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Policies of 99 guineas to one are now opened at Lloyd's that if Bonaparte at tempts to make a landing in England, he will not be alive in one month after! This, indeed, is nearly his own calculation of the rifque attendant on the voyage. There is a variety of other wagers nearly to the fame purport.

[London Paper.}

AS it would be a violation of the law of nations to put the firft 200,000 invaders to the fword, and they will be too numerous for our prifons to contain them, it is propofed to mark them G R. and a Crown on the right cheek, and to re-embark them for France on their parole.


A CERTAIN perfon afking of Cato, why no ftatue had been fet up in his honour, as he deferved fo well of the Com. monwealth; I had much rather replied he, this queftion fhould be afked, than an enquiry fhould be made, why any fuch had been erected.

THERE is a curious fact handed down by Lord Bacon, which, if it had not the feal of fuch authority, would be looked upon rather as a fabricated jeft, than a true ftory. His Lordfhip who was many years a Judge, and afterwards Lord Chancellor of England, relates that a thief being brought to the bar and arraigned for being found on a fiolen horfe, pofitively infifted to the Bench, that fo far from his having ftolen the horse, the horfe had ftolen him. Fellow, faid the Judge, how dare you take the liberty of fporting with the Court on fuch a folemn occafion; and even while your life is in jeopardy, to attempt to amufe us with fuch an abfurd expreffion?panies -The horse fteal you indeed !-It is true nevertheless, my Lord, faid he firmly. I was paffing through the fields upon my lawful occafions, when I perceived a fierce mastiff dog, which I feared might be mad, pursuing me. I ran to fave myself-he was getting clofe up with me juft as a high hedge lay in my way. Being very active, I leaped over it, and accidentally lighted upon the back of the horfe, which being frightened, ran away with me fo furiously that I could not stop him, until he came to the town where I was taken; and where the owner of the horse now lives. The Jury did not think the evidence fo conclu


To City Subscribers, Two Dollars and fifty cents, payable in quarterly advances.

To Country Subscribers, who receive their papets at the office Two Dollars, payable as above.

To those who receive them by the mail, Two

Dollars, exclusive of postage, payable in advance.

A handsome title-page, with an Index or Table of Contents, will be given with the last number of each volume.

Advertisements inserted in a conspicuous and handsome manner, in the Advertiser which accom. the Balance.

Complete files of the first volume, which have been reserved in good order for binding, are for sale -Price of the volume, bound, Two Dollars and fif ty cents-unbound, Two Dollars. The whole may be sent, stitched or in bundles, to any post-office in the state, for 52 cents postage; or to any post-of fice in the union for 78 cents.


Warren-Street, Hudson.



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nels, on the other, and uniformly fecking the general good. When Warren fell, we were standing by his fide, and his dying eyes were affectionately fixed on us. The gallant Montgomery we attended to the plains of Abram, and in our arms we fupported the hero, in his laft moments. With the great Washington, both in the Markee, and afterward, in the cabinet, we were domefticated in the tents of the immortal Green, and of Lincoln, the brave chriftian foldier, we were perfectly at home. Peyton Randolph, Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, John Jay, Henry Laurens, Governor Livingfton, Governor Trumbull, Roger Shearman, and divers others, of prime note, were among our most familiar affociates; their friendfhip



O the dread Majcy of the We, your petitioners, beg leave ref-
Sovereign People, the petition of the un- pectfully to reprefent, that, tho' guiltless
derfigned humbly fheweth ;-that we jour and well-deferving ourselves, we are ful-
petitioners had greatly fignalized ourfelves fering the loss of character and the pains
and were fuppofed to have acquired im- of cruel mockings, from the attrocious
mortal honour, during the revolution in conduct of thofe, who have prefumed to
this country; and that we have ever fince counterfeit our perfons and to call them-ciples,
demeaned ourselves virtuously, frictly ad- felves by our names ;-that there has been
hering to the great principles of focial or- a combination of wicked men, to dif
der, oppofing every fpecies of tyranny,
parage as; that the ambitious and darkly-
on one hand, and all kinds of licentiouf-defigning have profiituted our names for

