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T has been doubted whether the fweet potatoe, or, as it is commonly called, the Carolina-potatoe, can be advantageoufly cultivated in this climate. A late experiment has been made, the fuccefs of which ascertains the practicability and leads to a conclufion of the probable ufe. fulness of this kind of culture.
The common root of the fweet potatoe will not answer the purpofe of planting. The planting-feed is obtained in the following manner :-flips, cut from the flems or vines, are fet into the ground; and, if the leafon be moift, they will grow and produce roots; and the roots of thofe flips are the only proper feed for planting.
Mr. Swift has fuccefsfully tried the experiment of obtaining feed from his potatoe-vines; he fet number of flips into the ground, and their roots are now about as large as thofe which he procured from Carolina.
Perhaps it would be found, to the grea emolument of hufbandry, that fweet potatoes may be railed as eafily in this part of the country, as arche Southward, or as potatoes of the common kinds.
HE facred book fixes the age of man at three score years and ten; but this is an extreme period of human life, to which very few comparatively arrive.The mean period of life, or the age which, in healthy countries, is attained by one half of our fpecies, is about the age of fixteen. In the healthieft among the U. nited States, a line that fhould feparate between those who are younger and those Capt. John Swift, an enterprizing farwho are older than fixteen, would divide mer in the neighbourhood of the city of their inhabitants into two numbers nearly Hudson, planted laft June fome fweet po-equal and it is a fact, as well afcertained tatoes, which were the roots of flips. At as it is remarkable,* that among each of the time of planting them, the weather was these two grand divifions death is conextremely dry, and fo continued for fev-ftantly making equal ravages; that is, eral weeks it was therefore long before there yearly die very nearly equal numthey vegetated; and after the stems apbers among those who are younger peared above the furface, they remained among thofe who are older than fixteen. fome time languid and at the point of Viewing life on this fcale, it appears perithing. At length, enlivened by fhow-thort indeed.-One half of our fpecies fhort indeed.-One half of our fpecies ers of rain, the fteins rofe and fpread rap- dying under the age of fixteen, the interidly and attained a very luxuriant growth. mediate fpace between their births and Laft week the roots were dug up, and their deaths is but a "fpan." were found to be fuperior in quantity to the potatoes of the common fort, which were planted afide them, on the fame kind of foil. It is very remarkable that one of these sweet potatoes weighed fix pounds: its Furface is fmooth, and it is without any prongs or branches.
FOR THE BALANCE.
ON THE SHORTNESS OF HUMAN LIFE.
"A season's glitter! Thus they flutter on
*See Doctor WILLIAMS's history of Vermont, page 360 and onward.
FROM THE PORT FOLIO.
LETTER ON SLAVERY.
The following extract of a letter from PATRICE HENRY, late Governor of Virginia, furnishes one among many proofs, that a person may be, fully convinced of the iniquity and dangerous tendency of Slavery, and yet continue to hold Slaves He appears to have been much too wise and ein. did to attempt to defend a practice, which lis conscience whispered him was wrong.
“HANOVER, JAN. 18, 1773. DEAR SIR,
I TAKE this opportunity to acknow!. edge the receipt of Anthony Benezet book against the Slave trade: I thank you for it. It is not a little furprifing that the profeffors of Chriftianity, whofe chief excel lence confifts in foftening the human heart, in cherishing and improving its finer feel ings, fhould encourage a practice fo totally repugnant to the firft impreffions of right and wrong. What adds to the wonder is, that this abominable practice has been introduced in the most enlightened agesTimes that feem to have pretenfions to boaft of high improvement in the arts, fciences, and refined morality, have brought into general ufe, and guarded by many laws, a fpecies of violence and tyranny,
which our more rude and barbarous, but more honeft ancestors, detefted. Is it not
amazing, that at a time when the rights of
Would any one believe that I am mafter of Slaves of my own purchase ! I am drawn along by the general inconve ience of living here without them. I will not-I cannot justify it. However cul
THE fine arts have received an excel
devoir to virtue, as to own the excellence
lent auxiliary by the difcovery of a multi-
"I believe a time will come when an
If we cannot reduce this wished for P reformation to practice, let us treat the
"I know not where to ftop. I could fay many things on the subject; a serious view of which gives a gloomy perspective to future times."
