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deferved veneration; when philofophers refolute oppofition, reared a grand and
were rare, profound, and highly effecm-beautiful edifice. To retard and interrupt
ed but now any empty fellow who has
dipt into a few fuperficial books, inflant-
ly dubs himfelf a philofopher, and deals
out his dogmas with much more pompofi-
ty, than did Defcartes or Newton. For-
merly, philofophy was ufefully and lau-
dably employed as a hand-maid to religion;
but now there flaiks over the world a hide.
ous moufter called philofophy, that furi-
ously attacks the moft venerable, the moft
facred inftitutions, and threatens to demo-
if the great pillars of morality and focial
order. And how many do we behold
opening ware- houfes
ware-houfes of philofophy,
of philofophy,
whofe whole ftock confifts of fcraps,
fhreds and gleanings from infidel publicati-
ons? How many do we fee neglecting the
proper bufinefs of their callings, demora-
lizing their neighbours, and wafting their
time, in what their vanity calls philofo-
phical difputes and difquifitions? Take
my advice, nephew, and never affect to
be more knowing than your neighbours:
-the world has become too wife to be in-
fructed. If you have knowledge in any
fuperior degree, keep it to yourself, as
you would keep your watch, in a private
pocket. But, efpecially don't fet yourfelf
for a philofopher; I had rather fee you
honeftly purfuing even the loweft ufetul
calling that can be named."



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WHEN the democrats were

in the muority, they had one fteady tafk to perform. One rigid rule governed all their conduct. The watch-word was underflood throughout the ranks; and their whole chapter of inftructions confifted of but two words-oppofe government. To oppofe government, was the fum total of the duty of a democrat. It was immaterial in what country he was born--what were his talents, or what was his character. Whether he was imported from Europe in the last fhip-or whether he was deftitute of both virtue and talents, was a matter of no confequence. If he could and would oppofe government, he was received by the democratic band with open arms. On the file of federalifm, differ. ent materials were required. The federalifts, in forming, adopting, and carrying into effect, the conflitution of the United States, had performed one of the nobleft and most important acts that the world ever witneffed. They had, amidst every difficulty, and in defiance of a powerful and


that the unprejudiced and impartial, muft view it with admiration. In the federalifts we find the firm and zealous advocates of our conftitution-the fteady and refo. lute defenders of the principles and fyft. ems of Washington; and if it is the good fortune of the United States, to efcape the horrors of anarchy and diffolution, it must be effected by the virtue, the talents, the wifdom, and the united exertions of the federalifts.

