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O infure a plentiful crop of spring barley, the ground fhould be ploughed deep early in October, fo as to expole the greateft poffible furface to the meliorating influence of the winter frofts, fnows, and rains: thus one ploughing at this time is worth two at any other season. The feed fhould be procured of the very beft, and in quantity from two to three bufhels per acre, obferving that the poorer the foil, the great quantity of feed will be required. When you have prepared your land for fowing (which will rarely be well effected under two or three plough ings) and that you find it fufficiently fine, fleep all your feed for twenty-four hours in pure clean water, at two runnings; the firft water to remain on for twelve hours,

then to be run off, and the fecond to be put on, to the depth of fix inches over the furface of the grain; in both wettings, during the fccping, you must frequently

ftir it in the tub or veffel, fo as to caufe all the feed weeds, oats and fmall corn that are in it to arife to the furface, all which will float and fhould be carefully fkimmed of--After your feed has thus fteep ed twenty-four hours, run off the fleeping water, and fo let it drain twenty-four hours; again that period fit fome dry wood afhes fine, and mix them with your feed in the proportion of one to four; by this means it will foon become dry and fit to fow, which should be at least by the middle of April, unlefs the feverity of the teafon might at that time prevent it. Early down bailey is uniformly found to produce the belt grain and largest crops.Your feed, treated in this way, and fown, wil appear on the fifth day above ground, and on the tenth fhould be rolled with a

The roller may be made of the round part of any tree fawed across, to the length of fix feet. The diameter at each end of the piece fo cut, may be from fourteen to eighteen inches, with iron gudgeons placed at the center of each end, then an oblong wooden frame refled on them, fufficiently raifed to take a pair of jhafts for one horfe, and to be placed on the center of the frame."

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APHORISM.-Bid farewell to all grandeur if envy ft r within thee.-Lavater.

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Y the advice and confent of the Council, I appoint Thursday, the feventh day of April next, to be obferved as a Day of Falting and Prayer, through the Commonweath and requeft the Minifters and People, of the difierent religious


denominations, to affemble in their re-
fpeftive places of worship on that day-
A great number of the ladies and gen-
that we may offer unto GOD the penitent
tlemen had attended in expectation of hear-
confeffions of our fins, and devout fup.ing the debate refpecting the Miffiflippi,
plications for the bleflings, that are necef-
fary for us; and befeech Him, that
through the merits of the Redeemer, we
may obtain His forgivenefs and be enabled.
to render ourfelves well pleafing in His
fight, by prefenting him the fervice of
pure and humble hearts. That He would
profper the United States, and preferve
and itrengthen their Union-That thefe
who are in authority in the National and
State governments, may rule with juftice
and impartiality, and make the laws the
flandard of their actions-That the People,
by a careful attention to their relative duties,
may render to every man, in every flation
and character, the efleem and respect which
he juftly claims-That every denomina-
tion of Chriftians may prove the fincerity
of their faith, by fuch a temper and conduct
as the religion they profefs was intended
to inculcate and produce-And that we
may all regard each other's circumftances
with benevolence and compaffion; and be
induced, from a fenfe of our need of the
divine clemency, to exercife mutual char-
ity and forbearance."

The above entry on the minutes, Mr. Clinton of New-York moved to flrike out, and the motion was carried.

After fome of the ordinary legislative bufinefs of the fenate had been dispatched, Mr. Nicholas moved that the galleries be cleared, and the doors of the fenate were opened and the fenate adjourned. clofed till two o'clock. They were then

Wednesday, Feb. 16.

After the reading of two or three bills, on which there was no debate, Mr. Breckentidge moved to have the galleries cleared, and the doors clofed, which was done. accordingly.