the furtherance of their nefarious purpo-
fes, while the licentious and debauched,
who are aiming to fubvert the venerable
inflitutions, as well of religion, as of fo-
ciety, pretend that they have imbibed their
principles in our school ;-and that, fcape-
goat like, we are thus made to bear horri-
ble iniquities, not our own.-
-We are
conflrained to declare before your dread
Majefty, that fwarms of impoftors and
cunning knaves begun this impofition, on
the other fide of the Atlantic, by affuming
the names and wearing the liveries of your
petitioners, for the vileft of purposes.-
With unavailing indignation did we hear
the atheists, the blafphemers, and the fel-
ons of France, yelling our praises and de-
claring themfelves our difciples.-With


While mentioning the refpectabili


of our former connections, we are conftrained, in justice to ourfelves, folemnly to avow the purity of our own motives and the integrity of our conduct; and that we have never fought private emoluments at the expence of the public interefts, nor have been feon in the train of dark-plotting ambition yet we are fligmatized, at home and abroad, as cheats and fwindlers.

and careffes were fincere, and did us hon- || unavailing indignation did we behold the blood of men, women and innocent children, fhed, under the pretence of our folemn fanction, and flowing in a thousand freams. With deep-felt horror, did we witness cruelties innumerable and unut. terable, acted in our names, and the cause of flavery and univerfal domination advanced by our authority. Not to dwell longer on the unmerited difgraces we have fuffered abroad, we fupplicate your attention to the difgraces, which, from manifold arts of knavery, are accumulating upon us even in this country.

Even here, our names are affumed and our garbs are worne, with a manifest view to fwindle the public. Men the most arbitrary, both in temper and prin

make boisterous profeffions of friendship toward us; and cunningly nickname our veteran champions and tried friends, to render them odious. Judafes betray us with a kifs. Hungry feckers of offices for which they are totally unfit, equally bepraife and difparage us. Crafty cheats and impoftors, by their loud affected zeal, and under cover of a pretended alliance with us, impofe on the weak and credulous, and thrust back and overtop real merit. Thus, for no kind of fault of ours, we are fuffering a foul and increaling degradation, which, according to the prefent courfe of things, muft soon terminate in univerfal fcorn and contempt. Direful are our prefages, that, after all

our fervices to mankind and to this coun

try in particular, we fhall foon be confidered as vagabonds and cheats, and be banifhed the realm; and our painful apprehenfions on this head are coupled with the defpairing confideration, that if banished

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not been deceived, the reins of govern modeftly giving me the lie half a dozen
ment would never have fallen into the times. He fays I am not a Ploughman,
hands of the anti-federal or democratic par- and that I was not a whig in the time of
the revolution. And how does the curi
ty; and, if that had never happened, the
petty tyrants of this day, might have been ous reader think he proves this? Why,
handed down to poflerity, as patriots, re- truly, by declaring that he is "a farmer,
publicans, honefl men, friends of the pow who is covered with fears received while
ple, the virtuous few, &c. &c. But, as fighting for the independence of his coun-
if one more leffon was wanting to learn try." He forgot to inform the public
the people wildom, the impofture fuc-why he ought to be believed any more than
ceeded-democracy prevailed-and the the Ploughman. He allo forgot to men.
people have indeed bought wildom;- tion what kind of cars he received-or
out, as Doct. Franklin fays, they have whether they were on his back or breast.
paid very dear for their whiftle."
-As I am incapable of holding a contro
verfy with a writer who makes ufe of fuch