the progrefs of this vaft defign, no talents
were neceflary. The mereft clown on
earth could mar and deface, and the
greatest dunce could find fault with, and
condemn the workmanfhip: But arduous
and honorable was the ftruggle to defend,
it. This tafk devolved on the federalists;
and the future hiftorian will tell how faith-
ful they performed it. After the conflitu-
tion was adopted, and it was found that
open and direct oppofition could avail
nothing, the antifederal or democratic
party immediately turned their arms against
the government. Every meafure, how.
ever juft or neceffary, was violently op
pofed and condemned. Perfons totally
incapable of judging of the wifdom or
policy of any tranfaction, could neverthe-
lefs be taught to find fault with it. In-
deed, oppofition and fault finding, were
learnt by rote; and political parrots were
found at all times and in all places,
declaiming against lyftems they could
not comprehend-condemning measures.
which they did not underftand--and ca-
lumniating men with whom they were
unacquainted. No fooner was there a
plan of finance, a fyftem of jurifprudence,
or a mealure of national defence, propoí-
ed by the federalifts, than the whole dem-
ocratic party, from the higheit to the low-
eft, began to clamor against it. To op-
pofe was an eafy matter. It coft but little
trouble, and as I before obferved, no tal-
ents. The federal party was like the wife
man who wrote an excellent book-the
democratic faction, like the unlettered ide-
ot, who declared the wife man's book WE this week leave our readers to
good for nothing. Under circumstances make their own reflections, on the great
To favourable to anti-federalifm, it is not political events which are palling before
furprizing that the oppofition fhould have them. We once believed, that we might
gained ground, and finally become trium-exprefs an independent and unbiaffed e-
phant. But their triumph has been fuch
pinion, on any fubject of difcuffion, net
as no good man would envy them. It has immediately connected with the affairs of
completely expofed their weakness and
our own government, without giving of
ir competency. Poffeffed of ample power, fence, or exciting refentment, among the
they find themfelves unable to advance arepublican advocates for freedom of speech
and liberty of confcience. But in this we
fingle ftep with the govermental machine.
They have been so long accustomed to op- have been molt egregioufly deceived.
pofition that they know not how to pro- We have been treading on dangerous
cced. Too weak to form new fyftems, or ground, and have paffed beyond the con
improve old ones, they excercife their fines of our duty. We have hecdiclsly
power in deftroying thofe of their prede, wandered from the courfe which had been
ceffors. Unable to erect a hovel, they a- marked out for us, and before we had per
muse themselves with pulling down and ceived our aberration, we are detected in
demolishing magnificient edifices.
We are
the encampment of the enemy.
content with proflrating more inferior ob- denounced as deferters from the republi
jefts, they have laid violent hands on the
can standard, and are fentenced to stripes,
conftitution itfelf. Pillar after pillar is for this daftardly dereliction from duty!-
demolished, and it is feriously to be appre. A file of able bodied veterans are drawa
hended that the whole beautiful fabrick will
out to inflict the fentence, and the proces
eventually be levelled in the duft.
of punishment has already commenced.
While pafling the gauntlet, and trembling
under the lash of our infuriated execution-
ers, it is decent and becoming and prudent,
to cbferve a folemn and refpeful filence.

The federalifts are now the minority;
and their prefent conduct, when compar.
ed with that of the old oppofition, forms
fuch a firiking and honorable contraft,


At his Def.

[Mr. BLAKE, editor of the National Aegis, a very high-toned democratic paper, published at Worcester, Mass. took the liberty, on the commences ment of the present European conflict, to express an opinion, that of the two nations, France had been the most blameable. Such an heterodox o pinion, was inmediately attacked by all the most violent democratic papers, from the Aurora dowa. wards, and Mr. BLAKE was "mauled" by every jacobin cudgel in the union. For a considerable time he contented himself with merely parying some of the heaviest blows of the democratic ed itors, without making any general allusions to the party. At length, however, he has been drivea to the necessity of defending himself from the attacks of the whole host of democracy. In the following publication, he discovers an Independence highly honorable and, we confess, that he has treated his old friends with a severity which we do not recollect to have seen equalled, Edit. Bal] From the National Aegis of Sept. 28.

of Bonaparte,affifting the Irish Rebels, in
cutting the throats of every friend of gov
ernment, who may chance to fall in their
way, we fhall not hazard an expreffion of
our abhorrence, becaufe, forfooth, they
will be restoring liberty and equality, to
this wretched and degraded people! If we
fhould fee the United Kingdoms, fubvert-
ed, and one grand and terrible Republic
erected on the ruins of the British Conftitu-
tion, it would be herefy to hint a fingle fear,
because no true Republican is permitted to
doubt the mildnefs, the moderation and ben.
evolence of the Fift Conful of France.---
If we fhould fee our own peaceful fhores,
glittering with the pageantry of Gallic
arms, we mult welcome their approach,
and fing Hallelujahs at their fuccefs, be-
caufe they will bring us "glad tidings of
great joy, which fhall be known to all
people."-Such is the enviable flation to
which the Editor of a Republican paper is
exalted, if he means to accommodate him-
felf to the opinions of all of his party.

Reproachful and overbearing, they de-
mand a timid and fervile acquiefcence.edly
Impatient of control or contradiction, they
revolt at the appearance of refraint or re-
fiftance. Obflinate and unaccommodat-
ing, they require of every advocate of their
caufe, to become "like mere clay in the
hands of the potter!"