rooms, dug up their cellars, fearched the newly made graves, & broke open the coffins in hopes of finding fecreted treafures. They fome times threatened people with immediate death, fometimes put them to the torture, fometimes lacerated and crippled them, in order to wring from them a difcovery of their little pittance of ready money. The deepest and most apparent poverty was no protection against their rapacity; grey heirs and lifping infancy; the fick, the dying, women in child- bed, were alike expofed to the most barbarous treatment; dragged from their beds, kicked, wounded, and frequently killed, under pretence that they were the keepers of concealed wealth. The teams and flocks, cattle of every kind, the marauders drove off, cut to pieces on the fpot, or left in a state of mutilation; corn, hay, and ftraw, they wafted or burnt; they demolished the houfhould furniture, deftroyed the utensils. of the dairies, the barns, and the ftables; tore down the gates, levelled the fences. In many places they ftripped the clothes from the backs of the people, fet their liquor flowing in the cellar, burnt their provifions to afhes. The churches, whether Romish or Proteftant, they rendered a fcene of indilcriminate robbery, of facrilege and blafphemy too fhocking to def cribe. Towards women of all ages and all conditions, they were guilty of brutality never before heard of: Neither extreme youth nor extreme age; neither weakness nor deformity; nor the moft loathfume difeafe; neither the pangs of labour, nor the agonies of death could reftrain them; cries, tears, fupplications were of no avail; and where fathers, husbands, or brothers interfered, murder feldom failed to close the horrible scene. To fpread nakednels and hunger, to introduce mifery and disease amongst all ranks, feems to have been their uniform defire; but the lower orders of the people, the artizans and the labourers, were the objects of their direft malignity ;gainft them was directed the fharpeft bayonets; for their bodies the choiceft tor ment, for their minds the keenist anguish was referved; from one end of the country to the other, we trace the mercilefs ruf fians through a fcence of conflagration and blood; frequently we fee them butchering whole families, and retiring by the light of their blazing habitations; but amongst the poor alone, do we find them deferring the murder of the parents for the purpofe of compelling them to hear their children. fhriek amidst the flames!
TO THE PEOPLE OF ENGLAND.
Germany, which clofes this awful leffon, was invaded by the French in 1796 and 1798. These invafions were attended with crimes too atrocious to be credited, were they not proved by indifputable evidence, and did they not accord with the general practice of the inhuman wretches by whom they were commited. . In adverting to these deteftable acts of oppreffion and cruelty, we must recollect, that they were perpetrated upon a people, who had made no refiftance of any fort against the invaders, and who in every inflance had entered into an agreement with the French Generals, to pay them great fums of money, in order to preferve their country from plunder. In confequence of the ranfom thus wrung from the people, the invaders declared, by public proclamation; that the perfons and property of the inhabitants hould be ftrictly refpe&ted; and that their rights, ufages, laws, and religion fhould remain inviolate and undisturbed. Onthefe affurances, thus folemnly made, the credulous people all implicitly relied while fome of the poorer claffes regarded the French, not as enemies, but as their deliv erers from taxes and labour. No fooner, however, had the invafion taken place, no fooner had the French become mafters of the country, than they spread themselves over it like beafts of prey, devouring and deftroying every thing before them. They fpared neither cities nor towns, neither villages nor hamlets, nor folitary houfes; from the church to the cell, from the caftle to the cottage; no ftate of life, however lofty or however humble, efcaped their rapacious affaults; no fanctity excited their veneration; no grandeur their refpect; no mifery their forbearance or their pity. Such are the barbarities which have been After having plundered the houfes of the inflicted on other nations. The recollecgentry, the clergy, and the tradefmen; af- tion of them will never be effaced; the ter having pillaged the fhops, warehoufes, melancholy flory will be handed down and manufactories, they proceeded to the from generation to generation, to the everfarm houses, and cottages; they rifled the lafting infamy of the republicans of France pockets and chefts of the inhabitants, cu and as an awful warning to all thofe naopen their beds, tore up the floors of theirtions whom they may hereafter attempt to
