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first Epistle to the Corinthians for- from God out of heaven. And there bids me to say more.
Behold is a connection in these types which (saith the Apostle) I shew you a is worthy of notice; for first we mystery. We shall not all sleep, have the ultimate glorious event of but we shall all be changed, in a a priest upon a throne,” (as foretold moment, in the twinkling of an by Zechariah vi, 13,) exhibited by eye, at the last trump: for the his eminent type, Melchizedec, to
trumpet shall sound, and the dead whom the church in Abraham did “ shall be raised incorruptible, and obeisance. For it is the frequent
we (i. e. the saints who shall be method of Scripture to glance in the
then living,) shall be changed. outset at the main scope of prophecy, “For this corruptible must put on and to fill up intermediate events
incorruption, and this mortal must afterwards. The promise made to put on immortality.
the church in Eve does this; for it this corruptible shall have put on sets forth the two grand events of incorruption, and this mortal shall prophecy,--the bruising of Messiah's
put on immortality, then—THEN heel at the offering of the atone“shall be brought to pass the saying ment, and his ultimately bruising " that is written, Death is swal- Satan under him. And thus Mel“ lowed up in victory. In this chizedec's priesthood glances first at very mountain therefore, if Christ the atonement, in which our Lord rose, the saints shall be manifested in an especial manner became a in immortal and incorruptible bodies priest; whilst Melchizedec's sove
as it is written; “ The redeemed reignty sets forth the ultimate glory " of the Lord shall return and come to accrue to Christ. Next we have " with singing unto Zion; and the atonement and resurrection es
everlasting joy shall be upon their pecially set forth in the offering of
head: they shall obtain gladness Isaac on Mount Moriah ; b then the “ and joy; and sorrow and mourning trampling down of Jerusalem by the
shall flee away:"-just as before gentile Jebusites; its recovery by written, “He shall wipe away tears the type of Messiah militant in Dafrom off all faces."
vid; and his final peaceful reign in As the historical part of this Solomon. subject shews, that this place has There are many other circumbeen designed and pointed out to stances, which evince a peculiar apthe church at various periods as propriation of this place to the Lord a place of manifestation; so the Jesus. As he, by anticipation, was prophetical passages just quoted said to have been slain before the prove, that all these different cir- foundation of the world ; C so, by a cumstances were but as the earnest similar anticipation, he is said to of a future more glorious manifesta- have rejoiced in this earth (olkovtion and possession of it by Christ jevn) before it was made.* It is and his saints, who are the real called, by the same anticipation, the house of God, the heavenly Jeru- holy land, d the Lord's land, e and salem, and who shall come down Immanuel's land. f Zion is declared
U Heb. xi, 19. c Rev. xiii. 8. * A comparison of Proverbs viii, 23 & 31 in the Septuagint version will shew, that it is ή οικεμενη γη here spoken of the liabitable land or earth ; οικεμενη being also the word, which, in Hebrews ii, 5, is translated “ world" to come.
d Zech. ii, 12. e Hosea ix, 3. f Isaiah ix, 8.
also to be “the city of God,'g'God's will be manifest ; (viz. at his coming
the place of the soles of his with the saints, before named ;) and feet,'i the mount which he loveth,'; where, viz. on earth. · his rest for ever, where he will Many other Script ures prove that dwell, because he hath desired it.' k the Lord's kingdom is to be maniHere indeed he is said to have dwelt fested on earth; such as that in Jealready, before he became flesh, 1 remiah,—“ a king shall reign and giving to his people in the cloud the
prosper, and shall execute judgesymbol of his presence—the very ment and justice in the earth." symbol also of his return. m Here That again in Ezekiel, when, grantwe know, likewise, he did sojourn, ing to him a vision of Jerusalem, when in the flesh, loving more espe
the Lord says,
so Son of man, the cially to retire to that part of it called place of my throne, and the place *the mount of olives, 'Where was “ of the soles of my feet;" r where
the garden, from whence also he fore our Lord forbids his disciples to took his departure on a cloud, and swear by Jerusalem, because it is whither he will come again, on his re- the city of THE GREAT KING.
as it is written, His feet must I omit to notice when speaking • shall stand in that day upon the of the throne, that Isaiah says : “ Of
mount of olives, which is before the increase of his government v Jerusalem on the east, and the " there shall be no end, upon the “ mount of olives shall cleave in the " throne of DAVID, and upon his "" midst thereof towards the east and kingdom.”'t Thus the angel Ga• towards the west ; and half of the briel announces to Mary ;-"He “ mountain shall remove toward the shall be great, and shall be called
north, and half of it toward the “ the Son of the Highest; and the se south.