We bow with fubmiffion to our fate; we
kifs the rod with meeknefs and humility-
we implore compaffion for our weakness,
and forgiveness for our paft tranfgreflions.
It is in the very nature of revolutionary Re-
publicans to be kind and gentle hearted.
I they are easily exafperated they are as
eafily appealed. Supplication will difarm
their resentment, and contrition will fecure
their mercy. An imploring fufferer nev-
er dangled from the lamp-poit--the axe of
the guillotine never reddened with the
blood of a fupplicating victim! !-To the
friends and advocates of thefe merciful pro-
jectors, we look with confidence for all
reafonable favor, in the infliction of that
part of our punishment, which remains yet
to be performed. They will "bity
bity the
lifted whites of both our eyes!" Their for-
mer clemency has given us an allurance,
that there is no tincture of malice or re-
venge, in their manner of performing the
tafk which has been affigned to them.
Their juftice has been tempered with mer-
cy-there has been no crimination or com-
plaint, no farcaftic reproach,-no feur-
rilous invective-no il natured abuse.
We have heard of no fecret expreflions
of refentment, we have witneffed no in-
fidious efforts to check the currency of
our paper, or to impeach the motives of
our conduct. There have been no hints
of corrupt apoftacy; no intimations of du-
plicity; no acculations of a treacherous
coalefcence with the common enemy !!
We have been told of no inquifitorial ex-
aminations, to afcertain the fcope and ten-
or of our opinions, no charge of Jilorting
and mifieprefenting the opinions of others.
Every meafure has been fair and honora-
ble, and conciliatory and pacic. Yet
with all this humane and gentle treatment,
fuch are the ftubborn materials of our com-
pofition, that we continue refra&tory and
obilinate in the parfait of our former opin
ions. We are ready to make any honorable
atonement for our fence, unless it be to
promife an amendment. This we can nev-
er do, until fomething more efficacious
than the chalifement we have already re-
ceived, fhall happen to convince us of our
eiror. We never committed to the cuflo-
dy of a party, our unalienable privilege of
thinking and until this is furrendered, it
is impoflible for us to give our affent to o-
pinions, which we believe, in our con-
science, to be erroneous and ill-founded.
For the prefent, however, we will leave the
field to more dexterous and accommodat

ing politicians, and will ftand aloof as filent
fpectators of the conflict.

If we fhould fee an army of half a million Frenchmen, fately landed on the coaft of England, we shall not dare to exprefs our apprehenfions of the iffue, becaufe perchance we may give offence to fome "hu. mane and generous Republican. If we fhould fee a detachment from the legions fined to the reign of Robespierre, but embraced a


THE detail, in the Balance, of murders and massacres, during the French revolution, was not con

In one infance, at leaft, they are deceiv. ed. We fhall never yield to their opinions from the dread of their refentment; we fhail never abandon the ground we have taken, from the fear of being abandoned by those who, without provocation, have become our moit deadly and inveterate eneemies!

Balance Closet.

THE Poughkeepsie Barometer, of the 27th ult under the head of communications, says,

"The Balance, fome time fince, in treat-
ing of "The deftruction of lives by the
French revolution,
French revolution, "after detailing the
murders and mallacres during the reiga of
Robespierre, has the following remark-

"It is not forgotten that those scenes of cruelty and horror in France were contemplated by a large portion of the people of this country with transports of joy, &c."

"Our correfpondent (fays the Barometer) afks whence he (the writer) draws his information, that " a large portion, &c.".. He denies the affertion altogether, and challenges the editors of the Balance to prove it.'

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period of a little more than six years, namely, from
June, 1789, to October, 1795, in which term of
time, according to Predhome, who was a zealous
actor in those horrid scenes, there perished, in
France and its territories, two million twenty-nine
thousand six hundred and six persons! including
women and children, who, as well as men, were,
And who is
in great numbers, led to executica.
there, that having lived in this country, does not
know that "a large portion of its inhabitants” had
been so faccinated, that they justifled and applauded
the greatest attrocities of the French republic, and
were deeply enamoured with that “ Scarlet Whore?'*
even at the times when she was perpetrating her
macst horrid cruelties.