invade. We are one of those nations; we are the people whom they are now preparing to invade: awful, indeed, is the warning, and if we defpife it, tremendous will be the judgment. The fame generals, the fame commiffaries, the fame officers, the fame foldiers, the very fame rapacious and fanguinary hoft, that now hold Holland and Switzerland in chains, tha: defolated Egypt, Italy and Germany, are at this mcment, preparing to make England, Ireland, and Scotland, the fcenes of their atrocities. For fome time paft, they have had little opportunity to plunder: Peace, for a while, fufpended their devaftations, and now, like gaunt and hungry wolves, they are looking towards the rich paftures of Britain: Already we hear their threatening howl; and if, like sheep, we fland bleating for mercy, neither our innocence nor our timidity will fave us from being torn to pieces and devoured. The robberies, the barbarities they have committed in other countries, though, at the thought of them, the heart finks and the blood runs cold, will be mere trifles to what they will commit here, if we fuffer them to triumph over The Swifs and the Suabians were nev er objects of their envy, they were never the rivals of Frenchmen, either on the land or on the fea; they had never difconcerted or checked their ambitious projects, never humbled their pride, never defeated either their armies or their fleets. We have been and we have done all this: They have long entertained against us a hatred engendered by the mixture of envy and of fear; and they are now about to make a great and defperate effort to gratify this furious, this unquenchable, this deadly hatred. What, then, can we expect at their hands? What but torments, even furpaffing those which they have inflicted on other nations. They remained but three months in Germany; here they would remain for ever; there, their extortions and their atrocities were, for want of time, confined to a part of the people; here they would be univerfal: No fort, no part, no particle of property would remain unfeized; no man, woman or child would efcape violence of fome kind or other. Such of our manu--factories as are moveable, they would tranf port to France, together with the most ingenious of the manufacturers, whofe wives and children would be left to flarve. Our fhips would follow the fame course, with all the commerce and commercial means of the kingdom. Having firipped us of every thing, even to the touteft of our fons, and the most beautiful of our daugh ters, over all that remained they would eftablish and exercife a tyranny, fuch as the world never before witnessed. AH the ef tates, all the farms, all the mines, all the and and the boules, all the ih us and magazines, all the remaining manul &tories, and the workshops, of every kind and dif
cription, from the greatest to the finalleft;
We are still without any news from the Continent by the public Journals. Some of the private letters from France however ftate that fymptoms of ftrong tear & suspi. cion, on the part of the Government, have begun to fhew themfelves. The inten tion, real or imputed, of erecting the Roy, al Standard in France, muft have excited
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Latest Foreign Intelligente.the jealoufy of Bonaparte in no common degree against all those who ever were copnected avowedly, or who are fufpected of being attached by principie to the Houte of Bourbon. What a dillreffing ftate then must be that of the emigrants who have re turned under the Firft Confal's AmnellyIt is mentioned accordingly in the letters to which we ailude, tha inany of the re turned Enigrants have been ai refled, and thofe who are not imprifoned are placed under the most irkfomic fervillance. la deed there can be little doubt that Bonap.ne will confider thefe men as in fome degre hoftages for the conduct of the Royal Fm. ily. He knows full well that they can't be attached from principle to the Coll can line. He knows full well, that though they fubmit to his power, they do notr pect its origin, and do not wifh its perma nent eflablishment. It cannot be expect ed, that as Royalias they fhould refpect e idea, at once to them anti-monarchical as well as anti republican, of his nominating his fucceffor, and what has been fo ofen ridiculed as the height of monarchical abrur. dity transfering then and their country, like a herd of cattle, as a legacy to al vourite, in the utmoft delirium of his for tune, he could not have hoped for the Mult be not diftruft then the men who a tended the Houfe of Bombon for fo men years of adverfity, and who only left: from a wearinefs of exile-from a difgar
of dependence in a foreign land-and, livr a with to be Frenchmen once again, eve under the fceptre of a Corfican. T cin fcarce give any pledge to fatisfy the diftruft of the mafler they ferve, precifely because it is not natural that they should leave him from affection, or obey him from neceli y. It is much to be leared thefore, that many of them will be placed in the most difagreeable fituation. We do not blame them for returning to France der very hard terms and worfe profpets It is difficult to define the extent of the f delity they owe the man, whom circum. ftances have placed at the head of affairs They muft, however, conftantly be the ch j&s of fufpicion to the "untitled Tyrant. I they have influence with their telew fubjects, if they are fuppofed capable t giving the impulfe to any opinion un vourable to the exifting power, en the mufl be doubly chnoxious to the King faćto under whom they live; and as dey are protected by no conftitutional bul
Be it our weekly task,
To note the passing tidings of the times.
LONDON, AUG. 26.
A private letter from Paris of the 18th inft. ftates the following intelligence:
"It is now understood, in the best informed circles, that the Firft Conful, before his departure to execute his grand project and his plans of campaign, exercifed the two principal privileges granted to him by a Senatus Confuitum. By the firft, he will pafs an amnefly in favour of all criminals in cuftody, except thofe confined for confpiring againft the State, for murder and coinage; and that by the fecond he will depofit with the Senate the nomination of his fucceffor."