At one o'clock the doors of the Senate were opened, and in a few minutes afterwards

Mr. Rols rofe and faid, that two days a go he had the honor of flating fome of his opinions to the Senate refpecting the alarming condition of our affairs upon the Milliflippi: that in a very interefting part of his enquiry he had been called to order: that the Vice-Prefident had exprefsly determined him to have been in order, and

alfo declared that there was no confidential information before the Senate relating to the late aggreffions upon our rights in the Mifliflippi: yet, notwith flanding this declaration of the Vice-Prefident, as explicit as it was correct, Mr. R. faid, the doors were actually clofed, and all further public difcuffion at that time prohibited. Yef terday the doors were again clofed. He faid that it would be well recollected, that when this extraordinary meafure was ic

forted to, he had given notice that he would not proceed further in the difcuffion, while the doors were fhut, and that he would refume it whenever they fhould be opened. From that time to the prefent he had remained filent, but now, when a majority of the Senate had refolved that this difcuf fion should be public, he would proceed to finish the remarks he had intended to make, and then offer his refolution. He could not, however, avoid expreffing his acknowledgment to the majority of that body, who had decided that this debate should be public, for, although fome gentlemen might be defirous to flifle, and fmother in fecrecy, an enquiry like the prefent, he firmly believed that there would always be firmnefs and independence enough in that houfe to meet in public the investigation of every subject proper for public delibe


Mr. R. faid he would not return to a repetition of what he had formerly stated, it would be fufficient to mention, that he had urged the importance of our rights in the navigation of the Miffiffippi founded in nature, and acknowledged by compact : this was the great and the only highway of commerce from the western country to the ocean; that the Spaniards after a long execution of this treaty, have now flagrantly violated it, and fhut us out from all intercourfe, and from the right of depofit; that they have plundered our citizens up. on the ocean; carried our veffels into their ports and condemned them without the femblance of a trial; our feamen have been caft into prifon, and our merchants ruined thus affailed upon the ocean and upon the land, by a long courfe of oppreffion and hoftility, without provocation and without apology, he knew but one courfe we could take which promifed complete redress of our wrongs. Experience had proved that compact was no fecurity; the Spaniards either cannot or will not obferve their treaty. If they are under the direction of a stronger power who will not permit them to adhere to their flipulations; or if they of their own accord inflict thefe indignities under a belief that we dare not refent them, it was equally incumbent upon us to act without farther delay. The aggreflors are heaping indignity upon you at your own door, at the very borders of your territory, and tell you, at the fame time, they have no right to the country from whence they exclude you. If they act thus without right, why not enforce yours by taking poffeffion? Will you fubmit to be taken by the neck and kicked out without a firuggle? Was there not fpirit enough in the country to repel and punifh fuch unheard of infolence? Is not the magnitude of the intereft at ftake fuch as to warrant the moft vigorous and decifive 'course which can exprefs public


indignation ? Go then, take the guardianfhip of your rights upon yourfelves, truft it no longer to thofe who have fo grofsly abufed the power they have had over it-reinftate yourselves in the poffeffion of that which has been wrefled from you and withheld by faithlefs men who confefs themfelves no longer the owners of the country over which they are exercifing country over which they are exercifing thefe acts of injuftice and outrage. Negociation may, perhaps, be wife, but this is the effectual measure to support it; when it is feen that you have determined to fupport your juft demands with force-that you have already taken into your hands an ample fecurity for future good behavior, your ambaffador will be relpected and attended to. But what weight will his remonftrances have in any country of Europe, when they hear of no military preparations to vindicate your pretenfions, when they learn that you have been chafed out of a poffeflion confeffedly your right, that you have been infultingly told, begone, you fhall not buy, you fhall not fell, you are fuch a nuifance we will have no intercourfe with you!

Where is the nation, ancient or modern, that has borne fuch treatment without refentment or refiftance! Where is the nation that will refpeet another that is paffive under fuch humiliating degradation and difgrace? Your outlet to market clofed-next they will trample you under foot upon your own territory which borders upon theirs! -Yet you will not flir, you will not arm a fingle man; you will negociate!! Negociation alone under fuch circumflances must be hopeless. No,-Go forward, remove the aggreffors, clear away the obftructions, restore your poffeffion with your own hand, and use your fword, it refiftance be offered :-Call upon those who are most injured to redress theinfelves; you have only to give the call, you have men enough near to the scene, without fending a man from this fide the mountains; force fufficient, and more than fufficient, for a prompt execution of your orders-If money be an object; one half of the money which would be confumed and loft by delay and negociation, would put you in poffeffion.-Then you may negociate whether you fhall abandon it and go out again.