Wishing to be as brief as possible, we shall, at present, merely republish, for the satisfaction of the Barometer-correspondent, one or two short ex

tracts from an oration on the anniversary of cur national independence-an oration composed and spoken at a time when more than a million of lives, under every species of cruelty, had already been sacrificed by the French revolution-an oration, spoken by a very distinguished fle leader, by a demagogue who is now high in office, and who undoubt

expressed the sentiments of most of his party, and consequently of "a large portion of the people of these states." The crator first addressd himself to Britain, in the following terms of reproach and contempt :

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"Britannia, why art thou painted as a beautiful woman? Thou art become a fury in thy looks, thy hair is twifted fnakes; thou haft a whip in thy hand. O thou foul witch, thou haggard form; fhew thy felf on the canvafs as thou art, and deceive not with the femblance of what is amiable."

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A receipt to make an excellent American wine-Communicated to the Burlington Society for promoting Agriculture and domeftic Manufactures, by Jofeph Coo per, Efq. of Gloucester county, NewFerfey.



"By order of the Society,


put a quantity of the comb,
from which the honey had been drained,
into a tub, to which I added a barrel of
cider, immediately from the prefs; this
mixture was well flirred, and fo left to
foak for one night. It was then ftrained,
before a fermentation took place; and
honey was added, until the ftrength of the
liquor was fufficient to bear an egg. It
was then put into a barrel, and after the
fermentation commenced, the cafk was
filled every day, for three or four days,
that the filth might work out of the bung
hole. When the fermentation moderated,
I put the bung in loofly, left ftopping it
tight might caufe the cafk to burit. At
the end of five or fix weeks, the liquor
was drawn off into a tub, and the whites
with a pint of
well beat up,
clean fand, were put into it: I then added
a gallon of cider fpirits, and after mixing
the whole well together, I returned it in-
to the cafk, which was well cleaned, bun-
ged it tight and placed it in a proper fitua
tion for racking off when fine. In the
month of April following, I drew it off
into kegs, for ufe, and found it equal, in
my opinion, to almost any foreign wine-
In the opinion of many judges, it was fu-

When Robert Jewell, for burglary,
received fentence, he addressed the Court,
nd begged to be heard for a few minutes.
He faid he was a farmer's fon, in Norfolk,
and was decently educated. Until the age
of 34. he led a fober life, fearing God
and honouring the king, when he had the
misfortune of becoming acquainted with
perfons who were admirers of Paine's wri
tings, which were put into his hands.
He often read and confidered them, and
the plaufibility of the affertions and argu-
ments fo far over powered his reason, that
he became a convert to Paine's doctrines,
and confidered the Scriptures as cunning
fables, invented to impofe upon and de
ceive the generality of mankind for the
benefit of a few. Having married and
become the father of a family, and the
hardness of the times obliged him to work
early and late he took that courfe of life
which had brought him to the gallows.
He was under great obligations to the
Chaplain attending the prifon, for open-
ing his eyes and convincing him of the
dangerous opinion he had imbibed, and
teaching him the true doctrine of Chrift-
ianity; he thanked God he was flopped
in his wicked courfe, before he had com-
mitted the crime of murder, and hoped,
through the merits of his Saviour to be
faved. But he did not defpife life, and it
mercy could be extended through the re.
commendation of his Lordfhip, he would
continue to pray to Heaven for his gra-
cious Sovereign, and endeavour again to
be a useful and loyal fubject, but if not,
he would meet his fate with Chriftian re-
fignation, humbly trufting in the mercy
of God and begging moft earnestly that
his children might be taken care of.

"This fuccefs has induced me to repeat the experiment for three years and I am perfuaded, that, by using the clean honey, instead of the comb, as above defcribed, fuch an improvement might be made, as would enable the citizens of the United States to fupply themielves with a truly federal and wholefome wine, which would not coft one quarter of a dollar per galion, were all the ingredients procured at the market price; and would have this peculiar advantage over every other wine. hitherto attempted in this country, that it contains no foreign mixture, but is made. from ingredients produced on our own farms.

