five Judges, with Lt. But as he was admirer of Gov. Hutchinson at their head, as Charleses or Jameses, they were Chief Justice; all
in their new fresh stowed away in a garret among robes of scarlet English cloth, in rubbish, till Governor Bernard their broad bands,
and immense ju came, had them cleaned, superbly dicial wigs. In this chamber, was framed, and placed in Council, for sealed at a long table, all the Bar the admiration and imitation of all
What design did the ministry Meaning of contraband? then conceive?
Contrary to what acts ? Who was then collector of cus Whom did Paxton direct to peti toms in Boston ?
tion for Writs of Assistance ? For what, did the ministry direct In what year? Paxton to apply to civil author Where was Mr. C. collector ?
Who was then chief justice ? What did these writs authorize Upon what, did Sewall express officers to break open ?.
doubts? For what purpose? To search When did the court order the tor contraband goods.
question to be argued ? Where? men, no doubt with the concurrence officers, tide-waiters, land-waiters, of Hutchinson and all the Junto; and all, to command all sheriffs and for there has always been a Junto. constables, to attend and aid them One circumstance more. Samuel | in breaking open houses, stores, Quincy and John Adams had been shops, cellars, ships, bales, trunks, admitted Barristers at that term. chests, casks, packages of all sorts, John was the youngest. He should to search for goods, wares and merbe painted, looking like a short, chandises, which had been importthick, fat Archbishop of Canterbu- ed against the prohibitions, or withry, seated at the table, with a pen out paying the taxes imposed by in his hand, lost in admiration, now certain acts of Parliament, called and then minuting those despicable “ THE ActS OF TRADE," i. e notes, which you know, that
by certain parliamentary statutes, stole from my desk, and which had been procured to be printed in the Massachusetts Spy, | passed from time to time, for a cenwith two or three bombastic ex tury before, by a combination of pressions, interloped by himself; selfish intrigues between West Inand which your pupil, Judge Minot, dia planters, and North American has printed in his history.
royal governors. These acts neve You have now the stage and the er had been executed, and there scenery ; next follows a narration never had been a time, when they of the subject. I rather think, that would have been, or could have we lawyers ought to call it a brief been obeyed. of the cause.
Mr. Paxton, no doubt consulting When the British ministry re with Gov. Bernard, Lieut. Gov. ceived from General Amherst his Hutchinson, and all the principal despatches, announcing his con crown officers, and all the rest of quest of Montreal, and the conse the Junto, thought it not prudent to quent annihilation of the French commence his operations in Bosgovernment and power in America, ton. For obvious reasons, he in. in 1760, they immediately conceive structed his deputy collector in Saed the design, and took the resolu- lem, Mr. Cockle, to apply, by petion of conquering the English col- tition, to the Superior Court in No. onies, and subjecting them to the vember, 1760, then sitting in that unlimited authority of Parliament. town, for Writs of Assistance. With this view and intention, they | Stephen Sewall was then chief jussent orders and instructions to the tice of that court, an able man, Collector of the Customs in Boston, an uncorrupted American, and a Mr. Charles Paxton, to apply to the sound whig; a sincere friend of civil authority for Writs of Assist- liberty, civil and religious. He ex. ance, to enable the custom-house | pressed great doubts of the legality