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The executive will certainly pursue the, courfe defignated by the legiflature. To' the Congress has been confided the power of deciding what fhall be done in all cafes of hoftility by foreign powers. There can be no doubt that, by the law of nature and nations, we are clearly authorized to employ force for our redrefs, in fuch a case as this: That we have a juft right to take fuch measures as will prevent a repetition of the mifchief & afford ample fecurity for the future quiet enjoyment of the violated. right. If we leave it entirely to the executive he can only employ negociation as being the fole means in his power. If the right be not abandoned what is to be done? I know, faid Mr. R. that fome gentlemen think there is a mode of accomplishing our object of which, by a moft extraordinary proceeding, I am forbidden to speak in this houfe, I will not, therefore, touch it; but I will afk honorable gentlemen, especially thofe from the western country, what they will fay on their return home to a people preffed by the heayy hand of this calamity, when they inquire, What has been done? What are our hopes? How long will this obftruétion continue? You answer, we have provided a remedy, but it is a fecret !!! We were not allowed to speak of it there, much lefs here. It was only committed to confidential men in whispers, with clofed doors: But, bye and bye, you will fee it operate like enchantment; It is a fovereign. balfam which will heal your wounded honour, it is a potent fpell, or a kind of patent medicine which will extinguifh and forever put at reft the devouring fpirit which has defolated fo many nations of Europe. You never can know exactly what it is, nor can we tell you precifely the time it will begin to operate-But operate it certainly will, and effectually too!!! You will fee frange things, wait patiently, and place full faith in us, for we cannot be


This idle tale may amufe children. But the men of that country will not be satisfied. They will tell you that they expected better things of you, that their confidence had been mifplaced, and they will not wait the operation of your newly-invented drugs; they will go and redrefs chemfelves.

I fay allo let us go and redrefs ourselves ; you will have the whole nation with you. On no queflion fince the declaration of independence has the nation been so unanimous as upon this. We have at different times fuffered great indignity and outrages from different European powers; but none fo palpable, fo inexcufable, fo provoking, or of fuch magnitude in their confequences as this. Upon none has public opinion united fo generally as this. It is true we have a lamentable divifion of political opin


among us, which has produced much mifchief, and may produce much greater

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than any we have yet felt. On this question party fpirit ought to fink and difap. pear. My opinions are well known, and are not likely to change, but I candidly, and with ali poffible fincerity declare my conviction to be clear that there will not be a diffenting voice in the Weilern Country if this course be taken. That fo far as my own abilities go, they fhall be exerted to the utmost to fupport; and I know that my friends on this floor with whom I have long thought and acted, have too high a regard for the national honour, and the beft interefts of their country to hesitate a moment in giving the fame pledge of their honeft determination to fupport and render thefe measures effe&tual, if taken-call them ours, if you pleafe, we take the refponfibility, and leave the execution of them with you. For as to myfelf or my friends, no agency is wifhed, except that of uniting with you in roufing the fpirit, and calling out the refources of the country to protect itfelf against ferious aggreffion, and the total fubjection and lofs of the Western Country.

Mr. R. entreated gentlemen to view and confider his propofed refolutions with candor. He declared his intentions to be folely the attainment of an object, the lofs of which would deftroy the country where he refided and hazard the union itfelt. If gentlemen thought the propofed means inadequate, he would agree to enlarge them with cheerfulness; all that he wished, was, that effectual means be voted and employed in this golden moment, which, if loft,

never would return.

He then read the refolutions.-(Vide
Balance, of March 1.

After reading the refolutions, Mr. R.
faid, I will now move thefe refolutions,
and if gentlemen on the other fide fhall be
difpofed to give to the Picfident greater
power, I will cheerfully join them in ex-
tending it as far as they may think neceli-
ary to the accomplishment of the object.