Wm. COX, jun. Secretary."

Monitorial Department.

To aid the cause of virtue and religion.

An exemplification of the baneful influ-
ence of infidel principles on morals.

[From an English paper.]


T the Clemsford Affizes 118 prifoners were tried, 28 of whom receiv

ed fentence of death.

Mr. Baron Hotham fpoke of the prif oner in a humane and affecting manner, and concluded with telling him that mercy here could not be extended to him, confiftent with the due adminiftration of the law, and that he must prepare. himself to meet that awful moment when he must appear before another Tribunal, where fincere repentance and contrition might induce him to hope to meet with that mercy which could not be extended to him in

his world.

Foreign Politics.



SUCH being the grounds of the war, fuch the wifhes and defigns, fuch, the prepofterous and infolent pretentions of the enemy, it next behoves us to confider, what will be the confequence to ourfelves, what will be our wretched lot, if that enemy fhould fucceed in the invafion and fubjuga. tion of our country. Of what the French would in fuch a cafe, do here, we may form fome judgment, from what they have done in all thofe countries, where the re miflhefs of the government together with the pufillanimity of the people, have given them the predominance. There is no country, into which they have been able to enter, where their footfleps have not been marked with blood; where they have fpared either high or low, rich or poor, fex or age; where terror has not been their forerunner, and where defolation and mil ery have not marched in their rear. Inthe long and black catalogue of French cruelties towards the people of other countries, thofe of the Firft Conful, and of the gener als and foldiers immediately under his command, firft prefent themfelves to our attention. In 1796, Bonaparte, at the head of a numerous French army, invaded Italy, declaring to the people, that he came as their friend and their brother, to deliver them from taxes and flavery, and promif ing them fafety for their perfons, fecurity for their property, refpect for their laws, and reverence for their religion. They lif tened, they believed; they threw open their gates, they laid down their arms, they received the Gallic Serpent to their bol on, and fatal indeed were the effects of their credulity! His reverence for their religion he difplayed by giving up all their places of worship to indifcriminate plunder and by defiling them with every fpecies of facrilege; his refpect for their laws was evinced, not only by the abrogation of thofe laws, but by the arbitrary enforcement of an unconditional fubmiffion to the man. dates of himself and his generals; the fe curity which he promifed to their proper ty was exhibited in enormous contribu tions, in the feizure of all the public funds, as well as those of every charitable founda tion, not excepting fchools, hofpitals, or any other resource for the fupport of the poor, the aged, and the helplefs; and, as to the perfons of the unfortunate people, he provided for their falety by laying the whole country under the fevereft military execution, by giving up the towns and vil lages to fire and fword, and by expoling the inhabitants to be pillaged and murder

ed by his rapacious and inhuman foldiers, I whom he authorised and even ordered to fhoot every man that attempted to refift them, whatever might be the crimes in which they were engaged.

recollect; and fo recollecting, fhame and
difgrace upon our heads, if we do not re-
fi0, if we do not overcome, if we do not
chaftife this rapacious, this bloody minded
tyrant, who has now marked out our
country for fubjugation, our fields for de-
vaftation, our houfes for pillage; and who,
in the infolence of his ambition, has held
us forth to the world, as a meek, a feeble,
and cowardly race, deftined to grace his
triumphal car, and to augment the number
of his flaves.