If any thing could be wanting at this ime, to complete the degradation of de-home-thrust arguments, I now declare, once for all, that I fhall never mention nocracy, the wretched attempts of its adhim again. I muft alfo beg leave to devocates, to prop and bolfter it up, would cline noticing any sharp things which be fure to give it a blow at the root. may fall from the hired blackguard, deed, it is my candid opinion, that the whofe name ftands at the head of the Bre. federalifts could by no means what foever, We farmers know too well the conditions to eff Atually promote their caufe, as by on which his prefs was fet up, to place a iftributing, in every place where their wn papers circulate, an equal number ny confidence in his publications, unfupof democratic papers. Such paltry evaported by proof. It is not poffible that fion, fuch contemptible quibbling, fuch a printer who begins bufinefs in fuch a manner can be independent. The almoft bold and impudent mifreprefentation, as innumerable falfhoods, in which you have moft of the laft-mentioned prints exhibit, detected him, are fcored down against him; would be fure to difguft every man who has independence enough to exercife his and until they. are wiped away by a long own judgment. I do not recollect an in- feries of good behaviour, he will be held in contempt by flance, fince the reign of Mr. Jefferson, in which the democratic editors have undertaken, openly and fairly, to controvert a fingle point which the federalifts have rais ed. Charges have been made, time after time, against Mr. Jefferfon. They have not been promulgated in my filerious hints, or dark infinuations; but they have been made in plain and unequivocal language They have been advanced in fuch a fhape. that they were open for public difcuffion; ISHING to throw my mie and, if falfe, might have been refuted.into your icales, I would, now and then, The federalifts have repeatedly challenged (if agreeable to you,) propofe and answer a queftion on fome curious or interefting fubject. My answers will always be fu fhort that they will occupy but little room; and, tho' it is not prefumed that they will inftruct the learned, they may fomeumes give ufeful information to common read

To the Editors of the Balance,


their adverfaries to meet them in the field


You may denominate me the "Bal ance Querift," and will give place to th following, if you think it worthy of publie cation.



F the tillers of the ground, by far the greatest number have been much deceived by the promifes and profeffions of the leading democrats. This is not extraordinary. We farmers have but lit tle leifure; and this little, but few of us

are willing to devote to political ftudy.
Indeed, I think we are in general much
too indifferent about the affairs of state.
We are too apt to rely implicitly on every
idle tale that is told us by demagogues,
without troubling ourselves to fearch al-
ter the truth. We are too much inclined
to believe that every man who fays he is
an honeft patriot, is really fo, without ev
er enquiring into his conduct and charac
ter; and, as the greateft tyrants always
make the loudeft pretenfions to republi-be
canifm, it is by no means frange that we
fhould often be deceived.

If the great body of the people had formerly taken pains to get correct information--if they had not lent an ear to falfe and flattering pretenders, they would not have been deceived. It the people had

*I call the anti-federalists, generally, democrats,

because it is a name which they have themselves chosen. They are not fond of being reminded of their anti federalism, that is, their opposition to the constitution, probably because some of them, who have obtained offices under the general government, have sworn to support, &c. But they ought to consider, that by advocating pure democracy, they plainly shew their dislike to the constitution of the United States, which is not purely democratic.However, I shall not quarrel with them about names; and, since they choose to be termed demo crats, in preference to anti-federalists, I have no objection.


of fair argument; and, for myfelt, I con-
fefs, I did hope that the challenge would
accepted. I did hope and truft, that
Mr. Jefferfon had at least one friend, who
had the ability and the courage to ftand
forth, with honorable weapons, in his de-
fence. I did believe that the man, who
had been represented as "the greatest in
America," had fome better protection
from the attacks of his opponents, than
blackguardifm, abufe, fcurrility, and the
Common Law of England! But, I repeat,
I was deceived

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At his Def.

I had proceeded thus far, when the Hudfon poft-rider entered, with the Gazette, the Balance, and the Bee (for I take them all,) I laid down my pen, and caft my eye over their columns, when I obferved that the Bee had noticed me in its cufomary ftyle. A writer who dubs himself an Independent Whig," fairly knocks over every thing I have faid,



Question. What means the law-phrafe "Without benefit of Clergy?"

Anfwer. In ancient time, an aft was made in England, which, when a felon was condemned to be hanged, gave hom his life if he could read a verfe in the Bi ble opened at a venture, which was there fore called his neck-verfe. This law was made for the encouragement of literature, and was declared to be for "the benefit of clergy;" becaufe almoft all the little learn bying that exifted in England, at that time,

being engroffed by the clergy, the words learning and clergy had the fame fignifica tion, fo that by benefit of clergy was underflood benefit of learning. This law is faid to have had a confiderable effect, inafmuch as it induced many a prudent father to learn his fon to read, that he might be a thief without endangering his neck. It was, however, found neceffary afterward to amend the law, in favour of noblemen and collegians; and accordingly, in the year 1460, it was enacted, "That noblemen and the fellows of the University of Oxford, hould be entitled to the benefit of clergy, even though they could not read."