Mr. Wells feconded the motion.

Mr. Rofs moved that the confideration of the refolutions be the order for Monday.


The Vice President interrupted him, and faid, that if thofe obfervations were intendded to apply to the queftion, whether the refolution thould be the order for Monday, they would be proper, otherwite they would not be in order.

Mr. Nicholas faid he did not wish to go into any difcuffion of the merits of the refolutions. He merely withed to remaak, that the course purfued by the gentleman If you purfue this advice, and act upon this occafion, was altogether new and promptly and boldly upon it; if you take extraordinary. I prefume, faid he, that poffeffion, and prepare to maintain it; from the gentleman expects to derive fome adthe very unanimity difplayed, you will have vantage from the adoption of this courfe. no war--you will meet no refiftance. In- If fo, he is quite welcome to any advantage deed a war may be faid to be already begun, which he can gain. I believe that the Afor hoftility of the worst kind on one fide merican people are too enlightened and too has been long in practice upon us, and our well informed to be deceived by any thing retaliation or refftance will be justified on which has been said, or by the novel courie every principle which has governed the which has been purfued. It is ufual when conduct of nations. If the Spaniards re- any bufinefs of fuch importance is about to fift you in taking poffeffion of what by be introduced, to give fome previous notreaty they have acknowledged to be yours, tice, in order that gentlemen may be preand what they now confefs does not belongpared to difcufs the fubject. Why the

to them-the war certainly begins with
them. Under all thefe circumftances,
with thefe offers of fupport, could gentle-
men doubt, could they venture to cry
peace, peace, when there was no peace,
but a fword!

gentleman has thought proper to depart
from it in the prefent inftance I cannot
pretend to fay. However, all that I think
important to fay at prefent, is in reply to
the affertion, that we are not informed of
the intention of

He faid he would delay the fenate no longer than to prefent his refolutions, and give notice that he would move to have them printed and made the order of the day for fome future day. For, as gentlemen had confented that this bufinefs fhould be no longer a fecret, they would now become the fubject of anple and able difcuffion.

Mr. Nicholas rofe and faid, he wished to make one or two obfervations in reply


The Vice Prefident again interrupted him and faid that the question before the fenate was, whether the refolutions thould be the order for Monday. Upon that quef. tion, no remarks in reply to the gentleman from Pennfylvania could be admitted. If gentlemen were difpofed to difcufs the refolutions or to reply to any arguments which had been advanced by the mover, the regular method would be to negative the motion, and then the whole fubject would again be open.

Mr. Rofs faid he did not wish to preclude any obfervations which any gentle. man might be difpofed to make, and if the gentleman from Virginia wifhed to reply to any thing which he had faid, he would withdraw the motion and give him an opportunity.

Mr. Nicholas faid he had no with upon the fubject, and would fay nothing more.

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Mr. Grifwold moved that the further confideration of that report, be poftponed until the firft Tuefday in November next. His reafon for making the motion was, that the committee appointed to inquire whether any, and if any, what alterations or amendments are neceffary to be made in the Act, might report. in the Act, might report. He thought that the queftion of repealing the law ought not to be taken till an opportunity had been given to fee whether the exifting objection might not be removed by amendments. This could not be done while the prefent queftion was pending before the houfe, becaufe the committee thougls it in vain to propofe amendments till the principle was fettled whether the law fhould be repealed.

Upon this motion a long debate arofe in which the merits of the Bankrupt Law were largely difcuffed.

Mr. Mitchell, among others of the fame fide of the houfe, advocated the motion He confidered that law as an experiment which had not yet been fairly tried, and he thought the business of repealing had gone far enough.-Laft year, faid he, we repealed a very important law, namely the act for organizing the judicial fyftem. By this repeal great alarm and agitation were exci ted in the country. We afterwards repealed another important law, eftablishing an excife upon carriages, ftills &c. A very great proportion of the country confidered this repeal as unwife, There is now before you a propofition to repeal the law establishing the mint. The merchants in every part of the country have been alarmed with the apprehenfion that the dif criminating duties were to be abolished.