In Switzerland, where high rank and great riches were unknown, where meŋ were nearer upon an equality than in any other country in the world; in a country having no commerce, fcarcely any manufactures, and poffeffing few of the fources of wealth and distinction; a country of fhepherds and labourers; a country which Not however, to the deeds of Bonaparte might be truly faid to contain a nation of alone, muft our recollection be confined. poor men; in fuch a country to cry" war Not only Italy and Egypt, but Holland, to Palaces" feemed ufelefs and abfurd. Switzerland and Germany, and, indeed, al- Yet did the French find a pretext for war moft every country in Europe have been with this poor and harmlefs race, and for the fcenes of French rapine, infult, and invading and laying wafte their territory. cruelty. Holland formerly the feat of The Swifs, from their anxiety to preferve freedom, commerce, induftry, and afflu. peace, confented to every facrifice deence prefents at this moment, the fad fpec-manded of them by France, they exposed tacle of a country divided against itfelf, themselves to the hoftility of other nations torn to pieces by factions, contending, not by fending away the ambaffadors of those for the fuffrages of the people, but for the nations; they broke off their connexion favour of France; a country governed by with fome of their most powerful allies; the haughty mandates of a foreign power; they banifhed the loyal fubjects of their anawed by foreign arms; holding the re- cient protector the king of France, men mains of its wealth, together with the refi- whom the ties of gratitude and the laws of due of its military and naval means, in hofpitality bound them to cherish; and conflant readinefs to be difpofed of in the when they had thus exhaufted the fource of fervice of another nation, and that nation conceffion, when they could grant no its ancient and implacable enemy, and more, because France could find nothing now its inexorable oppreffor.-When the more to demand; when they had humbled French armies entered the territories of the mfelves in the duft, and degraded the Holland, their motto was, charter of their country in the eyes of all Palace, but peace to the Cottage."-They Europe; when they had thus done and fufcame to deliver the people from their ruleied, rather than fee their country the ders, and from the burdens which thofe ru- fcene of war, then did the French invade lers impofed. The Dutch, like the al- their territory: then did thefe reftlefs difians, lent an ear to thefe artful and perfidi- urbers of the world march an army into ous declarations, believing that their cot the heart of Switzerland, in order to comtages would be fpared, and careless of the pel the people to change the nature and the fate of the palace. But, alas! they foon form of their government, and to commit found, that French rapacity, like the hail found, that French rapacity, like the hail it to the hands of traitors, who had been and the thunder, fell alike on the thatched chofen by France, and by the affiftance of roof, and the gilded dome. The palaces whofe treachery the French invafion had once feized on, the cottages foon followed; while all thofe who were found in the in

•War to the

been effected.


On his return from Italy, which he left in a state of beggary and irretrievable ruin, he prepared for the invafion of Egypt, a country which was at peace with France, and against the people, or the government of which, France had no cause of complaint; but the conqueft of this country was neceflary in order to open a road to the Indian poffeffion of Great-Britain.-In purfuit of this object, Bonaparte invaded Egypt, where he repeated his promifes to refpect religion, property, and perfons, and where, the more effectually to difguife his purposes, he iffued a proclamation, declaring himfelt and his army to be true Mahometans; and boafting of having made w upon the Chriftians, and destroyed their religion. One of his firft deeds after this act of apoftacy, was to maffacie almost all the inhabitants of the populous city of Alexandria. "The people," fays one of his generals, "betake themselves to their "PROPHET, and fill their mofques; but men and women, old and young, and ev. en babes at the breast, ALL are mafficred!" Some time after this fanguinary tranfaction, Bonaparte, having mace prifoners of three thoufand eight hundred Turks, in the fortrefs of Jaffa, and withing to relieve himfelf from the trouble and expenfe or guarding and fupporting them, ordered them to be marched to an open place, where part of his army fired on them with mufquetry and grape fhot, ftabbing and cutting to death the few who efcaped the fire, while he himfelf looked on, and rejoiced at the horrid fcene. Nor were his cruelties while in Egypt, confined to thofe whom he called his enemies; for finding his hofpitals at Jaffa crowded with fick foldiers, and defiring to difincumber himlelf of them, he ordered one of his phyficians to deftroy them by poifon. The phyfician refufed to obey; but an apothecary was found,termediate space, the merchant, the mann willing to perpetrate the deed; opium was mixed with the food; and thus, five hundred and eighty Frenchmen perished by the order of the general, under whofe flag they had fought; by the order of that very man, to whofe defpotic fway, the whole French nation now patiently fubmits! Let them fo fubmit, but let us not think of fuch fhameful, fuch degrading fubmiffion. Let us recollect, that this impious and ferocious invader was ftopped in his career of rapine and blood, by a mere handful of Britons; and was finally induced to desert his troops, and to flee from the land he had invaded, at the approach of that gallant British army, by which Egypt was delivered from the most odious and most deftru&tive of all its plagues. This it is for us to


adminifter to his projects of ambition, and who, when his purpofes demand it, puts an end at once to their toils and their exift.