And ye shall flee to the Lord God shall give unto him the valley of the mountains; for the throne of his father DAVID.” u And
valley of the mountains shall reach where was the throne of David? sure“ unto Azal, yea, ye shall flee, like ly not in heaven; for St. Peter tells
as ye fled before the earthquake, us plainly, " that David is not as
in the days of Uzziah king of Ju- “ cended into the heavens;” but that, " dah : and the LORD MY GOD shall
being a prophet, he knew that God come, and ALL THE SAINTS WITH " had sworn with an oath to him,
THEE. What can be more ex- that of the fruit of his loins, acplicit than this prophecy? Mr. Fa- cording to the flesh, he would raise ber, who does not concur with me up Christ to sit on his throne." v in the view of the personal reign, The Lord, however, certainly did not admits, nevertheless, of this pro- sit on David's throne at his first phecy, that it must be literal, " and coming; for Herod was then in it: designed, by its circumstantial
circumstantial and this promise therefore remains “ clearness, to cut off the possibility to be fulfilled at his second coming. “ of figurative interpretation.". And 2. It is now time that I should immediately after this prophecy it is notice an objection, which it will be added—“ And the Lord shall be useful to consider, not merely in re
king over all the earth” -proving ference to this particular argument, most decidedly, when the kingdom but likewise as affecting in some
g Ps. lxxxvii, 3. h Ps. Ixviii, 15. i Ezek. xliii, 7. j Ps. Lxxviii, 68. k Ps. cxxxii, 14. 1 Ps. Lxxiv, 2, 3. m Acts i, 10, 11; Rev. i' 16. 1) Zech. xiv, 4, 5. o Vol. vii, p. 267. P Zech. xiv, 9. I Jer.xxiii, 5. r Ezek. xliii, 7. s Matt. v, 35. t Is. ix, 7.
u Luke i, 32. Acts ii, 30, 34, &c.
measure general principles of inter- caused many among the Corinthians pretation
to err, supposing the spiritual resurThere are passages of Scripture, rection to be the first resurrection relating to this matter, which are promised, and therefore that it had undoubtedly to be understood only taken place : which opinion is appain a spiritual sense, and must be so rently the very one St. Paul denies interpreted. Such, for example, as and combats, in the fifteenth chapter when St. Paul says of gentile be- of his first Epistle to them ; wherein lievers, “ That they are fellow-citi- he insists, that their faith was vain,
zens with the saints, and of the were this the case. household of God, and are built Prophetic Scripture, and all Scripupon
the foundation of the Apos- ture, must be judged of by its con“ tles and Prophets, Jesus Christ text and general scope, For ex“ himself being the chief corner ample, when it speaks of a man, we “ stone ; in whom all the building understand a being who possesses a “ fitly framed together groweth un- spiritual soul, dwelling in a mortal “ to a holy temple in the Lord; in body. The chief commands and “ whom ye also are builded together promises of Scripture are addressed «for a habitation of God through the to his spiritual part; but that does Spirit.” w
And St. Peter also, not prove, that the soul will not speaking of Christ as of 'a living hereafter be manifested in a body, stone,' adds, Ye also are built up any more than it proves, that it is not a spiritual house."
now in the body. When therefore Now persons who do not consider, we use the word soul for man, we inthat such a spiritual view is recon- clude his body as a matter of course. cileable with other texts, which texts For who would suppose, because it must, for reasons equally manifest, is written,
so that Abram took Sarai be literal; at once conclude, that " and Lot his brother's son, and all every reference to the house, or city, " their substance that they had or mount of God must be figurative: gathered, and the souls that they just as some others, collecting a few had gotten in Haran, and they passages, the nature of which is un
“ went forth to go into the land of questionably literal, thence conclude “ Canaan;" y—who, I say, would that none are figurative.
conclude, that they took only the There are passages, which speak spirits of these persons, and left of a spiritual resurrection, relating to their bodies behind ? And who the raising of the soul from the death again, because St. Paul exhorts the of sin, unto the life of righteousness; brethren to present their bodies a whence believers are said to be al- living sacrifice unto God, z would ready risen with Christ : x but we suppose that he does not include the must not thence conclude that there soul; without which they would is not a bodily resurrection revealed be a dead and not a living sacrifice ? also. The spiritual resurrection Now apply this principle to the is the pledge and earnest of the bo- house of God, which we have seen dily one, rendering it more sure; is the city, the New Jerusalem, the just as things which are first literally holy mountain. A city is, strictly fulfilled, are pledges of the like spi- speaking, a number of persons dwellritual things. It was the exclusive ing together under certain laws and consideration of such Scriptures, that immunities. Whether they dwell in
Ephes. ii, 19-22.
x Rom. vi, 45 ; Col. iii, 1.
y Gen. xii, 5.