Balance Closet.



1. Where has the writer in the Balance, who has written under the signature of "Calculator," said or hinted that he thinks it wrong for a man to leave the spot of his birth to get rich, when he might stay at home in poverty ?"

2. Where has he said that "the United States possess too much property already?"

3. Where has he said or hinted that "laws should be passed to prevent expatriation ?"

4. Where has he said or hinted that "the farmers are too rich ?"

5. Where has he said or intimated that " people should be prevented from emigrating from Connecticut to the Western parts of this State ?"

6. Where has he said or intimated that "the waggons which are continually passing through Hudson on this route (that is to the Western parts of this State) should be stopped and sent back?"

7. Where did this writer, or any other writer in the Balance, express a disposition to " deny to the white slaves of Europe, tho' famishing in misery, the privilege of emigrating to this land of peace and plenty ?"

8. In what paragraphs has Calculator, in his essays, discovered "a resolute endeavour to depreciate the good fame of the president of the United States, and all concerned in obtaining the possession of Louisiana ?"

These eight charges you have, in one short piece, made against Calculator. They are all pronounced to be false.-Prove your assertions or acknowledge yourself a ➖➖➖➖.

A few more questions are submitted to your grim worship. You well know that Calculator's essays are in no manner tinctured with personal or party reproach-Why did you not attempt to answer his arguments Are you conscious that they are unanswerable ?-The mode of your attack plainly indicates such a consciousness.-Or does bitter personal reviling better comport with your solitary

talent and your depraved disposition, than fair and solid reasoning?-You call yourself a republican :— has not every citizen in the United States, according to republican principles, an undoubted right to express his opinions freely on any political ques tions, and to discuss them with decency? Is not he an anti-republican, who would attempt to rob any one of this right-Have you not discovered a strong disposition to commit such robbery ?—Is not such your apparent malice against the supposed person of Calculator as to warrant a belief, that, if you had the power of Robespierre or of Bonaparte, you would awe him into silence or spill his blood You call yourself a republican! deluded man! The Demon of Jacobinism, like the night mare, bestrides and jades your haggard soul

THE DEMOCRATIC TRICK, AGAIN ; For the Third, and probably the last time.

When I first published the villainous letter of the "Young Democrat" of Newark, N. J. I had no expectation of ever being able to discover the mean and malicious wretch who wrote it. And, indeed, had it not been for the manner in which it was treated by the Centinel of Freedom (see Balance, No. 37) no pains would have been taken to make the discovery. I considered it as a mere democratic trick, and published it as such, without ever troubling myself to enquire what particular democrat had been guilty of it. But after the editor of the Newark Centine! had become a partner in the iniquitous transaction, by publishing the disavowal of his correspondent, and by attempting to screen him from merited infamy, in a manner the most base and dishonorable, I resolved to pursue the young pick-pocket-to search out his lurking hole, and to drag him into day-light. At length I have succeeded. By the assistance of an obliging friend at Newark, I have discovered that the "Young Democrat," by whom I was, at once, both robbed and insulted, is the same "Young Democrat" that is the crony and correspondent of the editor of the Centinel of Freedom-that he is, indeed, young in years, but old in vice-that he is despised by all good and honest men, but is a shining democratthat he was formerly dismissed, with disgrace, from Union college, at Schenectady, and is now pretending to study law-and, finally, that his name is T***** K*****. Of this more than ordinary rascal, I have already said more than enough. He is before the public, in a situation which the veriest wretch on earth would not envy him. There let him stand, pointed at and despised; and, if he feels any compunction for the crime, of which he has now been convicted, let it be employed to his future ad vantage. Above all things, let him remember, that "Guilt, tho' often screened, is not forever exempt from punishment."*

As to the editor of the Centinel of Freedom, he does not stand half an inch higher than the "Young Democrat" in this business. He declared,†

First, That the person who could do as the "Young Democrat" had done, must be "lost to all sense of honor and justice."