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After having by means of an armiftice, joined to the moft folemn promife of reffacturer, the farmer, and the tradefman, pect for perfons and property, lulled the were funk in one common ruin; happy, if, people into a ftate of imaginary fecurity, by the lofs of their property, they had the the armiflice was broken, and the French good fortune to preferve their lives. Bon- pufhed on their forces, when thofe of the aparte is, indeed, now, not only the fove- Swifs were difperfed. Refiftence on the reign of the country, not only does he ex- part of the latter, whose numbers did not aercife the powers of dominion, but he is, as mount to a tenth of those of their flagitious to every practical effect, the mafter and the enemy, now became hopeless; and though owner of all the property, and of all the the little army was brave, though the peopeople in Holland. Thefe miferable be-ple were faithful and active, though the laft ings poffefs nothing of their own; they battle was long, obftinate, and bloody; can acquire nothing with the hope of en- though the Swifs achieved wonders, and joying, or bequeathing it; they can make though the women tought by the fides of no provifion for the weaknefs of disease, their husbands, inciting them to victory or the feebleness of old age, or the helpleffnefs death, all was in vain; hundreds and thouof infancy; they are, the mere political fands perifhed by the fabres of the French, drudges of a hardhearted tyrant, who futand while the earth was ftrewed with their fers them to live, only while their labours dead bodies, and while the flames afcended

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Imprement of American Seamen.

We have procured of Capt. Mooklar, for publication, the followi Proteft, that we may thus put our readers in poffeffion of the most correct information on a fub. ject of fo much importance. It is found that the Protections with which moft of our feamen are turnifhed, are frequently difregarded by the British commanders; and that, in fome inftances, they have not proved fufficient to protect their holders from impreffment. Among the caufes to which this may be afcribed, is the belief which the British have imbibed, that American protections may be procured by dozens, in our feaports, by any body and every body, whether foreigners or Americans. Though we hope and truft the inflances are not numerous, fill we have no doubt that foreigners have fometimes procured American protections: Nor have we a doubt that the British have frequently impreffed American feamen, with genuine protections. How our government will treat this bufinefs, it is impoffible to tell. Whether they will (as in the New-Orleans affair) declare thefe aggreffions of the Brit1th commanders, the mere unauthorized acts of inferior officers, or not, we will not prefume to conjecture. Congress will foon meet; but whether our feamen will be amafed with "little bits of paper, about fo big," as the Kentuckians were laft winter, time alone can determine. Although 15,000,000 dollars, are to be given by our economical. government for the right of navigating the Millilippi-a right which before belonged to us, we fincerely hope that a proportionate fum will not be paid for the right of navigating the Atlantic.

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inica; and afterwards during the said gale of wind. (Signed)

In teftimonium veritatis, (Signed) JOHN WILBRAHAM Notary Pubhc.