Some of the late Confular measures in
Ina Hull paper, which was received yes. terday, the following whimsical account of marriage is given :
"On the 14th inft. Thomas Freeman,
warks, no legal privaleges, their cafe is the more deplorable.
It is certain that the French Government is extremely vigilant to prevent any of the former leaders of the Vendeans carrying on any intercourfe with their old partizans. There is a report which we hope is not true, that fome of them have been taken prifoners. They ought to be extremely cautious Amidit all thefe alarms however, Bonaparte will find it difficult to fpare a difpofable force for the Invafion of England. That he has fuch a lorce, without weakening points which he is now more than ever obliged to guard, we are very much inclined to doubt. The number of his troops is grofsly exaggerated. In the mean time this county has only to preferve a vigorous, elevated, and menacing polture, to convince Bonaparte that he has no chance of bringing the War to a conclufion by a defperate coup de main or even of making any impreffion likely to give him any preponderance in Negociation. He may therefore ferionfly encourage the Mediation of Foreign Powers, to extricate him from a moft awkward dilemma.
A letter from Paris, dated August 20, ftates as follows: Two bankers were laft Wednesday fent to the Temple, because they had given bills of Exchange upon Hamburgh and Frankfort for three millions of livers. deftined for the ule of Louis XVIII. and which the police has found out to have been fecretly fubfcribed by fome Royalifts at Paris, fince his refufal to refign his right to the throne of France was publifhed here. Remember this refufal was known here on the 1ft inftant, and that thefe three millions were fubfcribed here only."
DUBLIN, AUGUST 17.
Lady Jerningham, of Coffy, in the county of Norfolk, has propofed to raife and command a corps of 600 females, for the purpofe of driving away the cattle from the fea coafts, in cafe of an invafion.
Hudson, October 18, 1803.
BY THE COUNCIL OF APPOINTMENT.
Charles Holt, Captain, Marfhall Jenkins, jun Leutenant, and Leverett Cruttenden, E fign of a company of Light Infantry, in the city of Hudson.
That the above appointments have been made, is true; but the "6 company of
A murder of unequalled horror, has happened at Hamburgh. It was committed by a ftudent, in the fiftieth year of his age, in a fit of melancholly delirium. He had been out with his family, returned, and all retired to reft by eleven o'clock. In the night he got up, and deliberately murdered his wife and fix children, fparing two other children who were in bed with his own and without disturbing any one in the houfe, in which were leveral lodgers. He then proceeded to where a fervant girl flept, informed her that he was going out, and fhould return at feven o'clock; but not coming home at this time, the girl proceeded to get the child. ren up, and call her miftrefs, when the found them dead, weltering in their blood. On the alarm being given, he was purfued, and near a mill, about half a mile from Hamburgh, he was found with his throat He was conveycut, but not quite dead. ed back to Hamburgh.
[New York pap.]
PROVIDENCE, (R. I.) OCT. 1.
On Monday laft, before the Supremely Judicial Court fitting in this town, came on the trial of Jacob Burk, a truckman, charged with having committed a Rape on the body of Elizabeth Stafford, of Cov. entry, in this flate. The invefligation and pleading lafted from half past eight in the morning, till nine in the evening when, after a fair an impartial trial, the caule was committed to the jury, who, about one o'clock next morning brought in the verdict, Guilty. The court yesterday prenounced fentence of death upon Burk,
Much lamented, at Claverack, on the 15th inst. of a painful disease, which terminated in a pulmonary Pthisis, Miss JANE HOGEBOOM, eldest daughter of Stephen Hogeboom, Esquire, in the 38th year of her age. Through the greater part of her illness, she was unhappily afflicted with mental derangement, by which it might have been expected the vigour of her mind would be impaired; but, during the last stages of the disease, being restored to the full possession of her understanding, and warned that her dissolution was approaching, she prepared to meet it with much becoming fortitude and resignation. Possessed of the most agreeable and interesting manners, the qualities of her heart were such as equally adorn every condition of human life. To her friends, her relations, and her numerous acquaintance, she has left a fair and impressive example of private worth and domestic female virtue; -to them the loss of so amiable a character is truly irreparable.
On the morning of the 7th inst. a child of Mr. Seth Stratton, of this city, aged 18 months. Its death was occasioned by its night gown, (which was made of cotton) taking fire.