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Major Ten Broeck was an officer in the revolutionary war, in which he performed his part with honor to himfelt, and to the fatisfaction of his commander, General Washington, from whom he received, as a token of regard, the office of furveyor and infpector for this port. He was afterwards appointed collector of the internal revenue for this diftrict; and both offices barely yielded fupport for his family. On the commencement of the reign of reafon and philofophy, Dayton applied to Mr. Olgood, at New-York for the office of collector and obtained it. The internal revenue was abolished laft fummer, and Dayton's office expired in his hands. Up. on this, he pofted off to the city of Wafhington for the purpofe of obtaining, as was reported, the office of collector of the cuf toms, for this port. But this office was conceived to be too fat for him, and was therefore held in referve for fome other good democrat. Yet our ferene prefident was willing to do fomething for Ifaac: Major Ten Broeck ftill held the office given him by Washington; and he had been guilty of maintaining thofe genuine whig principles, with which he was infpired dur

This, with several other appointments, is officially announced in the National Intelligencer; but we understand Dayton has not yet received his commission-We mention this circumstance to prevent Holt's prevaricating as in the case of Mr. Thomas.

ing the revolution-he was a fupporter of the Conftitution-in fhort, he was a federalift. Mr. Jefferfon, therefore, with the advice and confent of the Senate, beftowed on Ifaac Dayton, than whom no man could be more unfit or undeferving, the office of furveyor and infpe&tor. We prefume there is not an honeft man in this citv, who will approve of this procedure. Who can fupprefs his indignation, when he beholds a revolutionary patriot, amiable and refpectable, ejected from office to make room for the moft contemptible of beings.

Sundry papers flate that TOM PAINE was lately drummed out of Trenton-tune


Rogue's March."-He has fince vifited New-York; and, it is faid, walked round. the battery, arm-in-arm with his good friend and fellow-labourer, Cheetham, fol. lowed by a multitude of hooting boys and chimney-fweeps.-It is to be hoped, that Paine will no longer complain of the in. gratitude of Americans. Should be venture to fet his foot into New-England, he would doubtlefs meet with diftinguished



In the towns, from which returns have been received, Mr. Gillman, the federal candidate for Governor, has had a great increafe of votes fince laft year.


Consulate of the United States of America, LISBON, FEB. 9, 1803.

I have the fatisfaction to announce to my fellow citizens that the prohibition of the importation of Flour into this realm, fs taken off, His Royal Highnefs the Prince Regent of Portugal, having granted unlimited permiffion for the introduction of Foreign Flour into this Kingdom, paying a duty of fixty cents per and that barrel ; veffels from the United States with clear bills of health and whofe crews are free from any ficknefs, are no longer to be fubjected to quarantine. (Signed)


Extract of a letter received this morning from a correspondent in Savannah.


"March 4, 1803-On the 2d inft. an exprefs arrived here from the Governor of New-Orleans with difpatches for the Spanifh Conful. Nothing as yet certainly tranfpired with refpect to their contents. rious are the conjectures, and report fpeaks of the landing of fome French troops at the Floridas. Certainly people here who are difpofed to believe the adminiftration infallible, are in a high ftate of ferment and aların." [Evening Poft.]

Extract of a letter from New-Orleans, dated Feb. ruary 17, 1803.

"Our laft advices put it beyond a doubt, that the French are now on the way to this place, and are looked for daily.--The baggage of the Prefect is already arrived, and feveral officers of inferior grades." [Ibid.]

Captain Gardner, of the fhip America, in 30 days from Lifbon, informs, that on failed) a British packet had arrived at Lonthe 10th of February (the day before he don in 7 days from Falmouth, with intelligence that the French Senatus Confultum had refused to confer on Bonaparte the title of "EMPEROR OF THE GAULS." News had alfo reached Lifbon, that American veffels were excluded from the port of Cadiz in confequence of new regulations in the Spanish fyftem of quaran [Ibid.]