1ft day of Auguft, in the year of our Lord, 1803, before me, John Wilbraham, Notary Public, by lawful authority duly admit. John Mooklar. ted and fworn, refiding and practifing in En.anuel Parady. the town of Rofeau, and ifland aforefaid, Owen Cathcart. perfonally appeared John Mooklar, of the Elias Thomas Moore. brig Mark & Mary, of the port of Hudson, Whereupon, I the faid notary, at the rein America, Emanuel Parady Mate, and queft of the laid John Mooklar, do hereby Owen Cathcart and Elias Thomas Moore moft folemnly proteft again ft the hard gals feamen, who being by me the faid notary of wind and high feas which happened at feverally duly fworn on the Holy Evan-the different periods herein before particu. gelifts of Almighty God, depofe and fay-larly fet forth; as alfo against the faid and first, the faid John Mooklar, for him. Capt. James O'Brien, commander of the felf faith, that he failed in the faid brig from faid frigate, the Emerald, for impreffing Sandy Hook, in America, on the 28th day and forcibly taking out of the faid brig, of June laft, with a cargo confifting of live three men and a boy, and preventing him flock, lumber, falt and pickled fifh, beef, going into Martinico, as is also above let poik, flour and bread; that being on his forth; for all loffes, cols damages and expaffage, bound to Martinico, on the 2nd pences already fuffered and fultaiced, or day of July following, the veffel fprung a- to be hereafter fuffered and fuftained by leak, by reafon of the wind's blowing a the owner or owners of the faid brig and hard gale, and a very heavy fea going, in- cargo, the freighter, and all and every fomuch that the kept one pump conftantly fon or perfons concerned in intereft in the working; that on the 29th day of the faid fame, for or by reafon of the premiles that month of July, he arrived off the north end done and protested at Rofeau aforefaid, the of Martinico, and was there boarded by a day and year firft above written, in the preboat from his Britannic Majefty's frigate, fence of William Harifon and Thomas Ra. the Emerald, with an officer, who impref cliffe, Wanecffes. ed and forcibly took out of the veffel three feamen and a boy, named as follows-Lyndon Comftock, Peter Backhouse, John Bacon and Hugh M'Cormack, one of which had an American protection and a certificate of his being a citizen; that fhortly after his fo taking away the men, he returned on board, and brought with him an American failor and an invalid, who had been a long time in the frigate; that the faid officer, in the name of Capt. James O'Brien, commander of the faid frigate, then ordered him, the deponent, to quit the coaft of Martinico immediately, that ifland being in a state of blockade; that his veffel ftill continuing leaking as aforesaid, he thought it moft prudent to make for the nearest port; and, therefore, immediately ftood away for Dominica, where he arriv ed on the 31ft day of the faid loftmentioned month; that being at Rofeau as aforefaid, about 9 o'clock of the night of the 12th of this prefent month of Auguft, a hard gale of wind blew from the S. E. and continu. ed until 7 o'clock the next morning, when the fea came into the road fo high, that he was obliged to flip one cable, cut the other, and put to fea; and was out twenty-fou hours, before he got to an anchor again; that his decks being much lumbered in the gale, he loft a confiderable part of it overboard. And the faid Emanuel Parady, Owen Cathcart, and Elias Thomas Moore, feamen, for themfelves, fay that they are well acquainted with all the different f&s and circumftances, herein before let forth,

by the faid John Mook!ar, having been on board the faid brig from the time the failed from Sandy-Hook, until his arrival at Dom

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The following is the opinion of the fa mous Gen. Dumourier upon this fubje&:

"Should this expeditior, (fays the Gen. be unfuccefsful, which is very poffible; thould the invincible British ficet gain a decifive victory over the French, Spanish, and Dutch fleets, whether con.bined or fepara e; fhould the English nation, prod and energetic as the French, equally an mated by patriotifm and national diflike, repulfe the French army foon after it was landed; fhould they deflroy,fit, force it to re-embark with lofs, and cut off its con munication with the fea; fhould they wea ken, harrafs, or reduce it to famine, and render this great expedition abortive, which on a large fcale can only be attempted, and may partially, or altogether, fail in the execution, then France is totally ruined; all her laurels are withered; her allies willabandon her, and turn againft her; the other Powers of Europe will attack her on ev ery fide; he will have loft the flower of her warriors and the reputation of ber arms; the will be without money, and internal difcord will complete her deftrue


"It is at Paris her difappointed and in dignant foldiery will feek the rewards and plunder promifed them in London. The Generals themfelves will either be the fir victims of the excufable fury of the troops, or will partake of their indignation and,

then revolt!"

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