* Young Democrat's letter.

† See Balance, No. 37.

Second, He was " confident that no republican of Newark had been so far lost, &c."

Third, He believed it a federal trick.

Fourth, He insinuated that the editors of the BaJance had forged the letter of the "

Young Demo


The first of these positions is unquestionably true -the three last are absolutely false; and I have no doubt the Centincl editor knew them to be so when he published them. Therefore, if the " Young Democrat" is offended at the Centinel editor for saying that he was lost to all sense of honor and justice" when he wrote the letter, he may retort upon the Centinel editor, by answering, that be, too, was just as much "lost" &c. when he acted his villainous part of the play-and all who despise meanness, knavery, hypocrisy and democratic tricks, will acquiesce.



Nothing has yet transpired to satisfy the public anxiety, with respect to the removal of Mr. Livingston from the office of Attorney of the United States for the district of New-York. The people, whose duty it is to enquire into the conduct of their servants, have a right to ask (and they ought to be promptly answered) why Edward Livingston, Esq. a man who has ever stood high in the ranks of his party in this state-who was the first that dared to erect the standard of democracy in the city of New. York, and to invite the people to rally round itwho has been rewarded with one of the first offices in the state, at the disposal of the president; and who has also been honored with the mayorality of the greatest city in the union, should be dismissed, and thereby disgraced, without any apparent cause? Surely, if Mr. Livingston performed the duties of his office faithfully, and was removed for a mere matter of convenience or accommodation, the fact ought to be known, that the people of this state may not withdraw their confidence from him: But if, on the contrary, he has been unfaithful-if he is a defaulter-if he has " managed his own (and the public's) affairs in his own way, unembarrassed by too much regulation," then it is the greatest injus. tice to conceal his unworthiness from the people. We therefore, with all due defference, beg leave to recommend to the renowned and intrepid Captain Cheetham, a little attention to this affair, on the recommencement of his "useful labors." In the mean time, if our Hudson insect, or the Aurora Bo. realis of Albany, can throw any light on the mysterious business, they will doubtless gratify the cu riosity of their readers.

Holt seems not much pleased with the name of "Mark Anthony." Why did he not choose a better one? It is presumed he has not yet forgotten that he lately sent a piece to our press for publication, signed by that name, with his own hand. Strange, a man cannot be satisfied with a name of his own choosing!

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Tis to be lamented, that fo little attention has been paid, in this country, to the Manufacturing of Woollen Cloth; and, likewife, to the raifing of Sheep.Thefe animals are undoubtedly more profitable to Farmers than any other; they command the best of pay; and from their wool we may manufacture Cloth, equal in quality to that for which we have depended on European manufactories, and thereby retain more money in our own country. To make good Cloth, farmers fhould be more attentive to their fheep, and not fell off their beft lambs. Sheep fhould never be yarded with cattle; they should be kept in good fl fh, that the wool may be lively,

and fed in a rack fo conftructed that feed and chaff cannot fall from the hay into the wool, for thefe effentially injure it. After fheep are washed, they fhould not be fhorne in lels than fix days, that the animal oil may have time to penetrate the pores of the wool; this oil preferves the wool alive, and keeps it pliable.