2 Rom. xii, 1.
tents, in ceiled houses, or have the began he to upbraid the cities sky only as their canopy is indiffer- “ wherein most of his mighty works ent: houses come to be called the were done, because they repented city, only because they are the place
Woe unto thee Chorazin," of abode of the citizens; just as we
“ And when he was come call a pile of stones a church, because near he beheld the city and wept the real Church of God are presumed over it saying, if thou hadst to assemble in it. The houses are known," &c. c It is here evident, no more a city when without inha- that it was the material city—the bitants, than a body is a man when pile of stones with its towers and the spirit is fled: both are their ruins domes, which first caught the eye of only. When therefore a city is said Jesus, and he appears only to address to be preparing in heaven, the saints this mass of materials. But any man must be intended, who are destined of understanding must be aware, that to form it, and are now called “Jeru- it was the inhabitants of Chorazin, salem which is above;' and which &c. against whom he pronounced is the same Jerusalem which it is the woe ; and the inhabitants of said shall «
come down—FROM God Jerusalem over whom he wept. It ---out of heaven." a But because was her children whom he would they are the real city-the lively have gathered : but the one part is stones, it does not follow therefore included in the other, . that they are to have no place of phecy of Isaiah cited by our Lord, manifestation : on the contrary there when he cast out the money chanmust be some place of visible dwell- gers from the temple may be referred ing if they come in the body, what- to as another instance. - Is it not ever the nature of that place may written, My house shall be called be. Those who can see nothing but
“ of all nations the house of prayer.” figure in Scripture are compelled to This is spoken immediately of the explain, that the great city, the holy literal temple; but that temple never Jerusalem, coming down out of hea- was and now never can be called of ven, signifies the ascent of the saints all nations the house of prayer: and into heaven. But this is not only a therefore it was a type of some other perversion of language, but a per- more glorious place of manifestaversion of figure itself. The scrip
The scrip- tion, whither the tribes of the earth ture figures are remarkable for their should go up to supplicate the Lord. appropriate significancy; whereas Thus am I led to conclude, when in this case they would be remark- Daniel couples together the followable, as meaning the very reverse of ing phrases—" thy city Jerusalem, what they seem to describe.
thy holy mountain;"
Jerusalem, It may clear this point to observe even thy people ;' thy city, even further, that there are texts which thy people* are called by Thy beyond question refer to a material
“ presenting my supplicity, so far as literal language can ex- “cation for the holy mountain of press it; and yet they primarily aim my God;" ~that these terms are at the persons who compose such ci- in the first place explanatory of each ties, without which they would have other; and, secondly, that there is no meaning. For instance,
a reference in them both to the a Rev. xxi, 2. b Matt. si, 20-24. c Luke xix, 41. d Isaiah lvi, 7; Mark xi, 17.
e Dan. ix, 16–20. * In both these instance, I take the vau of the Hebrew, and the kill of the Septuagint necessarily to mean even, (as they often do,) not and.
household of God, and to the place righteous shall not inherit the kingof their congregating and future ma- dom of God? Be not deceived : nifestation.
So in the following neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor passage, “Remember thy congrega- adulterers, nor abusers of themselves “tion, which thou hast purchased with mankind, nor thieves, nor co" of old ; the rod of thine inherit- vetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers,
ance, which thou hast redeemed ; nor extortioners, shall inherit the “this mount Zion, wherein thou kingdom of God.” 1 Cor. vi, 9, 10.
hast dwelt;” f mount Zion and the Now the works of the flesh are congregation are made as one by im- manifest, which are these; adultery, plication, and yet the context shews fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousthat Zion literally, as well as the ness, idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, congregation, are both distinctly re- variance, emulation, wrath, strife, ferred to.
sedition, heresies, envyings, murI will conclude with the words of ders, drunkenness, revellings, and an eminent writer, who, though en- such like : of the which I tell you tertaining views very opposite to before, as I have also told you in mine, has unwittingly, whilst writing time past, that they which do such on another subject, spoken very appro- things shall not inherit the kingdom priately to this point. Quoting Heb. of God." Gal. v, 19--21. xi 16, (“God is not ashamed to be “For this ye know, that no
called their God; for he hath whoremonger, nor unclean person, “ prepared for them a city;") he nor covetous man, who is an idolaadds, “ God would have been ter, hath any inheritance in the king"ashamed to have been called their dom of Christ and of God.” Ephes.
God, had he not provided for them V, 5.
a permanent city: he would have “ And saying, Repent ye; for the “ been ashamed to have been repre- kingdom of heaven is at hand.” “ sented in so endearing a relation, Matt. iü, 1. had he prepared for them any
to seek Regeneration, thing that had so far fallen short
Verily, verily, I say unto thee, “c of their hopes.”g I add here some texts, shewing not see the kingdom of God.
Except a man be born again, he canthe practical use, which the Apostles
Verily, verily, I say unto thee, made of the doctrine of the King. Excepta man be born of water, and dom and Inheritance to be mani
of the Spirit, he cannot enter into fested on the earth. I could greatly the kingdom of God.” John ii, 3, 5. add to the list were I to turn to the Old Testament; particularly in refer
Divine Teaching ence to the land, the promise of The eyes of your understanding which, in one Psalm only, h is prac- being enlightened, that ye may know tically applied six different times : what is the hope of his calling, and but, for obvious reasons, I prefer what the riches of the glory of His keeping at present to the New Tes- inheritance in the saints."
Ephes. Grounded then on these i, 18. truths are
and Grace, EXHORTATIONS
“Wherefore we, receiving a kingto Repentance,
dom which cannot be moved, let us Know ye not that the un- have grace, whereby we may serve
f Ps. Lexiv, 2.
g Wardlar on Baptism, p. 25.
h Ps. xxxvii.