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Thomas said unto me, help me Callender or I sink'
O! then it was, with pen thrice dipt in gall, I wrote
the Prospect

Which brought this Patriot to his wish'd for shore.
And now this man has become a president;


Callender is but a wretched printer, who must live in penury,

Whilst HE can touch ten thousand pounds a year.
He had an ague when he was Secretary,

And when he wrote Genet, I did mark, how he did

"Tis truth, the Secretary shook. His coward tongue dissembled.

Ah! and that pen of his, that once declar'd American Independence,

Was doom'd to write a libel on his thoughts.

Ye Gods it doth amaze me, that a man of such
feeble powers

Should so get the start of many a ranting democrat,
And bear the prize alone.-




IN the beginning of the 14th century
Young Robert Bruce, afterward King of
Scotland, having been detained in London
in the court of Edward I, who intended
to feize and imprifon him, and to put him
to death; a friend of Bruce, perceiving
his danger, and not daring to speak with
him on the fubject, by realon that he was
conftantly furrounded by the king's Ipies,
he fell on the following expedient to give
him warning that it was time to make his
efcape. He fent him by a fervant a pair
of gilt fpurs, and a purfe of gold, which
he pretended to have borrowed from him;
and left it to his fagacity to difcover the
meaning of the prefent. Bruce immedi-
ately contrived the means of his escape;
and as the ground was at that time cover-
ed with fnow, he had the precaution, it is

faid, to order his horfes to be fhod with
their fhoes inverted, that he might deceive
those who should track his path over the
open fields or crofs roads, through which
he purposed to travel. The expedienting
fucceeded; and he arrived fafe into his
native country, to the great joy of the
Scotch nation.


A LATE London paper mentions, that Mifs Harrison, whofe fortune is £75,000 three per cents, and will be £8000 per annum on the death of her mother-was at a ball, and, being deftitute of a partner, afked the master of the ceremonies for one; who prefented a young man of the name of Slater, fon of an apothecary at Margate: and that Mifs Harrifon liked him fo well, that the refolved to be his partner for life.


"In the name of the Fadher, Son, and Holy Ghoft, I Henry of Lancaster challenge this rewme of Ynglande, and the crown, with all their membris, and the appurtenances; als I that am defcendit by right line of the blode coming fro the gude king Henry therde, and throge that right that God of his grace hath fent me, with helpe of kyn, and of my frendes, to recover it; the which rewme was in poynt to be ondone by default of governance, and ondoing of the gude lawes.'


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AFTER fkinning the animal, they placed the skin, loofe and hanging in the form of a bag, upon fome flakes: then pouring water into it, they kindled a fire below, and thus made it ferve as a caldron or pot for the boiling of their victuals.Their bread confifted of oat-meal, baked into cakes on plates of iron.

Whether fuch food or fome other causes fharpened the minds of the Scotch, it is certain that no modern nation of the fame number has produced fo many diftinguished geniufes in the arts and fciences, as Scotland.

PREVIOUS to the American revolu tion, the Governors of the provinces in this country, who were appointed by the British executive, had the power of negativing the acts of the legiflatures; and when a governor figned a bill from the lower house, the court-phrafe was, that he put his fiat to it.

A reprefentative or affembly-man, havlately returned from the General Court, as it was then called, of one of the provin ces, was afked by an acquaintance concern. ing the progrefs and iffue of a particular bill that had been pending. It has pafled our houfe, (he replied,) and that's all; for the Governor ftands out, and wont put fire to it."



To City Subscribers, Two Dollars and fifty cents, payable in quarterly advances.

To Country Subscribers, who receive their papers at the office, Two Dollars, payable as above.

SOME notion may be formed of the
ftate of learning and language in England,panies,
four centuries ago, from the following
fpeech of the duke of Lancafler, afterward
Henry 4th, when he affumed the crown.

To those who receive them by the mail, Two Dollars, exclusive of postage, payable in advance.

A handsome title-page, with an Index or Table of Contents, will be given with the last number of each volume.

Advertisements inserted in a conspicuous and handsome manner, in the Advertiser which accom

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