At Farmington Conn. on the 21st ult. of a consumption, Dolly, second daughter of Mr. Zenas and Mrs. Polly Cowles, aged 16 years.
Mr. BEVERLY BENNIT r, a son of capt. Increase Bennit of Kinderhook, aged 23 years, was instantkilled a few days since, by the accidental discharge of a musket, which was lying in the bow of a caThe motion of the canoe, caused the mu ket to fire at a half cock, and Mr. Bennitt unfortunates ly standing before it, received the whole charge in his eyes and forehead. Two brothers of the deceased, who were present, were witnesses of the shock. ing sight. On calling their father and mether to the spot, the latter fell into a swoon, and though medical aid was called, five hours elapsed before she received her senses. A jury of inquest brought in a verdict of" Accidental death" i he funeral of the deceased was attended by nearly an hundred people; and the loss is much lamented by his relations and friends.
WRITTEN BY A YOUNG GENTLEMAN IN A
SICKNESS, I yield to thy subduing sway,
And all my frame a listless languor feels.
Dim are those eyes that once resplendant shone,
Few are the transports I may hope to share,
And retrospection sharpens every pain.
The sport of youth, in which I once partook, Alas! no more the throbbing smile can wake: en every scene I cast a heedless look,
Nor know but that may be the last I take.
The social converse of my only friend,
So pleasing once I now can scarcely bear;
The frowns of censure, and the smiles of praise,
In vain I've tried each Esculapian art
To sooth my anguish, and my health regain ; Life's vital tide scarce issues from my heart,
And slowly creeps along each circling vein.
When o'er my glass these heavy eye balls stray,
And almost doubt if 'tis myself I view,
How chang'd, how alter'd from my former plight,
The dreams of pleasure which I ther pursu,d
Alike regardless of my friends and foes,
I wait impatient for that awful hour,
Then, when exempt from each terrestrial tie,
PROTEST of the Governor, Lieutenant
FORASMUCH as the wearing of long hair, after the manner of Ruflians and barbarous Indians, has begun to invade New England, contrary to the rule of God's word, which fays it is a fhame for a man to wear long hair, as alfo the commendable cuftom generally of all the godly of all our nation, until within thefe few years:
We, the magiftrates, who have finged this paper, for the fhewing of our own innocency in this behalf due declare and manifeft our diflike and deteftation against the wearing of fuch long hair, as againít a thing uncivil and unmanly, whereby men doe deforme themfelves and offend fober and modeft men, and doe corrupt good manners. We doe therefore earnestly intreat all the elders of their jurifdiction, as often as they fhall fee caufe to manifelt their zeal against it in their public adminiftrations, and to take care that the num bers of their refpective churches be not defiled therewith; that fo, fuch as prove obftinate, and will not reforme themfelves, may have God and man to witness again them. The third month, 10th day, 1649."
ed her with a rich medallion of Bonaparte,
AS a man of fenfe can eafily fubvert a fool, because his defigns are inconceivable to his adverfaries underflanding; foa fool will fometimes be too cunning for a wife man, for the very fame reafon. That is, because he will conceive fchemes which could never enter into a wifer head than his own. Counterplotting an abfurd fel. low is like fighting a left handed fencer. You receive a wound because it comes in direction whence you had no reason to expect it, and he gains a victory merely by [Port Folio.]
WHEREVER Bonaparte advances, we are prefented with a dull repetition of the fame fenfeleis addreffes, and the fame naufeous adulations. We find, at Amiens, that a circumftance took place, which, in fome degree, varied the uniformity of the fcene. A rich merchant's daughter had been fo inflamed by heroic defcriptions of the First Conful, that a moft violent paffion took poffeffion of her whole foul. She waited for his arrival with the utmoft impatience. No fooner had Bonaparte entered the apartment, than the young la dy threw herself at his feet, and declared her paffion in the most romantic firains. With ineffable condefcenfion the little great man raifed up the afflicted beauty, and confoled her in language not unworthy the knight of La Mancha. Madam Bonaparte joined in this tender scene, and with all due fenfibility, comforted this unhappy lady, whom her husband's charms had overpowered. Next day fhe prefent
WHOEVER would deceive the multi tude, let him not defpair of perfuading them to believe any thing in the world, except truth. ibid.
A witty writer favs, as all mankind live in mafquerade, whoever prefumes to come among them barefaced, muft expect to be abufed by the whole affembly. ibid.
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