clear or even, for fine and coarse wool will
not equally receive any colour. Alter
wool is forted, it fhould be carefully pulled
apart, and all the nobs be taken out-
when it is well picked, one pound of foft
fat, or hogs lard to feven of wool fhould be
well mixed. After it is rendered foft and
pliable by the greafe, it fhould be well broke
with good cards-then again pulled apart
and well mixed together. Let one perfon
fpin the wool, that the yarn may be equal-
ly wrought the filling fhould be pun
with the wheel crofs banded. Let the
wool be kept clean from dirt or lint while
Spinning; and cleanfe the yarn before it is
wove. Avoid old harneffes in weaving,
for their lint, &c. eflentially injure the
cloth-be careful to beat equally, for if one
part of a fink be beat clofer than the other,
the cloth will cockle-to avoid this it
would be well alfo to weave each fkein by
itfelf-make a good felvage and trim as
It all knots are not cut off
with fhears before the cloth is fulled, they
are picked out with tweazers by the cloth-raphers were not very likely either to know,
ier, leaving holes in the cloth which injure or, when fpeaking of Scotchmen to re-
late.-Monboddo, Robertfon, Dr. Berke
ly, prebendary of Canterbury, and fome
other men of eminence, had paffed the pri-
or part of the day at the house of Lord
Kaims, and were preparing to take their
leave, when their entertainer was haflily
fummoned from the room. He did not re-
turn till after fome time, when he entered
the apartment with looks of the greatest dif
may, followed by his daughter, Mrs.
This young lady had been married to a Mr.

HE character of Lord Kaims is not fo generally known, as for many cauf. es it ought to be. He was one of those enemies of our religion, who are more dan gerous to the inexperienced, as being the more infidious. From the eminent authority to which I owe the following an ecdote, I do not hefitate to stake credit my upon its veracity; and if called upon, I fhall not be unwilling to ftand forth to fupport it. It has been omitted in every biography of Hume ;—it is one indeed, which perfons of the clafs of Scotch biog.

you weave.


-, a gentleman of large eftate; but had fo far forgotten what fhe owed to her fituation, that her husband had, at length, dilcovered her infidelity, and fent her hometo her father. It was to receive her that the

In this country fuitable attention has not been paid to the forting of wool.-In European manufactories, the fleece is divided into five or fix forts, from fine to coarse. The best wool grows from the kidney over the fhoulders to the neck-this fhould be used for the fineft of cloth; the remainder thould be divided for the various ufes for which it may be defigned. By thus forting wool, there will be no wafte'; but by mixing fine and coarfe in the fame piece, the cloth cannot be dreffed handfeme, nor do half the fervice it otherwife would. All coarfe ends fhould be cut off

if they be fpun and wove into the cloth, no colour can be imprefed on it either

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When cloth is made in conformity to thefe directions, there is no danger of its working bad in the mill; it will not cockle but be dreffed neatly. If a number of hands be employed in spinning a piece you may expect the cloth will cockle in the mill; and fuch can never be dreffed to appear decently. If wool be not properly manufactured by the cards, wheel and loom, it is impoffible for any clothier to drefs it even decently. All cloth that is not to be fulled, fhould be fpun from fine wool, well mixed, or they will not equally receive colours.


Many of our farmers will fell their wool,
and buy foreign cloth for common
This wool is exported to Europe, there
manufactured, brought back, and fold here
at an extravagant price. Thus for the
want of good economy, their clothing cofts

double the fum it otherwife would.

If these directions are followed, perma

nent colours chofen, and the clothier does
his duty, American clothes will be elegant
and durable, and the farmers handfomely

rewarded for extra trouble.


IF one dip too deep in pleasure, he never fails to fir fediment, which renders it impure and noxious.

Monitoriai Department.

To aid the cause of virtue and religion.

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People would do well to make their cloth
earlier in the feafon than ufual.-Septem-athieft had been fummoned from the room.
ber and October are the most favourable The young lady, as we have mentioned,
mouths for dreffing cloth. It is much bet- entered the apartment with him; and, in
ter to be dreffed in warm weather than in prefence of the company, thus addreffed
him- Nay, Sir, you have, of all men in
the world, the leaf juftice for accufing me;
for my errors are only the unhappy fruit of
your own. Yes, Sir, I accufe you in the
prefence of this company of having been
the caufe of my crime, and confequent
mifery. It was from you I learned that I
had nothing to dread from any future ac
long abfence, became momentarily attach-
count. I loved my husband, but, in his

ed to another. The reftraints of religion
tion, I had nothing therefore to dread,
were removed by your care in educa.
but the confequences of detection. The
abfence of Mr.
put me at ease upon
that head he returned unexpected




APHORISM.-Infolence, where there i no danger, is defpondence where there 16.

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